Burkina Faso Population 2017

19,191,378

Burkina Faso's population is growing rapidly. The 2006 census found a population of 14 million, which has already grown to almost 18 million. The country does have a low population density, however, of just 57 people per square kilometer, which ranks 145th in the world.

Most of the population is located in the center and south of Burkina Faso, with a density that goes over 48 people per square kilometer in some areas. Hundreds of thousands of people regularly migrate to Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire for seasonal work. The capital and largest city is Ouagadougou, or just Ouaga, with a population of 1.8 million.

Burkina Faso Demographics

Most of the 17 million people in Burkina Faso belong to one of two West African ethnic cultural groups: the Voltaic and the Mande. Voltaic Mossi make up about 50% of the population and are descended from warriors who moved to the area from Ghana around 1100, establishing an empire that lasted over 800 years.

In 1995, the ethnic composition of Burkina Faso was: 48% Mossi, 10% Fulani, 7% Lobi, 7% Bobo, 6.7% Mande, 5% Senufo, 5% Gurunsi, 4.8% Gurma and 3.1% Tuareg.

About 69 languages are spoken in the country, 60 of which are indigenous. About 40% of the population speaks Mossi, although the official language is still French, which was introduced during the country's colonial period.

The median age is just under 17 years old. A 2005 World Health Organization report estimated that almost 73% of girls and women in Burkina Faso have undergone female genital mutilation, which is done according to traditional rituals in the area. Burkina Faso is one of the last great strongholds of slavery in the world, and children in the country are often victims to slavery.

Activists in the country have lobbied for more attention to birth control, which has been largely ignored as attention has focused on preventing HIV/AIDs. Without controlling its population, Burkina Faso will have difficulty improving living standards.

Burkina Faso Population in 2017Source: User:Sputniktilt.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Burkina Faso Population Growth

Burkina Faso has a total fertility rate of 6 children born to every woman, which is the sixth highest on earth, and the country has a population growth rate of more than 3%. If this rate continues in Burkina Faso, one of the poorest countries in the world, its population will surpass 20 million by 2020.

About Burkina Faso

Official NameBurkina Faso
Languages SpokenFrench
BordersBEN, CIV, GHA, MLI, NER, TGO
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude13-2
Currencies UsedXOF

Burkina Faso Population Density

Name Population
Batie6,483
Gouloure6,677
Gorom-Gorom6,691
Pitmoaga7,991
Pama8,902
Bogande9,854
Ouargaye10,103
Salanso10,385
Dano11,153
Toma12,401
Ziniare12,703
Diebougou12,732
Boromo13,157
Manga15,173
Bousse15,868
Gourcy16,765
Boulsa17,489
Tougan17,590
Po17,924
Orodara18,632
Titao19,131
Djibo22,223
Yako22,904
Zorgo23,892
Gaoua25,104
Kokologo25,958
Diapaga26,013
Kongoussi26,338
Leo26,884
Nouna29,048
Garango29,076
Kombissiri30,137
Koupela32,052
Fada N'gourma33,910
Hounde36,593
Reo37,535
Tenkodogo37,658
Dori37,806
Kaya39,229
Dedougou45,341
Banfora60,288
Ouahigouya61,096
Koudougou87,347
Bobo-Dioulasso360,106
Ouagadougou1,086,505

Burkina Faso Population Clock

What is the population of Burkina Faso (as of September 13, 2017)?19,191,378
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)19173322
Births Per Day406
Deaths Per Day94
Net Migrations Per Day -68
Net Change Per Day 244
Population Change Since January 1st62,220

Burkina Faso Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 38.612 births/thousand11
Crude Death Rate 8.931 deaths/thousand62
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.283 people/thousand138
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 59.686 years184
Male Life Expectancy 58.305 years184
Female Life Expectancy 60.981 years183
Total Fertility Rate 5.274 children/woman12
Net Reproduction Rate 2.183 surviving daughters/woman14
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female137
Infant Mortality Rate 59.05 deaths/1,000 live births19
Under Five Mortality 96.497 deaths/thousand14
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.109 years102
Rate of Natural Increase 29.564 14
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.631 %182
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 20.482 %182
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 18.715 %181
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.837 %182
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 36.13 %180
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 31.667 %181
Crude Suicide Rate 2.9 suicides/thousand140
Median Age (Total) 17.2 years206
Median Age (Female) 17.3 years207
Median Age (Male) 17 years205

Burkina Faso Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201719,173,32249.667%50.333%701392.83%60
201518,105,57049.621%50.379%661412.88%61
201015,632,06649.494%50.506%571462.99%64
200513,421,92849.337%50.663%491473.03%65
200011,607,94449.119%50.881%421512.85%67
199510,089,87648.986%51.014%361552.77%73
19908,811,03348.867%51.133%321572.68%77
19857,727,91148.857%51.143%281582.59%78
19806,822,84049.028%50.972%241592.35%78
19756,154,54849.376%50.624%221561.92%80
19705,624,59749.775%50.225%201521.74%77
19655,174,86950.252%49.748%181521.56%76
19604,829,29150.897%49.103%171491.34%74
19554,517,15551.581%48.419%161471.27%74
19504,284,45752.459%47.541%151430.93%73

Burkina Faso Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202020,860,54149.73%50.27%761332.77%60
202523,903,07549.82%50.18%871262.66%58
203027,244,48449.892%50.108%991202.55%58
203530,858,96449.95%50.05%1121072.41%56
204034,695,05349.993%50.007%1261012.25%56
204538,688,74250.015%49.985%141972.08%52
205042,788,77850.023%49.977%156901.92%51
205546,978,40150.019%49.981%171891.78%48
206051,220,92650.005%49.995%187851.65%45
206555,462,57249.985%50.015%202831.51%42
207059,647,73749.955%50.045%218781.38%41
207563,732,93049.921%50.079%232761.24%38
208067,641,03849.886%50.114%247701.12%36
208571,351,90249.849%50.151%260670.99%35
209074,817,73749.821%50.179%273620.89%34
209578,043,80749.797%50.203%285580.78%33
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations