Azerbaijan Population 2018

9,912,784

Azerbaijan is a transcontinental country located between Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Azerbaijan is bordered by Russia, Georgia, Iran, Armenia and the Caspian Sea. In 2018, Azerbaijan has an estimated population of 9.92 million, which makes it the 89th most populous country in the world.

Azerbaijan has an estimated 2018 population of 9.92 million, up from the 2014 estimate of 9.5 million. The population density is 106 people per square kilometer (274/square mile), which ranks 103rd in the world.

Azerbaijan has 77 cities. The largest city and capital is Baku with a population of 2.15 million and a metro population of 4 million. Baku is densely populated with 996 people per square kilometer (2,580/square mile). The next-largest city is Sumqayit at 325,000, followed by Ganja at 323,000. About 52% of the population lives in a rural area.

Azerbaijan Demographics

At the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Azerbaijan was more than 91% Azerbaijanis, 2% Lezgians, 1.3% Armenians (with nearly all living in the break-away region of Nagorno-Karabakh), 1.3% Russian, 1.2% Talysh, 0.5% Avars, 0.4% Turks, 0.3% Tatars, 0.3% Tats and 0.25% Ukrainians.

About 95% of the population is Muslim. 85% of Muslims in Azerbaijan are Shia Muslims while 15% are Sunni Muslims. Azerbaijan has the second-highest Shia population percentage behind Iran. Azerbaijan is a secular state that provides religious freedom. A Gallup poll conducted seven years ago found that just 21% of Azerbaijanis consider religion an important aspect of their lives, which makes it one of the least religious countries on earth.

Azerbaijan History

Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, before the dissolution of the USSR. A huge oil boom in the country led to international investment, and by the start of the 20th century, the country was supplying half of the world's oil. During the collapse of the Soviet Union, the large Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh attempted to secede from Azerbaijan, leading to war and the Armenians taking control of the region. A ceasefire was signed in 1994, with nearly 1/7 of the country's territory still occupied and 800,000 refugees scattered. During the 1990s, many Armenians and Russians left the region. In 1970, there were about 484,000 Armenians and 510,000 Russians in Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan Population Projections

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 8 minutes
One net migrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 5 minutes

Azerbaijan Population in 2018Source: Moonsun1981

Azerbaijan Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80k100kAzerbaijan Male Population0k20k40k60k80k100kAzerbaijan Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Azerbaijan Median Age

30.9


Total

29.3


Male

32.6


Female

Azerbaijan Population by Age

There are 7,149,669 adults in Azerbaijan.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Azerbaijan Population Growth

Azerbaijan has a low population growth rate, in part due to a high rate of migration. There is also significant diaspora, with Azerbaijani living in 42 countries. In Iran, Iranian Azerbaijanis are the largest minority, accounting for about 16% of Iran's population. Azerbaijan is currently growing slowly at a rate of about 1% a year.

About Azerbaijan

Official NameRepublic of Azerbaijan
Languages SpokenAzerbaijani, Russian
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude40.547.5
Currencies UsedAzerbaijan Manat
DemonymAzerbaijani

Countries Bordering Azerbaijan

Armenia
Georgia
Iran
Russia
Turkey

Azerbaijan Population Density

Azerbaijan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Baku1,116,513
Ganja313,300
Sumqayit265,150
Lankaran240,300
Mingelchaur95,453
Saatli87,000
Qaracuxur72,989
Sirvan70,220
Bakixanov66,686
Nakhchivan64,754
Sheki63,000
Yevlakh59,036
Xankandi53,100
Bilajari42,194
Mastaga40,092
Agdam39,451
Khirdalan37,949
Barda37,372
Xacmaz37,175
Salyan36,555

Azerbaijan Population Clock

The population of Azerbaijan (as of 5/19/2018)?9,912,784
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)9,923,914
Births Per Day452
Deaths Per Day187
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 265
Population Change Since January 1st36,835

Azerbaijan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 16.726 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.943 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.13 years
Male Life Expectancy 69.06 years
Female Life Expectancy 75.2 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.036 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.923 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.125 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 28.281 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 32.352 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 25.675 years
Rate of Natural Increase 9.783

Azerbaijan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20189,923,91449.83%50.17%114.59900.98%
20179,827,58949.81%50.19%113.48901.05%
20169,725,37649.79%50.21%112.30911.12%
20159,617,48449.76%50.24%111.06911.26%
20109,032,45749.54%50.46%104.30911.13%
20058,538,60649.27%50.73%98.60901.00%
20008,122,74148.89%51.11%93.80890.88%
19957,775,42648.84%51.16%89.79881.43%
19907,242,77048.90%51.10%83.63861.67%
19856,666,45549.03%50.97%76.98851.62%
19806,150,73849.04%50.96%71.02841.63%
19755,674,13748.86%51.14%65.52811.84%
19705,180,02548.65%51.35%59.82802.44%
19654,592,61048.32%51.68%53.03803.35%
19603,895,39647.83%52.17%44.98853.19%
19553,329,38747.31%52.69%38.45882.60%
19502,927,92146.86%53.14%33.81900.00%

Azerbaijan Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,099,74349.85%50.15%116.63910.00%
202510,442,07449.88%50.13%120.58900.67%
203010,680,20249.85%50.15%123.33920.45%
203510,860,90549.80%50.20%125.41930.34%
204010,988,92049.75%50.25%126.89950.23%
204511,049,38049.73%50.27%127.59950.11%
205011,039,19849.74%50.26%127.4795-0.02%
205510,969,01949.77%50.23%126.6695-0.13%
206010,857,43749.81%50.19%125.3798-0.20%
206510,717,68549.85%50.15%123.76100-0.26%
207010,556,30649.90%50.10%121.90100-0.30%
207510,381,21949.98%50.02%119.88100-0.33%
208010,201,78850.07%49.93%117.80101-0.35%
208510,029,54350.17%49.83%115.81101-0.34%
20909,869,85550.22%49.78%113.97101-0.32%
20959,716,49850.23%49.77%112.20101-0.31%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer