List of Country Capitals in Africa

Africa is the second-largest and second most-populous continent in the world behind Asia. Africa spans 11.73 million mi² and has a population of over 1.2 billion people.

Africa has a total of 54 countries, but more than 54 capitals. Some countries have multiple capital cities, such as Côte d'Ivoire and South Africa. Unlike in other countries, the capital cities of African countries don’t offer much of interest to tourists. The capitals are home to important resources such as hospitals, banks, and embassies.

The largest capital city is Cairo, the capital of Egypt. Cairo has a population of approximately 6.6 million people, and now has the 15th-largest metropolitan area in the world. Cairo is known for its architecture and its iconic ancient sites such as the Pyramids of Giza. The capital city is also the third-richest city in Africa

Côte d'Ivoire has two capital cities. Yamoussoukro is the political capital and the port city of Abidjan is the economic capital. Abidjan is also the largest city in Côte d’Ivoire.

South Africa has three capital cities: Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial), and Pretoria (administrative). The three capitals are a result of the political and cultural struggles South Africa faced from colonialism. In 1910, the Union of South Africa formed as a compromise of was reached to spread of balance of power throughout the country. Cape Town is the second-richest city in Africa.

The least populous capital city in Africa is Maseru in Lesotho, with a population of 14,000.

Below is a table of each African country’s capital city.