Cameroon Population 2018

24,869,866

Cameroon is a culturally and environmentally diverse costal country located in Africa, which lies on the western side of Central Africa on the Bight of Biafra, which is a bay of the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is bordered by Chad, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of the Congo.

Cameroon's 2018 population is estimated at 24.68 million, up substantially from the 2002 census population of 17.4 million. This makes Cameroon the 54th most populous country in the world and the 17th most populous in Africa itself. The urbanization rate is currently 3.63%; 56.2% of the country having been urbanized to date according the to World Factbook.

Surface Area and Population Density of Cameroon

In addition, Cameroon is the 24th largest country with a land area of 475,442 square kilometers (183,521 square miles). The country is sparsely populated, however, with merely 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world for population density.

Capital and City Centers of Cameroon

Yaoundé is Cameroon's capital. It was claimed in the latter part of the 19th century by German traders during the ivory industry’s peak. “The country’s name is derived from Rio dos Camarões (“River of Prawns”)—the name given to the Wouri River estuary by Portuguese explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1884 the Germans extended the word Kamerun to their entire protectorate, which largely corresponded to the present state” (Britannica, 2018). This evolved into the name ‘Cameroon’ that we are familiar with now. Yaoundé’s population is 2.5 million, which makes it the second-largest city in the country after Douala, which has more than 3 million residents. Douala is the 27th most expensive city on earth, and the most expensive African city.

Cameroon Demographics

Cameroon’s population is made up of its indigenous ethnicity, the Baka, also known as the pygmies. These are the longest, continuously residing indigenous peoples next to the Cameroon highlanders which comprise approximately 31% of the population. Equatorial Bantu make up an estimated 19% of the population. Kirdi and Fulani peoples are also a good percentage of the residents of Cameroon.

Religious affiliation within Cameroon boasts a whopping 70% Christian belief base. 21% is of the Islamic faith, and a marginal 6% still maintain indigenous belief systems dating back to the cultural inception thousands of years ago (CIA, 2018). Islamic believers are concentrated in the north of Cameroon while Christian believers are dense in the southern and western region of the country.

Cameroonians usually have large, extended families with both polygamous and monogamous marriages in practice. Thanks to the encouragement of large families with many children, more than 60% of the current Cameroonian population is under 25 years of age. The current median age of those residing in Cameroon is 18.5 years of age, with a total life expectancy of approximately 59 years.

Languages in use here include the official use of English and French, with at least 24 major African language groups that are used regularly.

Immigration to Cameroon

Cameroon is often a destination for refugees and asylum seekers in the region. In 2007, more than 97,000 refugees moved to Cameroon, most of whom were from the Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria escaping war. This trend continues, with more than 90,000 additional refugees fleeing to Cameroon from the Central African Republic in 2014 at a rate of 2,000 per week. “Cameroon’s limited resources make it dependent on UN support to host more than 320,000 refugees and asylum seekers as of September 2017” (CIA, 2018).

Quality of Life

After a 2017 ranking of 107 and a happiness rating of 4.695, Cameroon has jumped to position 99 in 2018 on the World Happiness Report with an overall happiness rating of 4.975 out of a possible 10.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 36 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 111 minutes
Net gain of one person every 50 seconds

Cameroon Population in 2018Source: Kayhan ERTUGRUL [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cameroon Population Growth

Cameroon currently has a fertility rate of about 5 children born per woman, which is helping fuel its population growth. By the year 2020 it is estimated that the population will be 26.4 million.

About Cameroon

Official NameRepublic of Cameroon
Languages SpokenEnglish, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude612
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BEAC) CFA Franc BEAC
DemonymCameroonian

Cameroon Population Density

Cameroon Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Douala1,338,082
Yaounde1,299,369
Garoua436,899
Kousseri435,547
Bamenda393,835
Maroua319,941
Bafoussam290,768
Mokolo275,239
Ngaoundere231,357
Bertoua218,111
Edea203,149
Loum177,429
Kumba144,413
Nkongsamba117,063
Mbouda111,320
Dschang96,112
Foumban92,673
Ebolowa87,875
Guider84,647
Foumbot84,065

Cameroon Population Clock

The population of Cameroon (as of 10/20/2018)?24,869,866
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)24,678,234
Births Per Day2,370
Deaths Per Day646
Net Migrations Per Day -13
Net Change Per Day 1,711
Population Change Since January 1st501,323

Cameroon Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 24,871,270

Cameroon Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201824,678,23450.06%49.94%51.91552.60%
201724,053,72750.05%49.95%50.59552.62%
201623,439,18950.04%49.96%49.30562.65%
201522,834,52250.03%49.97%48.03562.72%
201019,970,49550.00%50.00%42.00592.77%
200517,420,79549.93%50.07%36.64592.66%
200015,274,23449.85%50.15%32.13602.56%
199513,460,99449.75%50.25%28.31622.82%
199011,715,21849.66%50.34%24.64613.11%
198510,050,02349.59%50.41%21.14643.12%
19808,618,35449.51%50.49%18.13692.94%
19757,457,36249.42%50.58%15.69712.70%
19706,527,63549.35%50.65%13.73702.47%
19655,777,83449.25%50.75%12.15702.22%
19605,176,26849.15%50.85%10.89711.93%
19554,704,23349.08%50.92%9.89721.78%
19504,307,02249.01%50.99%9.06720.00%

Cameroon Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202025,958,18450.07%49.93%54.60530.00%
202529,339,08350.09%49.91%61.71532.48%
203032,979,64450.09%49.91%69.37542.37%
203536,883,63250.07%49.93%77.58522.26%
204041,020,83950.03%49.97%86.28472.15%
204545,351,03849.99%50.01%95.39432.03%
205049,817,39049.95%50.05%104.78421.90%
205554,373,52149.90%50.10%114.36391.77%
206058,964,82149.84%50.16%124.02371.63%
206563,552,60049.79%50.21%133.67341.51%
207068,103,57249.74%50.26%143.24341.39%
207572,561,96249.70%50.30%152.62321.28%
208076,875,45149.66%50.34%161.69311.16%
208580,989,04949.62%50.38%170.34281.05%
209084,845,30149.59%50.41%178.46280.93%
209588,403,10649.56%50.44%185.94270.82%
Data Sources
  1. National Institute of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1976, 1987, and 2005 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer