Cameroon Population 2019

25,968,435

Cameroon is a culturally and environmentally diverse coastal country located in Africa, which lies on the western side of Central Africa on the Bight of Biafra, which is a bay of the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is bordered by Chad, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of the Congo.

Cameroon's 2019 population is estimated at 25.88 million, up substantially from the 2002 census population of 17.4 million. This makes Cameroon the 52nd most populous country in the world and the 17th most populous in Africa itself. The urbanization rate is currently 3.63%; 56.2% of the country having been urbanized to date according to the World Factbook.

Cameroon Area and Population Density

In addition, Cameroon is the 24th largest country with a land area of 475,442 square kilometers (183,521 square miles). The country is sparsely populated, however, with merely 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world for population density.

Largest Cities in Cameroon

Yaoundé is Cameroon's capital. It was claimed in the latter part of the 19th century by German traders during the ivory industry’s peak. “The country’s name is derived from Rio dos Camarões (“River of Prawns”)—the name given to the Wouri River estuary by Portuguese explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1884 the Germans extended the word Kamerun to their entire protectorate, which largely corresponded to the present state” (Britannica, 2018). This evolved into the name ‘Cameroon’ that we are familiar with now. Yaoundé’s population is 2.5 million, which makes it the second-largest city in the country after Douala, which has more than 3 million residents. Douala is the 27th most expensive city on earth, and the most expensive African city.

Cameroon Demographics

Cameroon’s population is made up of its indigenous ethnicity, the Baka, also known as the pygmies. These are the longest, continuously residing indigenous peoples next to the Cameroon Highlanders which comprise approximately 31% of the population. Equatorial Bantu make up an estimated 19% of the population. Kirdi and Fulani peoples are also a good percentage of the residents of Cameroon.

Cameroonians usually have large, extended families with both polygamous and monogamous marriages in practice. Thanks to the encouragement of large families with many children, more than 60% of the current Cameroonian population is under 25 years of age. The current median age of those residing in Cameroon is 18.5 years of age, with a total life expectancy of approximately 59 years.

Languages in use here include the official use of English and French, with at least 24 major African language groups that are used regularly.

Cameroon Religion, Economy and Politics

Religious affiliation within Cameroon boasts a whopping 70% Christian belief base. 21% is of the Islamic faith, and a marginal 6% still maintain indigenous belief systems dating back to the cultural inception thousands of years ago (CIA, 2018). Islamic believers are concentrated in the north of Cameroon while Christian believers are dense in the southern and western region of the country.

After a 2017 ranking of 107 and a happiness rating of 4.695, Cameroon has jumped to position 99 in 2018 on the World Happiness Report with an overall happiness rating of 4.975 out of a possible 10.

Cameroon Population History

The indigenous people, called the Baka (or Pygmies), have inhabited the land of Cameroon for more than 2000 years. Europeans started trading with the nation in the late 1400s, with the Germans eventually laying claim to the land in the late 1800s. However, after Germany's defeat in the first world war, the land was split between the French and the British. The people of Cameroon gained independence on the first day of 1960.

Since their independence, the growth rate increase to over 2% annually, and was even higher than 3% in the 1980s.

Cameroon Population Growth

Cameroon is often a destination for refugees and asylum seekers in the region. In 2007, more than 97,000 refugees moved to Cameroon, most of whom were from the Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria escaping war. This trend continues, with more than 90,000 additional refugees fleeing to Cameroon from the Central African Republic in 2014 at a rate of 2,000 per week. “Cameroon’s limited resources make it dependent on UN support to host more than 320,000 refugees and asylum seekers as of September 2017” (CIA, 2018).

Cameroon Population Projections

Cameroon's rapid growth rate is expected to persist for a quite a while, potentially doubling its population over the next 30 years. The exact rate of growth, however, is expected to slow somewhat, but not significantly. The current rate of 2.60% is expected to get down to 2.0 percent by 2045. The current projections forecast the population in Cameroon to be 25,958,184 in 2020, 32,979,644 in 2030, 41,020,839 by 2040, and it will likely surpass 50 million by 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 35 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 111 minutes
Net gain of one person every 48 seconds

Cameroon Population in 2018Source: Kayhan ERTUGRUL [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Cameroon Population Pyramid 2019

Cameroon Population by Age

There are 13,197,304 adults in Cameroon.

Census Years

Year Date
20162016
200530 November 2005
198710 April 1987
Cameroon Population Growth

Cameroon currently has a fertility rate of about 5 children born per woman, which is helping fuel its population growth. By the year 2020 it is estimated that the population will be 26.4 million.

Official NameRepublic of Cameroon
Languages SpokenEnglish, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude612
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BEAC) CFA Franc BEAC
DemonymCameroonian
Name Population Location
Douala1,338,082Map
Yaounde1,299,369Map
Garoua436,899Map
Kousseri435,547Map
Bamenda393,835Map
Maroua319,941Map
Bafoussam290,768Map
Mokolo275,239Map
Ngaoundere231,357Map
Bertoua218,111Map
Edea203,149Map
Loum177,429Map
Kumba144,413Map
Nkongsamba117,063Map
Mbouda111,320Map
Dschang96,112Map
Foumban92,673Map
Ebolowa87,875Map
Guider84,647Map
Foumbot84,065Map

Cameroon Population Clock

The population of Cameroon (as of 8/20/2019)?25,968,435
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)25,876,380
Births Per Day2,461
Deaths Per Day643
Net Migrations Per Day -13
Net Change Per Day 1,805
Population Change Since January 1st418,760

Cameroon Population Estimator

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Estimate as of August 20th 2019 is: 25,968,090

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201925,876,38050.01%49.99%54.43522.62%
201825,216,26750.00%50.00%53.04532.65%
201724,566,07349.99%50.01%51.67542.67%
201623,926,55149.97%50.03%50.32542.70%
201523,298,36849.96%50.04%49.00552.75%
201020,341,24149.92%50.08%42.78582.78%
200517,733,41049.83%50.17%37.30592.71%
200015,513,94549.78%50.22%32.63602.67%
199513,599,98849.77%50.23%28.60612.91%
199011,780,08849.71%50.29%24.78603.19%
198510,070,80649.65%50.35%21.18613.16%
19808,621,40649.56%50.44%18.13682.96%
19757,451,05449.48%50.52%15.67702.71%
19706,519,76249.40%50.60%13.71692.46%
19655,773,54349.30%50.70%12.14692.21%
19605,176,91849.20%50.80%10.89721.92%
19554,706,99549.10%50.90%9.90721.79%
19504,307,02349.01%50.99%9.06720.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202026,545,86350.02%49.98%55.83520.00%
202530,031,67350.04%49.96%63.17522.50%
203033,766,12150.05%49.95%71.02512.37%
203537,722,49850.04%49.96%79.34492.24%
204041,873,46650.02%49.98%88.07472.11%
204546,172,13749.99%50.01%97.11421.97%
205050,573,04249.95%50.05%106.37411.84%
205555,001,10949.90%50.10%115.68401.69%
206059,426,51149.85%50.15%124.99371.56%
206563,813,29849.79%50.21%134.22351.43%
207068,127,16449.73%50.27%143.29331.32%
207572,332,68649.66%50.34%152.14331.21%
208076,376,76349.59%50.41%160.64321.09%
208580,210,99649.52%50.48%168.71290.98%
209083,821,20849.45%50.55%176.30280.88%
209587,152,31849.38%50.62%183.31280.78%
  1. National Institute of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1976, 1987, and 2005 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer