Burkina Faso Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Burkina Faso's population is growing rapidly. The 2006 census found a population of 14 million, which has already grown to almost 18 million. The country does have a low population density, however, of just 57 people per square kilometer, which ranks 145th in the world.

Most of the population is located in the center and south of Burkina Faso, with a density that goes over 48 people per square kilometer in some areas. Hundreds of thousands of people regularly migrate to Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire for seasonal work. The capital and largest city is Ouagadougou, or just Ouaga, with a population of 1.8 million.

Burkina Faso Demographics

Most of the 17 million people in Burkina Faso belong to one of two West African ethnic cultural groups: the Voltaic and the Mande. Voltaic Mossi make up about 50% of the population and are descended from warriors who moved to the area from Ghana around 1100, establishing an empire that lasted over 800 years.

In 1995, the ethnic composition of Burkina Faso was: 48% Mossi, 10% Fulani, 7% Lobi, 7% Bobo, 6.7% Mande, 5% Senufo, 5% Gurunsi, 4.8% Gurma and 3.1% Tuareg.

About 69 languages are spoken in the country, 60 of which are indigenous. About 40% of the population speaks Mossi, although the official language is still French, which was introduced during the country's colonial period.

The median age is just under 17 years old. A 2005 World Health Organization report estimated that almost 73% of girls and women in Burkina Faso have undergone female genital mutilation, which is done according to traditional rituals in the area. Burkina Faso is one of the last great strongholds of slavery in the world, and children in the country are often victims to slavery.

Activists in the country have lobbied for more attention to birth control, which has been largely ignored as attention has focused on preventing HIV/AIDs. Without controlling its population, Burkina Faso will have difficulty improving living standards.

Burkina Faso Population in 2017 Source: User:Sputniktilt.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Burkina Faso Population Growth

Burkina Faso has a total fertility rate of 6 children born to every woman, which is the sixth highest on earth, and the country has a population growth rate of more than 3%. If this rate continues in Burkina Faso, one of the poorest countries in the world, its population will surpass 20 million by 2020.

Burkina Faso Population Density

About Burkina Faso

Official Name Burkina Faso
Languages Spoken French
Borders BEN, CIV, GHA, MLI, NER, TGO
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 13,-2
Currencies Used XOF

Burkina Faso Population Clock

What is the population of Burkina Faso (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 406
Deaths Per Day 94
Net Migrations Per Day -68
Net Change Per Day 244
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Burkina Faso Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 38.612 births/thousand 11th
Crude Death Rate 8.931 deaths/thousand 62nd
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.283 people/thousand 138th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 59.686 years 184th
Life Expectancy (Male) 58.305 years 184th
Life Expectancy (Female) 60.981 years 183rd
Total Fertility Rate 5.274 children/woman 12th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.183 surviving daughters/woman 14th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female 137th
Infant Mortality Rate 59.05 deaths/1,000 live births 19th
Under Five Mortality 96.497 deaths/thousand 14th
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.109 years 102nd
Rate of Natural Increase 29.564 14th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 19.631% 182nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 20.482% 182nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 18.715% 181st
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 33.837% 182nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 36.13% 182nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 31.667% 181st
Crude Suicide Rate 2.9 suicides/thousand 140th
Median Age (Total) 17.2 years 206th
Median Age (Female) 17.3 years 207th
Median Age (Male) 17 years 205th

Burkina Faso Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 19,173,322 49.667% 50.333% 70 139 2.83% 60
2015 18,105,570 49.621% 50.379% 66 141 2.88% 61
2010 15,632,066 49.494% 50.506% 57 146 2.99% 64
2005 13,421,928 49.337% 50.663% 49 147 3.03% 65
2000 11,607,944 49.119% 50.881% 42 151 2.85% 67
1995 10,089,876 48.986% 51.014% 36 155 2.77% 73
1990 8,811,033 48.867% 51.133% 32 157 2.68% 77
1985 7,727,911 48.857% 51.143% 28 158 2.59% 78
1980 6,822,840 49.028% 50.972% 24 159 2.35% 78
1975 6,154,548 49.376% 50.624% 22 156 1.92% 80
1970 5,624,597 49.775% 50.225% 20 152 1.74% 77
1965 5,174,869 50.252% 49.748% 18 152 1.56% 76
1960 4,829,291 50.897% 49.103% 17 149 1.34% 74
1955 4,517,155 51.581% 48.419% 16 147 1.27% 74
1950 4,284,457 52.459% 47.541% 15 143 0.93% 73

Burkina Faso Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 20,860,541 49.73% 50.27% 76 133 2.77% 60
2025 23,903,075 49.82% 50.18% 87 126 2.66% 58
2030 27,244,484 49.892% 50.108% 99 120 2.55% 58
2035 30,858,964 49.95% 50.05% 112 107 2.41% 56
2040 34,695,053 49.993% 50.007% 126 101 2.25% 56
2045 38,688,742 50.015% 49.985% 141 97 2.08% 52
2050 42,788,778 50.023% 49.977% 156 90 1.92% 51
2055 46,978,401 50.019% 49.981% 171 89 1.78% 48
2060 51,220,926 50.005% 49.995% 187 85 1.65% 45
2065 55,462,572 49.985% 50.015% 202 83 1.51% 42
2070 59,647,737 49.955% 50.045% 218 78 1.38% 41
2075 63,732,930 49.921% 50.079% 232 76 1.24% 38
2080 67,641,038 49.886% 50.114% 247 70 1.12% 36
2085 71,351,902 49.849% 50.151% 260 67 0.99% 35
2090 74,817,737 49.821% 50.179% 273 62 0.89% 34
2095 78,043,807 49.797% 50.203% 285 58 0.78% 33
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations