Bhutan Population 2019

766,836

Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia at the end of the Himalayas. Bhutan is bordered by India to the west, south and east and China to the north. The 2019 estimated population of Bhutan is 763,092, up from 744,000 in 2017, which makes it the 165th most populous country in the world.

The last census in the country was carried out in 2005 showing a population of 634,900, which is about half the population of 1.37 million in 1991. The population is estimated to have grown to 763,092 in 2019. Bhutan's population density is 18 people per square kilometer, which is one of the lowest population densities in the world.

The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000.

Bhutan Demographics

Most Bhutanese people belong to the Ngalops and Sharchops, or Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese. The Lhotshampa, or southerners, are a group primarily of Nepali descent. In 1988, this group accounted for 45% of the population and it included migrants who fought a war with Bhutan over rights to language and dress. Since then, there has been mass emigration, some of which was forced, that caused hundreds of thousands to leave Bhutan as stateless people in refugee camps. An additional 15% of the population is indigenous or from migrant tribes.

In 2006, Business Week ranked Bhutan as the happiest country in Asia and the 8th happiest in the world. Bhutan has a literacy rate of 60% with a median age of 25 years old.

75% of the population is Buddhist, most of which follow Vajrayana Buddhism, the state religion. 22% are Hindu, followed by 2% folk religion and 1% other religions.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 40 minutes
One death every 111 minutes
One net migrant every 1440 minutes
Net gain of one person every 60 minutes

Bhutan Population in 2018Source: By Prabina Karki [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Bhutan has not carried out an official census since 2005, although it's population is estimated to have growth rather significantly. It is currently projected that Bhutan will exceed 800,000 people by 2020 and hit nearly 900,000 by 2030. This is a far cry from its 1991 population of 1.37 million.

Official NameKingdom of Bhutan
Languages SpokenDzongkha
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude27.50, 90.50
Currencies UsedBhutan Ngultrum, India Rupee
DemonymBhutanese
BordersChina
India
Name Population Location
Thimphu98,676Map
Punakha21,500Map
Tsirang18,667Map
Phuntsholing17,043Map
Pemagatshel13,864Map
Sarpang10,416Map
Samdrup Jongkhar7,507Map
Wangdue Phodrang7,507Map
Samtse5,479Map
Jakar4,829Map
Trashi Yangtse3,025Map
Mongar2,969Map
Tsimasham2,855Map
Trongsa2,805Map
Daga2,243Map
Paro2,169Map
Ha1,449Map
Trashigang872Map
Shemgang852Map
Gasa548Map

Bhutan Population Clock

The population of Bhutan (as of 12/4/2019)?766,836
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)763,092
Births Per Day36
Deaths Per Day13
Net Migrations Per Day1
Net Change Per Day24
Population Change Since January 1st8,088

Bhutan Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 4th 2019 is: 766,732

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2019763,09253.08%46.92%19.881651.15%
2018754,38853.00%47.00%19.651651.18%
2017745,56352.91%47.09%19.421651.20%
2016736,70852.83%47.17%19.191651.21%
2015727,87652.76%47.24%18.961651.21%
2010685,50352.53%47.47%17.851651.11%
2005648,73952.43%47.57%16.901641.88%
2000591,02151.15%48.85%15.391652.03%
1995534,62051.24%48.77%13.921630.14%
1990530,80451.40%48.60%13.831622.71%
1985464,26651.53%48.47%12.091612.67%
1980406,87551.72%48.28%10.601613.15%
1975348,39651.31%48.69%9.071633.22%
1970297,31650.71%49.28%7.741663.20%
1965253,99450.84%49.16%6.621662.61%
1960223,28850.97%49.03%5.821672.49%
1955197,45751.11%48.89%5.141662.23%
1950176,79751.28%48.72%4.601680.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020771,60853.15%46.85%20.101650.00%
2025810,54053.38%46.62%21.111640.99%
2030842,67053.58%46.42%21.951650.78%
2035867,37553.77%46.23%22.591650.58%
2040885,15553.96%46.04%23.051650.41%
2045897,38754.14%45.86%23.371660.27%
2050904,61654.32%45.68%23.561660.16%
2055906,16154.50%45.50%23.601660.03%
2060900,94154.68%45.32%23.47166-0.12%
2065888,64254.86%45.14%23.15167-0.27%
2070869,60655.05%44.95%22.65167-0.43%
2075844,97255.26%44.74%22.01168-0.57%
2080816,21655.49%44.51%21.26169-0.69%
2085784,87155.77%44.23%20.44170-0.78%
2090752,08356.07%43.93%19.59170-0.85%
2095719,00156.41%43.58%18.73171-0.90%
  1. Department of Planning
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2005 census, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer