Botswana Population 2017

2,295,525

The Republic of Botswana is an African country located toward the southern tip of Africa. More than 70% of this flat country is made up of the Kalahari Desert. It's bordered by Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa and shares very short borders with Zambia and Kazungula. The population in 2017 is estimated at 2.29 million, up slightly from 2014's 2.04 million, which ranks 147th in the world.

Botswana is one of the world's most sparsely populated countries. With an estimated population of just 2.29 million, Botswana has a population density of just 3 people per square kilometer (9/square mile), which ranks 231st in the world. Only 12 sovereign states and dependent territories have a lower density, including Mongolia, the Falkland Islands, and Iceland.

Gaborone is the largest city in Botswana, and also the capital. The population in Gaborone is approximately 232,000. More than 10% of the population lives in the capital. The majority of population in Botswana lives within 100 kilometers of Gaborone. In Botswana, 61% of the population has urbanized, and the current urbanization rate is 2.3%.

Botswana Demographics

The religious affiliations in Botswana are primarily of 3 groups. Roman Catholic Diocese has a strong influence, particularly in the lower half of the country. In Gaborone there is a significant Hindu following, and a Hindu temple of worship is available in the capital city, it has been nicknamed “Hindu Hall.” Those of the Muslim faith also have access to several mosques serving the communities around Botswana.

79% of the population is indigenous Botswana and are known as Tswana. Major minority ethnic groups include the Kalanga and the San. There are about 10,000 San who still live the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Botswana's government has been criticized for attempting to remove the San from the country.

Only 3% of the population is white Africans. Botswana has a sizeable Indian population of Indian-Africans of many generations who came from South Africa, Mauritius, Kenya and elsewhere. The country also has tens of thousands of Zimbabweans who came seeking better economic conditions.

While Botswana has the highest Human Development Index among continental Sub-Saharan African countries, it is one of the hardest hit in the world by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. About 25% of Botswana's population is estimated to be infected.

Botswana Population in 2018Source: Eddie Chuan-Shun Ho

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Botswana Population Growth

Botswana is predicated to have a population of 2.206 million by the year 2020.

About Botswana

Official NameRepublic of Botswana
Languages SpokenTswana, English
BordersNAM, ZAF, ZMB, ZWE
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2224
Currencies UsedBWP

Botswana Population Density

Name Population
Gaborone208,411
Francistown89,979
Molepolole63,248
Selebi-Phikwe53,727
Maun49,945
Serowe47,419
Kanye44,716
Mahalapye44,471
Mogoditshane43,394
Mochudi36,962
Lobatse30,883
Palapye30,650
Ramotswa21,450
Thamaga20,756
Mosopa19,561
Letlhakane18,136
Tonota17,759
Janeng16,853
Gabane12,884
Ghanzi9,934
Kasane9,250
Orapa9,189
Kopong6,895
Letlhakeng6,781
Tshabong6,591
Otse6,275
Shakawe5,651
Metsemotlhaba5,544
Rakops5,222

Botswana Population Clock

What is the population of Botswana (as of 11/15/2017)?2,295,525
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)2,291,661
Births Per Day30
Deaths Per Day10
Net Migrations Per Day 8
Net Change Per Day 28
Population Change Since January 1st8,932

Botswana Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 23.552 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 7.616 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.27 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.72 years
Male Life Expectancy 62.502 years
Female Life Expectancy 67.011 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.706 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.222 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 29.162 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 35.718 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.933 years
Rate of Natural Increase 15.477
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 13.103%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.098%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 12.074%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.516%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.592%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.279%
Median Age (Total) 23.2 years
Median Age (Female) 23.1 years
Median Age (Male) 23.4 years

Botswana Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20172,291,66149.43%50.57%41.85%
20152,209,19749.41%50.59%41.86%
20102,014,86649.44%50.56%31.66%
20051,855,85249.36%50.64%31.43%
20001,728,34049.30%50.70%31.95%
19951,569,09449.29%50.71%32.63%
19901,377,91249.19%50.81%22.99%
19851,189,11448.99%51.01%23.50%
19801,001,15848.70%51.30%23.93%
1975825,84048.27%51.73%13.49%
1970695,59747.77%52.23%13.10%
1965597,19047.45%52.55%12.63%
1960524,55247.67%52.33%12.23%
1955469,74048.41%51.59%12.63%
1950412,53148.41%51.59%10.00%

Botswana Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20202,415,76649.47%50.53%40.00%
20252,614,31649.50%50.50%41.59%
20302,800,43349.51%50.49%51.38%
20352,974,63349.51%50.49%51.21%
20403,137,60149.50%50.50%51.07%
20453,287,86849.48%50.52%60.94%
20503,421,40449.45%50.55%60.80%
20553,533,96649.39%50.61%60.65%
20603,623,68649.31%50.69%60.50%
20653,691,10849.24%50.76%60.37%
20703,739,40549.18%50.82%60.26%
20753,772,82549.15%50.85%60.18%
20803,794,63249.15%50.85%70.12%
20853,805,76449.15%50.85%70.06%
20903,805,86049.15%50.85%70.00%
20953,794,78049.14%50.86%7-0.06%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer