Bhutan Population 2018

813,355

Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia at the end of the Himalayas. Bhutan is bordered by India to the west, south and east and China to the north. The 2018 estimated population of Bhutan is 817,054, up from 744,000 in 2017, which makes it the 164th most populous country in the world.

The last census in the country was carried out in 2005 showing a population of 634,900, which is about half the population of 1.37 million in 1991. The population is estimated to have grown to 817,054 in 2018. Bhutan's population density is 18 people per square kilometer, which is one of the lowest population densities in the world.

The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000.

Bhutan Demographics

Most Bhutanese people belong to the Ngalops and Sharchops, or Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese. The Lhotshampa, or southerners, are a group primarily of Nepali descent. In 1988, this group accounted for 45% of the population and it included migrants who fought a war with Bhutan over rights to language and dress. Since then, there has been mass emigration, some of which was forced, that caused hundreds of thousands to leave Bhutan as stateless people in refugee camps. An additional 15% of the population is indigenous or from migrant tribes.

In 2006, Business Week ranked Bhutan as the happiest country in Asia and the 8th happiest in the world. Bhutan has a literacy rate of 60% with a median age of 25 years old.

75% of the population is Buddhist, most of which follow Vajrayana Buddhism, the state religion. 22% are Hindu, followed by 2% folk religion and 1% other religions.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 36 minutes
One death every 111 minutes
One net migrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 53 minutes

Bhutan Population in 2018Source: Christopher Fynn

Bhutan Population Pyramid 2018

0k2k4k6k8kBhutan Male Population0k2k4k6k8kBhutan Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Bhutan Median Age

27.2


Total

27.7


Male

26.6


Female

Bhutan Population by Age

There are 549,271 adults in Bhutan.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bhutan Population Growth

Bhutan has not carried out an official census since 2005, although it's population is estimated to have growth rather significantly. It is currently projected that Bhutan will exceed 800,000 people by 2020 and hit nearly 900,000 by 2030. This is a far cry from its 1991 population of 1.37 million.

About Bhutan

Official NameKingdom of Bhutan
Languages SpokenDzongkha
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude27.590.5
Currencies UsedBhutan Ngultrum, India Rupee
DemonymBhutanese

Countries Bordering Bhutan

China
India

Bhutan Population Density

Bhutan Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Thimphu98,676
Punakha21,500
Tsirang18,667
Phuntsholing17,043
Pemagatshel13,864
Sarpang10,416
Wangdue Phodrang7,507
Samdrup Jongkhar7,507
Samtse5,479
Jakar4,829
Trashi Yangtse3,025
Mongar2,969
Tsimasham2,855
Trongsa2,805
Daga2,243
Paro2,169
Ha1,449
Trashigang872
Shemgang852
Gasa548

Bhutan Population Clock

The population of Bhutan (as of 2/13/2018)?813,355
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)817,054
Births Per Day40
Deaths Per Day13
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 27
Population Change Since January 1st1,188

Bhutan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 17.81 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.011 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.74 years
Male Life Expectancy 70.4 years
Female Life Expectancy 71.09 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.015 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.928 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 24.122 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 29.645 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.746 years
Rate of Natural Increase 11.799

Bhutan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018817,05453.02%46.98%21.281641.17%
2017807,61053.07%46.93%21.031641.23%
2016797,76553.12%46.88%20.781631.32%
2015787,38653.14%46.86%20.511631.59%
2010727,64153.00%47.01%18.951642.07%
2005656,63952.52%47.48%17.101642.75%
2000573,41651.05%48.95%14.941652.18%
1995514,87751.12%48.88%13.41163-0.85%
1990537,28051.39%48.61%13.991622.84%
1985467,17851.52%48.48%12.171612.69%
1980409,17251.71%48.29%10.661613.17%
1975349,98251.31%48.69%9.121633.25%
1970298,30150.71%49.28%7.771663.23%
1965254,46450.84%49.16%6.631662.65%
1960223,28850.97%49.03%5.821672.49%
1955197,45751.11%48.89%5.141662.23%
1950176,79751.28%48.72%4.601680.00%

Bhutan Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020835,24552.91%47.09%21.751640.00%
2025877,86652.68%47.32%22.861641.00%
2030913,69752.46%47.54%23.801640.80%
2035942,54152.24%47.76%24.551640.62%
2040965,23952.03%47.97%25.141640.48%
2045982,46851.82%48.18%25.591640.35%
2050994,20351.61%48.39%25.891650.24%
2055999,89651.39%48.61%26.041650.11%
2060998,99151.16%48.84%26.02165-0.02%
2065991,64550.92%49.08%25.83165-0.15%
2070978,65650.68%49.32%25.49165-0.26%
2075961,62750.47%49.53%25.05166-0.35%
2080942,00050.31%49.69%24.54166-0.41%
2085921,05150.22%49.79%23.99167-0.45%
2090899,68650.19%49.81%23.43167-0.47%
2095878,47250.21%49.79%22.88167-0.48%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer