Argentina Population 2017
Argentina has an estimated population of 42.1 million. This is up from a population of 40.1 million confirmed during the 2010 census. As a very sizable country, it has a fairly low population density of just 14 people per square kilometer (37/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.
The capital and largest city is Buenos Aires, an autonomous city that is the second-largest metro area in South America. Buenos Aires has a population of 3 million, with a metropolitan population of close to 13 million.
92% of Argentina's population live in cities, with the 10 largest metro areas accounting for nearly half of the population.
Argentina is a very diverse country of immigrants. Argentines often call the country a "crisol de razas," or mix of races. Between the 18th and 19th centuries, Argentina received more than 6.6 million immigrants, second only to the United States, which helped the country's population double every 20 years.
Most Argentines are descended from several European ethnic groups, with more than 55% having Italian origins. The second-most common ethnic origin is Spanish. About 17% have French origins, and about 8% are descended from German immigrants. Argentina today has a large Arab population, most of whom are from Syria and Lebanon.There are also about 180,000 Asian people, mostly of Chinese and Korean origins.
The Argentine government estimates there are 750,000 residents without official documents, many of whom immigrated from Paraguay, Peru, and Bolivia.
Argentina has a fairly high proportion of seniors over the age of 65, who account for almost 11% of the population. About 26% of the population is under 15, which is slightly lower than the world average.
In 2010, Argentina became the first Latin American country to allow nationwide same-sex marriage.
Argentina Population History
Historical census figures also make for some interesting reading and recent surveys show that there have been sustained and consistent population growths for the last few decades.
Back in 1869 however, it was shown that there were just 1,830,214 people living here. Confirmed figures were only recorded on a sporadic basis from then on and the next available results date from 1895. At this point, it was shown that the population of Argentina had grown by over 100% to a figure of 4,044,911.
Further censuses in the first half of the 20th century were just as erratic in terms of when they were carried out. By 1960, the country had settled into a pattern whereby the surveys were carried out every ten years. The 1960 census showed that numbers had grown to 20,013,793 and from this point, percentage growths have been very stable on a decade by decade basis.
Source: Allan Aguilar