Bulgaria Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe and is the 14th largest country in Europe, although it is fairly sparsely populated with just 66 people per square kilometer (171/sq mi), ranking 101st in the world. It's estimated that Bulgaria has a population of 7,186,893 in 2016.

According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of Bulgaria as of 2015 was 7,186,893. This reflected a slight decrease from the population of 7.36 million recorded during the 2011 census. Based on the most recent estimates, Bulgaria is ranked as the 101st most populous country in the world. With a total area of 111,002 square kilometers, the country has a population density of 64 people per square kilometer, or 166 people per square mile. The capital, Sofia, is also the largest city with an estimated population of 1.26 million people. Seventy-three percent of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population residing in the Sofia area.

Bulgaria Demographics

Approximately 85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. Bulgarian is the official language of the country, and it is the native language for over 85% of the country's residents.

Free public education in primary and secondary schools has contributed to the literacy rate of 98.6%. Bulgaria is a secular country, however, its constitution names Orthodox Christianity as a traditional religion and one that was followed by almost 60% of the population as of 2011. While Bularia has a universal healthcare system, the poor quality of health facilities and the lack of medical personnel such as nurses is cause for many residents to seek medical treatment in other countries. The life expectancy of 74.5 is ranked 78th in the world.

There are 1,053 females for every 1,000 males. Life expectancy for females in Bulgaria is 78 years, while the number drops to just 71.1 for males.

Bulgaria Demographic Crisis

As previously mentioned, Bulgaria experienced a decline in population from the official figures from 2011 to estimates taken in 2015. In 2011, it was noted that Bulgaria was experiencing a "demographic crisis." This has been attributed to declines that began in the 1990s following an economic collapse. As many as one million people left the country by 2005 because of this. The country also has a low fertility rate of 1.43, with a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world. Emmigration, low birth rates, and a high death rate are all contributing factors to the declining population in this country.

Bulgaria Population in 2016 Source: Pudelek (Marcin Szala)

Bulgaria Population Clock

What is the population of Bulgaria (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 182
Deaths Per Day 300
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -145
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Bulgaria Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 9.485 births/thousand 178th
Crude Death Rate 15.626 deaths/thousand 3rd
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.425 people/thousand 145th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.52 years 92nd
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.14 years 98th
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.02 years 88th
Total Fertility Rate 1.598 children/woman 159th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.764 surviving daughters/woman 161st
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female 28th
Infant Mortality Rate 8.118 deaths/1,000 live births 130th
Under Five Mortality 9.736 deaths/thousand 131st
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.893 years 104th

Bulgaria Population Density

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bulgaria Population Growth

Bulgaria's population continues to decline since its peak of 9 million in 1986. With a high death rate, low birth rate, and negative net migration, the decline is expected to continue throughout the 21st century. Interestingly, Bulgaria (along with Latvia) is one of only two countries with a lower population today than in 1950.

Bulgaria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 7,097,795 48.6% 51.4% 65 119 -0.74% 104
2015 7,149,786 48.6% 51.4% 65 117 -0.73% 104
2010 7,407,297 48.7% 51.3% 68 108 -0.71% 100
2005 7,682,614 48.7% 51.3% 70 98 -0.76% 95
2000 8,000,510 48.7% 51.3% 73 91 -0.83% 91
1995 8,358,116 49% 51% 76 87 -1% 83
1990 8,821,110 49.3% 50.7% 81 83 -0.86% 76
1985 8,960,386 49.6% 50.4% 82 75 -0.04% 72
1980 8,865,235 49.8% 50.2% 81 70 0.29% 67
1975 8,727,332 49.9% 50.1% 80 69 0.39% 63
1970 8,494,765 50% 50% 78 66 0.61% 63
1965 8,206,564 50% 50% 75 64 0.76% 60
1960 7,866,472 49.9% 50.1% 72 61 0.87% 56
1955 7,541,295 49.9% 50.1% 69 60 0.83% 53
1950 7,250,999 50% 50% 66 57 0.73% 51

Bulgaria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 6,884,344 48.5% 51.5% 63 122 -0.8% 107
2025 6,603,205 48.5% 51.5% 60 127 -0.9% 110
2030 6,300,380 48.5% 51.5% 58 130 -0.99% 117
2035 5,989,238 48.5% 51.5% 55 134 -1.03% 121
2040 5,691,036 48.5% 51.5% 52 136 -1% 122
2045 5,415,213 48.6% 51.4% 49 141 -0.99% 129
2050 5,153,821 48.6% 51.4% 47 145 -1% 129
2055 4,897,835 48.7% 51.3% 45 148 -1.05% 130
2060 4,644,960 48.8% 51.2% 42 154 -1.07% 131
2065 4,403,547 48.9% 51.1% 40 155 -1.05% 132
2070 4,185,514 49.2% 50.8% 38 157 -0.96% 134
2075 3,999,332 49.4% 50.6% 36 158 -0.83% 135
2080 3,846,425 49.6% 50.4% 35 159 -0.71% 135
2085 3,720,585 49.9% 50.1% 34 160 -0.61% 136
2090 3,611,341 50% 50% 33 161 -0.58% 136
2095 3,507,604 50.2% 49.8% 32 161 -0.58% 137
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations