Burundi Population 2019
Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in Southeast Africa, bordered by Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. Despite being one of the poorest and hungriest countries in the world, Burundi's population has grown rapidly. In 2019, the population is estimated at 11.53 million.
Burundi Area and Population Density
Burundi is a very densely populated country with substantial emigration, despite being the least globalized of 140 countries. While it's the 80th largest country, Burundi has a population of about 11.57 million people as of 2019. The country is a landlocked nation in central Africa between Rwanda and Tanzania, and covers 10,747 square miles (27,834 square kilometers), giving it a population density of 1076.6 people per square mile (41.6 people per square kilometer), which ranks 14th in the world.
Largest Cities in Burundi
Only 14% of the population in Burundi live in urban areas, and with such a small percentage it makes sense that there aren't many large cities in the country. The largest by far is the capital city of Bujumbura with a population of roughly 500,000. The city is located on the eastern shore of the country and serves as Burundi's largest port. The next largest city, 1700 feet above sea level, is Muyinga with a population just over 100,000.
The Tutsi, Hutu and Twa people have inhabited the area for at least 500 years. About 85% of Burundians are of Hutu origin, 15% are Tutsi and less than 1% are indigenous Twa or Pygmies.
Today, about 500,000 people in Burundi have been displaced due to the effects of AIDS, which has impacted the country significantly. Many people from Burundi have migrated to nearby countries due to civil war. In 2006, the U.S. accepted about 10,000 Burundian refugees.
Much of Burundi remains rural, and only 13% of the country lives in an urban area. Just over 1% of the population has electricity, and only 50% of children go to school. About 1 in 15 adults in Burundi have HIV/AIDS. The AIDS epidemic in the country has dramatically affected its demographics, displacing more than 500,000.
Burundi Religion, Economy and Politics
Burundi is a fairly religiously diverse country, but 86% of the population practices some form of Christianity. Within the Christian population, 62.1% are Roman Catholic, and 23.9% are Protestant. Aside from Christianity, numbers vary about estimates of the populations of other religions. Muslims make up for anywhere from 2.5-10% of the population, while there remaining portion practice a variety of other religions.
As a landlocked nation, Burundi has a hard time accessing many resources and is generally pretty underdeveloped. The largest industry in Burundi is agriculture, which makes up for 32.9% of their GDP, and employs over 70% of the population. Even though they produce a lot of food, overpopulation, and a generally poor economy has kept much of the population hungry and is, in fact, the world's hungriest country with 40% of the country needing more to eat. Burundi is one of the 5 poorest countries in the world with one of the lowest per capita GDPs. It has suffered from many problems, including limited education, widespread corruption, and warfare.
Burundi Population History
The distinct Burundian kingdom emerged during the 1500s and there were no major disruptions until Germany and Belgian forces began to occupy the land in the late 1800s and early 1900s. In 1959, there was a massive influx of refugees from the Ruandam half of the land due to ethnically-related violence there.
Urundi seceded in 1962 and the country became an independent kingdom the name of of the country changed to Burundi. Settling into their own was not easy, and over 120,000 Hutus were massacred by the government in 1972 over political issues. This kind of civil unrest has been fairly constant ever since, and an ethnic-based war that has gone on for more than ten years has killed about 200,000 people, displaced 140,000 internally, and forced about 48,000 refugees into Tanzania.
Burundi Population Growth
The growth rate in Burundi has been too high for too long a time, and it is taking a significant toll on both the land and the people. Since the turn of the century, Burundi has been growing over 3% annually, bringing the nation near its breaking point. As a mountainous nation, most of the land isn't able to be used for agriculture and it is becoming unmanageable to feed the number of people with such limited resources. They are also fairly physically isolated so it is difficult for them to get imports from elsewhere. As of 2019, the growth rate in Burundi was 3.21%.
Burundi Population Projections
The rate of growth is expected to begin decreasing somewhat in the years to come, but the population increases will still be more than the country can reasonably handle. Current projections state the growth rate will be steadily declining towards 2.3% in 2050, but the population will likely more than double during this time. It is predicted that the population of Burundi will be 11,939,227 in 2020, 15,798,849 in 2030, 20,377,076 in 2040, and 25,762,044 in 2050.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 1 minutes|
|One death every 6 minutes|
|One net migrant every 288 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 2 minutes|
Source: I, SteveRwanda [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], from Wikimedia Commons