Belgium Population 2018

11,523,135

Belgium is located in Western Europe where it borders France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Belgium is home to the European Union headquarters as well as NATO. The February 2015 census in Belgium found an official population of 11.239 million. The estimated population in 2018 is 11.50 million.

Belgium, although not one of the largest countries in Europe, still has showed a significant growth in its population in the last few years. From 10,839,905 people in 2010 to around 11,095,000 in late 2012 and early 2013, it has shown a steady population increase per year. The most recent census in February 2015 found a population of 11.239 million, which ranks 75th in the world. The estimated 2018 population is slightly higher at 11.50 million. Belgium is very densely populated with 363 people/square kilometer (942/square mile), which ranks 33rd overall.

Provincially, the majority of the population is located in the Dutch-speaking northern region of Flanders with around 57.3% people living there. Flanders is followed by Wallonia with 32.3% and Brussels with 10.4% of the population located in that region.

Most of the Belgium population are congested in the larger cities such as the capital, Brussels, as well as other major cities such as Liege, Ghent, and Oostende. These cities are the centers of economic activity for the country and thus provide plenty of employment opportunities to many people. Brussels has a population of 1.175 million with 7,025 people per square kilometer.

Belgium Demographics

Belgium is a population that boasts diverse cultures and ethnicities. However, even with the burgeoning immigrant population, the majority of French speaking individuals live in and around the capital city of Brussels, while the Flemish speaking population is more restricted towards the Flanders side of the country. Due to job opportunities, the immigrant population mostly settles down in the large cities, where they can earn their living in an easier manner than in the suburban areas of the country.

In terms of ethnicity, the Flemish community is a majority in the country. More than 6 million inhabitants of Belgium are Flemish, while the French speaking Walloon are a minority but make up the next biggest population group with around 3.5 million inhabitants. Apart from the two major population groups, there are small groups of minorities present in small pockets around the country, including the roughly 1 million German speaking residents who live near the Belgian-German border.

From amongst the immigrants, the largest group of inhabitants is from Morocco, with around half a million residents living all over Belgium. The next biggest ethnic group of immigrants is from Turkey, and these people are also present in significant numbers all over Belgium.

Overall, Belgium represents a rich group of inhabitants who belong to different ethnicities. It is a country that is showing steady growth and can provide support for its growing population numbers. The official languages include Dutch, French, and German.

In terms of religious followings, the Belgium population is relatively diverse, with 50% reporting an affiliation with Roman Catholics, Protestant and other Christian at 2.5%, Muslim with 5%, Jewish at 0.4%, Buddhist 0.3%, atheist 9.2%, and no preference with 32.6% of the population.

Life Expectancy in Belgium

The life expectancy in Belgium has continued to increase while the death rate has fallen. This has been mainly due to advances in the field of medicine, which has also ensured better healthcare for babies as well. The country is also providing better care during childbirth, leading to a higher rate of births as well. The life expectancy estimate as of 2016 was 80.5 years, which is a significant increase from previous years, with male life expectancy standing at 78 years and the female life expectancy at 83 years. In 2018, the World Factbook reports a change of total life expectancy to 81.1, with males at 78.5 and females at 83.8 - showing a slow increase as time continues to pass.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 11 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Belgium Population in 2018Source: By Jean-Pol GRANDMONT [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Belgium Population Growth

Belgium is growing very steadily. The country is already fairly densely populated, with a population growth rate of just 0.6% per year. The country is expected to continue it's population growth until the end of the century.

About Belgium

Official NameKingdom of Belgium
Languages SpokenGerman, French, Dutch
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude50.833333334
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymBelgian

Countries Bordering Belgium

France
Germany
Luxembourg
Netherlands

Belgium Population Density

Belgium Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Brussels1,019,022
Antwerpen459,805
Gent231,493
Charleroi200,132
Liege182,597
Brugge116,709
Namur106,284
Leuven92,892
Mons91,277
Aalst77,534
Mechelen77,530
La Louviere76,668
Kortrijk73,879
Hasselt69,222
Ostend69,011
Sint-Niklaas69,010
Tournai67,721
Genk63,666
Seraing60,737
Roeselare56,016

Belgium Population Clock

The population of Belgium (as of 11/13/2018)?11,523,135
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)11,498,519
Births Per Day357
Deaths Per Day307
Net Migrations Per Day 131
Net Change Per Day 181
Population Change Since January 1st57,377

Belgium Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 11,522,288

Belgium Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201811,498,51949.41%50.59%376.65790.61%
201711,429,33649.31%50.69%374.39800.62%
201611,358,37949.22%50.78%372.06800.62%
201511,287,94049.16%50.84%369.76790.63%
201010,938,73949.11%50.89%358.32770.73%
200510,546,88649.06%50.94%345.48760.51%
200010,282,03348.97%51.03%336.81760.19%
199510,186,30548.95%51.05%333.67710.36%
199010,006,54448.93%51.07%327.78700.18%
19859,916,57848.88%51.12%324.84680.10%
19809,868,99548.87%51.13%323.28580.20%
19759,771,58648.91%51.09%320.09580.29%
19709,632,18049.01%50.99%315.52540.40%
19659,443,93949.11%50.89%309.35520.60%
19609,167,36549.20%50.80%300.29470.62%
19558,887,27449.24%50.76%291.12430.57%
19508,637,51949.28%50.72%282.94400.00%

Belgium Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202011,619,97249.57%50.43%380.63810.00%
202511,819,48749.67%50.33%387.17830.34%
203012,001,59449.75%50.25%393.13840.31%
203512,159,66349.81%50.19%398.31840.26%
204012,293,88049.84%50.16%402.71880.22%
204512,403,24349.86%50.14%406.29900.18%
205012,488,23349.88%50.12%409.07920.14%
205512,549,70549.88%50.12%411.09930.10%
206012,597,44149.89%50.11%412.65930.08%
206512,643,29549.90%50.10%414.15930.07%
207012,694,40349.91%50.09%415.83940.08%
207512,750,02249.92%50.08%417.65960.09%
208012,806,23649.94%50.06%419.49970.09%
208512,863,11249.96%50.04%421.35990.09%
209012,920,10049.97%50.03%423.22970.09%
209512,974,91149.97%50.03%425.02970.08%
Data Sources
  1. Statistics Belgium
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer