Botswana Population 2017

2,346,053

Botswana is one of the world's most sparsely populated countries. With an estimated population of just 2.05 million, Botswana has a population density of just 3 people per square kilometer (9/square mile), which ranks 231st in the world. Only 12 sovereign states and dependent territories have a lower density, including Mongolia, the Falkland Islands, and Iceland.

Gaborone is the largest city in Botswana, and also the capital. The population in Gaborone is approximately 232,000. More than 10% of the population lives in the capital. The majority of population in Botswana lives within 100 kilometers of Gaborone. In Botswana, 61% of the population has urbanized, and the current urbanization rate is 2.3%.

Botswana Demographics

The religious affiliations in Botswana are primarily of 3 groups. Roman Catholic Diocese has a strong influence, particularly in the lower half of the country. In Gaborone there is a significant Hindu following, and a Hindu temple of worship is available in the capital city, it has been nicknamed “Hindu Hall.” Those of the Muslim faith also have access to several mosques serving the communities around Botswana.

79% of the population is indigenous Botswana and are known as Tswana. Major minority ethnic groups include the Kalanga and the San. There are about 10,000 San who still live the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Botswana's government has been criticized for attempting to remove the San from the country.

Only 3% of the population is white Africans. Botswana has a sizeable Indian population of Indian-Africans of many generations who came from South Africa, Mauritius, Kenya and elsewhere. The country also has tens of thousands of Zimbabweans who came seeking better economic conditions.

While Botswana has the highest Human Development Index among continental Sub-Saharan African countries, it is one of the hardest hit in the world by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. About 25% of Botswana's population is estimated to be infected.

Botswana Population in 2017Source: Eddie Chuan-Shun Ho

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Botswana Population Growth

Botswana is predicated to have a population of 2.206 million by the year 2020.

About Botswana

Official NameRepublic of Botswana
Languages SpokenEnglish, Tswana
BordersNAM, ZAF, ZMB, ZWE
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2224
Currencies UsedBWP

Botswana Population Density

Name Population
Rakops5,222
Metsemotlhaba5,544
Shakawe5,651
Otse6,275
Tshabong6,591
Letlhakeng6,781
Kopong6,895
Orapa9,189
Kasane9,250
Ghanzi9,934
Gabane12,884
Janeng16,853
Tonota17,759
Letlhakane18,136
Mosopa19,561
Thamaga20,756
Ramotswa21,450
Palapye30,650
Lobatse30,883
Mochudi36,962
Mogoditshane43,394
Mahalapye44,471
Kanye44,716
Serowe47,419
Maun49,945
Selebi-Phikwe53,727
Molepolole63,248
Francistown89,979
Gaborone208,411

Botswana Population Clock

What is the population of Botswana (as of September 13, 2017)?2,346,053
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)2343981
Births Per Day30
Deaths Per Day10
Net Migrations Per Day 8
Net Change Per Day 28
Population Change Since January 1st7,140

Botswana Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 23.552 births/thousand66
Crude Death Rate 7.616 deaths/thousand95
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.27 people/thousand42
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 64.72 years162
Male Life Expectancy 62.502 years163
Female Life Expectancy 67.011 years160
Total Fertility Rate 2.706 children/woman71
Net Reproduction Rate 1.222 surviving daughters/woman72
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 29.162 deaths/1,000 live births65
Under Five Mortality 35.718 deaths/thousand66
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.933 years67
Rate of Natural Increase 15.477 71
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 13.103 %157
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 14.098 %154
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 12.074 %159
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.516 %178
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 37.592 %182
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.279 %174
Crude Suicide Rate 3.2 suicides/thousand132
Median Age (Total) 23.2 years159
Median Age (Female) 23.1 years159
Median Age (Male) 23.4 years153

Botswana Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20172,343,98149.959%50.041%42171.66%143
20152,262,48549.963%50.037%32171.81%143
20102,047,83149.951%50.049%32172.02%146
20051,864,00349.905%50.095%32171.68%147
20001,736,57949.758%50.242%32171.48%147
19951,576,29149.568%50.432%22192.23%147
19901,379,81349.372%50.628%22192.88%148
19851,182,94249.171%50.829%22183.22%147
1980996,33148.922%51.078%12213.62%149
1975822,02948.468%51.532%12213.8%149
1970693,02147.994%52.006%12213.24%151
1965595,74147.695%52.305%12192.85%150
1960524,02947.852%52.148%02222.37%151
1955469,67148.451%51.549%02212.18%152
1950412,53348.408%51.592%02213.04%152

Botswana Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20202,460,22349.949%50.051%42171.54%143
20252,646,06749.933%50.067%42171.33%144
20302,816,93049.909%50.091%42181.15%143
20352,976,11249.884%50.116%52181.03%140
20403,126,13849.861%50.139%52180.92%140
20453,265,16949.837%50.163%52190.8%140
20503,388,87549.808%50.192%52190.66%138
20553,492,16449.769%50.231%62180.51%136
20603,572,97549.723%50.277%62180.38%136
20653,632,34149.679%50.321%62180.26%136
20703,674,04049.645%50.355%62180.18%136
20753,701,89749.626%50.374%62180.11%136
20803,718,59449.617%50.383%62180.06%136
20853,724,75449.606%50.394%62180%135
20903,720,47749.588%50.412%6218-0.06%135
20953,705,46949.566%50.434%6218-0.11%135
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations