Botswana Population 2018

2,348,569

The Republic of Botswana is an African country located toward the southern tip of Africa. More than 70% of this flat country is made up of the Kalahari Desert. It's bordered by Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa and shares very short borders with Zambia and Kazungula. The population in 2018 is estimated at 2.33 million, up slightly from 2014's 2.04 million, which ranks 147th in the world.

Population Density and Surface Area

Botswana is one of the world's most sparsely populated countries. With an estimated population of just 2.33 million, Botswana has a population density of just 3 people per square kilometer (9/square mile), which ranks 231st in the world. Only 12 sovereign states and dependent territories have a lower density, including Mongolia, the Falkland Islands, and Iceland. The population has a total of 582,730 square kilometers of area available, giving it a ranking of 47th in the world for sheer area size.

Capital and Urbanization Rate

Gaborone is the largest city in Botswana, and also the capital. The population in Gaborone is approximately 232,000. More than 10% of the population lives in the capital. The majority of population in Botswana lives within 100 kilometers of Gaborone. In Botswana, 61% of the population has urbanized, and the current urbanization rate is 2.3%.

Botswana Demographics

The religious affiliations in Botswana are primarily spread across 3 different groups. Roman Catholic Diocese has a strong influence, particularly in the lower half of the country. In Gaborone there is a significant Hindu following, and a Hindu temple of worship is available in the capital city. Those of the Muslim faith also have access to several mosques serving the communities around Botswana.

79% of the population is indigenous Botswana and are known as Tswana. Major minority ethnic groups include the Kalanga and the San. There are about 10,000 San who still live the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Botswana's government has been criticized for attempting to remove the San from the country.

Only 3% of the population identify as white Africans. Botswana has a sizeable Indian population of Indian-Africans of many generations who came from South Africa, Mauritius, Kenya and elsewhere. The country also has tens of thousands of Zimbabweans who came seeking better economic conditions.

The median age of the Botswana is reported to be at 24.5 years of age in 2018, with a total life expectancy of approximately 63.3 years. The birthrate in the same year is at 22.1 births per 1,000 population, with a competing death rate of approximately 9 individuals passing away per 1,000 population.

Health Threats

While Botswana has the highest Human Development Index among continental Sub-Saharan African countries, it is one of the hardest hit in the world by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. About 25% of Botswana's population is estimated to be infected. Botswana has the third highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in the world as of 2018.

Population History and Projections

In 1950, the Botswana population was reported to be just over 400,000. By 1975 that population had doubled to over 800,000. In the year 2000, the population reached over 1,700,000. This explosive growth was consistently measured at over 2% yearly growth over this period of time, only beginning to decline in the 2000s, with a growth rate of only 1.95%.

This growth rate dropped to 1.43% at one point but has been maintaining a rate of approximately 1.8% for many recent years.

The projected population is estimated to reach over 3 million by 2040 when the growth rate is predicted to drop to a rate under 1%.

Quality of Life in Botswana

In 2018, Botswana makes a ranking of 146, leaving only 10 states with lesser ratings in this report. The overall happiness rating is based on a zero to ten point scale, with a score of merely 3.590. The report takes a variety of scored factors into consideration for the ranking. A total of six indicators are factored in, including GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perceptions of corruption.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 10 minutes
One death every 36 minutes
One net migrant every 180 minutes
Net gain of one person every 13 minutes

Botswana Population in 2018Source: By Elziki [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Botswana Population Growth

Botswana is predicated to have a population of 2.206 million by the year 2020.

About Botswana

Official NameRepublic of Botswana
Languages SpokenEnglish, Tswana
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2224
Currencies UsedBotswana Pula
DemonymMotswana

Countries Bordering Botswana

Namibia
South Africa
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Botswana Population Density

Botswana Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Gaborone208,411
Francistown89,979
Molepolole63,248
Selebi-Phikwe53,727
Maun49,945
Serowe47,419
Kanye44,716
Mahalapye44,471
Mogoditshane43,394
Mochudi36,962
Lobatse30,883
Palapye30,650
Ramotswa21,450
Thamaga20,756
Mosopa19,561
Letlhakane18,136
Tonota17,759
Janeng16,853
Gabane12,884
Ghanzi9,934

Botswana Population Clock

The population of Botswana (as of 11/13/2018)?2,348,569
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)2,333,201
Births Per Day145
Deaths Per Day40
Net Migrations Per Day 8
Net Change Per Day 113
Population Change Since January 1st35,821

Botswana Population Estimator

SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 2,348,526

Botswana Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20182,333,20149.44%50.56%4.011441.81%
20172,291,66149.43%50.57%3.941441.84%
20162,250,26049.42%50.58%3.871441.86%
20152,209,19749.41%50.59%3.801441.86%
20102,014,86649.44%50.56%3.461471.66%
20051,855,85249.36%50.64%3.191471.43%
20001,728,34049.30%50.70%2.971471.95%
19951,569,09449.29%50.71%2.701472.63%
19901,377,91249.19%50.81%2.371482.99%
19851,189,11448.99%51.01%2.041473.50%
19801,001,15848.70%51.30%1.721493.93%
1975825,84048.27%51.73%1.421493.49%
1970695,59747.77%52.23%1.201513.10%
1965597,19047.45%52.55%1.031502.63%
1960524,55247.67%52.33%0.901512.23%
1955469,74048.41%51.59%0.811522.63%
1950412,53148.41%51.59%0.711520.00%

Botswana Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,415,76649.47%50.53%4.151440.00%
20252,614,31649.50%50.50%4.491451.59%
20302,800,43349.51%50.49%4.811441.38%
20352,974,63349.51%50.49%5.111411.21%
20403,137,60149.50%50.50%5.391411.07%
20453,287,86849.48%50.52%5.651410.94%
20503,421,40449.45%50.55%5.881390.80%
20553,533,96649.39%50.61%6.071380.65%
20603,623,68649.31%50.69%6.231380.50%
20653,691,10849.24%50.76%6.341370.37%
20703,739,40549.18%50.82%6.431380.26%
20753,772,82549.15%50.85%6.481380.18%
20803,794,63249.15%50.85%6.521390.12%
20853,805,76449.15%50.85%6.541390.06%
20903,805,86049.15%50.85%6.541390.00%
20953,794,78049.14%50.86%6.52139-0.06%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistics Office of Botswana
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census adjusted for underenumeration, with official population estimates for 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer