Botswana Population 2018

2,342,693

The Republic of Botswana is an African country located toward the southern tip of Africa. More than 70% of this flat country is made up of the Kalahari Desert. It's bordered by Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa and shares very short borders with Zambia and Kazungula. The population in 2018 is estimated at 2.33 million, up slightly from 2014's 2.04 million, which ranks 147th in the world.

Botswana is one of the world's most sparsely populated countries. With an estimated population of just 2.33 million, Botswana has a population density of just 3 people per square kilometer (9/square mile), which ranks 231st in the world. Only 12 sovereign states and dependent territories have a lower density, including Mongolia, the Falkland Islands, and Iceland.

Gaborone is the largest city in Botswana, and also the capital. The population in Gaborone is approximately 232,000. More than 10% of the population lives in the capital. The majority of population in Botswana lives within 100 kilometers of Gaborone. In Botswana, 61% of the population has urbanized, and the current urbanization rate is 2.3%.

Botswana Demographics

The religious affiliations in Botswana are primarily of 3 groups. Roman Catholic Diocese has a strong influence, particularly in the lower half of the country. In Gaborone there is a significant Hindu following, and a Hindu temple of worship is available in the capital city, it has been nicknamed “Hindu Hall.” Those of the Muslim faith also have access to several mosques serving the communities around Botswana.

79% of the population is indigenous Botswana and are known as Tswana. Major minority ethnic groups include the Kalanga and the San. There are about 10,000 San who still live the hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Botswana's government has been criticized for attempting to remove the San from the country.

Only 3% of the population is white Africans. Botswana has a sizeable Indian population of Indian-Africans of many generations who came from South Africa, Mauritius, Kenya and elsewhere. The country also has tens of thousands of Zimbabweans who came seeking better economic conditions.

While Botswana has the highest Human Development Index among continental Sub-Saharan African countries, it is one of the hardest hit in the world by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. About 25% of Botswana's population is estimated to be infected.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 10 minutes
One death every 36 minutes
One net migrant every 180 minutes
Net gain of one person every 13 minutes

Botswana Population in 2018Source: By Elziki [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Botswana Population Growth

Botswana is predicated to have a population of 2.206 million by the year 2020.

About Botswana

Official NameRepublic of Botswana
Languages SpokenEnglish, Tswana
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-2224
Currencies UsedBotswana Pula
DemonymMotswana

Countries Bordering Botswana

Namibia
South Africa
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Botswana Population Density

Botswana Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Gaborone208,411
Francistown89,979
Molepolole63,248
Selebi-Phikwe53,727
Maun49,945
Serowe47,419
Kanye44,716
Mahalapye44,471
Mogoditshane43,394
Mochudi36,962
Lobatse30,883
Palapye30,650
Ramotswa21,450
Thamaga20,756
Mosopa19,561
Letlhakane18,136
Tonota17,759
Janeng16,853
Gabane12,884
Ghanzi9,934

Botswana Population Clock

The population of Botswana (as of 9/22/2018)?2,342,693
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)2,333,201
Births Per Day145
Deaths Per Day40
Net Migrations Per Day 8
Net Change Per Day 113
Population Change Since January 1st29,945

Botswana Population Estimator

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Estimate as of September 22nd 2018 is: 2,342,623

Botswana Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20182,333,20149.44%50.56%4.011441.81%
20172,291,66149.43%50.57%3.941441.84%
20162,250,26049.42%50.58%3.871441.86%
20152,209,19749.41%50.59%3.801441.86%
20102,014,86649.44%50.56%3.461471.66%
20051,855,85249.36%50.64%3.191471.43%
20001,728,34049.30%50.70%2.971471.95%
19951,569,09449.29%50.71%2.701472.63%
19901,377,91249.19%50.81%2.371482.99%
19851,189,11448.99%51.01%2.041473.50%
19801,001,15848.70%51.30%1.721493.93%
1975825,84048.27%51.73%1.421493.49%
1970695,59747.77%52.23%1.201513.10%
1965597,19047.45%52.55%1.031502.63%
1960524,55247.67%52.33%0.901512.23%
1955469,74048.41%51.59%0.811522.63%
1950412,53148.41%51.59%0.711520.00%

Botswana Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20202,415,76649.47%50.53%4.151440.00%
20252,614,31649.50%50.50%4.491451.59%
20302,800,43349.51%50.49%4.811441.38%
20352,974,63349.51%50.49%5.111411.21%
20403,137,60149.50%50.50%5.391411.07%
20453,287,86849.48%50.52%5.651410.94%
20503,421,40449.45%50.55%5.881390.80%
20553,533,96649.39%50.61%6.071380.65%
20603,623,68649.31%50.69%6.231380.50%
20653,691,10849.24%50.76%6.341370.37%
20703,739,40549.18%50.82%6.431380.26%
20753,772,82549.15%50.85%6.481380.18%
20803,794,63249.15%50.85%6.521390.12%
20853,805,76449.15%50.85%6.541390.06%
20903,805,86049.15%50.85%6.541390.00%
20953,794,78049.14%50.86%6.52139-0.06%
Data Sources
  1. Central Statistics Office of Botswana
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 2011 census adjusted for underenumeration, with official population estimates for 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer