Bulgaria Population 2015

Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe and is the 14th largest country in Europe, although it is fairly sparsely populated with just 66 people per square kilometer (171/sq mi), ranking 101st in the world. It's estimated that Bulgaria has a population of 7.11 million in 2015, down from 7.16 million last year.

Bulgaria Population 2015

Bulgaria has an estimated 2015 population of 7.11 million, down from the official population of 7.36 million at the 2011 census. The country has a population density of just 66 people per square kilometer (171/square mile). The capital and largest city is Sofia. This ancient city has a history going back 2,500 years. It's the 14th largest city in the European Union and has an estimated population of 1.3 million people. 73% of Bulgaria's population lives in urban regions, with 1/6 of the population in the Sofia area.

Bulgaria Demographics

85% of the population is Bulgarian, with other major ethnic groups being Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. All ethnic groups in Bulgaria speak Bulgarian, which is the only official language and native for most of the population.

Bulgaria Sex Ratio 2015

48.532% Male
51.468% Female

Population Data via United Nations WPP

Bulgaria Population Growth

Bulgaria is experiencing demographic crisis, with negative population growth since the 1990's and economic collapse that's caused serious emigration. By 2005, approximately 1.2 million people, mostly younger adults, left the country permanently, and the fertility rate is well below the replacement rate. 1/3 of households have just one member, and 76% of families don't have a children under 16. Bulgaria now one of the lowest population and birth rates in the world, with one of the highest death rates. Bulgaria's population is now shrinking at an alarming rate, losing 582,000 in ten years, and 1.5 million since 1985, which is a global record. By 2050, the UN projects Bulgaria will have a population of just over 5 million, a huge drop from 1985's 9 million.

Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations
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