Brazil Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America and Latin America, and the fifth largest country in terms of population and size. The current population estimate for 2016 is 209.5 million.

Brazil has an estimated 2016 population of 209.5 million, up from less than 200 million just six years prior. Most of Brazil is sparsely populated with a population density of 24.66 people per square kilometer (62 per square mile), which ranks 170th in the world. The largest city is Sao Paulo with more than 11.9 million residents and a metropolitan population of 21.1 million. The capital, Brasilia, has a population of 2.8 million.

Brazil Population History

Throughout Brazil’s history, population growth has been rapid and Brazil is a country of young people. Today, 62% of Brazilians are aged 29 or under.

According to the latest census, undertaken in 2010, the population of Brazil was 190.7 million, although this number has grown significantly in the last six years.

The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), which runs the Brazilian census and compiles the latest population data, completed its latest estimate in August 2015, and reported that it believed Brazil had a population of 204.5 million people between 2014 and 2015. 2013 was the first time Brazil topped 200 million, and it continues rising faster than previous estimates as its ever-growing middle class live longer than their parents. The national statistics agency shows the population should peak at 228.4 million in 2042, which is slightly different from the United Nations projections.

Largest Cities in Brazil

The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paulo. It had a population of over 11.9 million in 2016, and in addition to being Brazil's largest city, it is the largest city in the Southern Hemisphere and the world’s 12th largest city.

Rio de Janeiro, perhaps the most famous city in Brazil, is the country’s second city when it comes to population. Slightly over half the size of Sao Paulo, it has a population of 6,355,949. Between 1793 and 1960, Rio was the capital city of Brazil.

Salvador, Brazil’s first capital city, is currently the third largest city in Brazil, with 2,902,927 inhabitants.

The current capital city, Brasilia, is one of the newest capital cities in the world; its construction was masterminded by the Brazilian Government and the majority of the city was constructed between 1956 and 1960. Despite being such a new city, its growth has been staggering, and today the population of Brasilia is 2.8 million, making it the fourth largest city in Brazil.

Brazil Demographics

Brazil’s census addresses ethnicity and race by categorizing people mainly by skin color. It asks people to place themselves into one of a number of categories, some of which would seem unusual to an American or European. As well as ‘indigenous’ (the smallest category), Brazilians are asked to report whether they believe they are white, black, brown or yellow.

The results of the census indicated that 92 million (48%) Brazilians were white, 83 million (44%) were brown, 13 million (7%) were black, 1.1 million (0.50%) were yellow and 536,000 (0.25%) were indigenous.

This method of classifying race is controversial within Brazil, and IBGE has been criticized for continuing to use it.

Interestingly, Brazil is believed to have the biggest population of uncontacted peoples on earth, and the National Indian Foundation reported 67 uncontacted tribes in the country in 2007, up from 40 just two years prior. It's estimated that about 900,000 Indians across 240 tribes live in Brazil, compared to 5 million when Europeans arrived on the continent.

The main religion in Brazil is Christianity, and around 90% of the population is either Catholic (65%) or Protestant (22%). In fact, Brazil has the world’s largest Catholic population of 123 million people.

As well as Christianity, 1.3% of people reported themselves as Spiritists, 0.3% reported themselves as followers of traditional African religions and 1.3% reported themselves as followers of a diverse range of other religions. In addition, 7% of Brazilians reported themselves as being non-religious.

The country's growth is in many ways hampered by the large number of Brazilian women entering the workforce and choosing to wait longer to have children. The birth rate in Brazil has dropped a great deal since the 1970s, when women had an average of over 4 children. Today, the birth rate is 1.77 births per woman, which is lower than the U.S. rate. It's estimated this rate will fall to 1.5 by 2034 and remain at that level through 2060.

Life expectancy has also grown in Brazil to 71.6 years for men and 78.8 years for women. It's estimated both men and women will live longer than 80 years on average by 2041, which means Brazil will also be dealing with an aging population before long, with greater demands on pensions and health care.

Brazil Population in 2016 Source: Donatas Dabravolskas

Brazil Population Clock

What is the population of Brazil (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 8,098
Deaths Per Day 3,655
Net Migrations Per Day 20
Net Change Per Day 4,463
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Brazil Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 13.955 births/thousand 127th
Crude Death Rate 6.299 deaths/thousand 136th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.035 people/thousand 65th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 75.42 years 78th
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.76 years 85th
Life Expectancy (Female) 79.1 years 61st
Total Fertility Rate 1.744 children/woman 145th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.831 surviving daughters/woman 147th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 85th
Infant Mortality Rate 16.173 deaths/1,000 live births 92nd
Under Five Mortality 19.461 deaths/thousand 94th
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.175 years 188th

Brazil Population Density

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Brazil Population Growth

Population growth in Brazil is slowing as the country urbanizes and increases its wealth (it is now the sixth largest economy in the world). Brazil’s growth rate between 2005 and 2010, as reported by the United Nations, was 1.26%. This makes Brazil the 107th fastest growing country in the world, which means it is now growing only slightly faster than the world average.

It's projected that its population will continue rising longer than previous estimations as the country's middle class continues expanding and living longer. It's currently projected that Brazil's population will peak around 238.3 million by 2050.

Brazil Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 209,567,920 49.2% 50.8% 25 152 0.8% 5
2015 207,847,528 49.2% 50.8% 24 152 0.82% 5
2010 198,614,208 49.3% 50.7% 23 152 0.95% 5
2005 188,479,240 49.3% 50.7% 22 151 1.17% 5
2000 175,786,441 49.4% 50.6% 21 150 1.49% 5
1995 162,755,054 49.5% 50.5% 19 151 1.55% 5
1990 150,393,143 49.6% 50.4% 17 150 1.66% 5
1985 136,836,428 49.7% 50.3% 16 149 2.05% 6
1980 122,199,720 49.7% 50.3% 14 152 2.35% 6
1975 108,431,284 49.8% 50.2% 12 151 2.41% 7
1970 95,982,453 49.8% 50.2% 11 147 2.49% 7
1965 84,130,061 49.8% 50.2% 10 147 2.77% 7
1960 72,493,585 49.8% 50.2% 8 152 3.01% 8
1955 62,655,984 49.7% 50.3% 7 151 2.91% 8
1950 53,974,725 49.6% 50.4% 6 152 2.98% 8

Brazil Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 215,997,014 49.1% 50.9% 25 153 0.69% 5
2025 222,976,301 49% 51% 26 156 0.56% 7
2030 228,663,251 49% 51% 27 159 0.43% 7
2035 233,006,266 48.9% 51.1% 27 161 0.3% 7
2040 236,015,322 48.9% 51.1% 28 160 0.19% 7
2045 237,744,463 48.9% 51.1% 28 160 0.08% 7
2050 238,270,379 48.9% 51.1% 28 163 -0.01% 7
2055 237,686,135 49% 51% 28 165 -0.1% 7
2060 236,013,664 49.1% 50.9% 28 165 -0.2% 8
2065 233,296,508 49.2% 50.8% 27 166 -0.28% 8
2070 229,664,278 49.3% 50.7% 27 166 -0.36% 8
2075 225,266,525 49.3% 50.7% 26 166 -0.42% 9
2080 220,412,505 49.4% 50.6% 26 166 -0.46% 10
2085 215,336,933 49.5% 50.5% 25 166 -0.47% 10
2090 210,254,672 49.6% 50.4% 25 166 -0.48% 10
2095 205,197,976 49.6% 50.4% 24 167 -0.49% 10
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
  2. Embassy of Brazil in London
  3. IBGE - Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics