Axis Powers Countries 2019

During World War II, there were two groups of countries fighting. The Axis Powers describes the group of nations that fought against their opposition, a group known as the Allies.

The history of this alliance began in 1936 with the signing of a friendship treaty between Germany and Italy. After the signing of the treaty, the term “Axis” was coined by Benito Mussolini, the dictator of Italy. Japan and Germany in the same year signed a treaty that was anti-Communism.

Germany and Italy further strengthened their alliance with the signing of the Pact of Steel in 1939. The following year, Japan also signed the treaty, which then became known as the Tripartite Pact. With the signing of this treaty, the three countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan became known as the Axis Powers.

During World War II, these countries ruled much of Africa, Europe, and Southeast Asia. Each member of the Axis Powers was ruled by a dictator. In Germany, Adolph Hitler was the Chancellor and later became Fuhrer. In Italy, Mussolini was the dictator. In Japan, Emperor Hirohito ruled over the nation – a role he held until 1989.

In addition to the Axis Powers, there were also other countries that were members of the alliance. Those nations include:

Bulgaria Finland Hungary Romania

Hungary was the only nation that signed the Tripartite Pact with the Axis Powers. Finland didn’t sign the treaty but fought against Russia. Bulgaria and Romania started on the side of the Axis Powers but ended up siding with the Allies by the end of the war.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
2Germany83,517,045357,114 km²137,846 mi²0.24%0.47%EuropeWestern Europe
3Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
4Romania19,364,557238,391 km²92,019 mi²0.16%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
5Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²35,909 mi²< 0.1%-0.24%EuropeEastern Europe
6Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²42,799 mi²< 0.1%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
7Finland5,532,156338,424 km²130,632 mi²0.23%0.17%EuropeNorthern Europe