Brazil Population 2018


Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America and Latin America, and the fifth largest country in terms of population and size. The current population estimate for 2018 is 210.87 million.

Brazil has an estimated 2018 population of 210.87 million, up from less than 200 million just six years prior. Most of Brazil is sparsely populated with a population density of 24.66 people per square kilometer (62 per square mile), which ranks 170th in the world. The largest city is Sao Paulo with more than 11.9 million residents and a metropolitan population of 21.1 million. The capital, Brasilia, has a population of 2.8 million.

Brazil Population History

Throughout Brazil’s history, population growth has been rapid and Brazil is a country of young people. Today, 62% of Brazilians are aged 29 or under.

According to the latest census, undertaken in 2010, the population of Brazil was 190.7 million, although this number has grown significantly in the last six years.

The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), which runs the Brazilian census and compiles the latest population data, completed its latest estimate in August 2015, and reported that it believed Brazil had a population of 204.5 million people between 2014 and 2015. 2013 was the first time Brazil topped 200 million, and it continues rising faster than previous estimates as its ever-growing middle class live longer than their parents. The national statistics agency shows the population should peak at 228.4 million in 2042, which is slightly different from the United Nations projections.

Largest Cities in Brazil

The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paulo. It had a population of over 11.9 million in 2016, and in addition to being Brazil's largest city, it is the largest city in the Southern Hemisphere and the world’s 12th largest city.

Rio de Janeiro, perhaps the most famous city in Brazil, is the country’s second city when it comes to population. Slightly over half the size of Sao Paulo, it has a population of 6,355,949. Between 1793 and 1960, Rio was the capital city of Brazil.

Salvador, Brazil’s first capital city, is currently the third largest city in Brazil, with 2,902,927 inhabitants.

The current capital city, Brasilia, is one of the newest capital cities in the world; its construction was masterminded by the Brazilian Government and the majority of the city was constructed between 1956 and 1960. Despite being such a new city, its growth has been staggering, and today the population of Brasilia is 2.8 million, making it the fourth largest city in Brazil.

Brazil Demographics

Brazil’s census addresses ethnicity and race by categorizing people mainly by skin color. It asks people to place themselves into one of a number of categories, some of which would seem unusual to an American or European. As well as ‘indigenous’ (the smallest category), Brazilians are asked to report whether they believe they are white, black, brown or yellow.

The results of the census indicated that 92 million (48%) Brazilians were white, 83 million (44%) were brown, 13 million (7%) were black, 1.1 million (0.50%) were yellow and 536,000 (0.25%) were indigenous.

This method of classifying race is controversial within Brazil, and IBGE has been criticized for continuing to use it.

Interestingly, Brazil is believed to have the biggest population of uncontacted peoples on earth, and the National Indian Foundation reported 67 uncontacted tribes in the country in 2007, up from 40 just two years prior. It's estimated that about 900,000 Indians across 240 tribes live in Brazil, compared to 5 million when Europeans arrived on the continent.

The main religion in Brazil is Christianity, and around 90% of the population is either Catholic (65%) or Protestant (22%). In fact, Brazil has the world’s largest Catholic population of 123 million people.

As well as Christianity, 1.3% of people reported themselves as Spiritists, 0.3% reported themselves as followers of traditional African religions and 1.3% reported themselves as followers of a diverse range of other religions. In addition, 7% of Brazilians reported themselves as being non-religious.

The country's growth is in many ways hampered by the large number of Brazilian women entering the workforce and choosing to wait longer to have children. The birth rate in Brazil has dropped a great deal since the 1970s, when women had an average of over 4 children. Today, the birth rate is 1.77 births per woman, which is lower than the U.S. rate. It's estimated this rate will fall to 1.5 by 2034 and remain at that level through 2060.

Life expectancy has also grown in Brazil to 71.6 years for men and 78.8 years for women. It's estimated both men and women will live longer than 80 years on average by 2041, which means Brazil will also be dealing with an aging population before long, with greater demands on pensions and health care.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 11 seconds
One death every 24 seconds
One net migrant every 90 minutes
Net gain of one person every 20 seconds

Brazil Population in 2018Source: By Chensiyuan [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], from Wikimedia Commons

Brazil Population Pyramid 2018

0k500k1M2MBrazil Male Population0k500k1M2MBrazil Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Brazil Median Age







Brazil Population by Age

There are 153,662,602 adults in Brazil.

Census Years

Year Date
201031 October 2010
20001 August 2000
19961 August 1996
19911 September 1991

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Brazil Population Growth

Population growth in Brazil is slowing as the country urbanizes and increases its wealth (it is now the sixth largest economy in the world). Brazil’s growth rate between 2005 and 2010, as reported by the United Nations, was 1.26%. This makes Brazil the 107th fastest growing country in the world, which means it is now growing only slightly faster than the world average.

It's projected that its population will continue rising longer than previous estimations as the country's middle class continues expanding and living longer. It's currently projected that Brazil's population will peak around 238.3 million by 2050.

About Brazil

Official NameFederative Republic of Brazil
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Is LandlockedNo
Currencies UsedBrazil Real

Brazil Population Density

Brazil Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Sao Paulo10,021,295
Rio de Janeiro6,023,699
Belo Horizonte2,373,224
Porto Alegre1,372,741
Nova Iguacu1,002,118
Sao Luis917,237
Duque de Caxias818,329

Brazil Population Clock

The population of Brazil (as of 6/18/2018)?210,816,042
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)210,867,954
Births Per Day7,929
Deaths Per Day3,619
Net Migrations Per Day 16
Net Change Per Day 4,326
Population Change Since January 1st731,094

Brazil Population Indicators

Crude Birth Rate 13.795 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.296 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.029 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.8 years
Male Life Expectancy 72.2 years
Female Life Expectancy 79.41 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.705 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.813 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 13.02 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 15.24 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.351 years
Rate of Natural Increase 7.499

Brazil Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate

Brazil Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
Data Sources
  1. Embassy of Brazil in London
  2. IBGE - Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 1996, 2000 and 2010 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer