Afghanistan Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The history of Afghanistan’s population has been accompanied by aborted Censuses as a backdrop to war and as such, any attempt to gauge the population of Afghanistan in 2015 is currently based on estimates. However, it is estimated that Afghanistan has recently surpassed 32 million residents.

Based on recent growth estimates, the 2015 population is 32.006 million, which is a significant increase from the figures quoted in 1979 that suggested 15.5 million people resided in the country. It is even a sizable from the 2014 estimate of 31 million. If the current estimate is correct, then Afghanistan would be the 40th most populous country in the world, falling after Morocco.

Most Afghans live in rural areas in tribal and kinship groups. Around 10% of the population lives in the capital city, Kabul. Kabul's 2015 population is estimated at 3.1 million, which makes it the only Afghan city with a population of more than 1 million. The second-largest city is Kandahar, with less than 400,000 people.

Afghanistan Population History

In 1979, a countrywide census was due to take place, but because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, it was never completed. However, early indications pointed to the figure of 15.5 million citizens that has already been quoted.

More recently in 2008, a further census was cancelled due to security fears. While this was a serious blow to the economic situation within the country, Abdul Sakhri, vice-president of the central statistics office deemed the project "too risky".

"Sadly, it hits where help is needed the most - in the war-torn southern regions. We were planning to track each village's humanitarian needs - for instance water supply or educational requirements - as well as the population. It's a huge missed opportunity".

Afghanistan Population Density and Demographics

The estimated figure of 32 million in 2015 equates to a population density of 49 people per square kilometre or 127 per square mile. This makes Afghanistan the 150th most densely populated country in the world.

As you would expect, there is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country. Of the 31 million or so Afghan residents, 42% are Pashtun, 27% Tajik, 9% Hazara, 9% Uzbek, 4% Aimak, 3% Turkmen, 2% Baloch and 4% fall into an unspecified "other" group. The Afghan government recently began issuing ID cards that state the ethnicity of each citizen, which should eventually reveal more precise numbers about the many ethnic groups in the country.

Pashto and Dari are the official languages. Dari is spoken in mostly Tajik and Hazara areas, while Pashto is mostly spoken in Pashtun areas. Turkmen and Uzbek are spoken in the northern regions of the country. Many residents of the country are multilingual.

Muslims account for 99% of the population of Afghanistan, with between 80% and 89% practicing Sunni Islam while 10-19% are Shia. There are zero public Christian churches in Afghanistan.

As far as the ages of the population are concerned, this is another significant factor and one that is contributing to a rise in numbers overall. At the start of 2012, it was claimed that just 2.4% of all Afghan citizens were aged over 65.

Afghanistan  Population in 2016 Source: James Solly

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Afghanistan Population Growth

Sadly, a structured census seems to be some way in the future but for now, the estimates predict continued growth for Afghanistan's population. The United Nations projects that Afghanistan's population will surge to 56.5 million by 2050.

Afghanistan Population Density

About Afghanistan

Official Name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Languages Spoken Dari, Pashto, Turkmen
Borders IRN, PAK, TKM, UZB, TJK, CHN
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 33,65
Currencies Used AFN

Afghanistan Population Clock

What is the population of Afghanistan (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 592
Deaths Per Day 143
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 339
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Afghanistan Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.504 births/thousand 38th
Crude Death Rate 7.857 deaths/thousand 88th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.16 people/thousand 134th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.041 years 176th
Life Expectancy (Male) 59.851 years 175th
Life Expectancy (Female) 62.32 years 176th
Total Fertility Rate 4.477 children/woman 28th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.79 surviving daughters/woman 37th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female 28th
Infant Mortality Rate 65.684 deaths/1,000 live births 14th
Under Five Mortality 89.935 deaths/thousand 18th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.045 years 104th
Rate of Natural Increase 23.872 39th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.128% 172nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 17.615% 171st
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.604% 174th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.496% 172nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.561% 171st
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 30.211% 174th
Crude Suicide Rate 4 suicides/thousand 123rd
Median Age (Total) 18.6 years 194th
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years 195th
Median Age (Male) 18.5 years 191st

Afghanistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 33,369,945 51.573% 48.427% 51 153 2.37% 40
2015 32,526,562 51.569% 48.431% 49 155 2.56% 40
2010 27,962,207 51.382% 48.618% 42 162 2.98% 44
2005 24,399,947 51.706% 48.294% 37 164 3.16% 46
2000 19,701,940 51.5% 48.5% 30 169 4.12% 49
1995 16,772,522 51.766% 48.234% 25 172 4.14% 51
1990 12,067,570 51.21% 48.79% 18 177 5.81% 59
1985 11,630,498 51.112% 48.888% 17 175 -1.66% 56
1980 13,211,412 50.874% 49.126% 20 165 -1.64% 51
1975 12,582,954 50.844% 49.156% 19 163 1.95% 48
1970 11,121,097 51.022% 48.978% 17 162 2.59% 48
1965 9,935,358 51.296% 48.704% 15 161 2.13% 47
1960 8,994,793 51.693% 48.307% 13 164 1.87% 48
1955 8,270,023 52.225% 47.775% 12 157 1.54% 48
1950 7,752,118 52.879% 47.121% 11 156 1.12% 45

Afghanistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 36,442,719 51.483% 48.517% 55 153 2.05% 40
2025 40,196,823 51.403% 48.597% 61 151 1.82% 37
2030 43,851,554 51.327% 48.673% 67 151 1.62% 36
2035 47,361,985 51.249% 48.751% 72 149 1.41% 35
2040 50,601,765 51.164% 48.836% 77 148 1.19% 38
2045 53,487,460 51.074% 48.926% 81 147 0.98% 37
2050 55,955,350 50.973% 49.027% 85 144 0.79% 35
2055 57,997,873 50.865% 49.135% 88 142 0.62% 35
2060 59,618,969 50.749% 49.251% 91 137 0.45% 33
2065 60,796,915 50.625% 49.375% 93 130 0.3% 34
2070 61,506,752 50.492% 49.508% 94 129 0.14% 39
2075 61,741,300 50.351% 49.649% 94 131 -0.02% 39
2080 61,518,389 50.22% 49.78% 94 130 -0.15% 39
2085 60,912,665 50.104% 49.896% 93 131 -0.26% 41
2090 60,006,832 49.996% 50.004% 91 132 -0.35% 42
2095 58,889,487 49.899% 50.101% 90 133 -0.41% 43