Botswana Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Botswana is one of the world's most sparsely populated countries. With an estimated population of just 2.05 million, Botswana has a population density of just 3 people per square kilometer (9/square mile), which ranks 231st in the world. Only 12 sovereign states and dependent territories have a lower density, including Mongolia, the Falkland Islands, and Iceland.

Gaborone is the largest city in Botswana, and also the capital. The population in Gaborone is approximately 232,000. More than 10% of the population lives in the capital. The majority of population in Botswana lives within 100 kilometers of Gaborone. In Botswana, 61% of the population has urbanized, and the current urbanization rate is 2.3%.

Botswana Demographics

The religious affiliations in Botswana are primarily of 3 groups. Roman Catholic Diocese has a strong influence, particularly in the lower half of the country. In Gaborone there is a significant Hindu following, and a Hindu temple of worship is available in the capital city, it has been nicknamed “Hindu Hall.” Those of the Muslim faith also have access to several mosques serving the communities around Botswana.

79% of the population is indigenous Botswana and are known as Tswana. Major minority ethnic groups include the Kalanga and the San. There are about 10,000 San who still live the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Botswana's government has been criticized for attempting to remove the San from the country.

Only 3% of the population is white Africans. Botswana has a sizeable Indian population of Indian-Africans of many generations who came from South Africa, Mauritius, Kenya and elsewhere. The country also has tens of thousands of Zimbabweans who came seeking better economic conditions.

While Botswana has the highest Human Development Index among continental Sub-Saharan African countries, it is one of the hardest hit in the world by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. About 25% of Botswana's population is estimated to be infected.

Botswana Population in 2017 Source: Eddie Chuan-Shun Ho

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Botswana Population Growth

Botswana is predicated to have a population of 2.206 million by the year 2020.

Botswana Population Density

About Botswana

Official Name Republic of Botswana
Languages Spoken English, Tswana
Borders NAM, ZAF, ZMB, ZWE
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude -22,24
Currencies Used BWP

Botswana Population Clock

What is the population of Botswana (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 30
Deaths Per Day 10
Net Migrations Per Day 8
Net Change Per Day 28
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Botswana Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 23.552 births/thousand 66th
Crude Death Rate 7.616 deaths/thousand 95th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.27 people/thousand 42nd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.72 years 162nd
Life Expectancy (Male) 62.502 years 163rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 67.011 years 160th
Total Fertility Rate 2.706 children/woman 71st
Net Reproduction Rate 1.222 surviving daughters/woman 72nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 29.162 deaths/1,000 live births 65th
Under Five Mortality 35.718 deaths/thousand 66th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.933 years 67th
Rate of Natural Increase 15.477 71st
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 13.103% 157th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.098% 154th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 12.074% 159th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.516% 157th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.592% 154th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.279% 159th
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand 132nd
Median Age (Total) 23.2 years 159th
Median Age (Female) 23.1 years 159th
Median Age (Male) 23.4 years 153rd

Botswana Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 2,343,981 49.959% 50.041% 4 217 1.66% 143
2015 2,262,485 49.963% 50.037% 3 217 1.81% 143
2010 2,047,831 49.951% 50.049% 3 217 2.02% 146
2005 1,864,003 49.905% 50.095% 3 217 1.68% 147
2000 1,736,579 49.758% 50.242% 3 217 1.48% 147
1995 1,576,291 49.568% 50.432% 2 219 2.23% 147
1990 1,379,813 49.372% 50.628% 2 219 2.88% 148
1985 1,182,942 49.171% 50.829% 2 218 3.22% 147
1980 996,331 48.922% 51.078% 1 221 3.62% 149
1975 822,029 48.468% 51.532% 1 221 3.8% 149
1970 693,021 47.994% 52.006% 1 221 3.24% 151
1965 595,741 47.695% 52.305% 1 219 2.85% 150
1960 524,029 47.852% 52.148% 222 2.37% 151
1955 469,671 48.451% 51.549% 221 2.18% 152
1950 412,533 48.408% 51.592% 221 3.04% 152

Botswana Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 2,460,223 49.949% 50.051% 4 217 1.54% 143
2025 2,646,067 49.933% 50.067% 4 217 1.33% 144
2030 2,816,930 49.909% 50.091% 4 218 1.15% 143
2035 2,976,112 49.884% 50.116% 5 218 1.03% 140
2040 3,126,138 49.861% 50.139% 5 218 0.92% 140
2045 3,265,169 49.837% 50.163% 5 219 0.8% 140
2050 3,388,875 49.808% 50.192% 5 219 0.66% 138
2055 3,492,164 49.769% 50.231% 6 218 0.51% 136
2060 3,572,975 49.723% 50.277% 6 218 0.38% 136
2065 3,632,341 49.679% 50.321% 6 218 0.26% 136
2070 3,674,040 49.645% 50.355% 6 218 0.18% 136
2075 3,701,897 49.626% 50.374% 6 218 0.11% 136
2080 3,718,594 49.617% 50.383% 6 218 0.06% 136
2085 3,724,754 49.606% 50.394% 6 218 0% 135
2090 3,720,477 49.588% 50.412% 6 218 -0.06% 135
2095 3,705,469 49.566% 50.434% 6 218 -0.11% 135
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations