Belgium Population 2018

11,469,197

Belgium is located in Western Europe where it borders France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Belgium is home to the European Union headquarters as well as NATO. The February 2015 census in Belgium found an official population of 11.239 million. The estimated population in 2018 is 11.50 million.

Belgium, although not one of the largest countries in Europe, still has showed a significant growth in its population in the last few years. From 10,839,905 people in 2010 to around 11,095,000 in late 2012 and early 2013, it has shown a steady population increase per year. The most recent census in February 2015 found a population of 11.239 million, which ranks 75th in the world. The estimated 2018 population is slightly higher at 11.50 million. Belgium is very densely populated with 363 people/square kilometer (942/square mile), which ranks 33rd overall.

Provincially, the majority of the population is located in the Dutch-speaking northern region of Flanders with around 57.3% people living there. Flanders is followed by Wallonia with 32.3% and Brussels with 10.4% of the population located in that region.

Most of the Belgiumís population are congested in the larger cities such as the capital, Brussels, as well as other major cities such as Liege, Ghent, and Oostende. These cities are the centers of economic activity for the country and thus provide plenty of employment opportunities to many people. Brussels has a population of 1.175 million with 7,025 people per square kilometer.

Belgium Demographics

Belgium is a population that boasts diverse cultures and ethnicities. However, even with the burgeoning immigrant population, the majority of French speaking individuals live in and around the capital city of Brussels, while the Flemish speaking population is more restricted towards the Flanders side of the country. Due to job opportunities, the immigrant population mostly settles down in the large cities, where they can earn their living in an easier manner than in the suburban areas of the country.

In terms of ethnicity, the Flemish community is a majority in the country. More than 6 million inhabitants of Belgium are Flemish, while the French speaking Walloon are a minority but make up the next biggest population group with around 3.5 million inhabitants. Apart from the two major population groups, there are small groups of minorities present in small pockets around the country, including the roughly 1 million German speaking residents who live near the Belgian-German border.

From amongst the immigrants, the largest group of inhabitants is from Morocco, with around half a million residents living all over Belgium. The next biggest ethnic group of immigrants is from Turkey, and these people are also present in significant numbers all over Belgium.

Overall, Belgium represents a rich group of inhabitants who belong to different ethnicities. It is a country that is showing steady growth and can provide support for its growing population numbers.

The life expectancy in Belgium has continued to increase while the death rate has fallen. This has been mainly due to advances in the field of medicine, which has also ensured better healthcare for babies as well. The country is also providing better care during childbirth, leading to a higher rate of births as well. The life expectancy estimate as of 2016 was 80.5 years, which is a significant increase from previous years, with male life expectancy standing at 78 years and the female life expectancy at 83 years.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 11 minutes
Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

Belgium Population in 2018Source: Jean-Pol GRANDMONT

Belgium Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kBelgium Male Population0k20k40k60k80kBelgium Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Belgium Median Age

41.4


Total

40.2


Male

42.7


Female

Belgium Population by Age

There are 9,099,307 adults in Belgium.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Belgium Population Growth

Belgium is growing very steadily. The country is already fairly densely populated, with a population growth rate of just 0.6% per year. The country is expected to continue it's population growth until the end of the century.

About Belgium

Official NameKingdom of Belgium
Languages SpokenGerman, French, Dutch
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude50.833333334
Currencies UsedEuro
DemonymBelgian

Countries Bordering Belgium

France
Germany
Luxembourg
Netherlands

Belgium Population Density

Belgium Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Brussels1,019,022
Antwerpen459,805
Gent231,493
Charleroi200,132
Liege182,597
Brugge116,709
Namur106,284
Leuven92,892
Mons91,277
Aalst77,534
Mechelen77,530
La Louviere76,668
Kortrijk73,879
Hasselt69,222
Ostend69,011
Sint-Niklaas69,010
Tournai67,721
Genk63,666
Seraing60,737
Roeselare56,016

Belgium Population Clock

The population of Belgium (as of 1/20/2018)?11,469,197
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)11,498,519
Births Per Day357
Deaths Per Day307
Net Migrations Per Day 131
Net Change Per Day 181
Population Change Since January 1st3,439

Belgium Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 11.391 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.784 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 4.191 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 81.39 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.02 years
Female Life Expectancy 83.68 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.799 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.871 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 2.832 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 3.5 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 31.072 years
Rate of Natural Increase 1.607

Belgium Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201811,498,51949.41%50.59%376.65790.62%
201511,287,94049.16%50.84%369.76790.63%
201010,938,73949.11%50.89%358.32770.73%
200510,546,88649.06%50.94%345.48760.51%
200010,282,03348.97%51.03%336.81760.19%
199510,186,30548.95%51.05%333.67710.36%
199010,006,54448.93%51.07%327.78700.18%
19859,916,57848.88%51.12%324.84680.10%
19809,868,99548.87%51.13%323.28580.20%
19759,771,58648.91%51.09%320.09580.29%
19709,632,18049.01%50.99%315.52540.40%
19659,443,93949.11%50.89%309.35520.60%
19609,167,36549.20%50.80%300.29470.62%
19558,887,27449.24%50.76%291.12430.57%
19508,637,51949.28%50.72%282.94400.00%

Belgium Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202011,619,97249.57%50.43%380.63810.00%
202511,819,48749.67%50.33%387.17830.34%
203012,001,59449.75%50.25%393.13840.31%
203512,159,66349.81%50.19%398.31840.26%
204012,293,88049.84%50.16%402.71880.22%
204512,403,24349.86%50.14%406.29900.18%
205012,488,23349.88%50.12%409.07920.14%
205512,549,70549.88%50.12%411.09930.10%
206012,597,44149.89%50.11%412.65930.08%
206512,643,29549.90%50.10%414.15930.07%
207012,694,40349.91%50.09%415.83940.08%
207512,750,02249.92%50.08%417.65960.09%
208012,806,23649.94%50.06%419.49970.09%
208512,863,11249.96%50.04%421.35990.09%
209012,920,10049.97%50.03%423.22970.09%
209512,974,91149.97%50.03%425.02970.08%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer