Arab Countries

The collection of Arab countries in the world is also known as the Arab world, Arab nation, Arab states, or the Arab homeland. This is made up of 22 Arab countries that are part of the Arab League, which was created to unify the Arab nations politically and to represent the interests of the people of the Arab nations.

The Arab world is located in Africa and Asia. These nations combined have a total area of over 5 million square miles. The total population across all countries is 423 million.

As previously mentioned, there are a total of 22 Arab states. Those are:

Of these nations, Egypt is the most populous with a total population of over 90 million. Comoros is the smallest by population, with just 795,000 people. By area, Algeria is the largest Arab country with a total area of 919,595 square miles. The smallest by area is Bahrain, which covers just 293 square miles.

Modern Standard Arab is the official language throughout these nations. Some Arabic dialects are also used as well. The majority of the citizens of Arab countries follow the religion of Islam. About one-quarter of the world’s Muslims are Arabs. Throughout the nations, adult literacy is just under 77%, with literacy rates being much smaller among women than men. Some nations have much higher literacy rates, with Syria, Lebanon, and other states posting record highs of over 90%. The largest city throughout all of the Arab nations is Cairo, Egypt, which has a population of over 16 million people. Baghdad, Iraq and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia round out the top three most populous cities.

Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
Egypt1,002,450 km²99,375,7411.87%
Algeria2,381,741 km²42,008,0541.67%
Sudan1,886,068 km²41,511,5262.41%
Iraq438,317 km²39,339,7532.78%
Morocco446,550 km²36,191,8051.27%
Saudi Arabia2,149,690 km²33,554,3431.87%
Yemen527,968 km²28,915,2842.35%
Syria185,180 km²18,284,4070.08%
Somalia637,657 km²15,181,9252.98%
Tunisia163,610 km²11,659,1741.10%
Jordan89,342 km²9,903,8022.08%
United Arab Emirates83,600 km²9,541,6151.50%
Libya1,759,540 km²6,470,9561.51%
Lebanon10,452 km²6,093,5090.18%
Palestine6,220 km²5,052,7762.68%
Oman309,500 km²4,829,9464.18%
Mauritania1,030,700 km²4,540,0682.71%
Kuwait17,818 km²4,197,1281.46%
Qatar11,586 km²2,694,8492.11%
Bahrain765 km²1,566,9934.99%
Djibouti23,200 km²971,4081.51%
Comoros1,862 km²832,3472.26%