Brazil Population 2017

211,311,448

Brazil has an estimated 2016 population of 209.5 million, up from less than 200 million just six years prior. Most of Brazil is sparsely populated with a population density of 24.66 people per square kilometer (62 per square mile), which ranks 170th in the world. The largest city is Sao Paulo with more than 11.9 million residents and a metropolitan population of 21.1 million. The capital, Brasilia, has a population of 2.8 million.

Brazil Population History

Throughout Brazil’s history, population growth has been rapid and Brazil is a country of young people. Today, 62% of Brazilians are aged 29 or under.

According to the latest census, undertaken in 2010, the population of Brazil was 190.7 million, although this number has grown significantly in the last six years.

The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), which runs the Brazilian census and compiles the latest population data, completed its latest estimate in August 2015, and reported that it believed Brazil had a population of 204.5 million people between 2014 and 2015. 2013 was the first time Brazil topped 200 million, and it continues rising faster than previous estimates as its ever-growing middle class live longer than their parents. The national statistics agency shows the population should peak at 228.4 million in 2042, which is slightly different from the United Nations projections.

Largest Cities in Brazil

The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paulo. It had a population of over 11.9 million in 2016, and in addition to being Brazil's largest city, it is the largest city in the Southern Hemisphere and the world’s 12th largest city.

Rio de Janeiro, perhaps the most famous city in Brazil, is the country’s second city when it comes to population. Slightly over half the size of Sao Paulo, it has a population of 6,355,949. Between 1793 and 1960, Rio was the capital city of Brazil.

Salvador, Brazil’s first capital city, is currently the third largest city in Brazil, with 2,902,927 inhabitants.

The current capital city, Brasilia, is one of the newest capital cities in the world; its construction was masterminded by the Brazilian Government and the majority of the city was constructed between 1956 and 1960. Despite being such a new city, its growth has been staggering, and today the population of Brasilia is 2.8 million, making it the fourth largest city in Brazil.

Brazil Demographics

Brazil’s census addresses ethnicity and race by categorizing people mainly by skin color. It asks people to place themselves into one of a number of categories, some of which would seem unusual to an American or European. As well as ‘indigenous’ (the smallest category), Brazilians are asked to report whether they believe they are white, black, brown or yellow.

The results of the census indicated that 92 million (48%) Brazilians were white, 83 million (44%) were brown, 13 million (7%) were black, 1.1 million (0.50%) were yellow and 536,000 (0.25%) were indigenous.

This method of classifying race is controversial within Brazil, and IBGE has been criticized for continuing to use it.

Interestingly, Brazil is believed to have the biggest population of uncontacted peoples on earth, and the National Indian Foundation reported 67 uncontacted tribes in the country in 2007, up from 40 just two years prior. It's estimated that about 900,000 Indians across 240 tribes live in Brazil, compared to 5 million when Europeans arrived on the continent.

The main religion in Brazil is Christianity, and around 90% of the population is either Catholic (65%) or Protestant (22%). In fact, Brazil has the world’s largest Catholic population of 123 million people.

As well as Christianity, 1.3% of people reported themselves as Spiritists, 0.3% reported themselves as followers of traditional African religions and 1.3% reported themselves as followers of a diverse range of other religions. In addition, 7% of Brazilians reported themselves as being non-religious.

The country's growth is in many ways hampered by the large number of Brazilian women entering the workforce and choosing to wait longer to have children. The birth rate in Brazil has dropped a great deal since the 1970s, when women had an average of over 4 children. Today, the birth rate is 1.77 births per woman, which is lower than the U.S. rate. It's estimated this rate will fall to 1.5 by 2034 and remain at that level through 2060.

Life expectancy has also grown in Brazil to 71.6 years for men and 78.8 years for women. It's estimated both men and women will live longer than 80 years on average by 2041, which means Brazil will also be dealing with an aging population before long, with greater demands on pensions and health care.

Brazil Population in 2017Source: Donatas Dabravolskas

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Brazil Population Growth

Population growth in Brazil is slowing as the country urbanizes and increases its wealth (it is now the sixth largest economy in the world). Brazil’s growth rate between 2005 and 2010, as reported by the United Nations, was 1.26%. This makes Brazil the 107th fastest growing country in the world, which means it is now growing only slightly faster than the world average.

It's projected that its population will continue rising longer than previous estimations as the country's middle class continues expanding and living longer. It's currently projected that Brazil's population will peak around 238.3 million by 2050.

About Brazil

Official NameFederative Republic of Brazil
Languages SpokenPortuguese
BordersARG, BOL, COL, GUF, GUY, PRY, PER, SUR, URY, VEN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-10-55
Currencies UsedBRL

Brazil Population Density

Name Population
Penapolis54,477
Manhuacu54,607
Cabedelo54,839
Seropedica54,846
Caico54,934
Sao Pedro da Aldeia55,014
Viana55,122
Pacatuba55,291
Concordia55,367
Sao Gabriel55,434
Cacoal55,560
Estancia55,654
Ponta Pora55,763
Itapipoca55,784
Nova Vicosa55,980
Cianorte55,994
Formiga56,404
Vinhedo56,492
Janauba56,572
Cajamar56,682
Vacaria56,765
Arcoverde57,163
Braganca57,163
Lencois Paulista57,375
Picos57,495
Francisco Beltrao57,618
Farroupilha57,650
Ariquemes58,096
Aracruz58,271
Guanambi58,877
Telemaco Borba58,880
Santa Rosa58,957
Carazinho59,417
Sao Borja59,613
Mococa59,654
Itapetinga59,721
Caratinga60,066
Unai60,202
Pirassununga60,413
Valenca61,144
Gravata61,249
Itapira61,607
Senador Canedo61,800
Fernandopolis61,931
Tupa62,035
Saquarema62,056
Cataguases62,618
Itapeva62,957
Peruibe63,030
Valenca63,231
Vilhena63,231
Rio Largo63,387
Tres Coracoes63,457
Catalao63,544
Irece63,626
Caldas Novas63,675
Ouro Preto63,678
Cacador63,726
Itabaiana63,888
Curvelo63,954
Parintins64,428
Santo Angelo64,606
Itaituba64,756
Gurupi64,789
Itacoatiara64,937
Aquiraz65,116
Cruz Alta65,275
Lajeado65,407
Paulinia65,595
Pato Branco65,754
Tubarao67,245
Santa Ines67,424
Itatiba67,934
Balsas68,056
Sao Sebastiao do Paraiso68,654
Vicosa68,680
Jaboticabal69,394
Lins69,451
Paragominas69,613
Votuporanga69,863
Iguatu70,380
Carpina70,689
Paracatu70,753
Altamira70,888
Ijui71,202
Alfenas71,406
Sao Cristovao71,539
Bebedouro71,862
Tres Rios71,944
Patrocinio71,963
Cruzeiro72,022
Aruja72,077
Cacapava72,340
Bacabal72,372
Matao72,468
Joao Monlevade72,762
Paranavai72,848
Santo Antonio de Jesus73,957
Cachoeira do Sul74,694
Campo Mourao75,401
Para de Minas75,786
Sapiranga76,051
Embu Guacu76,310
Tucurui76,337
Sao Sebastiao76,367
Santa Cruz do Capibaribe76,450
Lorena76,506
Sao Joao da Boa Vista76,540
Jatai76,547
Sao Mateus77,117
Itauna77,400
Sao Bento do Sul77,597
Abaetetuba78,050
Mogi Mirim78,244
Sao Joao del Rei78,592
Tres Lagoas78,712
Ubatuba79,007
Marica79,551
Itumbiara79,582
Cruzeiro do Sul79,819
Leme81,209
Formosa81,232
Avare81,285
Lavras81,472
Itajuba81,870
Abreu e Lima81,959
Araxa82,595
Codo83,288
Santana83,927
Itaperuna84,435
Sarandi84,697
Esteio84,902
Ituiutaba85,345
Paulo Afonso85,350
Igarassu86,457
Caieiras87,188
Alegrete87,236
Barra do Pirai87,668
Brusque88,284
Nova Lima88,399
Sao Lourenco da Mata88,416
Valinhos88,630
Crato88,786
Planaltina88,853
Almirante Tamandare89,499
Santana do Livramento89,694
Itanhaem90,385
Caraguatatuba90,843
Bento Goncalves90,852
Bayeux91,056
Cambe91,080
Muriae91,173
Timoteo91,722
Patos92,575
Tatui93,580
Campo Largo94,668
Vespasiano94,749
Japeri95,101
Erechim96,087
Corumba96,520
Araguari96,565
Arapongas97,512
Trindade97,521
Ourinhos97,799
Uba97,828
Salto98,387
Passos98,752
Bage98,940
Santana de Parnaiba98,989
Sertaozinho99,211
Votorantim99,390
Itabira99,496
Rio das Ostras100,000
Itaguai100,752
Coronel Fabriciano100,916
Guarapari100,925
Guaiba101,024
Teofilo Otoni101,170
Colatina101,190
Barretos101,220
Assis101,597
Birigui102,277
Esmeraldas103,206
Araguaina105,019
Linhares105,075
Guaratingueta105,880
Santa Cruz do Sul106,113
Apucarana107,085
Umuarama107,319
Vitoria de Santo Antao107,383
Poa107,432
Araras107,463
Ji Parana107,697
Cabo Frio108,239
Franco da Rocha108,858
Catanduva109,612
Araruama109,637
Garanhuns110,085
Varzea Paulista110,936
Atibaia110,968
Araucaria111,302
Resende111,514
Conselheiro Lafaiete111,596
Ribeirao Pires111,888
Jandira113,605
Botucatu113,862
Pouso Alegre115,201
Sinop116,013
Varginha116,571
Simoes Filho116,662
Pinhais117,000
Cubatao118,410
Jau119,206
Toledo119,313
Santa Rita119,893
Cachoeirinha121,084
Barbacena122,211
Palhoca122,423
Alagoinhas122,688
Porto Seguro123,173
Uruguaiana123,480
Teresopolis123,979
Sao Jose dos Pinhais124,224
Timon124,427
Braganca Paulista125,096
Patos de Minas126,234
Itapetininga126,243
Jequie127,475
Mogi Guacu128,865
Jaragua do Sul130,130
Sapucaia130,937
Pindamonhangaba132,218
Queimados135,741
Sao Caetano do Sul136,453
Castanhal137,406
Itu137,586
Parnaiba138,008
Paranagua141,013
Lauro de Freitas141,280
Ibirite141,374
Macae143,029
Cabo143,105
Luziania143,601
Maraba145,860
Pocos de Caldas146,588
Nilopolis147,281
Caxias148,072
Parnamirim150,343
Guarapuava150,850
Itapecerica da Serra151,605
Rondonopolis152,912
Nova Friburgo153,361
Angra dos Reis153,635
Ilheus155,499
Itajai155,716
Sobral157,996
Barreiras158,292
Chapeco160,157
Criciuma161,954
Dourados162,202
Nossa Senhora do Socorro163,993
Barra Mansa164,052
Lages164,676
Arapiraca166,562
Ferraz de Vasconcelos167,900
Araraquara168,468
Aracatuba170,024
Francisco Morato171,790
Cotia174,828
Passo Fundo179,529
Indaiatuba179,911
Rio Claro180,147
Itaborai182,498
Cachoeiro de Itapemirim187,019
Rio Grande187,838
Santa Barbara d'Oeste188,000
Camacari188,758
Santarem189,047
Planaltina189,412
Maracanau193,529
Divinopolis193,832
Petrolina194,650
Americana196,022
Palmas196,272
Sao Jose200,000
Sete Lagoas201,334
Itapevi201,748
Mossoro202,005
Hortolandia203,533
Sao Carlos205,035
Itabuna205,660
Sao Leopoldo209,229
Presidente Prudente209,502
Marilia212,218
Jacarei213,110
Taboao da Serra214,523
Colombo217,000
Imperatriz218,106
Embu221,733
Juazeiro do Norte225,230
Sumare227,977
Ipatinga228,746
Boa Vista235,150
Caruaru235,371
Gravatai238,778
Santa Luzia243,503
Santa Maria249,219
Volta Redonda249,580
Varzea Grande249,752
Praia Grande250,027
Governador Valadares250,878
Taubate251,641
Barueri251,994
Vitoria da Conquista253,137
Novo Hamburgo253,841
Cascavel257,172
Rio Branco257,642
Uberaba260,843
Petropolis272,691
Caucaia275,019
Suzano283,314
Viamao285,269
Limeira289,665
Paulista289,971
Ponta Grossa292,177
Foz do Iguacu293,523
Blumenau293,949
Franca305,041
Porto Velho306,180
Guaruja310,424
Maringa311,724
Vitoria312,656
Anapolis319,587
Pelotas320,674
Jundiai321,589
Sao Vicente324,457
Mogi das Cruzes325,746
Canoas328,291
Montes Claros332,379
Bauru335,024
Itaquaquecetuba336,679
Macapa338,936
Piracicaba342,209
Campina Grande348,936
Carapicuiba361,112
Olinda366,754
Sao Jose do Rio Preto374,699
Caxias do Sul381,270
Betim384,000
Maua386,069
Campos dos Goytacazes387,417
Diadema390,633
Serra394,153
Vila Velha394,930
Ribeirao das Neves406,802
Santos411,403
Florianopolis412,724
Ananindeua433,956
Sao Joao de Meriti454,849
Niteroi456,456
Joinville461,304
Belford Roxo466,096
Juiz de Fora470,193
Londrina471,832
Feira de Santana481,911
Aracaju490,175
Aparecida de Goiania510,770
Cuiaba521,934
Sorocaba558,862
Uberlandia563,536
Sao Jose dos Campos613,764
Ribeirao Preto619,746
Contagem627,123
Jaboatao dos Guararapes630,008
Joao Pessoa650,883
Santo Andre662,373
Osasco677,856
Jaboatao702,621
Campo Grande729,151
Sao Bernardo do Campo743,372
Teresina744,512
Natal763,043
Duque de Caxias818,329
Sao Luis917,237
Maceio954,991
Nova Iguacu1,002,118
Campinas1,031,554
Guarulhos1,169,577
Goiania1,171,195
Porto Alegre1,372,741
Belem1,407,737
Recife1,478,098
Manaus1,598,210
Curitiba1,718,421
Brasilia2,207,718
Belo Horizonte2,373,224
Fortaleza2,400,000
Salvador2,711,840
Rio de Janeiro6,023,699
Sao Paulo10,021,295

Brazil Population Clock

What is the population of Brazil (as of September 13, 2017)?211,311,448
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)211243220
Births Per Day1,627
Deaths Per Day725
Net Migrations Per Day 20
Net Change Per Day 922
Population Change Since January 1st235,110

Brazil Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.065 births/thousand130
Crude Death Rate 6.266 deaths/thousand139
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.035 people/thousand70
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.287 years87
Male Life Expectancy 71.615 years93
Female Life Expectancy 78.989 years70
Total Fertility Rate 1.75 children/woman151
Net Reproduction Rate 0.831 surviving daughters/woman154
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 16.606 deaths/1,000 live births94
Under Five Mortality 19.955 deaths/thousand95
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.175 years197
Rate of Natural Increase 7.656 131
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 5.785 %102
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 8.002 %110
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 3.478 %91
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 15.627 %102
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.668 %110
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 10.504 %93
Crude Suicide Rate 6 suicides/thousand103
Median Age (Total) 31.6 years96
Median Age (Female) 32.4 years97
Median Age (Male) 30.7 years97

Brazil Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017211,243,22049.139%50.861%251820.77%5
2015207,847,52849.171%50.829%241820.82%5
2010198,614,20849.256%50.744%231820.95%5
2005188,479,24049.343%50.657%221811.17%5
2000175,786,44149.412%50.588%211791.49%5
1995162,755,05449.489%50.511%191801.55%5
1990150,393,14349.593%50.407%171791.66%5
1985136,836,42849.675%50.325%161782.05%6
1980122,199,72049.726%50.274%141812.35%6
1975108,431,28449.772%50.228%121812.41%7
197095,982,45349.825%50.175%111772.49%7
196584,130,06149.841%50.159%101772.77%7
196072,493,58549.792%50.208%81823.01%8
195562,655,98449.703%50.297%71812.91%8
195053,974,72549.608%50.392%61822.98%8

Brazil