Burundi Population 2017

11,952,761

Burundi is a very densely populated country with substantial emigration, despite being the least globalized of 140 countries. While it's the 145th largest country with very little land, Burundi has a population of about 10.8 million in 2015 with about 314 people per square kilometer, which ranks 45th in the world, and the second highest density in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The capital and largest city is Bujumbura, which as about 500,000 residents.

Burundi Demographics

The Tutsi, Hutu and Twa people have inhabited the area for at least 500 years. About 85% of Burundians are of Hutu origin, 15% are Tutsi and less than 1% are indigenous Twa or Pygmies.

Today, about 500,000 people in Burundi have been displaced to due the effects of AIDS, which has impacted the country significantly. Many people from Burundi have migrated to nearby countries due to civil war. In 2006, the U.S. accepted about 10,000 Burundian refugees.

Much of Burundi remains rural, and only 13% of the country lives in an urban area. Just over 1% of the population has electricity, and only 50% of children go to school. About 1 in 15 adults in Burundi have HIV/AIDS. The AIDS epidemic in the country has dramatically affected its demographics, displacing more than 500,000.

Burundi is one of the 5 poorest countries in the world with one of the lowest per capita GDPs. It has suffered from many problems, including limited education, widespread corruption and warfare. Burundi is also considered the world's hungriest country with almost 40% of its country in need of food.

An ethnic-based war that has gone on for more than ten years has killed about 200,000 people, displaced 140,000 internally, and forced about 48,000 refugees into Tanzania.

Burundi Population in 2017Source: SteveRwanda

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Burundi Population Growth

Burundi has the fifth highest fertility rate in the world with 6 children born to every woman. Despite widespread poverty, hunger and disease, the country's population is booming. Burundi is currently growing at a rate of 3% per year, which is expected to continue.

About Burundi

Official NameRepublic of Burundi
Languages SpokenKirundi, French
BordersCOD, RWA, TZA
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude-3.530
Currencies UsedBIF

Burundi Population Density

Name Population
Isale
Mwaro4,924
Rumonge6,074
Kirundo6,083
Cankuzo6,585
Karuzi10,705
Bubanza12,728
Cibitoke14,220
Muramvya18,041
Kayanza19,443
Makamba19,642
Bururi19,740
Rutana20,893
Ngozi21,506
Gitega23,167
Ruyigi38,458
Muyinga71,076
Bujumbura331,700

Burundi Population Clock

What is the population of Burundi (as of September 13, 2017)?11,952,761
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)11936481
Births Per Day278
Deaths Per Day69
Net Migrations Per Day 11
Net Change Per Day 220
Population Change Since January 1st56,100

Burundi Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 42.462 births/thousand5
Crude Death Rate 10.593 deaths/thousand34
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.329 people/thousand62
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 57.874 years187
Male Life Expectancy 55.823 years188
Female Life Expectancy 60.004 years185
Total Fertility Rate 5.698 children/woman7
Net Reproduction Rate 2.304 surviving daughters/woman8
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 71.541 deaths/1,000 live births7
Under Five Mortality 112.114 deaths/thousand7
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.038 years62
Rate of Natural Increase 31.719 5
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 23.497 %187
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 25.58 %189
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 21.38 %186
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 38.298 %186
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 41.688 %187
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 34.777 %186
Crude Suicide Rate 16.4 suicides/thousand27
Median Age (Total) 17 years209
Median Age (Female) 17.2 years209
Median Age (Male) 16.8 years207

Burundi Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201711,936,48149.438%50.562%464253.23%77
201511,178,92149.417%50.583%435263.29%80
20109,461,11749.333%50.667%368293.42%90
20057,934,21349.407%50.593%308353.52%94
20006,767,07349.304%50.696%263442.62%96
19956,239,03048.956%51.044%242441.5%93
19905,613,14149.082%50.918%218502.57%96
19854,774,25848.636%51.364%185523.34%101
19804,126,54448.483%51.517%160532.7%103
19753,676,99148.497%51.503%143541.82%105
19703,457,11348.59%51.41%134521.45%104
19653,079,03448.454%51.546%119532.4%104
19602,786,74048.272%51.728%108521.91%104
19552,531,80048.084%51.916%98531.82%103
19502,308,92347.885%52.115%89552.16%103

Burundi Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202013,126,27349.455%50.545%511243.02%76
202515,176,56649.466%50.534%590192.75%76
203017,357,07249.465%50.535%675152.63%76
203519,776,91649.464%50.536%770152.6%73
204022,505,29749.465%50.535%876152.55%67
204525,504,77749.468%50.532%993152.41%66
205028,668,15449.471%50.529%1116142.22%64
205531,911,27049.476%50.524%1242142.04%63
206035,235,42549.48%50.52%1372131.91%61
206538,680,74149.485%50.515%1506131.81%57
207042,248,82449.491%50.509%1645121.7%56
207545,868,31449.496%50.504%178691.56%51
208049,449,90249.497%50.503%192581.42%48
208552,934,02849.492%50.508%206181.29%45
209056,314,52749.485%50.515%219281.17%45
209559,560,49049.476%50.524%231971.06%42
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations