Burundi Population 2017

10,894,605

Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in Southeast Africa, bordered by Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. Despite being one of the poorest and hungriest countries in the world, Burundi's population has grown rapidly. In 2017, the population is estimated at 10.86 million.

Burundi is a very densely populated country with substantial emigration, despite being the least globalized of 140 countries. While it's the 145th largest country with very little land, Burundi has a population of about 10.8 million in 2015 with about 314 people per square kilometer, which ranks 45th in the world, and the second highest density in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The capital and largest city is Bujumbura, which as about 500,000 residents.

Burundi Demographics

The Tutsi, Hutu and Twa people have inhabited the area for at least 500 years. About 85% of Burundians are of Hutu origin, 15% are Tutsi and less than 1% are indigenous Twa or Pygmies.

Today, about 500,000 people in Burundi have been displaced to due the effects of AIDS, which has impacted the country significantly. Many people from Burundi have migrated to nearby countries due to civil war. In 2006, the U.S. accepted about 10,000 Burundian refugees.

Much of Burundi remains rural, and only 13% of the country lives in an urban area. Just over 1% of the population has electricity, and only 50% of children go to school. About 1 in 15 adults in Burundi have HIV/AIDS. The AIDS epidemic in the country has dramatically affected its demographics, displacing more than 500,000.

Burundi is one of the 5 poorest countries in the world with one of the lowest per capita GDPs. It has suffered from many problems, including limited education, widespread corruption and warfare. Burundi is also considered the world's hungriest country with almost 40% of its country in need of food.

An ethnic-based war that has gone on for more than ten years has killed about 200,000 people, displaced 140,000 internally, and forced about 48,000 refugees into Tanzania.

Burundi Population in 2018Source: SteveRwanda

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Burundi Population Growth

Burundi has the fifth highest fertility rate in the world with 6 children born to every woman. Despite widespread poverty, hunger and disease, the country's population is booming. Burundi is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year, which is expected to continue.

About Burundi

Official NameRepublic of Burundi
Languages SpokenFrench, Kirundi
BordersCOD, RWA, TZA
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-3.530
Currencies UsedBIF

Burundi Population Density

Name Population
Bujumbura331,700
Muyinga71,076
Ruyigi38,458
Gitega23,167
Ngozi21,506
Rutana20,893
Bururi19,740
Makamba19,642
Kayanza19,443
Muramvya18,041
Cibitoke14,220
Bubanza12,728
Karuzi10,705
Cankuzo6,585
Kirundo6,083
Rumonge6,074
Mwaro4,924

Burundi Population Clock

What is the population of Burundi (as of 11/15/2017)?10,894,605
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)10,864,245
Births Per Day278
Deaths Per Day69
Net Migrations Per Day 11
Net Change Per Day 220
Population Change Since January 1st70,180

Burundi Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 42.462 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.593 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.329 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 57.874 years
Male Life Expectancy 55.823 years
Female Life Expectancy 60.004 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.698 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.304 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 71.541 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 112.114 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.038 years
Rate of Natural Increase 31.719
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 23.497%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 25.58%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 21.38%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 38.298%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 41.688%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 34.777%
Median Age (Total) 17 years
Median Age (Female) 17.2 years
Median Age (Male) 16.8 years

Burundi Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201710,864,24549.21%50.79%3903.21%
201510,199,27049.17%50.83%3663.07%
20108,766,93049.10%50.90%3153.38%
20057,423,28949.18%50.82%2673.01%
20006,400,70649.07%50.93%2301.43%
19955,962,05848.66%51.34%2141.94%
19905,415,41548.81%51.19%1952.87%
19854,702,06648.50%51.50%1692.69%
19804,116,81748.48%51.52%1482.32%
19753,671,49448.49%51.51%1321.22%
19703,455,60648.59%51.41%1242.34%
19653,077,87648.45%51.55%1112.01%
19602,786,10648.27%51.73%1001.94%
19552,531,18448.08%51.92%911.86%
19502,308,92047.89%52.12%830.00%

Burundi Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202011,939,22749.27%50.73%4290.00%
202513,810,00649.33%50.67%4962.95%
203015,798,84949.37%50.63%5682.73%
203517,970,19549.40%50.60%6462.61%
204020,377,07649.43%50.57%7322.55%
204522,998,53949.44%50.56%8262.45%
205025,762,04449.45%50.55%9262.30%
205528,603,44949.45%50.55%10282.11%
206031,498,16649.43%50.57%11321.95%
206534,457,16749.41%50.59%12381.81%
207037,482,27349.39%50.61%13471.70%
207540,531,73349.36%50.64%14561.58%
208043,547,40949.32%50.68%15651.45%
208546,470,43549.28%50.72%16701.31%
209049,285,37949.23%50.77%17711.18%
209551,970,23149.18%50.82%18671.07%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer