Bangladesh Population 2016
Bangladesh has an estimated 2016 population of 168,957,745, up from the 2013 estimate of 156.5 million. This makes Bangladesh the 9th most populous country in the world. The country has a population density of 1,115.62 people per square kilometer,(2,889.45/square mile), which ranks 10th in the world.
The capital and largest city of Bangladesh is Dhaka, which has a population of 14.4 million and a density of 19,447 people per square mile (50,368/square mile). The city has a metro population of more than 7 million. Dhaka is often called the Rickshaw Capital of the World with more than 600,000 cycle rickshaws on the roads every day. The next-largest city is Chittagong, with a population of 2.6 million.
The last official census in the country was carried out in 2011. The Bangladesh population stood at 142 million while an approximation from the CIA in July of that year indicated that numbers were more likely to be significantly higher at 158,570,535.
98% of the Bangladesh population are ethnic Bengalis with the remaining 2% made up from Biharis and other ethnic tribes. Minorities in Bangladesh include indigenous people in northern Bangladesh and the Chittagong Hill Tracts, which have 11 ethnic tribal groups such as the Chakma, Tanchangya, Kuki, Bawm and Marma. The Mymensingh region is home to a large Garo population, while North Bengal has a large population of aboriginal Santals.
Through the 1960s and 1970s, the birth rate in Bangladesh was among the highest in the world but that started to slow down considerably in the 1980s. The fertility rate is now at 2.4 children born per woman. Bangladesh has a fairly young population with 34% aged 15 and younger and just 5% aged 65 and older.
Bangladesh Population History
Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971 and a nationwide census at the time confirmed that there were 71 million people living here. In 1980, the Bangladesh population had grown to 90.4 million and similar rises have been recorded on a decade by decade basis ever since.
The nationwide census in the country took place in March of 2011 and preliminary results claimed that the population of Bangladesh at the time was 142.3 million. This was immediately disputed by the UN and was subsequently dismissed by the Bangladesh authorities themselves.