Total Population by Country 2019

Not surprisingly, the largest countries in the word in terms of population are China and India, with both now having populations of well over a billion. The United States comes in third with just under 325 million residents. The BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), generally regarded as the four major emerging economies expected to dominate in the 21st century, are all in the top ten most populous countries, indicating how important the sheer size of their populations are to their economic expansion.

However, a number of countries considered by the International Monetary Fund to be developing countries (that is, having not achieved a high degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and where the population typically has a medium to low standard of living) also have sizeable populations, including Nigeria (over 190 million), Bangladesh (almost 165 million) and Mexico (around 129 million), demonstrating that the issues affecting developing nations span multiple continents.

It is notable that a number of the largest economies in the world have smaller populations, particularly in Europe. The United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Italy are all among the top ten largest economies and all have populations of under 100 million. Their numbers range from 82 million (Germany) to just under 60 million (Italy).

Furthermore, several extremely small countries, such as Monaco, Luxembourg, and the Cayman Islands - all with fewer than a million residents - play a much larger role in the financial world than their population numbers would suggest. In contrat, Canada, also a major economic player and one of the largest countries in the world by land mass, has a relatively small population for its size, with around 36.5 million residents.

Rank Country 2019 Population 2018 Population Growth Rate Area 2018 Density
1China1,420,062,022 1,415,045,928 0.35%9,706,961 km²146/km²
2India1,368,737,513 1,354,051,854 1.08%3,287,590 km²416/km²
3United States329,093,110 326,766,748 0.71%9,372,610 km²35/km²
4Indonesia269,536,482 266,794,980 1.03%1,904,569 km²142/km²
5Brazil212,392,717 210,867,954 0.72%8,515,767 km²25/km²
6Pakistan204,596,442 200,813,818 1.88%881,912 km²232/km²
7Nigeria200,962,417 195,875,237 2.60%923,768 km²218/km²
8Bangladesh168,065,920 166,368,149 1.02%147,570 km²1,139/km²
9Russia143,895,551 143,964,709 -0.05%17,098,242 km²8/km²
10Mexico132,328,035 130,759,074 1.20%1,964,375 km²67/km²
11Japan126,854,745 127,185,332 -0.26%377,930 km²336/km²
12Ethiopia110,135,635 107,534,882 2.42%1,104,300 km²100/km²
13Philippines108,106,310 106,512,074 1.50%342,353 km²316/km²
14Egypt101,168,745 99,375,741 1.80%1,002,450 km²101/km²
15Vietnam97,429,061 96,491,146 0.97%331,212 km²294/km²
16DR Congo86,727,573 84,004,989 3.24%2,344,858 km²37/km²
17Turkey82,961,805 81,916,871 1.28%783,562 km²106/km²
18Iran82,820,766 82,011,735 0.99%1,648,195 km²50/km²
19Germany82,438,639 82,293,457 0.18%357,114 km²231/km²
20Thailand69,306,160 69,183,173 0.18%513,120 km²135/km²
21United Kingdom66,959,016 66,573,504 0.58%242,900 km²276/km²
22France65,480,710 65,233,271 0.38%551,695 km²119/km²
23Tanzania60,913,557 59,091,392 3.08%945,087 km²64/km²
24Italy59,216,525 59,290,969 -0.13%301,336 km²197/km²
25South Africa58,065,097 57,398,421 1.16%1,221,037 km²48/km²
26Myanmar54,336,138 53,855,735 0.89%676,578 km²80/km²
27Kenya52,214,791 50,950,879 2.48%580,367 km²90/km²
28South Korea51,339,238 51,164,435 0.34%100,210 km²512/km²
29Colombia49,849,818 49,464,683 0.78%1,141,748 km²44/km²
30Spain46,441,049 46,397,452 0.09%505,992 km²92/km²
31Uganda45,711,874 44,270,563 3.26%241,550 km²189/km²
32Argentina45,101,781 44,688,864 0.92%2,780,400 km²16/km²
33Ukraine43,795,220 44,009,214 -0.49%603,500 km²73/km²
34Algeria42,679,018 42,008,054 1.60%2,381,741 km²18/km²
35Sudan42,514,094 41,511,526 2.42%1,886,068 km²23/km²
36Iraq40,412,299 39,339,753 2.73%438,317 km²92/km²
37Poland38,028,278 38,104,832 -0.20%312,679 km²122/km²
38Canada37,279,811 36,953,765 0.88%9,984,670 km²4/km²
39Afghanistan37,209,007 36,373,176 2.30%652,230 km²57/km²
40Morocco36,635,156 36,191,805 1.23%446,550 km²82/km²
41Saudi Arabia34,140,662 33,554,343 1.75%2,149,690 km²16/km²
42Peru32,933,835 32,551,815 1.17%1,285,216 km²26/km²
43Uzbekistan32,807,368 32,364,996 1.37%447,400 km²73/km²
44Venezuela32,779,868 32,381,221 1.23%916,445 km²36/km²
45Malaysia32,454,455 32,042,458 1.29%330,803 km²98/km²
46Angola31,787,566 30,774,205 3.29%1,246,700 km²25/km²
47Mozambique31,408,823 30,528,673 2.88%801,590 km²39/km²
48Ghana30,096,970 29,463,643 2.15%238,533 km²126/km²
49Nepal29,942,018 29,624,035 1.07%147,181 km²203/km²
50Yemen29,579,986 28,915,284 2.30%527,968 km²56/km²
51Madagascar26,969,642 26,262,810 2.69%587,041 km²46/km²
52North Korea25,727,408 25,610,672 0.46%120,538 km²213/km²
53Ivory Coast25,531,083 24,905,843 2.51%322,463 km²79/km²
54Cameroon25,312,993 24,678,234 2.57%475,442 km²53/km²
55Australia25,088,636 24,772,247 1.28%7,692,024 km²3/km²
56Taiwan23,758,247 23,694,089 0.27%36,193 km²656/km²
57Niger23,176,691 22,311,375 3.88%1,267,000 km²18/km²
58Sri Lanka21,018,859 20,950,041 0.33%65,610 km²320/km²
59Burkina Faso20,321,560 19,751,651 2.89%272,967 km²74/km²
60Malawi19,718,743 19,164,728 2.89%118,484 km²166/km²
61Mali19,689,140 19,107,706 3.04%1,240,192 km²16/km²
62Romania19,483,360 19,580,634 -0.50%238,391 km²82/km²
63Kazakhstan18,592,970 18,403,860 1.03%2,724,900 km²7/km²
64Syria18,499,181 18,284,407 1.17%185,180 km²100/km²
65Chile18,336,653 18,197,209 0.77%756,102 km²24/km²
66Zambia18,137,369 17,609,178 3.00%752,612 km²24/km²
67Guatemala17,577,842 17,245,346 1.93%108,889 km²161/km²
68Zimbabwe17,297,495 16,913,261 2.27%390,757 km²44/km²
69Netherlands17,132,908 17,084,459 0.28%41,850 km²409/km²
70Ecuador17,100,444 16,863,425 1.41%276,841 km²62/km²
71Senegal16,743,859 16,294,270 2.76%196,722 km²85/km²
72Cambodia16,482,646 16,245,729 1.46%181,035 km²91/km²
73Chad15,814,345 15,353,184 3.00%1,284,000 km²12/km²
74Somalia15,636,171 15,181,925 2.99%637,657 km²25/km²
75Guinea13,398,180 13,052,608 2.65%245,857 km²54/km²
76South Sudan13,263,184 12,919,053 2.66%619,745 km²21/km²
77Rwanda12,794,412 12,501,156 2.35%26,338 km²486/km²
78Benin11,801,595 11,485,674 2.75%112,622 km²105/km²
79Tunisia11,783,168 11,659,174 1.06%163,610 km²72/km²
80Burundi11,575,964 11,216,450 3.21%27,834 km²416/km²
81Belgium11,562,784 11,498,519 0.56%30,528 km²379/km²
82Cuba11,492,046 11,489,082 0.03%109,884 km²105/km²
83Bolivia11,379,861 11,215,674 1.46%1,098,581 km²10/km²
84Haiti11,242,856 11,112,945 1.17%27,750 km²405/km²
85Greece11,124,603 11,142,161 -0.16%131,990 km²84/km²
86Dominican Republic10,996,774 10,882,996 1.05%48,671 km²226/km²
87Czech Republic10,630,589 10,625,250 0.05%78,865 km²135/km²
88Portugal10,254,666 10,291,196 -0.35%92,090 km²111/km²
89Jordan10,069,794 9,903,802 1.68%89,342 km²113/km²
90Sweden10,053,135 9,982,709 0.71%450,295 km²22/km²
91Azerbaijan10,014,575 9,923,914 0.91%86,600 km²116/km²
92United Arab Emirates9,682,088 9,541,615 1.47%83,600 km²116/km²
93Hungary9,655,361 9,688,847 -0.35%93,028 km²104/km²
94Honduras9,568,688 9,417,167 1.61%112,492 km²85/km²
95Belarus9,433,874 9,452,113 -0.19%207,600 km²45/km²
96Tajikistan9,292,000 9,107,211 2.03%143,100 km²65/km²
97Austria8,766,201 8,751,820 0.16%83,871 km²105/km²
98Serbia8,733,407 8,762,027 -0.33%88,361 km²99/km²
99Switzerland8,608,259 8,544,034 0.75%41,284 km²209/km²
100Papua New Guinea8,586,525 8,418,346 2.00%462,840 km²19/km²
101Israel8,583,916 8,452,841 1.55%20,770 km²413/km²
102Togo8,186,384 7,990,926 2.45%56,785 km²144/km²
103Sierra Leone7,883,123 7,719,729 2.12%71,740 km²110/km²
104Hong Kong7,490,776 7,428,887 0.83%1,104 km²6,785/km²
105Laos7,064,242 6,961,210 1.48%236,800 km²30/km²
106Bulgaria6,988,739 7,036,848 -0.68%110,879 km²63/km²
107Paraguay6,981,981 6,896,908 1.23%406,752 km²17/km²
108Libya6,569,864 6,470,956 1.53%1,759,540 km²4/km²
109El Salvador6,445,405 6,411,558 0.53%21,041 km²306/km²
110Nicaragua6,351,157 6,284,757 1.06%130,373 km²49/km²
111Kyrgyzstan6,218,616 6,132,932 1.40%199,951 km²31/km²
112Lebanon6,065,922 6,093,509 -0.45%10,452 km²580/km²
113Turkmenistan5,942,561 5,851,466 1.56%488,100 km²12/km²
114Singapore5,868,104 5,791,901 1.32%710 km²8,265/km²
115Denmark5,775,224 5,754,356 0.36%43,094 km²134/km²
116Finland5,561,389 5,542,517 0.34%338,424 km²16/km²
117Republic of the Congo5,542,197 5,399,895 2.64%342,000 km²16/km²
118Slovakia5,450,987 5,449,816 0.02%49,037 km²111/km²
119Norway5,400,916 5,353,363 0.89%323,802 km²17/km²
120Eritrea5,309,659 5,187,948 2.35%117,600 km²45/km²
121Palestine5,186,790 5,052,776 2.65%6,220 km²834/km²
122Oman5,001,875 4,829,946 3.56%309,500 km²16/km²
123Costa Rica4,999,384 4,953,199 0.93%51,100 km²98/km²
124Liberia4,977,720 4,853,516 2.56%111,369 km²45/km²
125Ireland4,847,139 4,803,748 0.90%70,273 km²69/km²
126Central African Republic4,825,711 4,737,423 1.86%622,984 km²8/km²
127New Zealand4,792,409 4,749,598 0.90%270,467 km²18/km²
128Mauritania4,661,149 4,540,068 2.67%1,030,700 km²5/km²
129Kuwait4,248,974 4,197,128 1.24%17,818 km²238/km²
130Panama4,226,197 4,162,618 1.53%75,417 km²56/km²
131Croatia4,140,148 4,164,783 -0.59%56,594 km²73/km²
132Moldova4,029,750 4,041,065 -0.28%33,846 km²119/km²
133Georgia3,904,204 3,907,131 -0.07%69,700 km²56/km²
134Puerto Rico3,654,978 3,659,007 -0.11%8,870 km²412/km²
135Bosnia and Herzegovina3,501,774 3,503,554 -0.05%51,209 km²68/km²
136Uruguay3,482,156 3,469,551 0.36%181,034 km²19/km²
137Mongolia3,166,244 3,121,772 1.42%1,564,110 km²2/km²
138Albania2,938,428 2,934,363 0.14%28,748 km²102/km²
139Armenia2,936,706 2,934,152 0.09%29,743 km²99/km²
140Jamaica2,906,339 2,898,677 0.26%10,991 km²264/km²
141Lithuania2,864,459 2,876,475 -0.42%65,300 km²44/km²
142Qatar2,743,901 2,694,849 1.82%11,586 km²237/km²
143Namibia2,641,996 2,587,801 2.09%825,615 km²3/km²
144Botswana2,374,636 2,333,201 1.78%582,000 km²4/km²
145Lesotho2,292,682 2,263,010 1.31%30,355 km²76/km²
146Gambia2,228,075 2,163,765 2.97%10,689 km²208/km²
147Gabon2,109,099 2,067,561 2.01%267,668 km²8/km²
148Macedonia2,086,720 2,085,051 0.08%25,713 km²81/km²
149Slovenia2,081,900 2,081,260 0.03%20,273 km²103/km²
150Guinea-Bissau1,953,723 1,907,268 2.44%36,125 km²54/km²
151Latvia1,911,108 1,929,938 -0.98%64,559 km²30/km²
152Bahrain1,637,896 1,566,993 4.52%765 km²2,141/km²
153Swaziland1,415,414 1,391,385 1.73%17,364 km²82/km²
154Trinidad and Tobago1,375,443 1,372,598 0.21%5,130 km²268/km²
155Equatorial Guinea1,360,104 1,313,894 3.52%28,051 km²48/km²
156Timor-Leste1,352,360 1,324,094 2.13%14,874 km²91/km²
157Estonia1,303,798 1,306,788 -0.23%45,227 km²29/km²
158Mauritius1,271,368 1,268,315 0.24%2,040 km²623/km²
159Cyprus1,198,427 1,189,085 0.79%9,251 km²130/km²
160Djibouti985,690 971,408 1.47%23,200 km²42/km²
161Fiji918,757 912,241 0.71%18,272 km²50/km²
162Reunion889,918 883,247 0.76%2,511 km²354/km²
163Comoros850,910 832,347 2.23%1,862 km²457/km²
164Bhutan826,229 817,054 1.12%38,394 km²22/km²
165Guyana786,508 782,225 0.55%214,969 km²4/km²
166Macau642,090 632,418 1.53%30 km²21,403/km²
167Solomon Islands635,254 623,281 1.92%28,896 km²22/km²
168Montenegro629,355 629,219 0.02%13,812 km²46/km²
169Luxembourg596,992 590,321 1.13%2,586 km²231/km²
170Western Sahara582,478 567,421 2.65%266,000 km²2/km²
171Suriname573,085 568,301 0.84%163,820 km²3/km²
172Cape Verde560,349 553,335 1.27%4,033 km²139/km²
173Maldives451,738 444,259 1.68%300 km²1,506/km²
174Guadeloupe448,798 449,173 -0.08%1,628 km²276/km²
175Brunei439,336 434,076 1.21%5,765 km²76/km²
176Malta433,245 432,089 0.27%316 km²1,371/km²
177Bahamas403,095 399,285 0.95%13,943 km²29/km²
178Belize390,231 382,444 2.04%22,966 km²17/km²
179Martinique385,320 385,065 0.07%1,128 km²342/km²
180Iceland340,566 337,780 0.82%103,000 km²3/km²
181French Guiana296,847 289,763 2.44%83,534 km²4/km²
182French Polynesia288,506 285,859 0.93%4,167 km²69/km²
183Vanuatu288,017 282,117 2.09%12,189 km²24/km²
184Barbados287,010 286,388 0.22%430 km²667/km²
185New Caledonia283,376 279,821 1.27%18,575 km²15/km²
186Mayotte266,380 259,682 2.58%374 km²712/km²
187Sao Tome and Principe213,379 208,818 2.18%964 km²221/km²
188Samoa198,909 197,695 0.61%2,842 km²70/km²
189Saint Lucia180,454 179,667 0.44%616 km²293/km²
190Guam167,245 165,718 0.92%549 km²305/km²
191Curacao162,547 161,577 0.60%444 km²366/km²
192Kiribati120,428 118,414 1.70%811 km²148/km²
193Saint Vincent and the Grenadines110,488 110,200 0.26%389 km²284/km²
194Tonga110,041 109,008 0.95%747 km²147/km²
195Grenada108,825 108,339 0.45%344 km²316/km²
196Micronesia106,983 106,227 0.71%702 km²152/km²
197Aruba106,053 105,670 0.36%180 km²589/km²
198United States Virgin Islands104,909 104,914 -0.00%347 km²302/km²
199Antigua and Barbuda104,084 103,050 1.00%442 km²235/km²
200Seychelles95,702 95,235 0.49%452 km²212/km²
201Isle of Man85,369 84,831 0.63%572 km²149/km²
202Andorra77,072 76,953 0.15%468 km²165/km²
203Dominica74,679 74,308 0.50%751 km²99/km²
204Cayman Islands63,129 62,348 1.25%264 km²239/km²
205Bermuda60,833 61,070 -0.39%54 km²1,127/km²
206Greenland56,673 56,565 0.19%2,166,086 km²0/km²
207Saint Kitts and Nevis56,345 55,850 0.89%261 km²216/km²
208American Samoa55,727 55,679 0.09%199 km²280/km²
209Northern Mariana Islands55,246 55,194 0.09%464 km²119/km²
210Marshall Islands53,211 53,167 0.08%181 km²294/km²
211Faroe Islands49,692 49,489 0.41%1,393 km²36/km²
212Sint Maarten40,939 40,552 0.95%34 km²1,204/km²
213Monaco39,102 38,897 0.53%2.02 km²19,357/km²
214Liechtenstein38,404 38,155 0.65%160 km²240/km²
215Turks and Caicos Islands36,461 35,963 1.38%948 km²38/km²
216Gibraltar34,879 34,733 0.42%6 km²5,813/km²
217San Marino33,683 33,557 0.38%61 km²552/km²
218British Virgin Islands32,206 31,719 1.54%151 km²213/km²
219Palau22,206 21,964 1.10%459 km²48/km²
220Cook Islands17,462 17,411 0.29%236 km²74/km²
221Anguilla15,174 15,045 0.86%91 km²167/km²
222Wallis and Futuna11,617 11,683 -0.56%142 km²82/km²
223Tuvalu11,393 11,287 0.94%26 km²438/km²
224Nauru11,260 11,312 -0.46%21 km²536/km²
225Saint Pierre and Miquelon6,375 6,342 0.52%242 km²26/km²
226Montserrat5,220 5,203 0.33%102 km²51/km²
227Falkland Islands2,921 2,922 -0.03%12,173 km²0/km²
228Niue1,628 1,624 0.25%260 km²6/km²
229Tokelau1,340 1,319 1.59%12 km²112/km²
230Vatican City799 801 -0.25%0.44 km²1,816/km²

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Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.