Bulgaria Population 2018

7,022,400

Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe and is the 14th largest country in Europe, although it is fairly sparsely populated with just 66 people per square kilometer (171/sq mi), ranking 101st in the world. It's estimated that Bulgaria has a population of 7.04 million in 2018.

Population Changes

According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of Bulgaria as of 2015 was 7,186,893. This reflected a slight decrease from the population of 7.36 million recorded during the 2011 census. Based on the most recent estimates, Bulgaria is ranked as the 101st most populous country in the world.

Bulgaria Population Density and Surface Area

With a total area of 111,002 square kilometers, the country has a population density of 63 people per square kilometer, or 25 people per square mile. It is the 144th most densely populated country.

The capital, Sofia, is also the largest city with an estimated population of 1.26 million people. Seventy-three percent of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population residing in the Sofia area.

Bulgaria Demographics

Approximately 85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. Bulgarian is the official language of the country, and it is the native language for over 85% of the country's residents.

Free public education in primary and secondary schools has contributed to the literacy rate of 98.6%.

Bulgaria is a secular country, however, its constitution names Orthodox Christianity as a traditional religion and one that was followed by almost 60% of the population as of 2011. A 2018 update gives a breakdown of approximately 59.4% Eastern Orthodox following, Muslim at 7.8%, and other religions at 1.7%.

While Bulgaria has a universal healthcare system, the poor quality of health facilities and the lack of medical personnel such as nurses is cause for many residents to seek medical treatment in other countries.

The life expectancy of 74.5 is ranked 78th in the world.

There are 1,053 females for every 1,000 males. Life expectancy for females in Bulgaria is 78 years, while the number drops to just 71.1 for males.

Bulgaria Demographic Crisis

As previously mentioned, Bulgaria experienced a decline in population from the official figures from 2011 to estimates taken in 2015. In 2011, it was noted that Bulgaria was experiencing a "demographic crisis." This has been attributed to declines that began in the 1990s following an economic collapse. As many as one million people left the country by 2005 because of this. The country also has a low fertility rate of 1.43, with a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world. Emmigration, low birth rates, and a high death rate are all contributing factors to the declining population in this country.

The statistics in these areas of concern for 2018 are at 1.46 for fertility rate, showing a small increase; 8.7 births per 1,000 population, and 14.5 deaths per 1,000 population. The growth rate is currently at -0.67% for the entire country.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 8 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 111 minutes
Net loss of one person every 11 minutes

Bulgaria Population in 2018Source: By Boby Dimitrov from Sofia, Bulgaria (Downtown Sofia) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bulgaria Population Growth

Bulgaria's population continues to decline since its peak of 9 million in 1986. With a high death rate, low birth rate, and negative net migration, the decline is expected to continue throughout the 21st century. Interestingly, Bulgaria (along with Latvia) is one of only two countries with a lower population today than in 1950.

About Bulgaria

Official NameRepublic of Bulgaria
Languages SpokenBulgarian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4325
Currencies UsedBulgaria Lev
DemonymBulgarian

Countries Bordering Bulgaria

Greece
Macedonia
Romania
Serbia
Turkey

Bulgaria Population Density

Bulgaria Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Sofia1,152,556
Plovdiv340,494
Varna312,770
Burgas195,966
Ruse156,238
Stara Zagora143,431
Pleven118,675
Sliven96,368
Dobrich94,831
Shumen87,283
Pernik82,467
Yambol80,116
Haskovo79,699
Pazardzhik75,977
Blagoevgrad71,306
Veliko Turnovo66,217
Gabrovo66,175
Vratsa64,941
Kazanlak55,196
Vidin54,409

Bulgaria Population Clock

The population of Bulgaria (as of 10/20/2018)?7,022,400
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)7,036,848
Births Per Day179
Deaths Per Day295
Net Migrations Per Day -13
Net Change Per Day -129
Population Change Since January 1st-37,797

Bulgaria Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 7,022,218

Bulgaria Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20187,036,84848.61%51.39%63.46105-0.67%
20177,084,57148.61%51.39%63.89105-0.66%
20167,131,49448.62%51.38%64.32105-0.64%
20157,177,39648.63%51.37%64.73105-0.62%
20107,404,59048.69%51.31%66.78100-0.74%
20057,683,76348.66%51.34%69.3094-0.80%
20007,997,78748.73%51.27%72.1392-0.93%
19958,379,18048.95%51.05%75.5783-1.07%
19908,841,37149.28%50.72%79.7476-0.30%
19858,975,29149.59%50.41%80.95720.22%
19808,878,77549.81%50.19%80.08670.32%
19758,738,36149.93%50.07%78.81630.54%
19708,507,47649.99%50.01%76.73630.68%
19658,222,47049.98%50.02%74.16590.84%
19607,885,52549.93%50.07%71.12560.84%
19557,561,40549.90%50.10%68.20520.84%
19507,250,99949.98%50.02%65.40510.00%

Bulgaria Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20206,940,52748.60%51.40%62.601070.00%
20256,694,22948.62%51.38%60.37109-0.72%
20306,430,84748.67%51.33%58.00116-0.80%
20356,157,13548.76%51.24%55.53120-0.87%
20405,894,13248.89%51.11%53.16122-0.87%
20455,651,92549.03%50.97%50.97125-0.84%
20505,423,86749.17%50.83%48.92128-0.82%
20555,201,79449.31%50.69%46.91129-0.83%
20604,981,14749.47%50.53%44.92130-0.86%
20654,765,54349.68%50.32%42.98131-0.88%
20704,567,02549.93%50.07%41.19132-0.85%
20754,395,87850.20%49.80%39.65133-0.76%
20804,254,22950.46%49.54%38.37134-0.65%
20854,138,17750.68%49.32%37.32135-0.55%
20904,038,81450.83%49.17%36.43136-0.48%
20953,944,70550.92%49.08%35.58136-0.47%
Data Sources
  1. National Statistical Institute of the Republic of Bulgaria
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1947, 1956, 1965, 1975, 1985, 1992, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer