Cameroon Population 2016

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Cameroon is a culturally diverse costal country in Africa, which lies on the western side of Africa on the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is bordered by Chad, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of the Congo. The 2015 population is estimated at 23.3 million.

Cameroon's population is estimated at 23.3 million, up substantially from the 2002 census population of 17.4 million. This makes Cameroon the 54th most populous country in the world. The country is sparsely populated, however, with just 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world. The urbanization rate is currently 3.3%; 58% of the country is urbanized and that percentage continues to grow annually.

Yaoundé is Cameroon's capital. It was founded in the latter part of the 19th century by German traders during the ivory industry’s peak. Yaoundé’s population is 2.5 million, which makes it the second-largest city in the country after Douala, which has more than 3 million residents. Douala is the 27th most expensive city on earth, and the most expensive African city.

Cameroon Demographics

Cameroon’s population is made up of its indigenous ethnicity, the Baka, also known as the pygmies. These are the longest, continuous indigenous peoples next to the Cameroon highlanders which comprise 31% of the population. Equatorial Bantu make up an estimated 19% of the population. Kirdi and Fulani peoples are also a good percentage of the residents of Cameroon.

Religious affiliation within Cameroon boasts a whopping 70% Christian. 21% is of the Islamic faith, and 6% still maintain indigenous belief systems dating back to the cultural inception thousands of years ago. Islamic believers are concentrated in the north of Cameroon while Christian believers are dense in the southern and western region of the country.

Cameroonians usually have large, extended families with both polygamous and monogamous marriages in practice.

Cameroon is often a destination for refugees and asylum seekers in the region. In 2007, more than 97,000 refugees moved to Cameroon, most of whom were from the Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria escaping war. This trend continues, with more than 90,000 additional refugees fleeing to Cameroon from the Central African Republic in 2014 at a rate of 2,000 per week.

Cameroon  Population in 2016 Source:

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cameroon Population Growth

Cameroon currently has a fertility rate of about 5 children born per woman, which is helping fuel its population growth. By the year 2020 it is estimated that the population will be 26.4 million.

Cameroon Population Density

About Cameroon

Official Name Republic of Cameroon
Languages Spoken French, English
Borders CAF, TCD, COG, GNQ, GAB, NGA
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 6,12
Currencies Used XAF

Cameroon Population Clock

What is the population of Cameroon (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 469
Deaths Per Day 144
Net Migrations Per Day -22
Net Change Per Day 303
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Cameroon Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 35.731 births/thousand 22nd
Crude Death Rate 10.945 deaths/thousand 29th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.322 people/thousand 93rd
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 56.388 years 190th
Life Expectancy (Male) 55.211 years 190th
Life Expectancy (Female) 57.576 years 191st
Total Fertility Rate 4.559 children/woman 26th
Net Reproduction Rate 1.824 surviving daughters/woman 32nd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 67.651 deaths/1,000 live births 12th
Under Five Mortality 105.259 deaths/thousand 12th
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.795 years 118th
Rate of Natural Increase 24.388 33rd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 24.889% 190th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 25.712% 190th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 24.037% 191st
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 42.716% 190th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 44.32% 190th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 41.082% 191st
Crude Suicide Rate 4.9 suicides/thousand 116th
Median Age (Total) 18.5 years 196th
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years 195th
Median Age (Male) 18.4 years 192nd

Cameroon Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 23,924,407 50.006% 49.994% 50 156 2.43% 54
2015 23,344,179 50.001% 49.999% 49 155 2.46% 55
2010 20,590,666 49.967% 50.033% 43 161 2.53% 56
2005 18,126,999 49.899% 50.101% 38 162 2.56% 58
2000 15,927,713 49.811% 50.189% 33 163 2.61% 57
1995 13,929,575 49.736% 50.264% 29 165 2.74% 60
1990 12,070,358 49.669% 50.331% 25 166 2.94% 58
1985 10,381,098 49.595% 50.405% 21 168 3.04% 59
1980 8,932,121 49.507% 50.493% 18 169 2.97% 65
1975 7,740,196 49.425% 50.575% 16 169 2.79% 66
1970 6,770,967 49.352% 50.648% 14 172 2.59% 68
1965 5,987,670 49.25% 50.75% 12 172 2.37% 68
1960 5,361,366 49.157% 50.843% 11 167 2.09% 68
1955 4,873,726 49.08% 50.92% 10 166 1.81% 70
1950 4,466,498 49.013% 50.987% 9 165 1.73% 69

Cameroon Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 26,332,965 50.026% 49.974% 55 153 2.34% 52
2025 29,529,987 50.039% 49.961% 62 149 2.23% 53
2030 32,947,036 50.029% 49.971% 69 149 2.13% 53
2035 36,576,873 50.005% 49.995% 77 143 2.03% 50
2040 40,398,056 49.968% 50.032% 85 138 1.92% 46
2045 44,346,170 49.923% 50.077% 93 134 1.79% 44
2050 48,361,937 49.875% 50.125% 102 118 1.66% 42
2055 52,404,878 49.823% 50.177% 110 112 1.53% 41
2060 56,430,099 49.768% 50.232% 119 110 1.4% 38
2065 60,386,306 49.71% 50.29% 127 108 1.28% 36
2070 64,222,350 49.652% 50.348% 135 104 1.16% 35
2075 67,876,042 49.601% 50.399% 143 102 1.04% 34
2080 71,320,488 49.556% 50.444% 150 101 0.92% 33
2085 74,524,678 49.521% 50.479% 157 100 0.81% 34
2090 77,448,160 49.491% 50.509% 163 97 0.71% 32
2095 80,066,589 49.466% 50.534% 169 94 0.61% 32
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations