Bulgaria Population 2017

7,077,533

Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe and is the 14th largest country in Europe, although it is fairly sparsely populated with just 66 people per square kilometer (171/sq mi), ranking 101st in the world. It's estimated that Bulgaria has a population of 7.08 million in 2017.

According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of Bulgaria as of 2015 was 7,186,893. This reflected a slight decrease from the population of 7.36 million recorded during the 2011 census. Based on the most recent estimates, Bulgaria is ranked as the 101st most populous country in the world. With a total area of 111,002 square kilometers, the country has a population density of 64 people per square kilometer, or 166 people per square mile. The capital, Sofia, is also the largest city with an estimated population of 1.26 million people. Seventy-three percent of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population residing in the Sofia area.

Bulgaria Demographics

Approximately 85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. Bulgarian is the official language of the country, and it is the native language for over 85% of the country's residents.

Free public education in primary and secondary schools has contributed to the literacy rate of 98.6%. Bulgaria is a secular country, however, its constitution names Orthodox Christianity as a traditional religion and one that was followed by almost 60% of the population as of 2011. While Bularia has a universal healthcare system, the poor quality of health facilities and the lack of medical personnel such as nurses is cause for many residents to seek medical treatment in other countries. The life expectancy of 74.5 is ranked 78th in the world.

There are 1,053 females for every 1,000 males. Life expectancy for females in Bulgaria is 78 years, while the number drops to just 71.1 for males.

Bulgaria Demographic Crisis

As previously mentioned, Bulgaria experienced a decline in population from the official figures from 2011 to estimates taken in 2015. In 2011, it was noted that Bulgaria was experiencing a "demographic crisis." This has been attributed to declines that began in the 1990s following an economic collapse. As many as one million people left the country by 2005 because of this. The country also has a low fertility rate of 1.43, with a birth rate that's one of the lowest in the world. Emmigration, low birth rates, and a high death rate are all contributing factors to the declining population in this country.

Bulgaria Population in 2018Source: Pudelek (Marcin Szala)

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Bulgaria Population Growth

Bulgaria's population continues to decline since its peak of 9 million in 1986. With a high death rate, low birth rate, and negative net migration, the decline is expected to continue throughout the 21st century. Interestingly, Bulgaria (along with Latvia) is one of only two countries with a lower population today than in 1950.

About Bulgaria

Official NameRepublic of Bulgaria
Languages SpokenBulgarian
BordersGRC, MKD, ROU, SRB, TUR
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4325
Currencies UsedBGN

Bulgaria Population Density

Name Population
Sofia1,152,556
Plovdiv340,494
Varna312,770
Burgas195,966
Ruse156,238
Stara Zagora143,431
Pleven118,675
Sliven96,368
Dobrich94,831
Shumen87,283
Pernik82,467
Yambol80,116
Haskovo79,699
Pazardzhik75,977
Blagoevgrad71,306
Veliko Turnovo66,217
Gabrovo66,175
Vratsa64,941
Kazanluk55,196
Vidin54,409
Asenovgrad52,170
Kurdzhali51,000
Kyustendil48,286
Montana47,445
Dimitrovgrad43,288
Lovech42,211
Silistra39,715
Gorna Oryakhovitsa38,553
Razgrad38,285
Targovishte37,774
Dupnitsa34,764
Svishtov32,256
Smolyan32,069
Petrich30,308
Samokov26,765
Lom26,594
Sandanski26,459
Sevlievo24,582
Nova Zagora24,340
Velingrad24,036
Cherven Bryag21,688
Troyan21,162
Aytos20,986
Botevgrad20,909
Gotse Delchev20,471
Karlovo19,958
Karnobat19,709
Panagyurishte19,389
Svilengrad19,279
Kharmanli18,931
Peshtera18,676
Chirpan17,243
Popovo16,571
Rakovski15,782
Berkovitsa15,027
Radomir14,755
Kozloduy14,717
Radnevo14,667
Ikhtiman14,154
Tryavna13,818
Provadiya13,755
Pomorie13,714
Byala Slatina13,307
Novi Pazar13,276
Balchik13,000
Razlog12,486
Pavlikeni12,214
Kostinbrod12,175
Stamboliyski12,070
Mezdra11,975
Levski11,467
Kavarna11,205
Elkhovo11,107
Etropole11,031
Teteven10,790
Tutrakan10,022
Lukovit9,792
Belene9,781
Zlatni Pyasatsi9,760
Isperikh9,735
Sredets9,573
Veliki Preslav9,425
Bansko9,232
Omurtag9,070
Kubrat8,980
Svoge8,964
Septemvri8,745
Krichim8,580
Lyaskovets8,488
Gulubovo8,400
Rakitovo8,376
Dryanovo8,346
Devnya8,171
Pirdop8,136
Lyubimets8,065
Beloslav7,989
Khisarya7,903
General-Toshevo7,758
Slivnitsa7,545
Vurshets7,512
Devin7,393
Simeonovgrad7,388
Elin Pelin7,373
Zlatograd7,331
Dolni Chiflik7,169
Aksakovo7,132
Knezha6,889
Tervel6,808
Dulovo6,788
Simitli6,729
Tvurditsa6,519
Topolovgrad6,464
Suedinenie6,427
Kotel6,421
Nesebar6,302
Bobovdol6,184
Tsarevo6,085
Elena6,042
Yakoruda6,008
Straldzha5,817
Zlatitsa5,786
Strazhitsa5,728
Oryakhovo5,706
Belogradchik5,688
Polski Trumbesh5,663
Madan5,661
Chepelare5,478
Perushtitsa5,350
Dulgopol5,272
Krumovgrad5,271
Dolni Dubnik5,259
Vulchedrum5,207
Vetovo5,175
Godech5,154
Nedelino5,017

Bulgaria Population Clock

What is the population of Bulgaria (as of 11/15/2017)?7,077,533
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)7,084,571
Births Per Day36
Deaths Per Day60
Net Migrations Per Day -27
Net Change Per Day -51
Population Change Since January 1st-16,269

Bulgaria Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.453 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 15.552 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.425 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.508 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.13 years
Female Life Expectancy 77.999 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.587 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.764 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.06 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 8.21 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 9.842 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.893 years
Rate of Natural Increase -6.141
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.314%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.19%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.373%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 14.605%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 19.754%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 9.134%
Median Age (Total) 42.4 years
Median Age (Female) 44.5 years
Median Age (Male) 40.6 years

Bulgaria Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20177,084,57148.61%51.39%64-0.65%
20157,177,39648.63%51.37%65-0.62%
20107,404,59048.69%51.31%67-0.74%
20057,683,76348.66%51.34%69-0.80%
20007,997,78748.73%51.27%72-0.93%
19958,379,18048.95%51.05%76-1.07%
19908,841,37149.28%50.72%80-0.30%
19858,975,29149.59%50.41%810.22%
19808,878,77549.81%50.19%800.32%
19758,738,36149.93%50.07%790.54%
19708,507,47649.99%50.01%770.68%
19658,222,47049.98%50.02%740.84%
19607,885,52549.93%50.07%710.84%
19557,561,40549.90%50.10%680.84%
19507,250,99949.98%50.02%650.00%

Bulgaria Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20206,940,52748.60%51.40%630.00%
20256,694,22948.62%51.38%60-0.72%
20306,430,84748.67%51.33%58-0.80%
20356,157,13548.76%51.24%56-0.87%
20405,894,13248.89%51.11%53-0.87%
20455,651,92549.03%50.97%51-0.84%
20505,423,86749.17%50.83%49-0.82%
20555,201,79449.31%50.69%47-0.83%
20604,981,14749.47%50.53%45-0.86%
20654,765,54349.68%50.32%43-0.88%
20704,567,02549.93%50.07%41-0.85%
20754,395,87850.20%49.80%40-0.76%
20804,254,22950.46%49.54%38-0.65%
20854,138,17750.68%49.32%37-0.55%
20904,038,81450.83%49.17%36-0.48%
20953,944,70550.92%49.08%36-0.47%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer