Albania Population 2018

2,935,483

Albania is located in Southeastern Europe and is a member of the UN and NATO. Albania is one of the smallest countries in Europe with 28,700 square kilometers (11,000 sq mi) of area, ranking 144th in the world.

In 2018, Albania has an estimated population of 2.93 million, and it is the 137nd most populous country in the world.

Population Density and Surface Area

Albania is fairly densely populated for a small country of 28,748 square kilometers, with 102 people per square kilometer, or 39 people per square mile. This brings Albania to 144th in ranking for area and 105th in ranking for population density.

Capital and City Centers of Albania

Albania's capital, Tirana, has a population of 421,000, with a greater metropolitan population of 764,000. Other major cities include Durres (113,000), Korce (51,000), Elbasan (78,000) and Shkoder (95,000).

Albania Population History

Albania has a very low fertility rate of just 1.49 children per woman, and massive migration affected its demographics after the fall of Communism in 1990. Between 1991 and 2004, close to 1 million people left Albania, most destined for Greece, and population decreased in the North and South of the country and increased in Tirana and Durres.

Albania Demographics

Ethnicity is a delicate issue in Albania, and one that is debated. Official statistics show Albania is very homogeneous with more than 97% Albanian majority, but minority groups like the Roman, Greeks and Macedonians have questioned this data and claim a larger share. Three national minorities are recognized: Greeks, Macedonians and Montenegrins.

There are also two cultural minorities -- Aromanians and Romani -- and other Albanian minorities like the Bulgarians and Jews. The Greek government estimates 300,000 Greeks in the country, while the Albanian government claims just 60,000.

At the 2011 census, the population of Albania was officially 83% Albanian, 0.9% Greek, 0.2% Macedonian, 0.01% Montenegrin, 0.3% Aromanian, 0.3% Romani, 0.1% Balkan Egyptian, 14% no declared ethnicity and 1.6% not relevant.

Many minority groups have criticized the country's census law which imposes a $1,000 fine on anyone who declares an ethnicity that differs from what is on their birth certificate.

Almost 58% of Albanian's are Muslim, with a Christian population of 17%. About 25% of the population belongs to another religion or has no religion. While Albania was the only European country whose Jewish population grew during the Holocaust, the mass emigration to Israel has left just 200 Albanian Jews in the country.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 15 minutes
One death every 23 minutes
One net migrant every 65 minutes
Net gain of one person every 144 minutes

Albania Population in 2018Source: By ShkelzenRexha [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Albania Population Growth

Albania is currently growing very slowly, with a growth rate of just 0.34%. By 2030, Albania's population is expected to be 3.31 million according to the United Nations projections. These projections also predict a contraction of the country's population after 2032, with the population decreasing steadily until the end of the century.

About Albania

Official NameRepublic of Albania
Languages SpokenAlbanian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4120
Currencies UsedAlbania Lek
DemonymAlbanian

Countries Bordering Albania

Montenegro
Greece
Macedonia
Kosovo

Albania Population Density

Albania Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Tirana374,801
Durres122,034
Elbasan100,903
Vlore89,546
Shkoder88,245
Pogradec61,530
Fier-Cifci60,995
Patos60,000
Korce58,259
Fier56,297
Berat46,866
Lushnje41,469
Kavaje29,354
Lac24,825
Gjirokaster23,437
Patos Fshat22,679
Kruje21,286
Lezhe18,695
Kucove18,166
Kukes17,832

Albania Population Clock

The population of Albania (as of 10/20/2018)?2,935,483
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)2,934,363
Births Per Day94
Deaths Per Day62
Net Migrations Per Day -22
Net Change Per Day 10
Population Change Since January 1st2,930

Albania Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 2,935,599

Albania Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20182,934,36350.45%49.55%102.071380.14%
20172,930,18750.48%49.52%101.931390.13%
20162,926,34850.50%49.50%101.791380.10%
20152,923,35250.49%49.51%101.69139-0.12%
20102,940,52550.17%49.83%102.29138-0.92%
20053,079,17950.14%49.86%107.11136-0.28%
20003,121,97050.53%49.47%108.601330.10%
19953,106,73649.22%50.78%108.07129-1.09%
19903,281,45451.22%48.78%114.151252.04%
19852,966,79851.34%48.66%103.201252.04%
19802,681,23951.43%48.57%93.271252.15%
19752,411,22951.44%48.56%83.871262.31%
19702,150,59851.49%48.51%74.811252.55%
19651,896,12551.48%48.52%65.961242.99%
19601,636,05651.48%48.52%56.911242.87%
19551,419,97051.43%48.57%49.391272.37%
19501,263,17451.32%48.68%43.941270.00%

Albania Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,942,03450.38%49.62%102.341380.00%
20252,946,99250.29%49.71%102.511400.03%
20302,933,41950.23%49.77%102.04141-0.09%
20352,895,45150.21%49.79%100.72143-0.26%
20402,833,05850.22%49.78%98.55146-0.43%
20452,753,27550.30%49.70%95.77147-0.57%
20502,663,59150.46%49.54%92.65148-0.66%
20552,570,05650.68%49.32%89.40149-0.71%
20602,473,66550.92%49.08%86.05149-0.76%
20652,373,50651.12%48.88%82.56150-0.82%
20702,268,38551.26%48.74%78.91150-0.90%
20752,159,04051.29%48.71%75.10150-0.98%
20802,048,79351.23%48.77%71.27151-1.04%
20851,940,54951.10%48.90%67.50152-1.08%
20901,837,28050.98%49.02%63.91152-1.09%
20951,741,93550.94%49.06%60.59152-1.06%
Data Sources
  1. Albania Institute of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1955, 1989, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer