Afghanistan Population 2017

34,205,781

The history of Afghanistan’s population has been accompanied by aborted Censuses as a backdrop to war and as such, any attempt to gauge the population of Afghanistan in 2015 is currently based on estimates. However, it is estimated that Afghanistan has recently surpassed 32 million residents.

Based on recent growth estimates, the 2015 population is 32.006 million, which is a significant increase from the figures quoted in 1979 that suggested 15.5 million people resided in the country. It is even a sizable from the 2014 estimate of 31 million. If the current estimate is correct, then Afghanistan would be the 40th most populous country in the world, falling after Morocco.

Most Afghans live in rural areas in tribal and kinship groups. Around 10% of the population lives in the capital city, Kabul. Kabul's 2015 population is estimated at 3.1 million, which makes it the only Afghan city with a population of more than 1 million. The second-largest city is Kandahar, with less than 400,000 people.

Afghanistan Population History

In 1979, a countrywide census was due to take place, but because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, it was never completed. However, early indications pointed to the figure of 15.5 million citizens that has already been quoted.

More recently in 2008, a further census was cancelled due to security fears. While this was a serious blow to the economic situation within the country, Abdul Sakhri, vice-president of the central statistics office deemed the project "too risky".

"Sadly, it hits where help is needed the most - in the war-torn southern regions. We were planning to track each village's humanitarian needs - for instance water supply or educational requirements - as well as the population. It's a huge missed opportunity".

Afghanistan Population Density and Demographics

The estimated figure of 32 million in 2015 equates to a population density of 49 people per square kilometre or 127 per square mile. This makes Afghanistan the 150th most densely populated country in the world.

As you would expect, there is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country. Of the 31 million or so Afghan residents, 42% are Pashtun, 27% Tajik, 9% Hazara, 9% Uzbek, 4% Aimak, 3% Turkmen, 2% Baloch and 4% fall into an unspecified "other" group. The Afghan government recently began issuing ID cards that state the ethnicity of each citizen, which should eventually reveal more precise numbers about the many ethnic groups in the country.

Pashto and Dari are the official languages. Dari is spoken in mostly Tajik and Hazara areas, while Pashto is mostly spoken in Pashtun areas. Turkmen and Uzbek are spoken in the northern regions of the country. Many residents of the country are multilingual.

Muslims account for 99% of the population of Afghanistan, with between 80% and 89% practicing Sunni Islam while 10-19% are Shia. There are zero public Christian churches in Afghanistan.

As far as the ages of the population are concerned, this is another significant factor and one that is contributing to a rise in numbers overall. At the start of 2012, it was claimed that just 2.4% of all Afghan citizens were aged over 65.

Afghanistan Population in 2017Source: James Solly

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Afghanistan Population Growth

Sadly, a structured census seems to be some way in the future but for now, the estimates predict continued growth for Afghanistan's population. The United Nations projects that Afghanistan's population will surge to 56.5 million by 2050.

About Afghanistan

Official NameIslamic Republic of Afghanistan
Languages SpokenTurkmen, Dari, Pashto
BordersIRN, PAK, TKM, UZB, TJK, CHN
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude3365
Currencies UsedAFN

Afghanistan Population Density

Name Population
Nili
Parun1,000
Maydanshakhr1,600
Sharan2,200
Mir Bachah Kot5,405
Khandud5,521
Tagab6,400
Yangi Qal`ah6,541
Basawul6,835
Tir Pul6,979
Zarah Sharan7,366
Sidqabad7,407
Qal`ah-ye Shahr7,756
Dasht-e Archi8,263
Qarchi Gak8,942
Qala i Naw9,000
Markaz-e Hukumat-e Darweshan9,012
Tagaw-Bay9,096
`Alaqahdari Dishu9,196
Darzab9,642
Imam Sahib9,659
Tarinkot10,000
Anar Darah10,023
Zindah Jan10,104
Farkhar10,480
Rudbar11,034
Larkird11,635
Chahar Burj11,935
Tukzar12,021
Kuhsan12,087
Jurm12,106
Ashkasham12,120
Qalat12,191
Qarah Bagh12,412
Hukumati Azrah12,526
Chiras12,779
Pul-e `Alam13,247
Uruzgan13,388
Panjab13,471
Sangin13,579
Zarghun Shahr13,737
Mirabad14,160
Fayroz Koh15,000
Qarqin15,018
Jabal os Saraj15,032
Markaz-e Woluswali-ye Achin15,098
Khash15,133
Sang-e Charak15,377
Asmar15,708
Shahrak15,967
Kushk16,952
Mehtar Lam17,345
Karukh17,484
Kafir Qala18,086
Art Khwajah18,623
Baraki Barak22,305
Nahrin22,363
Qarawul24,544
Rustaq25,636
Andkhoy29,208
Shindand29,264
Ghormach30,000
Farah43,561
Gereshk43,588
Lashkar Gah43,934
Fayzabad44,421
Aibak47,823
Asadabad48,400
Paghman49,157
Zaranj49,851
Sar-e Pul52,121
Charikar53,676
Shibirghan55,641
Pul-e Khumri56,369
Cool urhajo58,525
Bamyan61,863
Taloqan64,256
Khulm64,933
Bazarak65,000
Khanabad71,531
Maymana75,900
Khost96,123
Gardez103,601
Baghlan108,449
Balkh114,883
Ghazni141,000
Kunduz161,902
Jalalabad200,331
Herat272,806
Mazar-e Sharif303,282
Kandahar391,190
Kabul3,043,532

Afghanistan Population Clock

What is the population of Afghanistan (as of 10/16/2017)?34,205,781
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)34,169,169
Births Per Day593
Deaths Per Day144
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 339
Population Change Since January 1st97,971

Afghanistan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 31.756 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.696 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.16 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.37 years
Male Life Expectancy 60.17 years
Female Life Expectancy 62.663 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.311 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.79 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 64.232 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 87.609 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.045 years
Rate of Natural Increase 23.872
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.128%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 17.615%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.604%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.496%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.561%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 30.211%
Median Age (Total) 18.6 years
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years
Median Age (Male) 18.5 years

Afghanistan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201734,169,16951.56%48.44%522.22%
201532,526,56251.57%48.43%502.56%
201027,962,20751.38%48.62%432.98%
200524,399,94851.71%48.29%373.16%
200019,701,94051.50%48.50%304.12%
199516,772,52251.77%48.23%264.14%
199012,067,57051.21%48.79%185.81%
198511,630,49851.11%48.89%18-1.66%
198013,211,41250.87%49.13%20-1.64%
197512,582,95450.84%49.16%191.95%
197011,121,09751.02%48.98%172.59%
19659,935,35851.30%48.70%152.13%
19608,994,79351.69%48.31%141.87%
19558,270,023.999,999,99952.23%47.77%131.54%
19507,752,11852.88%47.12%121.12%

Afghanistan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202036,442,71951.48%48.52%562.05%
202540,196,82351.40%48.60%621.82%
203043,851,55451.33%48.67%671.62%
203547,361,98551.25%48.75%731.41%
204050,601,76551.16%48.84%781.19%
204553,487,46151.07%48.93%820.98%
205055,955,35050.97%49.03%860.79%
205557,997,87350.87%49.13%890.62%
206059,618,96950.75%49.25%910.45%
206560,796,91550.62%49.38%930.30%
207061,506,75250.49%49.51%940.14%
207561,741,30050.35%49.65%95-0.02%
208061,518,38950.22%49.78%94-0.15%
208560,912,66550.10%49.90%93-0.26%
209060,006,83250.00%50.00%92-0.35%
209558,889,48749.90%50.10%90-0.41%