Benin Population 2017

11,470,229

Most of Benin's population lives on the southern coastline on the Bight of Benin, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Porto-Novo with a population of 265,000 but the largest city is Cotonou with a population of 685,000. Benin is a relatively small country -- the 101st largest in the world -- with a population density of 78 people per square kilometer, or 120th in the world. Despite its size, it has an estimated 2015 population of 10.88 million, up from the 2013 census population of 9.98 million.

Benin Demographics

Benin has a young population with a life expectancy of just 59 years. There are 42 different African ethnic groups, the ancestors of a number of groups who have settled in the area over centuries and migrated to the country. Major ethnic groups include the Yoruba in the southeast (who migrated from Nigeria), the Dendi in the north-central region (who originated from Mali), the Bariba and Fula in the northeast, the Betammaribe and Somba, the Fon near Abomey, and the Aja, Xueda, and Mina.

In 2002, the composition of the country was 39% Fon, 15% Adja, 12% Yoruba, 9% Bariba, 7% Fula, 6% Ottamari, 4% Kabye and 2.5% Dendi.

A wave of recent migration has brought many other African nationals to the country, including Togolese and Ingerians. There is also a group of Indians and Lebenese in the region for commerce and trade. There is a European population of about 5,500, most of which include personnel of embassies, foreign aid missions, and missionary groups.

Benin has one of the world's highest death rates for children under five with little access to healthcare. Benin also has one of the world's lowest literacy rates at about 43%.

Benin Population in 2017Source: Babylas

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Benin Population Growth

Benin is rapidly growing with a population growth rate of nearly 3%. From 2011 to 2012, the country added 271,000 people, and its population has grown from 10.05 million in 2012 to an estimated population today of 10.88 million. This trend is expected to continue in the near future.

About Benin

Official NameRepublic of Benin
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersBFA, NER, NGA, TGO
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude9.52.25
Currencies UsedXOF

Benin Population Density

Name Population
Guilmaro6,516
Grand-Popo9,847
Beterou13,108
Hevie13,450
Tanguieta19,833
Aplahoue19,862
Allada20,094
Tchaourou20,971
Dassa-Zoume21,672
Ketou22,341
Banikoara22,487
Bassila23,616
Bembereke24,006
Come29,208
Sakete30,111
Savalou30,187
Pobe32,983
Malanville37,117
Cove38,566
Dogbo41,312
Nikki54,009
Save75,970
Natitingou80,892
Abomey82,154
Ouidah83,503
Lokossa86,971
Kandi109,701
Bohicon125,092
Parakou163,753
Porto-Novo234,168
Djougou237,040
Abomey-Calavi385,755
Cotonou780,000

Benin Population Clock

What is the population of Benin (as of September 13, 2017)?11,470,229
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)11458611
Births Per Day219
Deaths Per Day57
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 157
Population Change Since January 1st40,035

Benin Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 34.793 births/thousand24
Crude Death Rate 9.013 deaths/thousand60
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.172 people/thousand80
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 60.197 years181
Male Life Expectancy 58.728 years182
Female Life Expectancy 61.666 years181
Total Fertility Rate 4.537 children/woman24
Net Reproduction Rate 1.883 surviving daughters/woman26
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.041 males per female145
Infant Mortality Rate 63.78 deaths/1,000 live births16
Under Five Mortality 100.621 deaths/thousand13
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.737 years120
Rate of Natural Increase 25.66 24
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.213 %180
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 20.082 %180
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 18.303 %180
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 32.945 %177
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 35.582 %179
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 30.23 %178
Crude Suicide Rate 3.7 suicides/thousand126
Median Age (Total) 18 years201
Median Age (Female) 18.4 years200
Median Age (Male) 17.7 years202

Benin Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201711,458,61149.909%50.091%1011072.56%79
201510,879,82949.872%50.128%961082.6%82
20109,509,79849.753%50.247%841152.8%88
20058,182,36149.473%50.527%721213.14%92
20006,949,36649.043%50.957%611273.19%94
19955,985,65848.91%51.09%531333.14%95
19905,001,27148.336%51.664%441383.56%102
19854,287,26348.129%51.871%381402.92%105
19803,718,02448.035%51.965%321422.76%108
19753,262,95948.035%51.965%281432.5%110
19702,907,76948.055%51.945%251412.18%110
19652,632,36047.864%52.136%231401.85%109
19602,431,62047.567%52.433%211351.4%109
19552,303,58547.195%52.805%201330.84%109
19502,255,22146.591%53.409%201280.13%105

Benin Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202012,360,72649.958%50.042%1091002.46%79
202513,936,89150.016%49.984%123942.31%79
203015,593,03850.048%49.952%138892.15%79
203517,306,23050.06%49.94%153841.99%77
204019,049,92450.056%49.944%168831.82%76
204520,803,45150.045%49.955%184781.67%76
205022,549,18750.028%49.972%199761.53%71
205524,270,38150.01%49.99%215741.39%70
206025,946,43849.986%50.014%230731.26%70
206527,553,98149.954%50.046%244731.12%69
207029,069,59849.91%50.09%257690.99%68
207530,474,53949.86%50.14%270630.87%67
208031,756,28549.8%50.2%281580.75%67
208532,905,03049.74%50.26%291540.65%67
209033,915,15749.669%50.331%300540.55%65
209534,791,05749.599%50.401%308540.46%64
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations