Azerbaijan Population 2017

9,833,109

Azerbaijan is a transcontinental country located between Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Azerbaijan is bordered by Russia, Georgia, Iran, Armenia and the Caspian Sea. In 2017, Azerbaijan has an estimated population of 9.83 million, which makes it the 89th most populous country in the world.

Azerbaijan has an estimated 2017 population of 9.83 million, up from the 2014 estimate of 9.5 million. The population density is 106 people per square kilometer (274/square mile), which ranks 103rd in the world.

Azerbaijan has 77 cities. The largest city and capital is Baku with a population of 2.15 million and a metro population of 4 million. Baku is densely populated with 996 people per square kilometer (2,580/square mile). The next-largest city is Sumqayit at 325,000, followed by Ganja at 323,000. About 52% of the population lives in a rural area.

Azerbaijan Demographics

At the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Azerbaijan was more than 91% Azerbaijanis, 2% Lezgians, 1.3% Armenians (with nearly all living in the break-away region of Nagorno-Karabakh), 1.3% Russian, 1.2% Talysh, 0.5% Avars, 0.4% Turks, 0.3% Tatars, 0.3% Tats and 0.25% Ukrainians.

About 95% of the population is Muslim. 85% of Muslims in Azerbaijan are Shia Muslims while 15% are Sunni Muslims. Azerbaijan has the second-highest Shia population percentage behind Iran. Azerbaijan is a secular state that provides religious freedom. A Gallup poll conducted seven years ago found that just 21% of Azerbaijanis consider religion an important aspect of their lives, which makes it one of the least religious countries on earth.

Azerbaijan History

Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, before the dissolution of the USSR. A huge oil boom in the country led to international investment, and by the start of the 20th century, the country was supplying half of the world's oil. During the collapse of the Soviet Union, the large Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh attempted to secede from Azerbaijan, leading to war and the Armenians taking control of the region. A ceasefire was signed in 1994, with nearly 1/7 of the country's territory still occupied and 800,000 refugees scattered. During the 1990s, many Armenians and Russians left the region. In 1970, there were about 484,000 Armenians and 510,000 Russians in Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan Population Projections

Azerbaijan Population in 2018Source: Moonsun1981

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Azerbaijan Population Growth

Azerbaijan has a low population growth rate, in part due to a high rate of migration. There is also significant diaspora, with Azerbaijani living in 42 countries. In Iran, Iranian Azerbaijanis are the largest minority, accounting for about 16% of Iran's population. Azerbaijan is currently growing slowly at a rate of about 1% a year.

About Azerbaijan

Official NameRepublic of Azerbaijan
Languages SpokenRussian, Azerbaijani
BordersARM, GEO, IRN, RUS, TUR
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude40.547.5
Currencies UsedAZN

Azerbaijan Population Density

Name Population
Baku1,116,513
Ganja313,300
Sumqayit265,150
Lankaran240,300
Mingelchaur95,453
Saatli87,000
Qaracuxur72,989
Sirvan70,220
Bakixanov66,686
Nakhchivan64,754
Sheki63,000
Yevlakh59,036
Xankandi53,100
Bilajari42,194
Mastaga40,092
Agdam39,451
Khirdalan37,949
Barda37,372
Xacmaz37,175
Salyan36,555
Hovsan36,293
Dzhalilabad36,259
Shamkhor35,421
Geoktschai35,348
Agdzhabedy34,989
Imishli34,178
Lokbatan30,694
Shamakhi29,403
Sabirabad28,075
Amirdzhan26,798
Fizuli26,765
Buzovna24,795
Biny Selo24,596
Agdas23,528
Divichibazar23,248
Haciqabul23,102
Quba22,405
Zabrat21,396
Sabuncu20,996
Kyurdarmir19,088
Haci Zeynalabdin19,019
Qazax18,903
Shushi18,662
Neftcala18,661
Zaqatala18,277
Terter18,185
Pushkino18,182
Yelenendorf17,816
Ahmadbayli17,242
Aghsu17,209
Yeni Suraxani16,127
Qusar16,022
Ujar15,741
Beylagan15,599
Mardakyany15,267
Astara15,190
Binagadi14,012
Xudat13,625
Ismayilli13,610
Pirallahi13,435
Qobustan13,398
Prishibinskoye13,340
Tovuz12,626
Aghstafa12,542
Qax11,992
Qutqashen11,867
Badamdar11,398
Balakhani10,863
Culfa10,820
Zardob10,612
Saray10,173
Martakert10,167
Zyrya10,099
Yukhary-Dashkesan9,900
Ordubad9,781
Turkan9,699
Masally9,604
Belokany9,182
Aliabad9,103
Bilajer8,983
Ramana8,855
Kyadabek8,657
Corat8,624
Yayci8,500
Kerbakhiar8,400
Jebrail8,396
Cahri8,200
Nardaran7,700
Zangilan7,483
Dzagam7,442
Qobu7,377
Goranboy7,333
Lerik7,094
Severo-Vostotchnyi Bank7,075
Naftalan7,045
Qubadli6,890
Aran6,724
Oguz6,600
Cinarli6,508
Mincivan6,353
Qizilhacili6,330
Samux6,013
Dunyamalilar5,968
Boradigah5,904
Xocali5,810
Ceyranbatan5,684
Avsar5,600
Qarayeri5,565
Khodzhi-Gasan5,089
Novyy Karanlug5,079
Yardimli4,004
Qobustan3,754
Lacin2,300
Khyzy1,024
Kyzyl-Burun3

Azerbaijan Population Clock

What is the population of Azerbaijan (as of 11/15/2017)?9,833,109
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)9,827,589
Births Per Day100
Deaths Per Day41
Net Migrations Per Day -19
Net Change Per Day 40
Population Change Since January 1st12,760

Azerbaijan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 18.462 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.512 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.68 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 71.099 years
Male Life Expectancy 67.928 years
Female Life Expectancy 74.339 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.235 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.998 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.125 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 36.711 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 43.747 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 25.459 years
Rate of Natural Increase 10.415
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 6.896%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.302%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 5.406%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 17.028%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 21.904%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 12.141%
Median Age (Total) 30.9 years
Median Age (Female) 32.6 years
Median Age (Male) 29.3 years

Azerbaijan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20179,827,58949.81%50.19%1131.09%
20159,617,48449.76%50.24%1111.26%
20109,032,45749.54%50.46%1041.13%
20058,538,60649.27%50.73%991.00%
20008,122,74148.89%51.11%940.88%
19957,775,42648.84%51.16%901.43%
19907,242,77048.90%51.10%841.67%
19856,666,45549.03%50.97%771.62%
19806,150,73849.04%50.96%711.63%
19755,674,13748.86%51.14%661.84%
19705,180,02548.65%51.35%602.44%
19654,592,61048.32%51.68%533.35%
19603,895,39647.83%52.17%453.19%
19553,329,38747.31%52.69%382.60%
19502,927,92146.86%53.14%340.00%

Azerbaijan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202010,099,74349.85%50.15%1170.00%
202510,442,07449.88%50.13%1210.67%
203010,680,20249.85%50.15%1230.45%
203510,860,90549.80%50.20%1250.34%
204010,988,92049.75%50.25%1270.23%
204511,049,38049.73%50.27%1280.11%
205011,039,19849.74%50.26%127-0.02%
205510,969,01949.77%50.23%127-0.13%
206010,857,43749.81%50.19%125-0.20%
206510,717,68549.85%50.15%124-0.26%
207010,556,30649.90%50.10%122-0.30%
207510,381,21949.98%50.02%120-0.33%
208010,201,78850.07%49.93%118-0.35%
208510,029,54350.17%49.83%116-0.34%
20909,869,85550.22%49.78%114-0.32%
20959,716,49850.23%49.77%112-0.31%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer