Bhutan Population 2017

793,173

The last census in the country was carried out in 2005 showing a population of 634,900, which is about half the population of 1.37 million in 1991. The population is estimated to have grown to 776,400 in 2015. Bhutan's population density is 18 people per square kilometer, which is one of the lowest population densities in the world.

The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000.

Bhutan Demographics

Most Bhutanese people belong to the Ngalops and Sharchops, or Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese. The Lhotshampa, or southerners, are a group primarily of Nepali descent. In 1988, this group accounted for 45% of the population and it included migrants who fought a war with Bhutan over rights to language and dress. Since then, there has been mass emigration, some of which was forced, that caused hundreds of thousands to leave Bhutan as stateless people in refugee camps. An additional 15% of the population is indigenous or from migrant tribes.

In 2006, Business Week ranked Bhutan as the happiest country in Asia and the 8th happiest in the world. Bhutan has a literacy rate of 60% with a median age of 25 years old.

75% of the population is Buddhist, most of which follow Vajrayana Buddhism, the state religion. 22% are Hindu, followed by 2% folk religion and 1% other religions.

Bhutan Population in 2017Source: Christopher Fynn

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bhutan Population Growth

Bhutan has not carried out an official census since 2005, although it's population is estimated to have growth rather significantly. It is currently projected that Bhutan will exceed 800,000 people by 2020 and hit nearly 900,000 by 2030. This is a far cry from its 1991 population of 1.37 million.

About Bhutan

Official NameKingdom of Bhutan
Languages SpokenDzongkha
BordersCHN, IND
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude27.590.5
Currencies UsedBTNINR

Bhutan Population Density

Name Population
Lungtenzampa
Lhuentse100
Gasa548
Shemgang852
Trashigang872
Ha1,449
Paro2,169
Daga2,243
Trongsa2,805
Tsimasham2,855
Mongar2,969
Trashi Yangtse3,025
Jakar4,829
Samtse5,479
Wangdue Phodrang7,507
Samdrup Jongkhar7,507
Sarpang10,416
Pemagatshel13,864
Phuntsholing17,043
Tsirang18,667
Punakha21,500
Thimphu98,676

Bhutan Population Clock

What is the population of Bhutan (as of September 13, 2017)?793,173
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)792877
Births Per Day7
Deaths Per Day3
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 4
Population Change Since January 1st1,020

Bhutan Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 16.907 births/thousand111
Crude Death Rate 6.211 deaths/thousand143
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand0
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.545 years127
Male Life Expectancy 70.215 years111
Female Life Expectancy 70.862 years142
Total Fertility Rate 1.924 children/woman130
Net Reproduction Rate 0.888 surviving daughters/woman138
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female146
Infant Mortality Rate 24.851 deaths/1,000 live births71
Under Five Mortality 30.427 deaths/thousand72
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.891 years113
Rate of Natural Increase 10.68 108
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 9.683 %142
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.341 %138
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.939 %147
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 23.555 %146
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 23.899 %124
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 23.197 %155
Crude Suicide Rate 16 suicides/thousand28
Median Age (Total) 27.2 years135
Median Age (Female) 26.6 years139
Median Age (Male) 27.7 years124

Bhutan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017792,87753.635%46.365%201921.05%164
2015774,83053.726%46.274%201891.19%164
2010720,24653.643%46.357%181891.65%164
2005651,16353.27%46.73%171882.39%163
2000564,18751.413%48.587%141902.9%164
1995508,89751.529%48.471%131880.68%163
1990535,50551.751%48.249%14186-0.15%162
1985469,01051.884%48.116%121863.18%161
1980412,56152.053%47.947%101892.71%161
1975349,14551.639%48.361%91873.58%163
1970291,45750.791%49.209%71893.44%165
1965252,62950.799%49.201%61892.59%166
1960224,10850.842%49.158%51902.29%167
1955200,08950.973%49.027%51882.3%166
1950176,79551.276%48.724%41902.62%168

Bhutan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020817,33953.437%46.563%211920.96%164
2025854,84153.162%46.838%221930.79%164
2030885,96852.9%47.1%231940.61%164
2035910,73252.648%47.352%231960.46%164
2040929,35652.407%47.593%241970.33%164
2045942,41952.176%47.824%241980.21%163
2050949,98851.949%48.051%241990.09%164
2055951,93151.724%48.276%24198-0.04%164
2060947,74351.497%48.503%24198-0.16%165
2065937,61151.264%48.736%24198-0.29%165
2070922,00651.029%48.971%24198-0.39%166
2075902,68650.831%49.169%23198-0.47%167
2080880,93950.689%49.311%23198-0.51%167
2085858,29650.621%49.379%22198-0.53%167
2090835,78050.621%49.379%21202-0.53%168
2095813,90650.666%49.334%21202-0.53%168
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations