Bulgaria Population 2017

7,041,485

According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of Bulgaria as of 2015 was 7,186,893. This reflected a slight decrease from the population of 7.36 million recorded during the 2011 census. Based on the most recent estimates, Bulgaria is ranked as the 101st most populous country in the world. With a total area of 111,002 square kilometers, the country has a population density of 64 people per square kilometer, or 166 people per square mile. The capital, Sofia, is also the largest city with an estimated population of 1.26 million people. Seventy-three percent of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population residing in the Sofia area.

Bulgaria Demographics

Approximately 85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. Bulgarian is the official language of the country, and it is the native language for over 85% of the country's residents.

Free public education in primary and secondary schools has contributed to the literacy rate of 98.6%. Bulgaria is a secular country, however, its constitution names Orthodox Christianity as a traditional religion and one that was followed by almost 60% of the population as of 2011. While Bularia has a universal healthcare system, the poor quality of health facilities and the lack of medical personnel such as nurses is cause for many residents to seek medical treatment in other countries. The life expectancy of 74.5 is ranked 78th in the world.

There are 1,053 females for every 1,000 males. Life expectancy for females in Bulgaria is 78 years, while the number drops to just 71.1 for males.

Bulgaria Demographic Crisis

As previously mentioned, Bulgaria experienced a decline in population from the official figures from 2011 to estimates taken in 2015. In 2011, it was noted that Bulgaria was experiencing a "demographic crisis." This has been attributed to declines that began in the 1990s following an economic collapse. As many as one million people left the country by 2005 because of this. The country also has a low fertility rate of 1.43, with a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world. Emmigration, low birth rates, and a high death rate are all contributing factors to the declining population in this country.

Bulgaria Population in 2017Source: Pudelek (Marcin Szala)

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bulgaria Population Growth

Bulgaria's population continues to decline since its peak of 9 million in 1986. With a high death rate, low birth rate, and negative net migration, the decline is expected to continue throughout the 21st century. Interestingly, Bulgaria (along with Latvia) is one of only two countries with a lower population today than in 1950.

About Bulgaria

Official NameRepublic of Bulgaria
Languages SpokenBulgarian
BordersGRC, MKD, ROU, SRB, TUR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4325
Currencies UsedBGN

Bulgaria Population Density

Name Population
Nedelino5,017
Godech5,154
Vetovo5,175
Valchedram5,207
Dolni Dabnik5,259
Krumovgrad5,271
Dalgopol5,272
Perushtitsa5,350
Chepelare5,478
Madan5,661
Polski Trambesh5,663
Belogradchik5,688
Oryahovo5,706
Strazhitsa5,728
Zlatitsa5,786
Straldzha5,817
Yakoruda6,008
Elena6,042
Tsarevo6,085
Bobovdol6,184
Nesebar6,302
Kotel6,421
Saedinenie6,427
Topolovgrad6,464
Tvarditsa6,519
Simitli6,729
Dulovo6,788
Tervel6,808
Knezha6,889
Aksakovo7,132
Dolni Chiflik7,169
Zlatograd7,331
Elin Pelin7,373
Simeonovgrad7,388
Devin7,393
Varshets7,512
Slivnitsa7,545
General-Toshevo7,758
Hisarya7,903
Beloslav7,989
Lyubimets8,065
Pirdop8,136
Devnya8,171
Dryanovo8,346
Rakitovo8,376
Gulubovo8,400
Lyaskovets8,488
Krichim8,580
Septemvri8,745
Svoge8,964
Kubrat8,980
Omurtag9,070
Bansko9,232
Veliki Preslav9,425
Sredets9,573
Isperih9,735
Zlatni Pyasatsi9,760
Belene9,781
Lukovit9,792
Tutrakan10,022
Teteven10,790
Etropole11,031
Elhovo11,107
Kavarna11,205
Levski11,467
Mezdra11,975
Stamboliyski12,070
Kostinbrod12,175
Pavlikeni12,214
Razlog12,486
Balchik13,000
Novi Pazar13,276
Byala Slatina13,307
Pomorie13,714
Provadia13,755
Tryavna13,818
Ihtiman14,154
Radnevo14,667
Kozloduy14,717
Radomir14,755
Berkovitsa15,027
Rakovski15,782
Popovo16,571
Chirpan17,243
Peshtera18,676
Harmanli18,931
Svilengrad19,279
Panagyurishte19,389
Karnobat19,709
Karlovo19,958
Gotse Delchev20,471
Botevgrad20,909
Aytos20,986
Troyan21,162
Cherven Bryag21,688
Velingrad24,036
Nova Zagora24,340
Sevlievo24,582
Sandanski26,459
Lom26,594
Samokov26,765
Petrich30,308
Smolyan32,069
Svishtov32,256
Dupnitsa34,764
Targovishte37,774
Razgrad38,285
Gorna Oryahovitsa38,553
Silistra39,715
Lovech42,211
Dimitrovgrad43,288
Montana47,445
Kyustendil48,286
Kardzhali51,000
Asenovgrad52,170
Vidin54,409
Kazanlak55,196
Vratsa64,941
Gabrovo66,175
Veliko Turnovo66,217
Blagoevgrad71,306
Pazardzhik75,977
Haskovo79,699
Yambol80,116
Pernik82,467
Shumen87,283
Dobrich94,831
Sliven96,368
Pleven118,675
Stara Zagora143,431
Ruse156,238
Burgas195,966
Varna312,770
Plovdiv340,494
Sofia1,152,556

Bulgaria Population Clock

What is the population of Bulgaria (as of September 13, 2017)?7,041,485
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)7045259
Births Per Day36
Deaths Per Day60
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -51
Population Change Since January 1st-13,005

Bulgaria Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 9.453 births/thousand186
Crude Death Rate 15.552 deaths/thousand2
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.425 people/thousand141
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.508 years99
Male Life Expectancy 71.13 years104
Female Life Expectancy 77.999 years93
Total Fertility Rate 1.587 children/woman169
Net Reproduction Rate 0.764 surviving daughters/woman168
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female28
Infant Mortality Rate 8.21 deaths/1,000 live births135
Under Five Mortality 9.842 deaths/thousand136
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.893 years112
Rate of Natural Increase -6.141 201
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.314 %69
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.19 %67
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.373 %69
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.605 %91
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 19.754 %98
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.134 %81
Crude Suicide Rate 14.5 suicides/thousand35
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years20
Median Age (Female) 44.5 years17
Median Age (Male) 40.6 years24

Bulgaria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20177,045,25948.551%51.449%64145-0.76%104
20157,149,78648.581%51.419%65142-0.73%104
20107,407,29748.681%51.319%68133-0.71%100
20057,682,61448.687%51.313%70123-0.76%95
20008,000,51048.726%51.274%73116-0.83%91
19958,358,11648.975%51.025%76112-1%83
19908,821,11049.307%50.693%81108-0.86%76
19858,960,38649.619%50.381%8297-0.04%72
19808,865,23549.837%50.163%81900.29%67
19758,727,33249.95%50.05%80900.39%63
19708,494,76550.007%49.993%78870.61%63
19658,206,56450%50%75840.76%60
19607,866,47249.949%50.051%72800.87%56
19557,541,29549.94%50.06%69770.83%53
19507,250,99949.979%50.021%66740.73%51

Bulgaria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20206,884,34448.522%51.478%63147-0.8%107
20256,603,20548.485%51.515%60152-0.9%110
20306,300,38048.468%51.532%58155-0.99%117
20355,989,23848.483%51.517%55160-1.03%121
20405,691,03648.527%51.473%52163-1%122
20455,415,21348.569%51.431%49168-0.99%129
20505,153,82148.614%51.386%47173-1%129
20554,897,83548.683%51.317%45176-1.05%130
20604,644,96048.786%51.214%42182-1.07%131
20654,403,54748.943%51.057%40183-1.05%132
20704,185,51449.15%50.85%38185-0.96%134
20753,999,33249.394%50.606%36187-0.83%135
20803,846,42549.637%50.363%35188-0.71%135
20853,720,58549.858%50.142%34189-0.61%136
20903,611,34150.023%49.977%33190-0.58%136
20953,507,60450.155%49.845%32190-0.58%137
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations