Bhutan Population 2017

808,162

Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia at the end of the Himalayas. Bhutan is bordered by India to the west, south and east and China to the north. The 2017 estimated population of Bhutan is 807,610, up from 744,000 in 2017, which makes it the 164th most populous country in the world.

The last census in the country was carried out in 2005 showing a population of 634,900, which is about half the population of 1.37 million in 1991. The population is estimated to have grown to 807,610 in 2017. Bhutan's population density is 18 people per square kilometer, which is one of the lowest population densities in the world.

The capital and largest city is Thimphu, with a population of 80,000 and a metro population of 115,000.

Bhutan Demographics

Most Bhutanese people belong to the Ngalops and Sharchops, or Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese. The Lhotshampa, or southerners, are a group primarily of Nepali descent. In 1988, this group accounted for 45% of the population and it included migrants who fought a war with Bhutan over rights to language and dress. Since then, there has been mass emigration, some of which was forced, that caused hundreds of thousands to leave Bhutan as stateless people in refugee camps. An additional 15% of the population is indigenous or from migrant tribes.

In 2006, Business Week ranked Bhutan as the happiest country in Asia and the 8th happiest in the world. Bhutan has a literacy rate of 60% with a median age of 25 years old.

75% of the population is Buddhist, most of which follow Vajrayana Buddhism, the state religion. 22% are Hindu, followed by 2% folk religion and 1% other religions.

Bhutan Population in 2018Source: Christopher Fynn

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bhutan Population Growth

Bhutan has not carried out an official census since 2005, although it's population is estimated to have growth rather significantly. It is currently projected that Bhutan will exceed 800,000 people by 2020 and hit nearly 900,000 by 2030. This is a far cry from its 1991 population of 1.37 million.

About Bhutan

Official NameKingdom of Bhutan
Languages SpokenDzongkha
BordersCHN, IND
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude27.590.5
Currencies UsedBTNINR

Bhutan Population Density

Name Population
Thimphu98,676
Punakha21,500
Tsirang18,667
Phuntsholing17,043
Pemagatshel13,864
Sarpang10,416
Samdrup Jongkhar7,507
Wangdue Phodrang7,507
Samtse5,479
Jakar4,829
Trashi Yangtse3,025
Mongar2,969
Tsimasham2,855
Trongsa2,805
Daga2,243
Paro2,169
Ha1,449
Trashigang872
Shemgang852
Gasa548
Lhuentse100
Lungtenzampa

Bhutan Population Clock

What is the population of Bhutan (as of 11/15/2017)?808,162
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)807,610
Births Per Day7
Deaths Per Day3
Net Migrations Per Day
Net Change Per Day 4
Population Change Since January 1st1,276

Bhutan Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 16.907 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.211 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 70.545 years
Male Life Expectancy 70.215 years
Female Life Expectancy 70.862 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.924 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.888 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 24.851 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 30.427 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.891 years
Rate of Natural Increase 10.68
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 9.683%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.341%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 8.939%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 23.555%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 23.899%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 23.197%
Median Age (Total) 27.2 years
Median Age (Female) 26.6 years
Median Age (Male) 27.7 years

Bhutan Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017807,61053.07%46.93%211.28%
2015787,38653.14%46.86%211.59%
2010727,64153.00%47.01%192.07%
2005656,63952.52%47.48%172.75%
2000573,41651.05%48.95%152.18%
1995514,87751.12%48.88%13-0.85%
1990537,28051.39%48.61%142.84%
1985467,17851.52%48.48%122.69%
1980409,17251.71%48.29%113.17%
1975349,98251.31%48.69%93.25%
1970298,30150.71%49.28%83.23%
1965254,46450.84%49.16%72.65%
1960223,28850.97%49.03%62.49%
1955197,45751.11%48.89%52.23%
1950176,79751.28%48.72%50.00%

Bhutan Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020835,24552.91%47.09%220.00%
2025877,86652.68%47.32%231.00%
2030913,69752.46%47.54%240.80%
2035942,54152.24%47.76%250.62%
2040965,23952.03%47.97%250.48%
2045982,46851.82%48.18%260.35%
2050994,20351.61%48.39%260.24%
2055999,89651.39%48.61%260.11%
2060998,99151.16%48.84%26-0.02%
2065991,64550.92%49.08%26-0.15%
2070978,65650.68%49.32%25-0.26%
2075961,62750.47%49.53%25-0.35%
2080942,00050.31%49.69%25-0.41%
2085921,05150.22%49.79%24-0.45%
2090899,68650.19%49.81%23-0.47%
2095878,47250.21%49.79%23-0.48%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer