Benin Population 2017

11,197,358

Benin, officially the Republic of Benin and formerly Dahomey, is a West African country bordered by Niger, Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Togo. Despite its small size, Benin has an estimated 2017 population of 11.18 million, up from 10.6 million in 2014. This makes it the 83rd most populous country in the world.

Most of Benin's population lives on the southern coastline on the Bight of Benin, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Porto-Novo with a population of 265,000 but the largest city is Cotonou with a population of 685,000. Benin is a relatively small country -- the 101st largest in the world -- with a population density of 78 people per square kilometer, or 120th in the world. Despite its size, it has an estimated 2017 population of 11.18 million, up from the 2013 census population of 9.98 million.

Benin Demographics

Benin has a young population with a life expectancy of just 59 years. There are 42 different African ethnic groups, the ancestors of a number of groups who have settled in the area over centuries and migrated to the country. Major ethnic groups include the Yoruba in the southeast (who migrated from Nigeria), the Dendi in the north-central region (who originated from Mali), the Bariba and Fula in the northeast, the Betammaribe and Somba, the Fon near Abomey, and the Aja, Xueda, and Mina.

In 2002, the composition of the country was 39% Fon, 15% Adja, 12% Yoruba, 9% Bariba, 7% Fula, 6% Ottamari, 4% Kabye and 2.5% Dendi.

A wave of recent migration has brought many other African nationals to the country, including Togolese and Ingerians. There is also a group of Indians and Lebenese in the region for commerce and trade. There is a European population of about 5,500, most of which include personnel of embassies, foreign aid missions, and missionary groups.

Benin has one of the world's highest death rates for children under five with little access to healthcare. Benin also has one of the world's lowest literacy rates at about 43%.

Benin Population in 2018Source: Babylas

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Benin Population Growth

Benin is rapidly growing with a population growth rate of nearly 3%. From 2011 to 2012, the country added 271,000 people, and its population has grown from 10.05 million in 2012 to an estimated population today of 10.88 million. This trend is expected to continue in the near future.

About Benin

Official NameRepublic of Benin
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersBFA, NER, NGA, TGO
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude9.52.25
Currencies UsedXOF

Benin Population Density

Name Population
Cotonou690,584
Abomey-Calavi385,755
Djougou237,040
Porto-Novo234,168
Parakou163,753
Bohicon125,092
Kandi109,701
Lokossa86,971
Ouidah83,503
Abomey82,154
Natitingou80,892
Save75,970
Nikki54,009
Dogbo41,312
Cove38,566
Malanville37,117
Pobe32,983
Savalou30,187
Sakete30,111
Come29,208
Bembereke24,006
Bassila23,616
Banikoara22,487
Ketou22,341
Dassa-Zoume21,672
Tchaourou20,971
Allada20,094
Aplahoue19,862
Tanguieta19,833
Hevie13,450
Beterou13,108
Grand-Popo9,847
Guilmaro6,516

Benin Population Clock

What is the population of Benin (as of 11/15/2017)?11,197,358
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)11,175,692
Births Per Day219
Deaths Per Day57
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 157
Population Change Since January 1st50,083

Benin Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 34.793 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.013 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.172 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 60.197 years
Male Life Expectancy 58.728 years
Female Life Expectancy 61.666 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.537 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.883 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.041 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 63.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 100.621 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.737 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.66
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.213%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 20.082%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 18.303%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.945%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.582%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 30.23%
Median Age (Total) 18 years
Median Age (Female) 18.4 years
Median Age (Male) 17.7 years

Benin Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201711,175,69249.88%50.12%992.80%
201510,575,95249.83%50.17%942.83%
20109,199,25949.67%50.33%822.88%
20057,982,22549.55%50.45%713.06%
20006,865,95149.27%50.73%613.06%
19955,905,55849.02%50.98%523.47%
19904,978,49648.68%51.32%443.08%
19854,278,50148.44%51.56%382.85%
19803,717,16548.29%51.71%332.63%
19753,265,16548.20%51.80%292.31%
19702,912,34048.09%51.91%262.04%
19652,632,35647.86%52.14%231.60%
19602,431,62247.57%52.43%221.09%
19552,303,58747.20%52.81%200.43%
19502,255,22646.59%53.41%200.00%

Benin Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202012,122,98549.94%50.06%1080.00%
202513,809,46750.01%49.99%1232.64%
203015,628,43750.06%49.94%1392.51%
203517,568,22950.08%49.92%1562.37%
204019,613,94450.08%49.92%1742.23%
204521,741,57450.06%49.94%1932.08%
205023,929,84650.04%49.96%2121.94%
205526,161,40550.01%49.99%2321.80%
206028,413,09649.96%50.04%2521.67%
206530,667,60949.91%50.09%2721.54%
207032,890,34749.85%50.15%2921.41%
207535,058,19549.78%50.22%3111.28%
208037,145,17649.70%50.30%3301.16%
208539,135,90449.62%50.38%3471.05%
209041,007,74049.54%50.46%3640.94%
209542,739,57549.45%50.55%3790.83%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer