Brunei Population 2018

436,116

Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, is a sovereign state on the north coast of Borneo in Southeast Asia. The country is surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia and it is the only sovereign state on the island of Borneo. Brunei has an estimated 2018 population of 434,076, making it the 175th most populous country in the world.

Brunei is a small country with just 5,765 square kilometers of land, which makes it the 172nd largest country. Its population is thus right in line with its size. Brunei is divided into four districts, the largest of which is Brunei-Maura, with more than half of the country's population. Nearly 97% of Brunei's population lives in the larger western area (including Brunei-Muara, Tutong and Belait) while just 10,000 people live in the mountains of the east.

The estimated population is 434,076, with about 200,000 people living in the capital and largest city of Bandar Seri Begawan.

Brunei Demographics

75% of Brunei's population lives in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of more than 2% per year. In 2004, the last time during which official records were made, the 66.3% of the population was Malay, 11.2% was Chinese, and 3.4% was indigenous. Indigenous groups of the Malay race include Belait, Dusun, Kedayan, Murut, Tutong and Bisaya.

Malay is the official language and Islam is the official religion, with more than 66% of the population adhering to Islam. Other faiths include Buddhism (13%), Christianity (10%), Freethinkers (7%) and indigenous religions (2%). The culture and laws in the country are heavily influenced by Islam, and the country is more conservative than nearby Malaysia and Indonesia. Last year, the sultan of Brunei announced a tough Islamic penal code would be put in place.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 80 minutes
One death every 360 minutes
One net migrant every 1440 minutes
Net gain of one person every 96 minutes

Brunei Population in 2018Source: By sam garza from Los Angeles, USA (on the eve of ramadan...) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Brunei Population Growth

Brunei's population has grown steadily upward since the 1960's, when it was the only Malay state to choose to remain a British dependency instead of joining the Malaysian Federation. By 2030, the United Nations projects Brunei will reach a population of 560,000.

About Brunei

Official NameNation of Brunei, Abode of Peace
Languages SpokenMalay
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4.5114.66666666
Currencies UsedBrunei Darussalam Dollar
DemonymBruneian

Countries Bordering Brunei

Malaysia

Brunei Population Density

Brunei Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bandar Seri Begawan64,409
Kuala Belait31,178
Seria30,097
Tutong19,151
Bangar3,970

Brunei Population Clock

The population of Brunei (as of 11/13/2018)?436,116
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)434,076
Births Per Day18
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day 1
Net Change Per Day 15
Population Change Since January 1st4,755

Brunei Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 436,021

Brunei Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018434,07651.45%48.55%75.301751.25%
2017428,69751.47%48.53%74.361761.30%
2016423,19651.49%48.51%73.411761.35%
2015417,54251.52%48.49%72.431761.44%
2010388,66251.63%48.37%67.421761.26%
2005365,15851.05%48.95%63.341761.85%
2000333,24150.64%49.36%57.801752.32%
1995297,19252.28%47.72%51.551752.81%
1990258,78552.73%47.27%44.891762.88%
1985224,51252.82%47.18%38.941782.97%
1980193,94953.17%46.83%33.641783.71%
1975161,67151.55%48.45%28.041784.52%
1970129,58351.57%48.43%22.481794.82%
1965102,42551.58%48.42%17.771824.61%
196081,74551.60%48.40%14.181845.21%
195563,42051.65%48.36%11.001875.73%
195048,00151.47%48.55%8.331910.00%

Brunei Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020444,51951.41%48.59%77.111750.00%
2025468,77151.32%48.68%81.311741.07%
2030489,66651.22%48.78%84.941740.88%
2035506,83851.11%48.89%87.921740.69%
2040520,20251.01%48.99%90.231750.52%
2045530,09650.92%49.08%91.951750.38%
2050536,72350.85%49.15%93.101760.25%
2055539,86050.81%49.19%93.641760.12%
2060539,57550.79%49.21%93.59177-0.01%
2065536,32750.78%49.22%93.03178-0.12%
2070530,85050.78%49.22%92.08178-0.21%
2075524,03850.77%49.23%90.90177-0.26%
2080516,68150.76%49.24%89.62178-0.28%
2085509,19750.76%49.25%88.33178-0.29%
2090501,70750.75%49.25%87.03178-0.30%
2095494,18550.75%49.25%85.72178-0.30%
Data Sources
  1. Department of Economic Planning and Development
  2. Department of Economic Planning and Development
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the censuses from 1960 through 2011, with official population estimates for 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer