Azerbaijan Population 2017

9,976,657

Azerbaijan has an estimated population of 9.612 million, up from the 2014 estimate of 9.5 million. The population density is 106 people per square kilometer (274/square mile), which ranks 103rd in the world.

Azerbaijan has 77 cities. The largest city and capital is Baku with a population of 2.15 million and a metro population of 4 million. Baku is densely populated with 996 people per square kilometer (2,580/square mile). The next-largest city is Sumqayit at 325,000, followed by Ganja at 323,000. About 52% of the population lives in a rural area.

Azerbaijan Demographics

At the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Azerbaijan was more than 91% Azerbaijanis, 2% Lezgians, 1.3% Armenians (with nearly all living in the break-away region of Nagorno-Karabakh), 1.3% Russian, 1.2% Talysh, 0.5% Avars, 0.4% Turks, 0.3% Tatars, 0.3% Tats and 0.25% Ukrainians.

About 95% of the population is Muslim. 85% of Muslims in Azerbaijan are Shia Muslims while 15% are Sunni Muslims. Azerbaijan has the second-highest Shia population percentage behind Iran. Azerbaijan is a secular state that provides religious freedom. A Gallup poll conducted seven years ago found that just 21% of Azerbaijanis consider religion an important aspect of their lives, which makes it one of the least religious countries on earth.

Azerbaijan History

Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, before the dissolution of the USSR. A huge oil boom in the country led to international investment, and by the start of the 20th century, the country was supplying half of the world's oil. During the collapse of the Soviet Union, the large Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh attempted to secede from Azerbaijan, leading to war and the Armenians taking control of the region. A ceasefire was signed in 1994, with nearly 1/7 of the country's territory still occupied and 800,000 refugees scattered. During the 1990s, many Armenians and Russians left the region. In 1970, there were about 484,000 Armenians and 510,000 Russians in Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan Population Projections

Azerbaijan Population in 2017Source: Moonsun1981

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Azerbaijan Population Growth

Azerbaijan has a low population growth rate, in part due to a high rate of migration. There is also significant diaspora, with Azerbaijani living in 42 countries. In Iran, Iranian Azerbaijanis are the largest minority, accounting for about 16% of Iran's population. Azerbaijan is currently growing slowly at a rate of about 1% a year.

About Azerbaijan

Official NameRepublic of Azerbaijan
Languages SpokenRussian, Azerbaijani
BordersARM, GEO, IRN, RUS, TUR
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude40.547.5
Currencies UsedAZN

Azerbaijan Population Density

Name Population
Kyzyl-Burun3
Khyzy1,024
Lacin2,300
Qobustan3,754
Yardimli4,004
Novyy Karanlug5,079
Khodzhi-Gasan5,089
Qarayeri5,565
Avsar5,600
Ceyranbatan5,684
Xocali5,810
Boradigah5,904
Dunyamalilar5,968
Samux6,013
Qizilhacili6,330
Mincivan6,353
Cinarli6,508
Oguz6,600
Aran6,724
Qubadli6,890
Naftalan7,045
Severo-Vostotchnyi Bank7,075
Lerik7,094
Sharur City7,100
Goranboy7,333
Qobu7,377
Dzagam7,442
Zangilan7,483
Nardaran7,700
Cahri8,200
Jebrail8,396
Kerbakhiar8,400
Yayci8,500
Corat8,624
Kyadabek8,657
Ramana8,855
Bilajer8,983
Aliabad9,103
Belokany9,182
Masally9,604
Turkan9,699
Ordubad9,781
Yukhary-Dashkesan9,900
Zyrya10,099
Martakert10,167
Saray10,173
Zardob10,612
Culfa10,820
Balakhani10,863
Badamdar11,398
Qutqashen11,867
Qax11,992
Aghstafa12,542
Tovuz12,626
Prishibinskoye13,340
Qobustan13,398
Pirallahi13,435
Ismayilli13,610
Xudat13,625
Binagadi14,012
Astara15,190
Mardakan15,267
Beylagan15,599
Ujar15,741
Qusar16,022
Yeni Suraxani16,127
Aghsu17,209
Ahmadbayli17,242
Yelenendorf17,816
Pushkino18,182
Terter18,185
Zaqatala18,277
Neftcala18,661
Shushi18,662
Qazax18,903
Haci Zeynalabdin19,019
Kyurdarmir19,088
Sabuncu20,996
Zabrat21,396
Quba22,405
Haciqabul23,102
Divichibazar23,248
Agdas23,528
Biny Selo24,596
Buzovna24,795
Fizuli26,765
Amirdzhan26,798
Sabirabad28,075
Shamakhi29,403
Lokbatan30,694
Imishli34,178
Agdzhabedy34,989
Geoktschai35,348
Shamkhor35,421
Dzhalilabad36,259
Hovsan36,293
Salyan36,555
Xacmaz37,175
Barda37,372
Khirdalan37,949
Agdam39,451
Mastaga40,092
Bilajari42,194
Xankandi53,100
Yevlakh59,036
Sheki63,000
Nakhchivan64,754
Bakixanov66,686
Sirvan70,220
Qaracuxur72,989
Saatli87,000
Mingelchaur95,453
Lankaran240,300
Sumqayit265,150
Ganja313,300
Baku1,116,513

Azerbaijan Population Clock

What is the population of Azerbaijan (as of September 13, 2017)?9,976,657
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)9973697
Births Per Day100
Deaths Per Day41
Net Migrations Per Day -19
Net Change Per Day 40
Population Change Since January 1st10,200

Azerbaijan Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 18.462 births/thousand100
Crude Death Rate 7.512 deaths/thousand99
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.68 people/thousand110
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.099 years122
Male Life Expectancy 67.928 years122
Female Life Expectancy 74.339 years127
Total Fertility Rate 2.235 children/woman97
Net Reproduction Rate 0.998 surviving daughters/woman104
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.125 males per female3
Infant Mortality Rate 36.711 deaths/1,000 live births52
Under Five Mortality 43.747 deaths/thousand56
Mean Age at Childbearing 25.459 years199
Rate of Natural Increase 10.415 111
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.896 %123
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.302 %117
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 5.406 %127
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 17.028 %111
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 21.904 %116
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.141 %114
Crude Suicide Rate 1.7 suicides/thousand158
Median Age (Total) 30.9 years101
Median Age (Female) 32.6 years94
Median Age (Male) 29.3 years108

Azerbaijan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20179,973,69749.798%50.202%120920.96%89
20159,753,96849.78%50.22%118931.17%91
20109,099,89349.563%50.437%110961.39%92
20058,563,39849.261%50.739%103981.15%89
20008,117,74148.862%51.138%98990.96%88
19957,770,80648.945%51.055%941021.04%88
19907,216,50348.986%51.014%871021.59%86
19856,674,10748.754%51.246%80981.57%84
19806,163,99048.745%51.255%74991.58%82
19755,693,79548.818%51.182%681021.66%81
19705,178,16048.594%51.406%621042.09%81
19654,579,75948.31%51.69%551032.77%80
19603,897,88947.857%52.143%471053.34%85
19553,327,73247.356%52.644%401073.07%88
19502,895,99747.081%52.919%351082.37%91

Azerbaijan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202010,240,56949.779%50.221%123910.73%88
202510,547,36849.722%50.278%127910.41%88
203010,726,89549.617%50.383%129940.27%89
203510,860,03449.487%50.513%131960.21%91
204010,961,41349.372%50.628%132970.12%91
204511,000,98149.309%50.691%133101-0.02%92
205010,962,99749.28%50.72%132101-0.13%94
205510,871,72349.279%50.721%131103-0.21%96
206010,748,56749.282%50.718%130106-0.25%98
206510,608,65349.299%50.701%128106-0.28%99
207010,456,82649.336%50.664%126111-0.3%101
207510,297,96649.423%50.577%124112-0.31%102
208010,141,93649.532%50.468%122113-0.29%102
208510,004,27149.618%50.382%121114-0.25%102
20909,882,54349.652%50.348%119116-0.24%102
20959,764,45849.632%50.368%118116-0.25%102
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations