Cameroon Population 2017

24,331,422

Cameroon is a culturally diverse costal country in Africa, which lies on the western side of Africa on the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is bordered by Chad, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of the Congo. The 2017 population is estimated at 24.05 million.

Cameroon's population is estimated at 24.05 million, up substantially from the 2002 census population of 17.4 million. This makes Cameroon the 54th most populous country in the world. The country is sparsely populated, however, with just 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world. The urbanization rate is currently 3.3%; 58% of the country is urbanized and that percentage continues to grow annually.

Yaoundé is Cameroon's capital. It was founded in the latter part of the 19th century by German traders during the ivory industry’s peak. Yaoundé’s population is 2.5 million, which makes it the second-largest city in the country after Douala, which has more than 3 million residents. Douala is the 27th most expensive city on earth, and the most expensive African city.

Cameroon Demographics

Cameroon’s population is made up of its indigenous ethnicity, the Baka, also known as the pygmies. These are the longest, continuous indigenous peoples next to the Cameroon highlanders which comprise 31% of the population. Equatorial Bantu make up an estimated 19% of the population. Kirdi and Fulani peoples are also a good percentage of the residents of Cameroon.

Religious affiliation within Cameroon boasts a whopping 70% Christian. 21% is of the Islamic faith, and 6% still maintain indigenous belief systems dating back to the cultural inception thousands of years ago. Islamic believers are concentrated in the north of Cameroon while Christian believers are dense in the southern and western region of the country.

Cameroonians usually have large, extended families with both polygamous and monogamous marriages in practice.

Cameroon is often a destination for refugees and asylum seekers in the region. In 2007, more than 97,000 refugees moved to Cameroon, most of whom were from the Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria escaping war. This trend continues, with more than 90,000 additional refugees fleeing to Cameroon from the Central African Republic in 2014 at a rate of 2,000 per week.

Cameroon Population in 2018Source: By Amcaja (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cameroon Population Growth

Cameroon currently has a fertility rate of about 5 children born per woman, which is helping fuel its population growth. By the year 2020 it is estimated that the population will be 26.4 million.

About Cameroon

Official NameRepublic of Cameroon
Languages SpokenFrench, English
BordersCAF, TCD, COG, GNQ, GAB, NGA
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude612
Currencies UsedXAF

Cameroon Population Density

Name Population
Douala1,338,082
Yaounde1,299,369
Garoua436,899
Kousseri435,547
Bamenda393,835
Maroua319,941
Bafoussam290,768
Mokolo275,239
Ngaoundere231,357
Bertoua218,111
Edea203,149
Loum177,429
Kumba144,413
Nkongsamba117,063
Mbouda111,320
Dschang96,112
Foumban92,673
Ebolowa87,875
Guider84,647
Foumbot84,065
Bafang80,688
Yagoua80,235
Mbalmayo80,206
Meiganga80,100
Bali72,606
Limbe72,106
Bafia69,270
Wum68,836
Bangangte65,385
Tiko55,914
Kribi55,224
Mora55,216
Sangmelima54,251
Kumbo53,970
Nkoteng50,334
Mutengene47,478
Buea47,300
Garoua Boulai46,615
Batouri43,821
Fundong43,509
Fontem42,689
Mbanga42,590
Banyo40,798
Manjo37,661
Melong37,086
Tibati35,589
Muyuka31,384
Obala30,012
Nanga Eboko29,909
Penja28,406
Mbandjok26,947
Kaele25,199
Bamusso24,741
Lagdo24,596
Tchollire23,187
Belabo22,553
Lolodorf22,252
Eseka22,221
Mamfe19,472
Dizangue19,243
Idenao17,800
Akonolinga17,181
Bogo16,952
Tonga16,036
Abong Mbang14,661
Yokadouma13,287
Bazou13,058
Mundemba11,912
Betare Oya11,866
Rey Bouba11,454
Pitoa11,454
Mindif10,538
Babanki9,851
Mbengwi9,734
Akom II9,709
Batibo9,163
Belo8,705
Dimako8,476
Ambam8,476
Njinikom8,247
Ndikinimeki8,247
Bonaberi8,091
Kontcha8,018
Yabassi7,560
Bansoa7,560
Ngou7,560
Bekondo7,331
Makary7,331
Bandjoun6,872
Belel6,831
Bamendjou6,643
Ngambe6,414
Ntui6,185
Mme-Bafumen6,149
Saa5,727
Bana5,727
Poli5,727
Bankim5,727
Doume5,581
Nguti5,498
Ndom5,498
Okola5,390
Yoko5,269
Jakiri5,269
Ndelele5,040

Cameroon Population Clock

What is the population of Cameroon (as of 12/12/2017)?24,331,422
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)24,053,727
Births Per Day2,343
Deaths Per Day646
Net Migrations Per Day -14
Net Change Per Day 1,683
Population Change Since January 1st582,318

Cameroon Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 36.01 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 9.947 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.225 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 58.342 years
Male Life Expectancy 57.23 years
Female Life Expectancy 59.464 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.672 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.942 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 60.038 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 91.748 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 28.874 years
Rate of Natural Increase 26.063
Median Age (Total) 18.5 years
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years
Median Age (Male) 18.4 years

Cameroon Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201724,053,72750.05%49.95%51552.63%
201522,834,52250.03%49.97%48562.72%
201019,970,49550.00%50.00%42592.77%
200517,420,79549.93%50.07%37592.66%
200015,274,23449.85%50.15%32602.56%
199513,460,99449.75%50.25%28622.82%
199011,715,21849.66%50.34%25613.11%
198510,050,02349.59%50.41%21643.12%
19808,618,35449.51%50.49%18692.94%
19757,457,36249.42%50.58%16712.70%
19706,527,63549.35%50.65%14702.47%
19655,777,83449.25%50.75%12702.22%
19605,176,26849.15%50.85%11711.93%
19554,704,23349.08%50.92%10721.78%
19504,307,02249.01%50.99%9720.00%

Cameroon Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202025,958,18450.07%49.93%55530.00%
202529,339,08350.09%49.91%62532.48%
203032,979,64450.09%49.91%69542.37%
203536,883,63250.07%49.93%78522.26%
204041,020,83950.03%49.97%86472.15%
204545,351,03849.99%50.01%95432.03%
205049,817,39049.95%50.05%105421.90%
205554,373,52149.90%50.10%114391.77%
206058,964,82149.84%50.16%124371.63%
206563,552,60049.79%50.21%134341.51%
207068,103,57249.74%50.26%143341.39%
207572,561,96249.70%50.30%153321.28%
208076,875,45149.66%50.34%162311.16%
208580,989,04949.62%50.38%170281.05%
209084,845,30149.59%50.41%178280.93%
209588,403,10649.56%50.44%186270.82%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer