Austria Population 2017
Austria's current population is estimated at 8.557 million, up from its last official census. The last Austrian census was preliminary resultsconducted in 2011</a>, showing a population of 8.421 million, up 5% over the last ten years.
The capital and largest city in Austria is Vienna, with a population of more than 1.7 million. and a metro population of 2.42 million. Vienna is very densely populated with more than 4,000 people per square kilometer (10,366/square mile).
There are 185,000 Turks, including Turkish Kurds, in Austria today, accounting for 2.2% of the population. This is the third largest ethnic minority after Serbs and Federal Germans (2.7%).
There are three "traditional" ethnic minorities within Austria that have found themselves within Austria as a result of European boundary changes over the years. They are Carthinian Slovenes, Croats and Hungarians. None of these groups number more than 50,000, and all have their rights protected by law.
Modern immigration has resulted in the creation of a number of sizeable new ethic groups in Austria. Notably more than 300,000 people came to Austria from the former Yugoslavia during and after the wars there, as well as more than 300,000 from Turkey. Many have been naturalized and are now Austrian citizens.
Across the entire country, the majority of the population increase recorded between 2001 and 2011 is as a result of immigration into Austria - the number of people living in Austria but born elsewhere increased by 35% over the past decade. Austria estimates that 81% of its population had no migration background, while about 19% had at least one parent of migrant background. There are estimated to be 415,000 descendants of foreign-born immigrants in the country.
German is the first language of 88.8% of Austrians. It is slightly different from the German spoken in Germany - in practice it doesn't differ much, though, and if you speak German you will be easily understood in Austria. The other main languages are Turkish (spoken by 2.3%), Serbain (2.2%) and Croatian (1.3%).
According to law, bilingual signs should be used in areas of the country populated by Austria's "traditional" ethnic minorities (Carinthian Slovenes plus Croats and Hungarians in Burgenland). This law has not always been followed in practice, however, and remains a significant political hot topic.
The majority of Austrians (73.6%) in the 2001 census reported that they were Roman Catholic. Protestants made up a further 4.7% of the population and Muslims 4.2%. 12% of respondents said that they were not religious.
According to the 2001 census, there are 8,140 Jews in Austria (around 0.5% of the population). Prior to the Holocaust, Austrian Jews made up between 8 and 10% of the total population.