Bulgaria Population 2018

7,057,746

Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe and is the 14th largest country in Europe, although it is fairly sparsely populated with just 66 people per square kilometer (171/sq mi), ranking 101st in the world. It's estimated that Bulgaria has a population of 7.04 million in 2018.

According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of Bulgaria as of 2015 was 7,186,893. This reflected a slight decrease from the population of 7.36 million recorded during the 2011 census. Based on the most recent estimates, Bulgaria is ranked as the 101st most populous country in the world. With a total area of 111,002 square kilometers, the country has a population density of 64 people per square kilometer, or 166 people per square mile. The capital, Sofia, is also the largest city with an estimated population of 1.26 million people. Seventy-three percent of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population residing in the Sofia area.

Bulgaria Demographics

Approximately 85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. Bulgarian is the official language of the country, and it is the native language for over 85% of the country's residents.

Free public education in primary and secondary schools has contributed to the literacy rate of 98.6%. Bulgaria is a secular country, however, its constitution names Orthodox Christianity as a traditional religion and one that was followed by almost 60% of the population as of 2011. While Bularia has a universal healthcare system, the poor quality of health facilities and the lack of medical personnel such as nurses is cause for many residents to seek medical treatment in other countries. The life expectancy of 74.5 is ranked 78th in the world.

There are 1,053 females for every 1,000 males. Life expectancy for females in Bulgaria is 78 years, while the number drops to just 71.1 for males.

Bulgaria Demographic Crisis

As previously mentioned, Bulgaria experienced a decline in population from the official figures from 2011 to estimates taken in 2015. In 2011, it was noted that Bulgaria was experiencing a "demographic crisis." This has been attributed to declines that began in the 1990s following an economic collapse. As many as one million people left the country by 2005 because of this. The country also has a low fertility rate of 1.43, with a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world. Emmigration, low birth rates, and a high death rate are all contributing factors to the declining population in this country.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 8 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 111 minutes
Net loss of one person every 11 minutes

Bulgaria Population in 2018Source: Pudelek (Marcin Szala)

Bulgaria Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40k50k60kBulgaria Male Population0k10k20k30k40k50k60kBulgaria Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Bulgaria Median Age

42.4


Total

40.6


Male

44.5


Female

Bulgaria Population by Age

There are 5,895,950 adults in Bulgaria.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bulgaria Population Growth

Bulgaria's population continues to decline since its peak of 9 million in 1986. With a high death rate, low birth rate, and negative net migration, the decline is expected to continue throughout the 21st century. Interestingly, Bulgaria (along with Latvia) is one of only two countries with a lower population today than in 1950.

About Bulgaria

Official NameRepublic of Bulgaria
Languages SpokenBulgarian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4325
Currencies UsedBulgaria Lev
DemonymBulgarian

Countries Bordering Bulgaria

Greece
Macedonia
Romania
Serbia
Turkey

Bulgaria Population Density

Bulgaria Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Sofia1,152,556
Plovdiv340,494
Varna312,770
Burgas195,966
Ruse156,238
Stara Zagora143,431
Pleven118,675
Sliven96,368
Dobrich94,831
Shumen87,283
Pernik82,467
Yambol80,116
Haskovo79,699
Pazardzhik75,977
Blagoevgrad71,306
Veliko Turnovo66,217
Gabrovo66,175
Vratsa64,941
Kazanlak55,196
Vidin54,409

Bulgaria Population Clock

The population of Bulgaria (as of 1/20/2018)?7,057,746
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)7,036,848
Births Per Day179
Deaths Per Day295
Net Migrations Per Day -13
Net Change Per Day -129
Population Change Since January 1st-2,451

Bulgaria Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.252 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 15.283 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.68 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.92 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.53 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.41 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.584 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.758 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 7.179 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 8.578 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.178 years
Rate of Natural Increase -6.031

Bulgaria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20187,036,84848.61%51.39%63.46105-0.66%
20157,177,39648.63%51.37%64.73105-0.62%
20107,404,59048.69%51.31%66.78100-0.74%
20057,683,76348.66%51.34%69.3094-0.80%
20007,997,78748.73%51.27%72.1392-0.93%
19958,379,18048.95%51.05%75.5783-1.07%
19908,841,37149.28%50.72%79.7476-0.30%
19858,975,29149.59%50.41%80.95720.22%
19808,878,77549.81%50.19%80.08670.32%
19758,738,36149.93%50.07%78.81630.54%
19708,507,47649.99%50.01%76.73630.68%
19658,222,47049.98%50.02%74.16590.84%
19607,885,52549.93%50.07%71.12560.84%
19557,561,40549.90%50.10%68.20520.84%
19507,250,99949.98%50.02%65.40510.00%

Bulgaria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,940,52748.60%51.40%62.601070.00%
20256,694,22948.62%51.38%60.37109-0.72%
20306,430,84748.67%51.33%58.00116-0.80%
20356,157,13548.76%51.24%55.53120-0.87%
20405,894,13248.89%51.11%53.16122-0.87%
20455,651,92549.03%50.97%50.97125-0.84%
20505,423,86749.17%50.83%48.92128-0.82%
20555,201,79449.31%50.69%46.91129-0.83%
20604,981,14749.47%50.53%44.92130-0.86%
20654,765,54349.68%50.32%42.98131-0.88%
20704,567,02549.93%50.07%41.19132-0.85%
20754,395,87850.20%49.80%39.65133-0.76%
20804,254,22950.46%49.54%38.37134-0.65%
20854,138,17750.68%49.32%37.32135-0.55%
20904,038,81450.83%49.17%36.43136-0.48%
20953,944,70550.92%49.08%35.58136-0.47%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer