Benin Population 2018

11,450,058

Benin, officially the Republic of Benin and formerly Dahomey, is a West African country bordered by Niger, Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Togo. Despite its small size, Benin has an estimated 2018 population of 11.49 million, up from 10.6 million in 2014. This makes it the 83rd most populous country in the world.

Most of Benin's population lives on the southern coastline on the Bight of Benin, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Porto-Novo with a population of 265,000 but the largest city is Cotonou with a population of 685,000. Benin is a relatively small country -- the 101st largest in the world -- with a population density of 78 people per square kilometer, or 120th in the world. Despite its size, it has an estimated 2018 population of 11.49 million, up from the 2013 census population of 9.98 million.

Benin Demographics

Benin has a young population with a life expectancy of just 59 years. There are 42 different African ethnic groups, the ancestors of a number of groups who have settled in the area over centuries and migrated to the country. Major ethnic groups include the Yoruba in the southeast (who migrated from Nigeria), the Dendi in the north-central region (who originated from Mali), the Bariba and Fula in the northeast, the Betammaribe and Somba, the Fon near Abomey, and the Aja, Xueda, and Mina.

In 2002, the composition of the country was 39% Fon, 15% Adja, 12% Yoruba, 9% Bariba, 7% Fula, 6% Ottamari, 4% Kabye and 2.5% Dendi.

A wave of recent migration has brought many other African nationals to the country, including Togolese and Ingerians. There is also a group of Indians and Lebenese in the region for commerce and trade. There is a European population of about 5,500, most of which include personnel of embassies, foreign aid missions, and missionary groups.

Benin has one of the world's highest death rates for children under five with little access to healthcare. Benin also has one of the world's lowest literacy rates at about 43%.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 288 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Benin Population in 2018Source: Babylas

Benin Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200kBenin Male Population0k50k100k150k200kBenin Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Benin Median Age

18


Total

17.7


Male

18.4


Female

Benin Population by Age

There are 5,670,916 adults in Benin.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Benin Population Growth

Benin is rapidly growing with a population growth rate of nearly 3%. From 2011 to 2012, the country added 271,000 people, and its population has grown from 10.05 million in 2012 to an estimated population today of 10.88 million. This trend is expected to continue in the near future.

About Benin

Official NameRepublic of Benin
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude9.52.25
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymBeninese

Countries Bordering Benin

Burkina Faso
Niger
Nigeria
Togo

Benin Population Density

Benin Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Cotonou780,000
Abomey-Calavi385,755
Djougou237,040
Porto-Novo234,168
Parakou163,753
Bohicon125,092
Kandi109,701
Lokossa86,971
Ouidah83,503
Abomey82,154
Natitingou80,892
Save75,970
Nikki54,009
Dogbo41,312
Cove38,566
Malanville37,117
Pobe32,983
Savalou30,187
Sakete30,111
Come29,208

Benin Population Clock

The population of Benin (as of 5/19/2018)?11,450,058
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)11,485,674
Births Per Day1,131
Deaths Per Day278
Net Migrations Per Day -5
Net Change Per Day 848
Population Change Since January 1st117,872

Benin Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 36.399 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.961 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.176 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 61.3 years
Male Life Expectancy 59.75 years
Female Life Expectancy 62.83 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.867 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.036 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.041 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 61.305 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 95.867 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.855 years
Rate of Natural Increase 27.438

Benin Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201811,485,67449.90%50.10%101.98812.77%
201711,175,69249.88%50.12%99.23812.79%
201610,872,29849.86%50.14%96.54832.80%
201510,575,95249.83%50.17%93.91852.83%
20109,199,25949.67%50.33%81.68902.88%
20057,982,22549.55%50.45%70.88933.06%
20006,865,95149.27%50.73%60.96943.06%
19955,905,55849.02%50.98%52.44963.47%
19904,978,49648.68%51.32%44.211033.08%
19854,278,50148.44%51.56%37.991062.85%
19803,717,16548.29%51.71%33.011082.63%
19753,265,16548.20%51.80%28.991102.31%
19702,912,34048.09%51.91%25.861102.04%
19652,632,35647.86%52.14%23.371091.60%
19602,431,62247.57%52.43%21.591091.09%
19552,303,58747.20%52.81%20.451090.43%
19502,255,22646.59%53.41%20.021050.00%

Benin Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202012,122,98549.94%50.06%107.64780.00%
202513,809,46750.01%49.99%122.62792.64%
203015,628,43750.06%49.94%138.77792.51%
203517,568,22950.08%49.92%155.99782.37%
204019,613,94450.08%49.92%174.16762.23%
204521,741,57450.06%49.94%193.05732.08%
205023,929,84650.04%49.96%212.48701.94%
205526,161,40550.01%49.99%232.29701.80%
206028,413,09649.96%50.04%252.29691.67%
206530,667,60949.91%50.09%272.31671.54%
207032,890,34749.85%50.15%292.04661.41%
207535,058,19549.78%50.22%311.29651.28%
208037,145,17649.70%50.30%329.82651.16%
208539,135,90449.62%50.38%347.50621.05%
209041,007,74049.54%50.46%364.12580.94%
209542,739,57549.45%50.55%379.50550.83%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1979, 1992 and 2002 censuses, with preliminary results of the 2013 census, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer