Burundi Population 2018

11,179,283

Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in Southeast Africa, bordered by Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. Despite being one of the poorest and hungriest countries in the world, Burundi's population has grown rapidly. In 2018, the population is estimated at 11.22 million.

Burundi is a very densely populated country with substantial emigration, despite being the least globalized of 140 countries. While it's the 145th largest country with very little land, Burundi has a population of about 10.8 million in 2015 with about 314 people per square kilometer, which ranks 45th in the world, and the second highest density in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The capital and largest city is Bujumbura, which as about 500,000 residents.

Burundi Demographics

The Tutsi, Hutu and Twa people have inhabited the area for at least 500 years. About 85% of Burundians are of Hutu origin, 15% are Tutsi and less than 1% are indigenous Twa or Pygmies.

Today, about 500,000 people in Burundi have been displaced to due the effects of AIDS, which has impacted the country significantly. Many people from Burundi have migrated to nearby countries due to civil war. In 2006, the U.S. accepted about 10,000 Burundian refugees.

Much of Burundi remains rural, and only 13% of the country lives in an urban area. Just over 1% of the population has electricity, and only 50% of children go to school. About 1 in 15 adults in Burundi have HIV/AIDS. The AIDS epidemic in the country has dramatically affected its demographics, displacing more than 500,000.

Burundi is one of the 5 poorest countries in the world with one of the lowest per capita GDPs. It has suffered from many problems, including limited education, widespread corruption and warfare. Burundi is also considered the world's hungriest country with almost 40% of its country in need of food.

An ethnic-based war that has gone on for more than ten years has killed about 200,000 people, displaced 140,000 internally, and forced about 48,000 refugees into Tanzania.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 131 minutes
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

Burundi Population in 2018Source: SteveRwanda

Burundi Population Pyramid 2018

0k50k100k150k200kBurundi Male Population0k50k100k150k200kBurundi Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Burundi Median Age

17


Total

16.8


Male

17.2


Female

Burundi Population by Age

There are 5,310,499 adults in Burundi.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Burundi Population Growth

Burundi has the fifth highest fertility rate in the world with 6 children born to every woman. Despite widespread poverty, hunger and disease, the country's population is booming. Burundi is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year, which is expected to continue.

About Burundi

Official NameRepublic of Burundi
Languages SpokenFrench, Kirundi
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-3.530
Currencies UsedBurundi Franc
DemonymBurundian

Countries Bordering Burundi

Dr Congo
Rwanda
Tanzania

Burundi Population Density

Burundi Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bujumbura331,700
Muyinga71,076
Ruyigi38,458
Gitega23,167
Ngozi21,506
Rutana20,893
Bururi19,740
Makamba19,642
Kayanza19,443
Muramvya18,041
Cibitoke14,220
Bubanza12,728
Karuzi10,705
Cankuzo6,585
Kirundo6,083
Rumonge6,074
Mwaro4,924
Isale

Burundi Population Clock

The population of Burundi (as of 5/22/2018)?11,179,283
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)11,216,450
Births Per Day1,258
Deaths Per Day316
Net Migrations Per Day 11
Net Change Per Day 953
Population Change Since January 1st135,326

Estimated: 11,177,852

Burundi Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 41.514 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 10.437 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.361 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 58.02 years
Male Life Expectancy 56.05 years
Female Life Expectancy 60.04 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.577 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.268 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 68.81 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 109.095 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.336 years
Rate of Natural Increase 31.077

Burundi Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201811,216,45049.23%50.77%402.98823.24%
201710,864,24549.21%50.79%390.32853.23%
201610,524,11749.19%50.81%378.10873.19%
201510,199,27049.17%50.83%366.43883.07%
20108,766,93049.10%50.90%314.97933.38%
20057,423,28949.18%50.82%266.70953.01%
20006,400,70649.07%50.93%229.96981.43%
19955,962,05848.66%51.34%214.20941.94%
19905,415,41548.81%51.19%194.56962.87%
19854,702,06648.50%51.50%168.931022.69%
19804,116,81748.48%51.52%147.911032.32%
19753,671,49448.49%51.51%131.911051.22%
19703,455,60648.59%51.41%124.151042.34%
19653,077,87648.45%51.55%110.581042.01%
19602,786,10648.27%51.73%100.101041.94%
19552,531,18448.08%51.92%90.941031.86%
19502,308,92047.89%52.12%82.951030.00%

Burundi Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202011,939,22749.27%50.73%428.94790.00%
202513,810,00649.33%50.67%496.16782.95%
203015,798,84949.37%50.63%567.61782.73%
203517,970,19549.40%50.60%645.62762.61%
204020,377,07649.43%50.57%732.09752.55%
204522,998,53949.44%50.56%826.28702.45%
205025,762,04449.45%50.55%925.56682.30%
205528,603,44949.45%50.55%1027.64662.11%
206031,498,16649.43%50.57%1131.64651.95%
206534,457,16749.41%50.59%1237.95631.81%
207037,482,27349.39%50.61%1346.64601.70%
207540,531,73349.36%50.64%1456.20581.58%
208043,547,40949.32%50.68%1564.54531.45%
208546,470,43549.28%50.72%1669.56511.31%
209049,285,37949.23%50.77%1770.69491.18%
209551,970,23149.18%50.82%1867.15471.07%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1979, 1990 and 2008 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  2. GeoNames Gazetteer