Cameroon Population 2018

24,443,827

Cameroon is a culturally diverse costal country in Africa, which lies on the western side of Africa on the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is bordered by Chad, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of the Congo. The 2018 population is estimated at 24.68 million.

Cameroon's population is estimated at 24.68 million, up substantially from the 2002 census population of 17.4 million. This makes Cameroon the 54th most populous country in the world. The country is sparsely populated, however, with just 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world. The urbanization rate is currently 3.3%; 58% of the country is urbanized and that percentage continues to grow annually.

Yaoundé is Cameroon's capital. It was founded in the latter part of the 19th century by German traders during the ivory industry’s peak. Yaoundé’s population is 2.5 million, which makes it the second-largest city in the country after Douala, which has more than 3 million residents. Douala is the 27th most expensive city on earth, and the most expensive African city.

Cameroon Demographics

Cameroon’s population is made up of its indigenous ethnicity, the Baka, also known as the pygmies. These are the longest, continuous indigenous peoples next to the Cameroon highlanders which comprise 31% of the population. Equatorial Bantu make up an estimated 19% of the population. Kirdi and Fulani peoples are also a good percentage of the residents of Cameroon.

Religious affiliation within Cameroon boasts a whopping 70% Christian. 21% is of the Islamic faith, and 6% still maintain indigenous belief systems dating back to the cultural inception thousands of years ago. Islamic believers are concentrated in the north of Cameroon while Christian believers are dense in the southern and western region of the country.

Cameroonians usually have large, extended families with both polygamous and monogamous marriages in practice.

Cameroon is often a destination for refugees and asylum seekers in the region. In 2007, more than 97,000 refugees moved to Cameroon, most of whom were from the Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria escaping war. This trend continues, with more than 90,000 additional refugees fleeing to Cameroon from the Central African Republic in 2014 at a rate of 2,000 per week.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 36 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 111 minutes
Net gain of one person every 50 seconds

Cameroon Population in 2018Source: By Amcaja (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons

Cameroon Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400kCameroon Male Population0k100k200k300k400kCameroon Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Cameroon Median Age

18.5


Total

18.4


Male

18.6


Female

Cameroon Population by Age

There are 12,207,679 adults in Cameroon.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cameroon Population Growth

Cameroon currently has a fertility rate of about 5 children born per woman, which is helping fuel its population growth. By the year 2020 it is estimated that the population will be 26.4 million.

About Cameroon

Official NameRepublic of Cameroon
Languages SpokenEnglish, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude612
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BEAC) CFA Franc BEAC
DemonymCameroonian

Cameroon Population Density

Cameroon Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Douala1,338,082
Yaounde1,299,369
Garoua436,899
Kousseri435,547
Bamenda393,835
Maroua319,941
Bafoussam290,768
Mokolo275,239
Ngaoundere231,357
Bertoua218,111
Edea203,149
Loum177,429
Kumba144,413
Nkongsamba117,063
Mbouda111,320
Dschang96,112
Foumban92,673
Ebolowa87,875
Guider84,647
Foumbot84,065

Cameroon Population Clock

The population of Cameroon (as of 2/13/2018)?24,443,827
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)24,678,234
Births Per Day2,370
Deaths Per Day646
Net Migrations Per Day -13
Net Change Per Day 1,711
Population Change Since January 1st75,284

Cameroon Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 35.474 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.67 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.197 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 58.83 years
Male Life Expectancy 57.76 years
Female Life Expectancy 59.91 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.603 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.925 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 58.161 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 88.55 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.913 years
Rate of Natural Increase 25.804

Cameroon Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201824,678,23450.06%49.94%51.91552.60%
201724,053,72750.05%49.95%50.59552.62%
201623,439,18950.04%49.96%49.30562.65%
201522,834,52250.03%49.97%48.03562.72%
201019,970,49550.00%50.00%42.00592.77%
200517,420,79549.93%50.07%36.64592.66%
200015,274,23449.85%50.15%32.13602.56%
199513,460,99449.75%50.25%28.31622.82%
199011,715,21849.66%50.34%24.64613.11%
198510,050,02349.59%50.41%21.14643.12%
19808,618,35449.51%50.49%18.13692.94%
19757,457,36249.42%50.58%15.69712.70%
19706,527,63549.35%50.65%13.73702.47%
19655,777,83449.25%50.75%12.15702.22%
19605,176,26849.15%50.85%10.89711.93%
19554,704,23349.08%50.92%9.89721.78%
19504,307,02249.01%50.99%9.06720.00%

Cameroon Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202025,958,18450.07%49.93%54.60530.00%
202529,339,08350.09%49.91%61.71532.48%
203032,979,64450.09%49.91%69.37542.37%
203536,883,63250.07%49.93%77.58522.26%
204041,020,83950.03%49.97%86.28472.15%
204545,351,03849.99%50.01%95.39432.03%
205049,817,39049.95%50.05%104.78421.90%
205554,373,52149.90%50.10%114.36391.77%
206058,964,82149.84%50.16%124.02371.63%
206563,552,60049.79%50.21%133.67341.51%
207068,103,57249.74%50.26%143.24341.39%
207572,561,96249.70%50.30%152.62321.28%
208076,875,45149.66%50.34%161.69311.16%
208580,989,04949.62%50.38%170.34281.05%
209084,845,30149.59%50.41%178.46280.93%
209588,403,10649.56%50.44%185.94270.82%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer