Burundi Population 2017
Burundi is a very densely populated country with substantial emigration, despite being the least globalized of 140 countries. While it's the 145th largest country with very little land, Burundi has a population of about 10.8 million in 2015 with about 314 people per square kilometer, which ranks 45th in the world, and the second highest density in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The capital and largest city is Bujumbura, which as about 500,000 residents.
The Tutsi, Hutu and Twa people have inhabited the area for at least 500 years. About 85% of Burundians are of Hutu origin, 15% are Tutsi and less than 1% are indigenous Twa or Pygmies.
Today, about 500,000 people in Burundi have been displaced to due the effects of AIDS, which has impacted the country significantly. Many people from Burundi have migrated to nearby countries due to civil war. In 2006, the U.S. accepted about 10,000 Burundian refugees.
Much of Burundi remains rural, and only 13% of the country lives in an urban area. Just over 1% of the population has electricity, and only 50% of children go to school. About 1 in 15 adults in Burundi have HIV/AIDS. The AIDS epidemic in the country has dramatically affected its demographics, displacing more than 500,000.
Burundi is one of the 5 poorest countries in the world with one of the lowest per capita GDPs. It has suffered from many problems, including limited education, widespread corruption and warfare. Burundi is also considered the world's hungriest country with almost 40% of its country in need of food.
An ethnic-based war that has gone on for more than ten years has killed about 200,000 people, displaced 140,000 internally, and forced about 48,000 refugees into Tanzania.