Bolivia Population 2016
Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The area was originally part of the Inca Empire before colonization. Bolivia has a very multiethnic population estimated at 11 million, up from 2014's estimate of 10,918,674. This makes Bolivia the 82nd most populous country in the world, despite its low population density.
Bolivia's population has grown rapidly from 8.2 million in 2001 to just over 11 million. Its population has also tripled in the last 50 years. Today, almost 64% of the country's population lives in urban areas, with 70% of the people concentrated in La Paz, Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.
Bolivia ranks 28th in terms of area but it has one of the lowest population densities in the world with only 9 people per square kilometer (23/square mile), which ranks 221st in the world. The largest city in Bolivia is Santa Cruz de la Sierra. This autonomous city has a population of 1.45 million and a density of 2,700/square kilometer (7,000/square mile). The metro population is 2.1 million. The capital is Sucre with a population of 300,000.
Bolivia has a very diverse population with more than three dozen native groups, the largest of which is the Quechuas at 2.5 million, followed by the Aymaras (2 million), the Chiquitano (180,000) and the Guarani (125,000). The full Amerindian population is 55%, with 30% mestizo and 15% white. Indigenous people account for 60% of Bolivia's population, including the Andean and Aymaras. Many mestizos in Bolivia assume the mestizo identity while also identifying with indigenous cultures.
Source: Micah MacAllen from Travel Bums, Latin America