Burkina Faso Population 2018

19,500,731

Burkina Faso, or Burkina, is a landlocked nation in West Africa that is bordered by the Ivory Coast, Togo, Ghana, Benin, Niger and Mali. Burkina is a rapidly growing country with an estimated 2018 population of 19.75 million, which makes Burkina that 62th most populous country in the world.

Burkina Faso's population is growing rapidly. The 2006 census found a population of 14 million, which has already grown to almost 18 million. The country does have a low population density, however, of just 57 people per square kilometer, which ranks 145th in the world.

Most of the population is located in the center and south of Burkina Faso, with a density that goes over 48 people per square kilometer in some areas. Hundreds of thousands of people regularly migrate to Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire for seasonal work. The capital and largest city is Ouagadougou, or just Ouaga, with a population of 1.8 million.

Burkina Faso Demographics

Most of the 17 million people in Burkina Faso belong to one of two West African ethnic cultural groups: the Voltaic and the Mande. Voltaic Mossi make up about 50% of the population and are descended from warriors who moved to the area from Ghana around 1100, establishing an empire that lasted over 800 years.

In 1995, the ethnic composition of Burkina Faso was: 48% Mossi, 10% Fulani, 7% Lobi, 7% Bobo, 6.7% Mande, 5% Senufo, 5% Gurunsi, 4.8% Gurma and 3.1% Tuareg.

About 69 languages are spoken in the country, 60 of which are indigenous. About 40% of the population speaks Mossi, although the official language is still French, which was introduced during the country's colonial period.

The median age is just under 17 years old. A 2005 World Health Organization report estimated that almost 73% of girls and women in Burkina Faso have undergone female genital mutilation, which is done according to traditional rituals in the area. Burkina Faso is one of the last great strongholds of slavery in the world, and children in the country are often victims to slavery.

Activists in the country have lobbied for more attention to birth control, which has been largely ignored as attention has focused on preventing HIV/AIDs. Without controlling its population, Burkina Faso will have difficulty improving living standards.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 42 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 21 minutes
Net gain of one person every 56 seconds

Burkina Faso Population in 2018Source: User:Sputniktilt.

Burkina Faso Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400kBurkina Faso Male Population0k100k200k300k400kBurkina Faso Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Burkina Faso Median Age

17.2


Total

17


Male

17.3


Female

Burkina Faso Population by Age

There are 9,221,371 adults in Burkina Faso.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Burkina Faso Population Growth

Burkina Faso has a total fertility rate of 6 children born to every woman, which is the sixth highest on earth, and the country has a population growth rate of more than 3%. If this rate continues in Burkina Faso, one of the poorest countries in the world, its population will surpass 20 million by 2020.

About Burkina Faso

Official NameBurkina Faso
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude13-2
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BCEAO) Franc
DemonymBurkinabe

Countries Bordering Burkina Faso

Benin
Ivory Coast
Ghana
Mali
Niger
Togo

Burkina Faso Population Density

Burkina Faso Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Ouagadougou1,086,505
Bobo-Dioulasso360,106
Koudougou87,347
Ouahigouya61,096
Banfora60,288
Dedougou45,341
Kaya39,229
Dori37,806
Tenkodogo37,658
Reo37,535
Hounde36,593
Fada N'gourma33,910
Koupela32,052
Kombissiri30,137
Garango29,076
Nouna29,048
Leo26,884
Kongoussi26,338
Diapaga26,013
Kokologo25,958

Burkina Faso Population Clock

The population of Burkina Faso (as of 1/17/2018)?19,500,731
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)19,751,651
Births Per Day2,040
Deaths Per Day442
Net Migrations Per Day -68
Net Change Per Day 1,530
Population Change Since January 1st26,010

Burkina Faso Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 38.188 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.273 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.282 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 60.92 years
Male Life Expectancy 60.11 years
Female Life Expectancy 61.6 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.231 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.188 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.046 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 54.234 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 83.719 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.233 years
Rate of Natural Increase 29.915

Burkina Faso Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201819,751,65149.90%50.10%72.36592.93%
201518,110,62449.80%50.20%66.35613.02%
201015,605,21749.58%50.42%57.17643.06%
200513,421,93049.34%50.66%49.17652.95%
200011,607,94249.12%50.88%42.53672.84%
199510,089,87848.99%51.01%36.96742.75%
19908,811,03448.87%51.13%32.28772.66%
19857,727,90748.86%51.14%28.31772.52%
19806,822,84349.03%50.97%25.00782.08%
19756,154,54549.38%50.62%22.55791.82%
19705,624,60049.77%50.23%20.61771.68%
19655,174,87050.25%49.75%18.96761.39%
19604,829,28850.90%49.10%17.69741.35%
19554,517,15551.58%48.42%16.55741.06%
19504,284,46152.46%47.54%15.70730.00%

Burkina Faso Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202020,903,34549.97%50.03%76.58590.00%
202523,991,22550.10%49.90%87.89582.79%
203027,382,48850.19%49.81%100.31562.68%
203531,052,71450.26%49.74%113.76552.55%
204034,953,79750.30%49.70%128.05552.40%
204539,024,30850.32%49.68%142.96532.23%
205043,207,05350.31%49.69%158.29492.06%
205547,475,20450.29%49.71%173.92451.90%
206051,778,00150.26%49.74%189.69441.75%
206556,078,05450.21%49.79%205.44411.61%
207060,328,37950.16%49.84%221.01401.47%
207564,466,61250.10%49.90%236.17381.34%
208068,432,88150.04%49.96%250.70381.20%
208572,178,10549.97%50.03%264.42371.07%
209075,651,63949.91%50.09%277.15340.94%
209578,838,56749.85%50.15%288.82320.83%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer