Argentina Population 2018

44,503,374

Argentina is located in southeastern South America, where it's bordered by Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, the South Atlantic Ocean, and the Drake Passage. Argentina has an estimated 2018 population of 44.69 million, which makes it the 32nd most populous country in the world.

Argentina has an estimated population of 44.69 million. This is up from a population of 40.1 million confirmed during the 2010 census. As a very sizable country, it has a fairly low population density of just 14 people per square kilometer (37/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.

The capital and largest city is Buenos Aires, an autonomous city that is the second-largest metro area in South America. Buenos Aires has a population of 3 million, with a metropolitan population of close to 13 million.

92% of Argentina's population live in cities, with the 10 largest metro areas accounting for nearly half of the population.

Argentina Demographics

Argentina is a very diverse country of immigrants. Argentines often call the country a "crisol de razas," or mix of races. Between the 18th and 19th centuries, Argentina received more than 6.6 million immigrants, second only to the United States, which helped the country's population double every 20 years.

Most Argentines are descended from several European ethnic groups, with more than 55% having Italian origins. The second-most common ethnic origin is Spanish. About 17% have French origins, and about 8% are descended from German immigrants. Argentina today has a large Arab population, most of whom are from Syria and Lebanon.There are also about 180,000 Asian people, mostly of Chinese and Korean origins.

The Argentine government estimates there are 750,000 residents without official documents, many of whom immigrated from Paraguay, Peru, and Bolivia.

Argentina has a fairly high proportion of seniors over the age of 65, who account for almost 11% of the population. About 26% of the population is under 15, which is slightly lower than the world average.

In 2010, Argentina became the first Latin American country to allow nationwide same-sex marriage.

Argentina Population History

Historical census figures also make for some interesting reading and recent surveys show that there have been sustained and consistent population growths for the last few decades.

Back in 1869 however, it was shown that there were just 1,830,214 people living here. Confirmed figures were only recorded on a sporadic basis from then on and the next available results date from 1895. At this point, it was shown that the population of Argentina had grown by over 100% to a figure of 4,044,911.

Further censuses in the first half of the 20th century were just as erratic in terms of when they were carried out. By 1960, the country had settled into a pattern whereby the surveys were carried out every ten years. The 1960 census showed that numbers had grown to 20,013,793 and from this point, percentage growths have been very stable on a decade by decade basis.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 42 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 111 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Argentina Population in 2018Source: Allan Aguilar

Argentina Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400kArgentina Male Population0k100k200k300k400kArgentina Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Argentina Median Age

31.5


Total

30.3


Male

32.7


Female

Argentina Population by Age

There are 31,140,517 adults in Argentina.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Argentina Population Growth

Argentina has one of the lowest population growth rates in all of Latin America, although the population is growing very slowly at a rate of about 1% a year. By 2030, Argentina’s population could be approaching 47 million.

About Argentina

Official NameArgentine Republic
Languages SpokenGuaraní, Spanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-34-64
Currencies UsedArgentina Peso
DemonymArgentinean

Countries Bordering Argentina

Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Paraguay
Uruguay

Argentina Population Density

Argentina Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Buenos Aires13,076,300
Cordoba1,428,214
Rosario1,173,533
Mendoza876,884
San Miguel de Tucuman781,023
La Plata694,167
Mar del Plata553,935
Quilmes518,788
Salta512,686
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz489,505
San Juan447,048
Resistencia387,158
Santiago del Estero354,692
Corrientes339,067
Posadas323,739
Moron319,934
San Salvador de Jujuy305,891
Bahia Blanca276,546
Parana262,295
Neuquen242,092

Argentina Population Clock

The population of Argentina (as of 1/20/2018)?44,503,374
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)44,688,864
Births Per Day2,053
Deaths Per Day921
Net Migrations Per Day 13
Net Change Per Day 1,145
Population Change Since January 1st21,755

Argentina Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 16.866 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.561 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.108 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 76.82 years
Male Life Expectancy 73.06 years
Female Life Expectancy 80.5 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.268 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.089 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 11.871 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 13.891 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.216 years
Rate of Natural Increase 9.305

Argentina Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201844,688,86448.95%51.05%16.07310.97%
201543,417,76548.93%51.07%15.62321.04%
201041,223,88948.91%51.09%14.83321.04%
200539,145,48848.92%51.08%14.08311.10%
200037,057,45248.93%51.07%13.33311.15%
199534,994,81448.99%51.01%12.59311.35%
199032,729,73949.03%50.97%11.77311.50%
198530,388,78349.16%50.84%10.93301.57%
198028,105,88849.32%50.68%10.11291.52%
197526,066,97549.89%50.11%9.38291.69%
197023,973,05850.15%49.85%8.62281.47%
196522,283,39050.46%49.54%8.01281.56%
196020,619,07550.78%49.22%7.42281.72%
195518,929,34651.08%48.92%6.81271.99%
195017,150,33651.47%48.53%6.17270.00%

Argentina Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202045,510,39948.96%51.04%16.37320.00%
202547,479,80049.00%51.00%17.08320.85%
203049,323,30649.03%50.97%17.74330.76%
203551,027,80749.07%50.93%18.35350.68%
204052,585,64349.12%50.88%18.91360.60%
204553,988,55349.18%50.82%19.42370.53%
205055,228,90249.25%50.75%19.86350.46%
205556,286,31749.32%50.68%20.24370.38%
206057,142,44149.39%50.61%20.55390.30%
206557,787,52349.44%50.56%20.78390.22%
207058,221,09349.49%50.51%20.94410.15%
207558,468,08949.54%50.46%21.03420.08%
208058,560,77849.57%50.43%21.06430.03%
208558,526,22149.59%50.41%21.0542-0.01%
209058,370,26049.61%50.39%20.9943-0.05%
209558,105,96249.61%50.39%20.9044-0.09%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer