Cameroon Population 2016

Cameroon is a culturally diverse costal country in Africa, which lies on the western side of Africa on the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is bordered by Chad, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of the Congo. The 2015 population is estimated at 23.3 million.

Cameroon Population 2015

Cameroon's 2015 population is estimated at 23.3 million, up substantially from the 2002 census population of 17.4 million. This makes Cameroon the 54th most populous country in the world. The country is sparsely populated, however, with just 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world. The urbanization rate is currently 3.3%; 58% of the country is urbanized and that percentage continues to grow annually.

Yaoundé is Cameroon's capital. It was founded in the latter part of the 19th century by German traders during the ivory industry’s peak. Yaoundé’s population is 2.5 million, which makes it the second-largest city in the country after Douala, which has more than 3 million residents. Douala is the 27th most expensive city on earth, and the most expensive African city.

Cameroon Demographics

Cameroon’s population is made up of its indigenous ethnicity, the Baka, also known as the pygmies. These are the longest, continuous indigenous peoples next to the Cameroon highlanders which comprise 31% of the population. Equatorial Bantu make up an estimated 19% of the population. Kirdi and Fulani peoples are also a good percentage of the residents of Cameroon.

Religious affiliation within Cameroon boasts a whopping 70% Christian. 21% is of the Islamic faith, and 6% still maintain indigenous belief systems dating back to the cultural inception thousands of years ago. Islamic believers are concentrated in the north of Cameroon while Christian believers are dense in the southern and western region of the country.

Cameroonians usually have large, extended families with both polygamous and monogamous marriages in practice.

Cameroon is often a destination for refugees and asylum seekers in the region. In 2007, more than 97,000 refugees moved to Cameroon, most of whom were from the Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria escaping war. This trend continues, with more than 90,000 additional refugees fleeing to Cameroon from the Central African Republic in 2014 at a rate of 2,000 per week.

Cameroon Population Clock

What is the population of Cameroon (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 11,899
Deaths Per Day 3,600
Net Migrations Per Day -110
Net Change Per Day 8,189
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Cameroon Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 34.97 births/thousand 22nd
Crude Death Rate 10.582 deaths/thousand 34th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.322 people/thousand 98th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 57.03 years 181st
Life Expectancy (Male) 55.85 years 180th
Life Expectancy (Female) 58.23 years 180th
Total Fertility Rate 4.456 children/woman 26th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.824 surviving daughters/woman 32nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 153rd
Infant Mortality Rate 65.32 deaths/1,000 live births 12th
Under Five Mortality 101.109 deaths/thousand 12th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.795 years 110th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Cameroon Population Growth

Cameroon currently has a fertility rate of about 5 children born per woman, which is helping fuel its population growth. By the year 2020 it is estimated that the population will be 26.4 million.

Cameroon Population History

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2016 23,924,407 11,963,751 11,960,656 50 2.4333%
2015 23,344,179 11,672,284 11,671,895 49 2.4551%
2010 20,590,666 10,288,482 10,302,184 43 2.5338%
2005 18,126,999 9,045,246 9,081,753 38 2.5604%
2000 15,927,713 7,933,763 7,993,950 33 2.6128%
1995 13,929,575 6,928,056 7,001,519 29 2.7447%
1990 12,070,358 5,995,261 6,075,098 25 2.9385%
1985 10,381,098 5,148,490 5,232,608 21 3.0393%
1980 8,932,121 4,422,055 4,510,066 18 2.9674%
1975 7,740,196 3,825,582 3,914,614 16 2.7939%
1970 6,770,967 3,341,575 3,429,392 14 2.5932%
1965 5,987,670 2,948,948 3,038,723 12 2.3654%
1960 5,361,366 2,635,508 2,725,859 11 2.0884%
1955 4,873,726 2,392,032 2,481,694 10 1.8096%
1950 4,466,498 2,189,184 2,277,314 9 1.7251%

Cameroon Population Projections

Year Population Male Population Female Population Density (per sq km) Growth Rate
2020 26,332,965 13,173,376 13,159,589 55 2.3375%
2025 29,529,987 14,776,370 14,753,618 62 2.2295%
2030 32,947,036 16,483,200 16,463,836 69 2.1301%
2035 36,576,873 18,290,097 18,286,776 77 2.0311%
2040 40,398,056 20,186,106 20,211,950 85 1.916%
2045 44,346,170 22,138,931 22,207,239 93 1.7862%
2050 48,361,937 24,120,323 24,241,614 102 1.6565%
2055 52,404,878 26,109,592 26,295,286 110 1.5301%
2060 56,430,099 28,083,887 28,346,212 119 1.4049%
2065 60,386,306 30,017,792 30,368,514 127 1.2814%
2070 64,222,350 31,887,970 32,334,380 135 1.1558%
2075 67,876,042 33,667,200 34,208,842 143 1.0356%
2080 71,320,488 35,343,910 35,976,578 150 0.9229%
2085 74,524,678 36,905,101 37,619,577 157 0.8128%
2090 77,448,160 38,329,623 39,118,537 163 0.7056%
2095 80,066,589 39,605,420 40,461,169 169 0.6062%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations