Bulgaria Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe and is the 14th largest country in Europe, although it is fairly sparsely populated with just 66 people per square kilometer (171/sq mi), ranking 101st in the world. It's estimated that Bulgaria has a population of 7,186,893 in 2016.

According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of Bulgaria as of 2015 was 7,186,893. This reflected a slight decrease from the population of 7.36 million recorded during the 2011 census. Based on the most recent estimates, Bulgaria is ranked as the 101st most populous country in the world. With a total area of 111,002 square kilometers, the country has a population density of 64 people per square kilometer, or 166 people per square mile. The capital, Sofia, is also the largest city with an estimated population of 1.26 million people. Seventy-three percent of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population residing in the Sofia area.

Bulgaria Demographics

Approximately 85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. Bulgarian is the official language of the country, and it is the native language for over 85% of the country's residents.

Free public education in primary and secondary schools has contributed to the literacy rate of 98.6%. Bulgaria is a secular country, however, its constitution names Orthodox Christianity as a traditional religion and one that was followed by almost 60% of the population as of 2011. While Bularia has a universal healthcare system, the poor quality of health facilities and the lack of medical personnel such as nurses is cause for many residents to seek medical treatment in other countries. The life expectancy of 74.5 is ranked 78th in the world.

There are 1,053 females for every 1,000 males. Life expectancy for females in Bulgaria is 78 years, while the number drops to just 71.1 for males.

Bulgaria Demographic Crisis

As previously mentioned, Bulgaria experienced a decline in population from the official figures from 2011 to estimates taken in 2015. In 2011, it was noted that Bulgaria was experiencing a "demographic crisis." This has been attributed to declines that began in the 1990s following an economic collapse. As many as one million people left the country by 2005 because of this. The country also has a low fertility rate of 1.43, with a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world. Emmigration, low birth rates, and a high death rate are all contributing factors to the declining population in this country.

Bulgaria  Population in 2016 Source: Pudelek (Marcin Szala)

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bulgaria Population Growth

Bulgaria's population continues to decline since its peak of 9 million in 1986. With a high death rate, low birth rate, and negative net migration, the decline is expected to continue throughout the 21st century. Interestingly, Bulgaria (along with Latvia) is one of only two countries with a lower population today than in 1950.

Bulgaria Population Density

About Bulgaria

Official Name Republic of Bulgaria
Languages Spoken Bulgarian
Borders GRC, MKD, ROU, SRB, TUR
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 43,25
Currencies Used BGN

Bulgaria Population Clock

What is the population of Bulgaria (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 37
Deaths Per Day 60
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -50
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Bulgaria Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 9.456 births/thousand 186th
Crude Death Rate 15.458 deaths/thousand 2nd
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.425 people/thousand 141st
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.419 years 99th
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.038 years 103rd
Life Expectancy (Female) 77.912 years 92nd
Total Fertility Rate 1.571 children/woman 171st
Net Reproduction Rate 0.764 surviving daughters/woman 168th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female 28th
Infant Mortality Rate 8.383 deaths/1,000 live births 136th
Under Five Mortality 10.045 deaths/thousand 137th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.893 years 112th
Rate of Natural Increase -6.141 201st
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.314% 69th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.19% 67th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.373% 69th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.605% 69th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 19.754% 67th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.134% 69th
Crude Suicide Rate 14.5 suicides/thousand 35th
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years 20th
Median Age (Female) 44.5 years 17th
Median Age (Male) 40.6 years 24th

Bulgaria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 7,097,795 48.564% 51.436% 65 144 -0.74% 104
2015 7,149,786 48.581% 51.419% 65 142 -0.73% 104
2010 7,407,297 48.681% 51.319% 68 133 -0.71% 100
2005 7,682,614 48.687% 51.313% 70 123 -0.76% 95
2000 8,000,510 48.726% 51.274% 73 116 -0.83% 91
1995 8,358,116 48.975% 51.025% 76 112 -1% 83
1990 8,821,110 49.307% 50.693% 81 108 -0.86% 76
1985 8,960,386 49.619% 50.381% 82 97 -0.04% 72
1980 8,865,235 49.837% 50.163% 81 90 0.29% 67
1975 8,727,332 49.95% 50.05% 80 90 0.39% 63
1970 8,494,765 50.007% 49.993% 78 87 0.61% 63
1965 8,206,564 50% 50% 75 84 0.76% 60
1960 7,866,472 49.949% 50.051% 72 80 0.87% 56
1955 7,541,295 49.94% 50.06% 69 77 0.83% 53
1950 7,250,999 49.979% 50.021% 66 74 0.73% 51

Bulgaria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 6,884,344 48.522% 51.478% 63 147 -0.8% 107
2025 6,603,205 48.485% 51.515% 60 152 -0.9% 110
2030 6,300,380 48.468% 51.532% 58 155 -0.99% 117
2035 5,989,238 48.483% 51.517% 55 160 -1.03% 121
2040 5,691,036 48.527% 51.473% 52 163 -1% 122
2045 5,415,213 48.569% 51.431% 49 168 -0.99% 129
2050 5,153,821 48.614% 51.386% 47 173 -1% 129
2055 4,897,835 48.683% 51.317% 45 176 -1.05% 130
2060 4,644,960 48.786% 51.214% 42 182 -1.07% 131
2065 4,403,547 48.943% 51.057% 40 183 -1.05% 132
2070 4,185,514 49.15% 50.85% 38 185 -0.96% 134
2075 3,999,332 49.394% 50.606% 36 187 -0.83% 135
2080 3,846,425 49.637% 50.363% 35 188 -0.71% 135
2085 3,720,585 49.858% 50.142% 34 189 -0.61% 136
2090 3,611,341 50.023% 49.977% 33 190 -0.58% 136
2095 3,507,604 50.155% 49.845% 32 190 -0.58% 137
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations