Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe and is the 14th largest country in Europe, although it is fairly sparsely populated with just 66 people per square kilometer (171/sq mi), ranking 101st in the world. It's estimated that Bulgaria has a population of 7.15 million in 2014.
Bulgaria Population 2014
73% of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population in the Sofia area. 85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. All ethnic groups in Bulgaria speak Bulgarian, which is the only official language and native for most of the population.
Bulgaria is experiencing demographic crisis, with negative population growth since the 1990's and economic collapse that's caused serious emigration. By 2005, approximately 1.2 million people, mostly younger adults, left the country permanently, and the fertility rate is well below the replacement rate. 1/3 of households have just one member, and 76% of families don't have a children under 16. Bulgaria now one of the lowest population and birth rates in the world, with one of the highest death rates.
Bulgaria's population is now shrinking at an alarming rate, losing 582,000 in ten years, and 1.5 million since 1985, which is a global record. By 2050, the UN projects Bulgaria will have a population of just 5.4 million, a huge drop from 1985's 9 million.