Total Population by Country 2018

Not surprisingly, the largest countries in the word in terms of population are China and India, with both now having populations of well over a billion. The United States comes in third with just under 325 million residents. The BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), generally regarded as the four major emerging economies expected to dominate in the 21st century, are all in the top ten most populous countries, indicating how important the sheer size of their populations are to their economic expansion.

However, a number of countries considered by the International Monetary Fund to be developing countries (that is, having not achieved a high degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and where the population typically has a medium to low standard of living) also have sizeable populations, including Nigeria (over 190 million), Bangladesh (almost 165 million) and Mexico (around 129 million), demonstrating that the issues affecting developing nations span multiple continents.

It is notable that a number of the largest economies in the world have smaller populations, particularly in Europe. The United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Italy are all among the top ten largest economies and all have populations of under 100 million. Their numbers range from 82 million (Germany) to just under 60 million (Italy).

Furthermore, several extremely small countries, such as Monaco, Luxembourg, and the Cayman Islands - all with fewer than a million residents - play a much larger role in the financial world than their population numbers would suggest. In contrat, Canada, also a major economic player and one of the largest countries in the world by land mass, has a relatively small population for its size, with around 36.5 million residents.

Rank Country 2018 Population 2017 Population Growth Rate Area 2018 Density
1China1,415,045,928 1,409,517,397 0.39%9,706,961 km²146/km²
2India1,354,051,854 1,339,180,127 1.11%3,287,590 km²412/km²
3United States326,766,748 324,459,463 0.71%9,372,610 km²35/km²
4Indonesia266,794,980 263,991,379 1.06%1,904,569 km²140/km²
5Brazil210,867,954 209,288,278 0.75%8,515,767 km²25/km²
6Pakistan200,813,818 197,015,955 1.93%881,912 km²228/km²
7Nigeria195,875,237 190,886,311 2.61%923,768 km²212/km²
8Bangladesh166,368,149 164,669,751 1.03%147,570 km²1,127/km²
9Russia143,964,709 143,989,754 -0.02%17,098,242 km²8/km²
10Mexico130,759,074 129,163,276 1.24%1,964,375 km²67/km²
11Japan127,185,332 127,484,450 -0.23%377,930 km²337/km²
12Ethiopia107,534,882 104,957,438 2.46%1,104,300 km²97/km²
13Philippines106,512,074 104,918,090 1.52%342,353 km²311/km²
14Egypt99,375,741 97,553,151 1.87%1,002,450 km²99/km²
15Vietnam96,491,146 95,540,800 0.99%331,212 km²291/km²
16DR Congo84,004,989 81,339,988 3.28%2,344,858 km²36/km²
17Germany82,293,457 82,114,224 0.22%357,114 km²230/km²
18Iran82,011,735 81,162,788 1.05%1,648,195 km²50/km²
19Turkey81,916,871 80,745,020 1.45%783,562 km²105/km²
20Thailand69,183,173 69,037,513 0.21%513,120 km²135/km²
21United Kingdom66,573,504 66,181,585 0.59%242,900 km²274/km²
22France65,233,271 64,979,548 0.39%551,695 km²118/km²
23Italy59,290,969 59,359,900 -0.12%301,336 km²197/km²
24Tanzania59,091,392 57,310,019 3.11%945,087 km²63/km²
25South Africa57,398,421 56,717,156 1.20%1,221,037 km²47/km²
26Myanmar53,855,735 53,370,609 0.91%676,578 km²80/km²
27South Korea51,164,435 50,982,212 0.36%100,210 km²511/km²
28Kenya50,950,879 49,699,862 2.52%580,367 km²88/km²
29Colombia49,464,683 49,065,615 0.81%1,141,748 km²43/km²
30Spain46,397,452 46,354,321 0.09%505,992 km²92/km²
31Argentina44,688,864 44,271,041 0.94%2,780,400 km²16/km²
32Uganda44,270,563 42,862,958 3.28%241,550 km²183/km²
33Ukraine44,009,214 44,222,947 -0.48%603,500 km²73/km²
34Algeria42,008,054 41,318,142 1.67%2,381,741 km²18/km²
35Sudan41,511,526 40,533,330 2.41%1,886,068 km²22/km²
36Iraq39,339,753 38,274,618 2.78%438,317 km²90/km²
37Poland38,104,832 38,170,712 -0.17%312,679 km²122/km²
38Canada36,953,765 36,624,199 0.90%9,984,670 km²4/km²
39Afghanistan36,373,176 35,530,081 2.37%652,230 km²56/km²
40Morocco36,191,805 35,739,580 1.27%446,550 km²81/km²
41Saudi Arabia33,554,343 32,938,213 1.87%2,149,690 km²16/km²
42Peru32,551,815 32,165,485 1.20%1,285,216 km²25/km²
43Venezuela32,381,221 31,977,065 1.26%916,445 km²35/km²
44Uzbekistan32,364,996 31,910,641 1.42%447,400 km²72/km²
45Malaysia32,042,458 31,624,264 1.32%330,803 km²97/km²
46Angola30,774,205 29,784,193 3.32%1,246,700 km²25/km²
47Mozambique30,528,673 29,668,834 2.90%801,590 km²38/km²
48Nepal29,624,035 29,304,998 1.09%147,181 km²201/km²
49Ghana29,463,643 28,833,629 2.18%238,533 km²124/km²
50Yemen28,915,284 28,250,420 2.35%527,968 km²55/km²
51Madagascar26,262,810 25,570,895 2.71%587,041 km²45/km²
52North Korea25,610,672 25,490,965 0.47%120,538 km²212/km²
53Ivory Coast24,905,843 24,294,750 2.52%322,463 km²77/km²
54Australia24,772,247 24,450,561 1.32%7,692,024 km²3/km²
55Cameroon24,678,234 24,053,727 2.60%475,442 km²52/km²
56Taiwan23,694,089 23,626,456 0.29%36,193 km²655/km²
57Niger22,311,375 21,477,348 3.88%1,267,000 km²18/km²
58Sri Lanka20,950,041 20,876,917 0.35%65,610 km²319/km²
59Burkina Faso19,751,651 19,193,382 2.91%272,967 km²72/km²
60Romania19,580,634 19,679,306 -0.50%238,391 km²82/km²
61Malawi19,164,728 18,622,104 2.91%118,484 km²162/km²
62Mali19,107,706 18,541,980 3.05%1,240,192 km²15/km²
63Kazakhstan18,403,860 18,204,499 1.10%2,724,900 km²7/km²
64Syria18,284,407 18,269,868 0.08%185,180 km²99/km²
65Chile18,197,209 18,054,726 0.79%756,102 km²24/km²
66Zambia17,609,178 17,094,130 3.01%752,612 km²23/km²
67Guatemala17,245,346 16,913,503 1.96%108,889 km²158/km²
68Netherlands17,084,459 17,035,938 0.28%41,850 km²408/km²
69Zimbabwe16,913,261 16,529,904 2.32%390,757 km²43/km²
70Ecuador16,863,425 16,624,858 1.44%276,841 km²61/km²
71Senegal16,294,270 15,850,567 2.80%196,722 km²83/km²
72Cambodia16,245,729 16,005,373 1.50%181,035 km²90/km²
73Chad15,353,184 14,899,994 3.04%1,284,000 km²12/km²
74Somalia15,181,925 14,742,523 2.98%637,657 km²24/km²
75Guinea13,052,608 12,717,176 2.64%245,857 km²53/km²
76South Sudan12,919,053 12,575,714 2.73%619,745 km²21/km²
77Rwanda12,501,156 12,208,407 2.40%26,338 km²475/km²
78Tunisia11,659,174 11,532,127 1.10%163,610 km²71/km²
79Belgium11,498,519 11,429,336 0.61%30,528 km²377/km²
80Cuba11,489,082 11,484,636 0.04%109,884 km²105/km²
81Benin11,485,674 11,175,692 2.77%112,622 km²102/km²
82Burundi11,216,450 10,864,245 3.24%27,834 km²403/km²
83Bolivia11,215,674 11,051,600 1.48%1,098,581 km²10/km²
84Greece11,142,161 11,159,773 -0.16%131,990 km²84/km²
85Haiti11,112,945 10,981,229 1.20%27,750 km²400/km²
86Dominican Republic10,882,996 10,766,998 1.08%48,671 km²224/km²
87Czech Republic10,625,250 10,618,303 0.07%78,865 km²135/km²
88Portugal10,291,196 10,329,506 -0.37%92,090 km²112/km²
89Sweden9,982,709 9,910,701 0.73%450,295 km²22/km²
90Azerbaijan9,923,914 9,827,589 0.98%86,600 km²115/km²
91Jordan9,903,802 9,702,353 2.08%89,342 km²111/km²
92Hungary9,688,847 9,721,559 -0.34%93,028 km²104/km²
93United Arab Emirates9,541,615 9,400,145 1.50%83,600 km²114/km²
94Belarus9,452,113 9,468,338 -0.17%207,600 km²46/km²
95Honduras9,417,167 9,265,067 1.64%112,492 km²84/km²
96Tajikistan9,107,211 8,921,343 2.08%143,100 km²64/km²
97Serbia8,762,027 8,790,574 -0.32%88,361 km²99/km²
98Austria8,751,820 8,735,453 0.19%83,871 km²104/km²
99Switzerland8,544,034 8,476,005 0.80%41,284 km²207/km²
100Israel8,452,841 8,321,570 1.58%20,770 km²407/km²
101Papua New Guinea8,418,346 8,251,162 2.03%462,840 km²18/km²
102Togo7,990,926 7,797,694 2.48%56,785 km²141/km²
103Sierra Leone7,719,729 7,557,212 2.15%71,740 km²108/km²
104Hong Kong7,428,887 7,364,883 0.87%1,104 km²6,729/km²
105Bulgaria7,036,848 7,084,571 -0.67%110,879 km²63/km²
106Laos6,961,210 6,858,160 1.50%236,800 km²29/km²
107Paraguay6,896,908 6,811,297 1.26%406,752 km²17/km²
108Libya6,470,956 6,374,616 1.51%1,759,540 km²4/km²
109El Salvador6,411,558 6,377,853 0.53%21,041 km²305/km²
110Nicaragua6,284,757 6,217,581 1.08%130,373 km²48/km²
111Kyrgyzstan6,132,932 6,045,117 1.45%199,951 km²31/km²
112Lebanon6,093,509 6,082,357 0.18%10,452 km²583/km²
113Turkmenistan5,851,466 5,758,075 1.62%488,100 km²12/km²
114Singapore5,791,901 5,708,844 1.45%710 km²8,158/km²
115Denmark5,754,356 5,733,551 0.36%43,094 km²134/km²
116Finland5,542,517 5,523,231 0.35%338,424 km²16/km²
117Slovakia5,449,816 5,447,662 0.04%49,037 km²111/km²
118Republic of the Congo5,399,895 5,260,750 2.64%342,000 km²16/km²
119Norway5,353,363 5,305,383 0.90%323,802 km²17/km²
120Eritrea5,187,948 5,068,831 2.35%117,600 km²44/km²
121Palestine5,052,776 4,920,724 2.68%6,220 km²812/km²
122Costa Rica4,953,199 4,905,769 0.97%51,100 km²97/km²
123Liberia4,853,516 4,731,906 2.57%111,369 km²44/km²
124Oman4,829,946 4,636,262 4.18%309,500 km²16/km²
125Ireland4,803,748 4,761,657 0.88%70,273 km²68/km²
126New Zealand4,749,598 4,705,818 0.93%270,467 km²18/km²
127Central African Republic4,737,423 4,659,080 1.68%622,984 km²8/km²
128Mauritania4,540,068 4,420,184 2.71%1,030,700 km²4/km²
129Kuwait4,197,128 4,136,528 1.46%17,818 km²236/km²
130Croatia4,164,783 4,189,353 -0.59%56,594 km²74/km²
131Panama4,162,618 4,098,587 1.56%75,417 km²55/km²
132Moldova4,041,065 4,051,212 -0.25%33,846 km²119/km²
133Georgia3,907,131 3,912,061 -0.13%69,700 km²56/km²
134Puerto Rico3,659,007 3,663,131 -0.11%8,870 km²413/km²
135Bosnia and Herzegovina3,503,554 3,507,017 -0.10%51,209 km²68/km²
136Uruguay3,469,551 3,456,750 0.37%181,034 km²19/km²
137Mongolia3,121,772 3,075,647 1.50%1,564,110 km²2/km²
138Albania2,934,363 2,930,187 0.14%28,748 km²102/km²
139Armenia2,934,152 2,930,450 0.13%29,743 km²99/km²
140Jamaica2,898,677 2,890,299 0.29%10,991 km²264/km²
141Lithuania2,876,475 2,890,297 -0.48%65,300 km²44/km²
142Qatar2,694,849 2,639,211 2.11%11,586 km²233/km²
143Namibia2,587,801 2,533,794 2.13%825,615 km²3/km²
144Botswana2,333,201 2,291,661 1.81%582,000 km²4/km²
145Lesotho2,263,010 2,233,339 1.33%30,355 km²75/km²
146Gambia2,163,765 2,100,568 3.01%10,689 km²202/km²
147Macedonia2,085,051 2,083,160 0.09%25,713 km²81/km²
148Slovenia2,081,260 2,079,976 0.06%20,273 km²103/km²
149Gabon2,067,561 2,025,137 2.09%267,668 km²8/km²
150Latvia1,929,938 1,949,670 -1.01%64,559 km²30/km²
151Guinea-Bissau1,907,268 1,861,283 2.47%36,125 km²53/km²
152Bahrain1,566,993 1,492,584 4.99%765 km²2,048/km²
153Swaziland1,391,385 1,367,254 1.76%17,364 km²80/km²
154Trinidad and Tobago1,372,598 1,369,125 0.25%5,130 km²268/km²
155Timor-Leste1,324,094 1,296,311 2.14%14,874 km²89/km²
156Equatorial Guinea1,313,894 1,267,689 3.64%28,051 km²47/km²
157Estonia1,306,788 1,309,632 -0.22%45,227 km²29/km²
158Mauritius1,268,315 1,265,138 0.25%2,040 km²622/km²
159Cyprus1,189,085 1,179,551 0.81%9,251 km²129/km²
160Djibouti971,408 956,985 1.51%23,200 km²42/km²
161Fiji912,241 905,502 0.74%18,272 km²50/km²
162Reunion883,247 876,562 0.76%2,511 km²352/km²
163Comoros832,347 813,912 2.26%1,862 km²447/km²
164Bhutan817,054 807,610 1.17%38,394 km²21/km²
165Guyana782,225 777,859 0.56%214,969 km²4/km²
166Macau632,418 622,567 1.58%30 km²21,081/km²
167Montenegro629,219 628,960 0.04%13,812 km²46/km²
168Solomon Islands623,281 611,343 1.95%28,896 km²22/km²
169Luxembourg590,321 583,455 1.18%2,586 km²228/km²
170Suriname568,301 563,402 0.87%163,820 km²3/km²
171Western Sahara567,421 552,628 2.68%266,000 km²2/km²
172Cape Verde553,335 546,388 1.27%4,033 km²137/km²
173Guadeloupe449,173 449,568 -0.09%1,628 km²276/km²
174Maldives444,259 436,330 1.82%300 km²1,481/km²
175Brunei434,076 428,697 1.25%5,765 km²75/km²
176Malta432,089 430,835 0.29%316 km²1,367/km²
177Bahamas399,285 395,361 0.99%13,943 km²29/km²
178Martinique385,065 384,896 0.04%1,128 km²341/km²
179Belize382,444 374,681 2.07%22,966 km²17/km²
180Iceland337,780 335,025 0.82%103,000 km²3/km²
181French Guiana289,763 282,731 2.49%83,534 km²3/km²
182Barbados286,388 285,719 0.23%430 km²666/km²
183French Polynesia285,859 283,007 1.01%4,167 km²69/km²
184Vanuatu282,117 276,244 2.13%12,189 km²23/km²
185New Caledonia279,821 276,255 1.29%18,575 km²15/km²
186Mayotte259,682 253,045 2.62%374 km²694/km²
187Sao Tome and Principe208,818 204,327 2.20%964 km²217/km²
188Samoa197,695 196,440 0.64%2,842 km²70/km²
189Saint Lucia179,667 178,844 0.46%616 km²292/km²
190Guam165,718 164,229 0.91%549 km²302/km²
191Curacao161,577 160,539 0.65%444 km²364/km²
192Kiribati118,414 116,398 1.73%811 km²146/km²
193Saint Vincent and the Grenadines110,200 109,897 0.28%389 km²283/km²
194Tonga109,008 108,020 0.91%747 km²146/km²
195Grenada108,339 107,825 0.48%344 km²315/km²
196Micronesia106,227 105,544 0.65%702 km²151/km²
197Aruba105,670 105,264 0.39%180 km²587/km²
198United States Virgin Islands104,914 104,901 0.01%347 km²302/km²
199Antigua and Barbuda103,050 102,012 1.02%442 km²233/km²
200Seychelles95,235 94,737 0.53%452 km²211/km²
201Isle of Man84,831 84,287 0.65%572 km²148/km²
202Andorra76,953 76,965 -0.02%468 km²164/km²
203Dominica74,308 73,925 0.52%751 km²99/km²
204Cayman Islands62,348 61,559 1.28%264 km²236/km²
205Bermuda61,070 61,349 -0.45%54 km²1,131/km²
206Greenland56,565 56,480 0.15%2,166,086 km²0/km²
207Saint Kitts and Nevis55,850 55,345 0.91%261 km²214/km²
208American Samoa55,679 55,641 0.07%199 km²280/km²
209Northern Mariana Islands55,194 55,144 0.09%464 km²119/km²
210Marshall Islands53,167 53,127 0.08%181 km²294/km²
211Faroe Islands49,489 49,290 0.40%1,393 km²36/km²
212Sint Maarten40,552 40,120 1.08%34 km²1,193/km²
213Monaco38,897 38,695 0.52%2.02 km²19,256/km²
214Liechtenstein38,155 37,922 0.61%160 km²238/km²
215Turks and Caicos Islands35,963 35,446 1.46%948 km²38/km²
216Gibraltar34,733 34,571 0.47%6 km²5,789/km²
217San Marino33,557 33,400 0.47%61 km²550/km²
218British Virgin Islands31,719 31,196 1.68%151 km²210/km²
219Palau21,964 21,729 1.08%459 km²48/km²
220Cook Islands17,411 17,380 0.18%236 km²74/km²
221Anguilla15,045 14,909 0.91%91 km²165/km²
222Wallis and Futuna11,683 11,773 -0.76%142 km²82/km²
223Nauru11,312 11,359 -0.41%21 km²539/km²
224Tuvalu11,287 11,192 0.85%26 km²434/km²
225Saint Pierre and Miquelon6,342 6,320 0.35%242 km²26/km²
226Montserrat5,203 5,177 0.50%102 km²51/km²
227Falkland Islands2,922 2,910 0.41%12,173 km²0/km²
228Niue1,624 1,618 0.37%260 km²6/km²
229Tokelau1,319 1,300 1.46%12 km²110/km²
230Vatican City801 792 1.14%0.44 km²1,820/km²
231Jersey NaN%116 km²0/km²
232Guernsey NaN%78 km²0/km²
233Saint Martin NaN%53 km²0/km²

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Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.