Argentina Population 2019

44,895,477

Argentina is located in southeastern South America, where it's bordered by Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, the South Atlantic Ocean, and the Drake Passage.

Argentina has an estimated 2019 population of 44.78 million, which makes it the 31st most populous country in the world.

Argentina Area and Population Density

Argentina has an estimated population of 44.78 million this year. This estimate is up from a population of 40.1 million confirmed during the 2010 census. As a very sizable country of 2,780,400 square kilometers of area, it has a fairly low population density of just 14 people per square kilometer (37/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.

Largest Cities in Argentina

The capital and largest city is Buenos Aires, an autonomous city that is the second-largest metro area in South America. Buenos Aires has a population of 3 million, with a metropolitan population of close to 13 million.

92% of Argentina's population live in cities, with the 10 largest metro areas accounting for nearly half of the population.

Argentina Demographics

Christianity is by far the dominant religion in Argentina with 76.5% of the population being Roman Catholic and an additional 9% being Protestant. The majority of the remaining population is agnostic, atheist or indifferent.

Argentina is a very diverse country of immigrants. Argentines often call the country a "crisol de razas," or mix of races. Between the 18th and 19th centuries, Argentina received more than 6.6 million immigrants, second only to the United States, which helped the country's population double every 20 years.

Most Argentines are descended from several European ethnic groups, with more than 55% having Italian origins. The second-most common ethnic origin is Spanish. About 17% have French origins, and about 8% are descended from German immigrants. Argentina today has a large Arab population, most of whom are from Syria and Lebanon.There are also about 180,000 Asian people, mostly of Chinese and Korean origins. Additionally, the Argentine government estimates there are 750,000 residents without official documents, many of whom immigrated from Paraguay, Peru, and Bolivia.

Argentina has a fairly high proportion of seniors over the age of 65, who account for almost 11% of the population. About 26% of the population is under 15, which is slightly lower than the world average. In 2010, Argentina became the first Latin American country to allow nationwide same-sex marriage.

The official language used in Argentina is Spanish. A variety of additional languages are also commonly used, including Italian, English, German, French, and indigenous dialects.

Argentina Religion, Economy and Politics

The current median age of the population in Argentina is 31.7 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 77.3 years of age. The fertility rate of women is holding steady at approximately 2.25 children born per woman living in Argentina.

A popular dish of Argentina is called asados. It is a collection of various meats, including steak, ribs, chorizo, sweetbreads, chitterlings, and blood sausage. This selection of meat is slowly grilled on a large grill with low heat from red-hot embers. The larger meats are started first, with smaller meats being added over time. Some are served with lemon or with provolone cheese discs.

Argentina Population History

Argentina declared its independence from Spain in 1816, and the first national census was taken in 1869. Tt was shown that there were just 1,830,214 people living here. Confirmed figures were only recorded on a sporadic basis from then on and the next available results date from 1895. At this point, it was shown that the population of Argentina had grown by over 100% to a figure of 4,044,911.

Argentina Population Growth

Further censuses in the first half of the 20th century were just as erratic in terms of when they were carried out. They were taken in 1914 and 1947, but by 1960 the country had settled into a pattern whereby the surveys were carried out every ten years. The 1960 census showed that numbers had grown to 20,013,793 and Argentina has maintained consistent growth to the present day.

Argentina Population Projections

The current growth rate is fairly slow at just under 1% annually, but that is expected to be cut in half by 2050. The predicted population of Argentina is 45,510,399 in 2020 and 49,323,306 in 2030.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 42 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 111 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Argentina Population in 2018Source: By Phillip Capper from Wellington, New Zealand [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Argentina has one of the lowest population growth rates in all of Latin America, although the population is growing very slowly at a rate of about 1% a year. By 2030, Argentina’s population could be approaching 47 million.

Official NameArgentine Republic
Languages SpokenGuaraní, Spanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-34, -64
Currencies UsedArgentina Peso
DemonymArgentinean
BordersBolivia
Brazil
Chile
Paraguay
Uruguay
Name Population Location
Buenos Aires13,076,300Map
Cordoba1,428,214Map
Rosario1,173,533Map
Mendoza876,884Map
San Miguel de Tucuman781,023Map
La Plata694,167Map
Mar del Plata553,935Map
Quilmes518,788Map
Salta512,686Map
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz489,505Map
San Juan447,048Map
Resistencia387,158Map
Santiago del Estero354,692Map
Corrientes339,067Map
Posadas323,739Map
Moron319,934Map
San Salvador de Jujuy305,891Map
Bahia Blanca276,546Map
Parana262,295Map
Neuquen242,092Map

Argentina Population Clock

The population of Argentina (as of 10/8/2019)?44,895,477
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)44,780,677
Births Per Day2,064
Deaths Per Day929
Net Migrations Per Day13
Net Change Per Day1,148
Population Change Since January 1st322,588

Argentina Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 8th 2019 is: 44,893,265

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201944,780,67748.77%51.23%16.11310.95%
201844,361,15048.76%51.24%15.95310.97%
201743,937,14048.75%51.25%15.80320.99%
201643,508,46048.74%51.26%15.65321.01%
201543,075,41648.73%51.27%15.49321.04%
201040,895,75248.66%51.34%14.71321.01%
200538,892,93148.59%51.41%13.99301.07%
200036,870,78748.53%51.47%13.26311.15%
199534,828,17048.65%51.35%12.53311.32%
199032,618,65148.70%51.30%11.73311.54%
198530,216,27948.93%51.07%10.87291.61%
198027,896,52849.18%50.82%10.03291.52%
197525,865,77649.48%50.52%9.30281.61%
197023,880,56149.90%50.10%8.59281.51%
196522,159,65050.17%49.83%7.97281.59%
196020,481,77950.44%49.56%7.37281.74%
195518,789,41850.68%49.32%6.76281.98%
195017,037,91250.96%49.04%6.13280.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202045,195,77448.79%51.21%16.26320.00%
202547,192,10048.85%51.15%16.97330.87%
203049,056,16248.90%51.10%17.64340.78%
203550,758,20048.96%51.04%18.26350.68%
204052,296,79449.03%50.97%18.81360.60%
204553,665,21249.10%50.90%19.30370.52%
205054,867,25649.17%50.83%19.73360.44%
205555,889,56549.25%50.75%20.10370.37%
206056,708,80649.33%50.67%20.40390.29%
206557,314,26949.41%50.59%20.61390.21%
207057,703,70549.49%50.51%20.75400.14%
207557,904,13749.56%50.44%20.83410.07%
208057,934,10849.61%50.39%20.84420.01%
208557,827,30649.65%50.35%20.8043-0.04%
209057,596,46449.67%50.33%20.7244-0.08%
209557,249,23349.69%50.31%20.5944-0.12%
  1. Argentina Research
  2. Argentina Facts
  3. The National Institute of Statistics and Censuses
  4. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2001 and 2010 censuses, with official population estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  5. GeoNames Gazetteer