Cape Verde Population 2018


Cape Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country comprised of an archipelago of ten volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, about 350 miles off the coast of Western Africa. The name Cape Verde has been used for the archipelago in English since its independence from Portugal in 1975. In 2018, the population of Cape Verde is estimated at 553,335, down from 514,000 in 2014, which makes it the 172nd most populous country in the world.

The last official census in 2013 found the population of Cape Verde was 512,000, with almost half (or 236,000) Cape Verdeans living on the main island of Santiago. Almost 35% of the country's population lives in rural areas, and the capital city Praia has about 25% of Cape Verde's citizens. Cape Verde has a fairly high population density at 124 people per square kilometer, or the 89th highest in the world.

Cape Verde Demographics

Most people of Cape Verde are creole, or of mixed white and black descent. A genetic study of the country's inhabitants found that the population's ancestry is mostly European in the male line and West African in the female line, with a percentage of 56% African and 44% European.

People from all over the world have settled in the country, including immigrants from South America, Asia and Europe. Most settlers to the area have been Dutch, French, British, Arab, Jewish, Chinese, Indian, Indonesian, South American, American and Brazilian. When it was discovered by Portugal in 1456, it was uninhabited. African slaves were then brought to the archipelago to work on plantations. This resulted in Cape Verdeans who were mulattos, or those with mixed African and European origins. Today, Cape Verde's people are very diverse ethnically.

More Cape Verdeans today live abroad rather than in the country itself. There are about 500,000 Cape Verdeans in the United States, particularly on the New England Coast. There are also large populations in Portugal (150,000), Angola (45,000), Sao Tome and Principe (25,000), Senegal (25,000), the Netherlands (20,000), France (25,000), Spain (12,500), Luxembourg (7,000), and elsewhere.

There are about 25,000 immigrants in Cape Verde now, as the country is stable, grants freedoms to its people and has a fairly high per capita income.

About 95% of Cape Verdeans are Christian, and over 85% of the population is Roman Catholic. Cape Verde shares the highest life expectancy in Africa with two other nations at 71 for men and 79 for women.

Cape Verde Population Growth

Cape Verde's growth over the last few years has been fueled by tourism and a stable economy. Between 2011 and 2012 alone, tourism in the country grew 28%, which was more than the world's average of 4%. Cape Verde is expected to continue its steady growth for the next two decades.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 46 minutes
One death every 180 minutes
One net migrant every 360 minutes
Net gain of one person every 76 minutes

Cape Verde Population in 2018Source: Ingo Wölbern

Cape Verde Population Pyramid 2018

0k1k2k3k4k5k6kCape Verde Male Population0k1k2k3k4k5k6kCape Verde Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Cape Verde Population by Age

There are 347,538 adults in Cape Verde.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cape Verde Population Growth

Cape Verde's growth over the last few years has been fueled by tourism and a stable economy. Between 2011 and 2012 alone, tourism in the country grew 28%, which was more than the world's average of 4%. Cape Verde is expected to continue its steady growth for the next two decades.

About Cape Verde

Official NameRepublic of Cabo Verde
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Is LandlockedNo
Currencies UsedCape Verde Escudo
DemonymCape Verdian

Countries Bordering Cape Verde


Cape Verde Population Density

Cape Verde Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Santa Maria17,231
Cova Figueira15,350
Santa Cruz9,488
Pedra Badejo9,343
Sao Filipe8,189
Porto Novo5,580
Vila da Ribeira Brava5,324
Tarrafal de Sao Nicolau5,039
Vila do Maio3,009
Ribeira Grande2,950
Cidade Velha2,148
Vila de Sal Rei2,122
Sao Domingos1,850

Cape Verde Population Clock

The population of Cape Verde (as of 1/20/2018)?550,257
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)553,335
Births Per Day31
Deaths Per Day8
Net Migrations Per Day -4
Net Change Per Day 19
Population Change Since January 1st361

Cape Verde Population Indicators

Crude Birth Rate 20.602 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.396 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.687 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 73.13 years
Male Life Expectancy 70.98 years
Female Life Expectancy 75.05 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.289 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.092 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 19.776 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 23.219 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.377 years
Rate of Natural Increase 15.206

Cape Verde Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate

Cape Verde Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer