Alabama population 2012
The last official census in the USA was carried out in 2010 and the population of Alabama at the time was recorded as 4,779,736 making it the 23rd most populous state in the country. Like most states across USA, the population has continued to grow in each ten year period between censuses and an estimate for the Alabama population in 2012 puts the figure at just over the 4.8 million mark.
Like anywhere else in the US, the population has grown considerably but rather than this being a steady growth, the increase in citizens has been quite variable in recent years. For example, between 1970 and 1980 the population grew by an impressive 13.1% but in the ten years that followed, a mere 3.8% rise was recorded.
However, in the years between 1990 & 2000, that percentage increase was on the move once again and at the start of the new millennium, Alabama’s numbers had grown by 10.1% to 4,447,100.
Like other states across the US, the population of Alabama exploded at the start of the 19th century. Recorded figures from 1800 show the number of residents at just 1,250 but by 1810,that had grown by no less than 623.7% to 9,046.
Further substantial population growth was recorded throughout the 1800’s and although the larger increases had settled down by the start of the next century, growth has continued to be recorded at every following census.
Density and Demographics
As far as population density is concerned, Alabama has a total surface area of 52,419 square miles, (135,765 square kilometres) and it is the 30th largest state in the country.
Based on a population estimate from 2011, there are 94.6 people per square mile (36.5 per square kilometre and this means that Alabama is the 27th most densely populated state in the US – roughly average when you compare population of US states across the country.
At the 2010 census, out of the total population of 4,779,736, 68.5% declared themselves to be White while 26.2% were Black or African American. Out of the remaining 6.3% of the population of Alabama, 0.6% were Native American while further minorities included Asian, Alaskan and Hawaiian amongst others.
With regards to Alabama’s natural growth, the state recorded 502,457 births minus 381,403 deaths and an increase in net migration of 104,991 in the years between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses.
Overall, like most of the US, Alabama’s growth has on a reliable upward trend but it’s also been a little unremarkable. The Alabama population in 2012 is likely to be approaching 4.81 million and further growth at this rate will take the numbers close to the 5 million mark by 2020.