Benin Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Most of Benin's population lives on the southern coastline on the Bight of Benin, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Porto-Novo with a population of 265,000 but the largest city is Cotonou with a population of 685,000. Benin is a relatively small country -- the 101st largest in the world -- with a population density of 78 people per square kilometer, or 120th in the world. Despite its size, it has an estimated 2015 population of 10.88 million, up from the 2013 census population of 9.98 million.

Benin Demographics

Benin has a young population with a life expectancy of just 59 years. There are 42 different African ethnic groups, the ancestors of a number of groups who have settled in the area over centuries and migrated to the country. Major ethnic groups include the Yoruba in the southeast (who migrated from Nigeria), the Dendi in the north-central region (who originated from Mali), the Bariba and Fula in the northeast, the Betammaribe and Somba, the Fon near Abomey, and the Aja, Xueda, and Mina.

In 2002, the composition of the country was 39% Fon, 15% Adja, 12% Yoruba, 9% Bariba, 7% Fula, 6% Ottamari, 4% Kabye and 2.5% Dendi.

A wave of recent migration has brought many other African nationals to the country, including Togolese and Ingerians. There is also a group of Indians and Lebenese in the region for commerce and trade. There is a European population of about 5,500, most of which include personnel of embassies, foreign aid missions, and missionary groups.

Benin has one of the world's highest death rates for children under five with little access to healthcare. Benin also has one of the world's lowest literacy rates at about 43%.

Benin Population in 2017 Source: Babylas

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Benin Population Growth

Benin is rapidly growing with a population growth rate of nearly 3%. From 2011 to 2012, the country added 271,000 people, and its population has grown from 10.05 million in 2012 to an estimated population today of 10.88 million. This trend is expected to continue in the near future.

Benin Population Density

About Benin

Official Name Republic of Benin
Languages Spoken French
Borders BFA, NER, NGA, TGO
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 9.5,2.25
Currencies Used XOF

Benin Population Clock

What is the population of Benin (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 219
Deaths Per Day 57
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 157
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Benin Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 34.793 births/thousand 24th
Crude Death Rate 9.013 deaths/thousand 60th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.172 people/thousand 80th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 60.197 years 181st
Life Expectancy (Male) 58.728 years 182nd
Life Expectancy (Female) 61.666 years 181st
Total Fertility Rate 4.537 children/woman 24th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.883 surviving daughters/woman 26th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.041 males per female 145th
Infant Mortality Rate 63.78 deaths/1,000 live births 16th
Under Five Mortality 100.621 deaths/thousand 13th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.737 years 120th
Rate of Natural Increase 25.66 24th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.213% 180th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 20.082% 180th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 18.303% 180th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.945% 180th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.582% 180th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 30.23% 180th
Crude Suicide Rate 3.7 suicides/thousand 126th
Median Age (Total) 18 years 201st
Median Age (Female) 18.4 years 200th
Median Age (Male) 17.7 years 202nd

Benin Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 11,458,611 49.909% 50.091% 101 107 2.56% 79
2015 10,879,829 49.872% 50.128% 96 108 2.6% 82
2010 9,509,798 49.753% 50.247% 84 115 2.8% 88
2005 8,182,361 49.473% 50.527% 72 121 3.14% 92
2000 6,949,366 49.043% 50.957% 61 127 3.19% 94
1995 5,985,658 48.91% 51.09% 53 133 3.14% 95
1990 5,001,271 48.336% 51.664% 44 138 3.56% 102
1985 4,287,263 48.129% 51.871% 38 140 2.92% 105
1980 3,718,024 48.035% 51.965% 32 142 2.76% 108
1975 3,262,959 48.035% 51.965% 28 143 2.5% 110
1970 2,907,769 48.055% 51.945% 25 141 2.18% 110
1965 2,632,360 47.864% 52.136% 23 140 1.85% 109
1960 2,431,620 47.567% 52.433% 21 135 1.4% 109
1955 2,303,585 47.195% 52.805% 20 133 0.84% 109
1950 2,255,221 46.591% 53.409% 20 128 0.13% 105

Benin Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 12,360,726 49.958% 50.042% 109 100 2.46% 79
2025 13,936,891 50.016% 49.984% 123 94 2.31% 79
2030 15,593,038 50.048% 49.952% 138 89 2.15% 79
2035 17,306,230 50.06% 49.94% 153 84 1.99% 77
2040 19,049,924 50.056% 49.944% 168 83 1.82% 76
2045 20,803,451 50.045% 49.955% 184 78 1.67% 76
2050 22,549,187 50.028% 49.972% 199 76 1.53% 71
2055 24,270,381 50.01% 49.99% 215 74 1.39% 70
2060 25,946,438 49.986% 50.014% 230 73 1.26% 70
2065 27,553,981 49.954% 50.046% 244 73 1.12% 69
2070 29,069,598 49.91% 50.09% 257 69 0.99% 68
2075 30,474,539 49.86% 50.14% 270 63 0.87% 67
2080 31,756,285 49.8% 50.2% 281 58 0.75% 67
2085 32,905,030 49.74% 50.26% 291 54 0.65% 67
2090 33,915,157 49.669% 50.331% 300 54 0.55% 65
2095 34,791,057 49.599% 50.401% 308 54 0.46% 64
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations