Belgium Population 2019
Belgium is located in Western Europe where it borders France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Belgium is home to the European Union headquarters as well as NATO. The February 2015 census in Belgium found an official population of 11.239 million. The estimated population in 2019 is 11.56 million.
Belgium, although not one of the largest countries in Europe, still has showed significant growth in its population in the last few years. From 10,839,905 people in 2010 to around 11,095,000 in late 2012 and early 2013, it has shown a steady population increase per year. The most recent census in February 2015 found a population of 11.239 million, which ranks 81st in the world. The estimated 2019 population is slightly higher at 11.56 million. Belgium is very densely populated with 363 people/square kilometer (942/square mile), which ranks 33rd overall.
Provincially, the majority of the population is located in the Dutch-speaking northern region of Flanders with around 57.3% of people living there. Flanders is followed by Wallonia with 32.3% and Brussels with 10.4% of the population located in that region.
Most of the Belgium population are congested in the larger cities such as the capital, Brussels, as well as other major cities such as Liege, Ghent, and Oostende. These cities are the centers of economic activity for the country and thus provide plenty of employment opportunities to many people. Brussels has a population of 1.175 million with 7,025 people per square kilometer.
Belgium is a population that boasts diverse cultures and ethnicities. However, even with the burgeoning immigrant population, the majority of French-speaking individuals live in and around the capital city of Brussels, while the Flemish-speaking population is more restricted towards the Flanders side of the country. Due to job opportunities, the immigrant population mostly settles down in the large cities, where they can earn their living in an easier manner than in the suburban areas of the country.
In terms of ethnicity, the Flemish community is a majority in the country. More than 6 million inhabitants of Belgium are Flemish, while the French-speaking Walloon are a minority but make up the next biggest population group with around 3.5 million inhabitants. Apart from the two major population groups, there are small groups of minorities present in small pockets around the country, including the roughly 1 million German-speaking residents who live near the Belgian-German border.
From amongst the immigrants, the largest group of inhabitants is from Morocco, with around half a million residents living all over Belgium. The next biggest ethnic group of immigrants is from Turkey, and these people are also present in significant numbers all over Belgium.
Overall, Belgium represents a rich group of inhabitants who belong to different ethnicities. It is a country that is showing steady growth and can provide support for its growing population numbers. The official languages include Dutch, French, and German.
In terms of religious followings, the Belgium population is relatively diverse, with 50% reporting an affiliation with Roman Catholics, Protestant and other Christian at 2.5%, Muslim with 5%, Jewish at 0.4%, Buddhist 0.3%, atheist 9.2%, and no preference with 32.6% of the population.
Life Expectancy in Belgium
The life expectancy in Belgium has continued to increase while the death rate has fallen. This has been mainly due to advances in the field of medicine, which has also ensured better healthcare for babies as well. The country is also providing better care during childbirth, leading to a higher rate of births as well. The life expectancy estimate as of 2016 was 80.5 years, which is a significant increase from previous years, with male life expectancy standing at 78 years and the female life expectancy at 83 years. In 2018, the World Factbook reports a change of total life expectancy to 81.1, with males at 78.5 and females at 83.8 - showing a slow increase as time continues to pass.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 4 minutes|
|One death every 5 minutes|
|One net migrant every 12 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 9 minutes|