Bhutan Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The last census in the country was carried out in 2005 showing a population of 634,900, which is about half the population of 1.37 million in 1991. The population is estimated to have grown to 776,400 in 2015. Bhutan's population density is 18 people per square kilometer, which is one of the lowest population densities in the world.

The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000.

Bhutan Demographics

Most Bhutanese people belong to the Ngalops and Sharchops, or Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese. The Lhotshampa, or southerners, are a group primarily of Nepali descent. In 1988, this group accounted for 45% of the population and it included migrants who fought a war with Bhutan over rights to language and dress. Since then, there has been mass emigration, some of which was forced, that caused hundreds of thousands to leave Bhutan as stateless people in refugee camps. An additional 15% of the population is indigenous or from migrant tribes.

In 2006, Business Week ranked Bhutan as the happiest country in Asia and the 8th happiest in the world. Bhutan has a literacy rate of 60% with a median age of 25 years old.

75% of the population is Buddhist, most of which follow Vajrayana Buddhism, the state religion. 22% are Hindu, followed by 2% folk religion and 1% other religions.

Bhutan Population in 2017 Source: Christopher Fynn

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bhutan Population Growth

Bhutan has not carried out an official census since 2005, although it's population is estimated to have growth rather significantly. It is currently projected that Bhutan will exceed 800,000 people by 2020 and hit nearly 900,000 by 2030. This is a far cry from its 1991 population of 1.37 million.

Bhutan Population Density

About Bhutan

Official Name Kingdom of Bhutan
Languages Spoken Dzongkha
Borders CHN, IND
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 27.5,90.5
Currencies Used BTN, INR

Bhutan Population Clock

What is the population of Bhutan (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 7
Deaths Per Day 3
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 4
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Bhutan Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 16.907 births/thousand 111th
Crude Death Rate 6.211 deaths/thousand 143rd
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand 0th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.545 years 127th
Life Expectancy (Male) 70.215 years 111th
Life Expectancy (Female) 70.862 years 142nd
Total Fertility Rate 1.924 children/woman 130th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.888 surviving daughters/woman 138th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female 146th
Infant Mortality Rate 24.851 deaths/1,000 live births 71st
Under Five Mortality 30.427 deaths/thousand 72nd
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.891 years 113th
Rate of Natural Increase 10.68 108th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 9.683% 142nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.341% 138th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.939% 147th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 23.555% 142nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 23.899% 138th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 23.197% 147th
Crude Suicide Rate 16 suicides/thousand 28th
Median Age (Total) 27.2 years 135th
Median Age (Female) 26.6 years 139th
Median Age (Male) 27.7 years 124th

Bhutan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 792,877 53.635% 46.365% 20 192 1.05% 164
2015 774,830 53.726% 46.274% 20 189 1.19% 164
2010 720,246 53.643% 46.357% 18 189 1.65% 164
2005 651,163 53.27% 46.73% 17 188 2.39% 163
2000 564,187 51.413% 48.587% 14 190 2.9% 164
1995 508,897 51.529% 48.471% 13 188 0.68% 163
1990 535,505 51.751% 48.249% 14 186 -0.15% 162
1985 469,010 51.884% 48.116% 12 186 3.18% 161
1980 412,561 52.053% 47.947% 10 189 2.71% 161
1975 349,145 51.639% 48.361% 9 187 3.58% 163
1970 291,457 50.791% 49.209% 7 189 3.44% 165
1965 252,629 50.799% 49.201% 6 189 2.59% 166
1960 224,108 50.842% 49.158% 5 190 2.29% 167
1955 200,089 50.973% 49.027% 5 188 2.3% 166
1950 176,795 51.276% 48.724% 4 190 2.62% 168

Bhutan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 817,339 53.437% 46.563% 21 192 0.96% 164
2025 854,841 53.162% 46.838% 22 193 0.79% 164
2030 885,968 52.9% 47.1% 23 194 0.61% 164
2035 910,732 52.648% 47.352% 23 196 0.46% 164
2040 929,356 52.407% 47.593% 24 197 0.33% 164
2045 942,419 52.176% 47.824% 24 198 0.21% 163
2050 949,988 51.949% 48.051% 24 199 0.09% 164
2055 951,931 51.724% 48.276% 24 198 -0.04% 164
2060 947,743 51.497% 48.503% 24 198 -0.16% 165
2065 937,611 51.264% 48.736% 24 198 -0.29% 165
2070 922,006 51.029% 48.971% 24 198 -0.39% 166
2075 902,686 50.831% 49.169% 23 198 -0.47% 167
2080 880,939 50.689% 49.311% 23 198 -0.51% 167
2085 858,296 50.621% 49.379% 22 198 -0.53% 167
2090 835,780 50.621% 49.379% 21 202 -0.53% 168
2095 813,906 50.666% 49.334% 21 202 -0.53% 168
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations