Bangladesh Population 2016

Bangladesh is a large and heavily densely populated country in South Asia, bordering Burma, India, Nepal and Bhutan. Bangladesh has an estimated 2015 population of 160.4 million.

Bangladesh Population 2015

Bangladesh has an estimated 2015 population of 160.4 million, up from the 2013 estimate of 156.5 million. This makes Bangladesh the 8th most populous country in the world. The country has a population density of 1,033 people per square kilometer (2,677/square mile), which ranks 12th in the world.

The capital and largest city of Bangladesh is Dhaka, which has a population of 14.4 million and a density of 19,447 people per square mile (50,368/square mile). The city has a metro population of more than 7 million. Dhaka is often called the Rickshaw Capital of the World with more than 600,000 cycle rickshaws on the roads every day. The next-largest city is Chittagong, with a population of 2.6 million.

The last official census in the country was carried out in 2011 although confirmed figures are yet to be released. Estimates here suggest that the Bangladesh population stood at 148 million while an approximation from the CIA in July of that year indicated that numbers were more likely to be significantly higher at 158,570,535.

Bangladesh Demographics

98% of the Bangladesh population are ethnic Bengalis with the remaining 2% made up from Biharis and other ethnic tribes. Minorities in Bangladesh include indigenous people in northern Bangladesh and the Chittagong Hill Tracts, which have 11 ethnic tribal groups such as the Chakma, Tanchangya, Kuki, Bawm and Marma. The Mymensingh region is home to a large Garo population, while North Bengal has a large population of aboriginal Santals.

Through the 1960’s and 1970’s, the birth rate in Bangladesh was among the highest in the world but that started to slow down considerably in the 1980’s. The fertility rate is now at 2.55 children born per woman. Bangladesh has a fairly young population with 34% aged 15 and younger and just 5% aged 65 and older.

Bangladesh Population History

Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971 and a nationwide census at the time confirmed that there were 71 million people living here. In 1980, the Bangladesh population had grown to 90.4 million and similar rises have been recorded on a decade by decade basis ever since.

The nationwide census in the country took place in March of 2011 and preliminary results claimed that the population of Bangladesh at the time was 142.3 million. This was immediately disputed by the UN and was subsequently dismissed by the Bangladesh authorities themselves.

Bangladesh Population Clock

What is the population of Bangladesh (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 8,455
Deaths Per Day 2,384
Net Migrations Per Day -884
Net Change Per Day 5,187
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Bangladesh Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 18.63 births/thousand 91st
Crude Death Rate 5.252 deaths/thousand 165th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.948 people/thousand 157th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 72.88 years 106th
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.6 years 89th
Life Expectancy (Female) 74.26 years 121st
Total Fertility Rate 2.076 children/woman 104th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.972 surviving daughters/woman 107th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.049 males per female 128th
Infant Mortality Rate 25.503 deaths/1,000 live births 67th
Under Five Mortality 31.695 deaths/thousand 67th
Mean Age at Childbearing 25.196 years 192nd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Bangladesh Population Growth

Census figures are clearly hard to obtain, but the current UN projections have Bangladesh's population growing until 2060, when it will hold an estimated 203.7 million people.

Bangladesh Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 162,910,864 50.5% 49.5% 1,251 5 1.17% 8
2015 160,995,642 50.5% 49.5% 1,236 5 1.18% 8
2010 151,616,777 50.6% 49.4% 1,164 5 1.17% 8
2005 142,929,979 50.9% 49.1% 1,098 5 1.33% 8
2000 131,280,739 51% 49% 1,008 4 1.88% 8
1995 118,427,768 51.1% 48.9% 909 4 2.14% 9
1990 105,983,136 51.1% 48.9% 814 4 2.36% 9
1985 93,015,181 51.1% 48.9% 714 4 2.69% 8
1980 81,364,175 51% 49% 625 4 2.71% 8
1975 71,247,152 51.1% 48.9% 547 5 2.33% 9
1970 65,048,700 51.3% 48.7% 499 5 2.08% 9
1965 55,835,020 51.4% 48.6% 428 5 3.24% 9
1960 48,200,702 51.7% 48.3% 370 5 2.85% 11
1955 42,122,170 51.9% 48.1% 323 5 2.46% 12
1950 37,894,680 52.2% 47.8% 291 6 2.12% 12

Bangladesh Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 170,466,782 50.4% 49.6% 1,309 6 1.05% 8
2025 179,063,375 50.3% 49.7% 1,375 5 0.88% 8
2030 186,459,898 50.3% 49.7% 1,432 5 0.71% 8
2035 192,500,115 50.2% 49.8% 1,478 5 0.54% 8
2040 197,133,813 50.1% 49.9% 1,514 5 0.39% 8
2045 200,380,556 50.1% 49.9% 1,539 5 0.24% 8
2050 202,209,053 50% 50% 1,553 6 0.1% 8
2055 202,702,648 50% 50% 1,557 6 -0.03% 9
2060 201,942,310 50% 50% 1,551 6 -0.15% 10
2065 200,019,688 50% 50% 1,536 6 -0.25% 10
2070 197,164,944 50.1% 49.9% 1,514 7 -0.34% 11
2075 193,548,643 50.1% 49.9% 1,486 7 -0.42% 11
2080 189,316,718 50.2% 49.8% 1,454 7 -0.48% 11
2085 184,678,700 50.3% 49.7% 1,418 7 -0.53% 12
2090 179,710,960 50.4% 49.6% 1,380 7 -0.57% 14
2095 174,618,458 50.5% 49.5% 1,341 7 -0.59% 14
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations