Bosnia and Herzegovina Population 2018

3,503,854

Bosnia and Herzegovina (also called Bosnia-Herzegovina BiH or just Bosnia) is a small country in Southeast Europe with 12 miles of coastline on the Adriatic Sea. Bosnia has an estimated 2018 population of 3.50 million.

At the 1991 census, Bosnia and Herzegovina had a population of 4.37 million, which dropped to 3.9 million by 1996. The last census in Bosnia took place in 2013 and showed a population of 3.79 million, which is 585,000 fewer than in 1991. The population is estimated at 3.50 million.

The capital Sarajevo has an urban population of 440,000, while the Sarajevo metropolitan area has a population of about 608,000.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Demographics

Bosnia has one of the highest life expectancy, education and literacy rates in the area and it has the third highest tourism growth rate globally between 1995 and 2020. There are three ethnic groups in Bosnia, with all citizens being identified as a Bosnian. Bosnian and Herzegovinian are used to designate region, not ethnicity.

The three ethnic groups are Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. According to 2000 information from the CIA, the ethnic breakdown is 48% Bosniak, 37% Serbs, 14% Croats and 0.6% other. It's believed that 45% of the population is Muslim, 36% is Serb Orthodox, 15% is Roman Catholic, 1% is Protestant, and 3% is another religion.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 16 minutes
One death every 13 minutes
One net migrant every 1440 minutes
Net loss of one person every 72 minutes

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population in 2018Source: By BiHVolim [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15k20k25k30kBosnia and Herzegovina Male Population0k5k10k15k20k25k30kBosnia and Herzegovina Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Bosnia and Herzegovina Median Age

41.7


Total

40.2


Male

43.1


Female

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population by Age

There are 2,893,697 adults in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Growth

In the 1991 census, the country had a population of 4.37 million, which was believed to have fallen to 3.9 million during an unofficial UNHCR census in 1996. The population has dropped even further to 3.79 million.

While the war in Bosnia ended 18 years ago, its scars are still visible in the area, and mass graves are still being discovered. Ethnic tensions were also aggravated leading up to the recent census. Bosnia's population is expected to continue a slow decline in the coming years.

About Bosnia and Herzegovina

Official NameBosnia and Herzegovina
Languages SpokenBosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4418
Currencies UsedBosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Marka
DemonymBosnian, Herzegovinian

Countries Bordering Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatia
Montenegro
Serbia

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Density

Bosnia and Herzegovina Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Sarajevo696,731
Banja Luka221,106
Zenica164,423
Tuzla142,486
Mostar104,518
Bihac75,641
Bugojno41,378
Brcko38,968
Bijeljina37,692
Prijedor36,347
Trebinje33,178
Travnik31,127
Doboj27,235
Cazin21,741
Velika Kladusa19,330
Visoko17,890
Gorazde17,650
Konjic15,950
Gracanica15,758
Gradacac15,659

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Clock

The population of Bosnia and Herzegovina (as of 6/15/2018)?3,503,854
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)3,503,554
Births Per Day89
Deaths Per Day108
Net Migrations Per Day -1
Net Change Per Day -20
Population Change Since January 1st-3,320

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.235 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 11.239 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.143 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.18 years
Male Life Expectancy 74.65 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.65 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.386 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.665 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.057 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 6.268 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 7.424 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.289 years
Rate of Natural Increase -2.004

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20183,503,55449.10%50.90%68.42135-0.10%
20173,507,01749.09%50.91%68.48135-0.28%
20163,516,81649.08%50.92%68.68135-0.54%
20153,535,96149.08%50.92%69.05135-1.02%
20103,722,08449.11%50.89%72.68130-0.32%
20053,781,53049.13%50.87%73.851270.08%
20003,766,70649.10%50.90%73.56124-0.40%
19953,843,71249.07%50.93%75.06119-2.95%
19904,463,42249.52%50.48%87.161070.32%
19854,392,13049.52%50.48%85.771041.00%
19804,179,85549.45%50.55%81.621020.96%
19753,985,10349.21%50.79%77.821021.17%
19703,760,52749.17%50.83%73.43981.24%
19653,535,64049.29%50.71%69.04971.85%
19603,225,66849.06%50.94%62.99951.90%
19552,936,30948.75%51.25%57.34941.99%
19502,661,29648.27%51.73%51.97930.00%

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20203,498,21049.13%50.87%68.311350.00%
20253,456,35549.18%50.82%67.50136-0.24%
20303,404,78149.23%50.77%66.49137-0.30%
20353,336,40249.27%50.73%65.15140-0.40%
20403,251,17049.32%50.68%63.49140-0.52%
20453,155,71249.38%50.62%61.62143-0.59%
20503,058,14349.49%50.51%59.72144-0.63%
20552,964,03449.63%50.37%57.88145-0.62%
20602,873,15349.78%50.22%56.11145-0.62%
20652,781,52149.91%50.09%54.32146-0.65%
20702,687,59550.01%49.99%52.48145-0.68%
20752,592,97250.08%49.92%50.64145-0.71%
20802,501,57350.13%49.87%48.85145-0.72%
20852,416,81950.17%49.83%47.20145-0.69%
20902,340,93250.22%49.78%45.71146-0.64%
20952,274,81550.26%49.74%44.42146-0.57%
Data Sources
  1. Agency of Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHAS)
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2013 censuses, adjusted to show the de facto population, and with estimates of subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer