Bosnia and Herzegovina Population 2019

3,502,068

Bosnia and Herzegovina (also called Bosnia-Herzegovina BiH or just Bosnia) is a small country in Southeast Europe with 12 miles of coastline on the Adriatic Sea. Bosnia has an estimated 2019 population of 3.50 million, which ranks 135th in the world.

At the 1991 census, Bosnia and Herzegovina had a population of 4.37 million, which dropped to 3.9 million by 1996. The last census in Bosnia took place in 2013 and showed a population of 3.79 million, which is 585,000 fewer than in 1991. The population is estimated at 3.50 million.

The capital Sarajevo has an urban population of 440,000, while the Sarajevo metropolitan area has a population of about 608,000.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Demographics

Bosnia has one of the highest life expectancy, education and literacy rates in the area and it has the third highest tourism growth rate globally between 1995 and 2020. There are three ethnic groups in Bosnia, with all citizens being identified as a Bosnian. Bosnian and Herzegovinian are used to designate region, not ethnicity.

The three ethnic groups are Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. According to 2000 information from the CIA, the ethnic breakdown is 48% Bosniak, 37% Serbs, 14% Croats and 0.6% other. It's believed that 45% of the population is Muslim, 36% is Serb Orthodox, 15% is Roman Catholic, 1% is Protestant, and 3% is another religion.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 16 minutes
One death every 13 minutes
One net migrant every 1440 minutes
Net loss of one person every 69 minutes

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population in 2018Source: By BiHVolim [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Growth

In the 1991 census, the country had a population of 4.37 million, which was believed to have fallen to 3.9 million during an unofficial UNHCR census in 1996. The population has dropped even further to 3.79 million.

While the war in Bosnia ended 18 years ago, its scars are still visible in the area, and mass graves are still being discovered. Ethnic tensions were also aggravated leading up to the recent census. Bosnia's population is expected to continue a slow decline in the coming years.

Official NameBosnia and Herzegovina
Languages SpokenBosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4418
Currencies UsedBosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Marka
DemonymBosnian, Herzegovinian
Name Population Location
Sarajevo696,731Map
Banja Luka221,106Map
Zenica164,423Map
Tuzla142,486Map
Mostar104,518Map
Bihac75,641Map
Bugojno41,378Map
Brcko38,968Map
Bijeljina37,692Map
Prijedor36,347Map
Trebinje33,178Map
Travnik31,127Map
Doboj27,235Map
Cazin21,741Map
Velika Kladusa19,330Map
Visoko17,890Map
Gorazde17,650Map
Konjic15,950Map
Gracanica15,758Map
Gradacac15,659Map

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Clock

The population of Bosnia and Herzegovina (as of 6/16/2019)?3,502,068
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)3,501,774
Births Per Day89
Deaths Per Day109
Net Migrations Per Day -1
Net Change Per Day -21
Population Change Since January 1st-3,507

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 3,501,847

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20193,501,77449.12%50.88%68.38135-0.05%
20183,503,55449.10%50.90%68.42135-0.10%
20173,507,01749.09%50.91%68.48135-0.28%
20163,516,81649.08%50.92%68.68135-0.54%
20153,535,96149.08%50.92%69.05135-1.02%
20103,722,08449.11%50.89%72.68130-0.32%
20053,781,53049.13%50.87%73.851270.08%
20003,766,70649.10%50.90%73.56124-0.40%
19953,843,71249.07%50.93%75.06119-2.95%
19904,463,42249.52%50.48%87.161070.32%
19854,392,13049.52%50.48%85.771041.00%
19804,179,85549.45%50.55%81.621020.96%
19753,985,10349.21%50.79%77.821021.17%
19703,760,52749.17%50.83%73.43981.24%
19653,535,64049.29%50.71%69.04971.85%
19603,225,66849.06%50.94%62.99951.90%
19552,936,30948.75%51.25%57.34941.99%
19502,661,29648.27%51.73%51.97930.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20203,498,21049.13%50.87%68.311350.00%
20253,456,35549.18%50.82%67.50136-0.24%
20303,404,78149.23%50.77%66.49137-0.30%
20353,336,40249.27%50.73%65.15140-0.40%
20403,251,17049.32%50.68%63.49140-0.52%
20453,155,71249.38%50.62%61.62143-0.59%
20503,058,14349.49%50.51%59.72144-0.63%
20552,964,03449.63%50.37%57.88145-0.62%
20602,873,15349.78%50.22%56.11145-0.62%
20652,781,52149.91%50.09%54.32146-0.65%
20702,687,59550.01%49.99%52.48145-0.68%
20752,592,97250.08%49.92%50.64145-0.71%
20802,501,57350.13%49.87%48.85145-0.72%
20852,416,81950.17%49.83%47.20145-0.69%
20902,340,93250.22%49.78%45.71146-0.64%
20952,274,81550.26%49.74%44.42146-0.57%
  1. Agency of Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHAS)
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2013 censuses, adjusted to show the de facto population, and with estimates of subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer