Arab Countries 2019

The collection of Arab countries in the world is also known as the Arab world, Arab nation, Arab states, or the Arab homeland. This is made up of 22 Arab countries that are part of the Arab League, which was created to unify the Arab nations politically and to represent the interests of the people of the Arab nations.

The Arab world is located in Africa and Asia. These nations combined have a total area of over 5 million square miles. The total population across all countries is 423 million.

As previously mentioned, there are a total of 22 Arab states. Those are:

Of these nations, Egypt is the most populous with a total population of over 90 million. Comoros is the smallest by population, with just 795,000 people. By area, Algeria is the largest Arab country with a total area of 919,595 square miles. The smallest by area is Bahrain, which covers just 293 square miles.

Modern Standard Arab is the official language throughout these nations. Some Arabic dialects are also used as well. The majority of the citizens of Arab countries follow the religion of Islam. About one-quarter of the world’s Muslims are Arabs. Throughout the nations, adult literacy is just under 77%, with literacy rates being much smaller among women than men. Some nations have much higher literacy rates, with Syria, Lebanon, and other states posting record highs of over 90%. The largest city throughout all of the Arab nations is Cairo, Egypt, which has a population of over 16 million people. Baghdad, Iraq and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia round out the top three most populous cities.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Egypt100,388,0731,002,450 km²386,946 mi²0.68%2.00%AfricaNorthern Africa
2Algeria43,053,0542,381,741 km²919,352 mi²1.60%1.95%AfricaNorthern Africa
3Sudan42,813,2381,886,068 km²728,022 mi²1.27%2.42%AfricaNorthern Africa
4Iraq39,309,783438,317 km²169,190 mi²0.30%2.28%AsiaWestern Asia
5Morocco36,471,769446,550 km²172,368 mi²0.30%1.23%AfricaNorthern Africa
6Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
7Yemen29,161,922527,968 km²203,796 mi²0.36%2.33%AsiaWestern Asia
8Syria17,070,135185,180 km²71,479 mi²0.12%0.74%AsiaWestern Asia
9Somalia15,442,905637,657 km²246,136 mi²0.43%2.90%AfricaEastern Africa
10Tunisia11,694,719163,610 km²63,153 mi²0.11%1.12%AfricaNorthern Africa
11Jordan10,101,69489,342 km²34,486 mi²< 0.1%1.37%AsiaWestern Asia
12United Arab Emirates9,770,52983,600 km²32,270 mi²< 0.1%1.45%AsiaWestern Asia
13Lebanon6,855,71310,452 km²4,034 mi²< 0.1%-0.05%AsiaWestern Asia
14Libya6,777,4521,759,540 km²679,182 mi²1.19%1.48%AfricaNorthern Africa
15Palestine4,981,4206,220 km²2,401 mi²< 0.1%2.44%AsiaWestern Asia
16Oman4,974,986309,500 km²119,467 mi²0.21%3.01%AsiaWestern Asia
17Mauritania4,525,6961,030,700 km²397,850 mi²0.69%2.78%AfricaWestern Africa
18Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
19Qatar2,832,06711,586 km²4,472 mi²< 0.1%1.81%AsiaWestern Asia
20Bahrain1,641,172765 km²295 mi²< 0.1%4.57%AsiaWestern Asia
21Djibouti973,56023,200 km²8,955 mi²< 0.1%1.53%AfricaEastern Africa
22Comoros850,8861,862 km²719 mi²< 0.1%2.23%AfricaEastern Africa