Bangladesh Population 2018

166,762,529

Bangladesh is a large and heavily densely populated country in South Asia, bordering Burma, India, Nepal and Bhutan. Bangladesh has an estimated 2018 population of 166.37 million.

Bangladesh has an estimated 2018 population of 166.37 million, up from the 2013 estimate of 156.5 million. This makes Bangladesh the 9th most populous country in the world.

Bangladesh Surface Area and Population Density

The country has a population density of 1,115.62 people per square kilometer,(2,889.45/square mile), which ranks 10th in the world. The surface area in Bangladesh is currently at 147,570 km² (or 56,977 square miles).

Largest Cities in Bandladesh

The capital and largest city of Bangladesh is Dhaka, which has a population of 14.4 million and a density of 19,447 people per square mile (50,368/square mile). The city has a metro population of more than 7 million. Dhaka is often called the Rickshaw Capital of the World with more than 600,000 cycle rickshaws on the roads every day. The next-largest city is Chittagong, with a population of 2.6 million.

The last official census in the country was carried out in 2011. The Bangladesh population stood at 142 million while an approximation from the CIA in July of that year indicated that numbers were more likely to be significantly higher at 158,570,535.

Bangladesh Demographics

98% of the Bangladesh population are ethnic Bengalis with the remaining 2% made up from Biharis and other ethnic tribes. Minorities in Bangladesh include indigenous people in northern Bangladesh and the Chittagong Hill Tracts, which have 11 ethnic tribal groups such as the Chakma, Tanchangya, Kuki, Bawm and Marma. The Mymensingh region is home to a large Garo population, while North Bengal has a large population of aboriginal Santals.

In terms of religions preferred by the population, we see that Muslim comes in with 89.1% of the population, Hindu with 10%, and other religions make up the remaining 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) of the population.

Quality of Life in Bangladesh

Life expectancy in Bangladesh is currently at 73.4 years of age, with an overall happiness ranking of 115 out of all other countries with recorded data. The accessibility of clean water and improved sanitation is still struggling with respective numbers of 13.1% struggling for clean water and 39.4% struggling to access sanitation. Only 72.8% of the population over 15 years of age is literate, with a GDP expenditure of only 2.5% on education.

Natural Growth in Bangladesh

Through the 1960s and 1970s, the birth rate in Bangladesh was among the highest in the world but that started to slow down considerably in the 1980s. The fertility rate is now at 2.4 children born per woman. Bangladesh has a fairly young population with 34% aged 15 and younger and just 5% aged 65 and older.

Bangladesh Population History

Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971 and a nationwide census at the time confirmed that there were 71 million people living here. In 1980, the Bangladesh population had grown to 90.4 million and similar rises have been recorded on a decade by decade basis ever since.

The nationwide census in the country took place in March of 2011 and preliminary results claimed that the population of Bangladesh at the time was 142.3 million. This was immediately disputed by the UN and was subsequently dismissed by the Bangladesh authorities themselves.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 10 seconds
One death every 36 seconds
One net migrant every 1 minutes
Net gain of one person every 18 seconds

Bangladesh Population in 2018Source: By Mohosin.a94 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bangladesh Population Growth

Census figures are clearly hard to obtain, but the current UN projections have Bangladesh's population growing until 2053, when it will hold an estimated 202.7 million people.

About Bangladesh

Official NamePeople's Republic of Bangladesh
Languages SpokenBengali
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude2490
Currencies UsedBangladesh Taka
DemonymBangladeshi

Countries Bordering Bangladesh

Myanmar
India

Bangladesh Population Density

Bangladesh Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Dhaka10,356,500
Chittagong3,920,222
Khulna1,342,339
Rajshahi700,133
Comilla389,411
Shibganj378,701
Natore369,138
Rangpur343,122
Tungi337,579
Narsingdi281,080
Bagerhat266,388
Cox's Bazar253,788
Jessore243,987
Nagarpur238,422
Sylhet237,000
Mymensingh225,126
Narayanganj223,622
Bogra210,000
Dinajpur206,234
Barisal202,242

Bangladesh Population Clock

The population of Bangladesh (as of 9/22/2018)?166,762,529
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)166,368,149
Births Per Day8,371
Deaths Per Day2,389
Net Migrations Per Day -1,287
Net Change Per Day 4,695
Population Change Since January 1st1,244,175

Bangladesh Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 22nd 2018 is: 166,754,217

Bangladesh Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018166,368,14950.41%49.59%1127.3881.03%
2017164,669,75150.43%49.57%1115.8881.05%
2016162,951,56050.44%49.56%1104.2381.09%
2015161,200,88650.46%49.54%1092.3781.16%
2010152,149,10250.57%49.43%1031.0381.19%
2005143,431,10150.93%49.07%971.9581.74%
2000131,581,24351.03%48.97%891.6582.08%
1995118,706,87151.06%48.94%804.4192.25%
1990106,188,64251.11%48.89%719.5892.64%
198593,199,86551.14%48.86%631.5682.73%
198081,470,86051.00%49.00%552.0882.70%
197571,305,92351.07%48.93%483.2091.85%
197065,047,77051.26%48.74%440.7993.10%
196555,834,03851.43%48.57%378.3692.98%
196048,199,74751.68%48.32%326.62112.73%
195542,121,52451.91%48.09%285.43122.14%
195037,894,68152.21%47.79%256.79120.00%

Bangladesh Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020169,775,30950.37%49.63%1150.4780.00%
2025178,262,90950.29%49.71%1207.9980.98%
2030185,584,81150.21%49.79%1257.6180.81%
2035191,600,52550.13%49.87%1298.3780.64%
2040196,294,31250.05%49.95%1330.1880.49%
2045199,743,52049.98%50.02%1353.5580.35%
2050201,926,81649.92%50.08%1368.3580.22%
2055202,902,15049.88%50.12%1374.9690.10%
2060202,740,91449.86%50.14%1373.8610-0.02%
2065201,527,36649.87%50.13%1365.6410-0.12%
2070199,365,08849.90%50.10%1350.9911-0.22%
2075196,373,33449.95%50.05%1330.7111-0.30%
2080192,648,56150.00%50.00%1305.4711-0.38%
2085188,338,81650.04%49.96%1276.2712-0.45%
2090183,604,47050.07%49.93%1244.1913-0.51%
2095178,612,61750.08%49.92%1210.3614-0.55%
Data Sources
  1. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1961, 1974, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Annual total population estimates from the Sample Vital Registration System through 2014 were also considered, as well as the 2008 voter registration for adults age 18 and over.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer