Cape Verde Population 2018

556,489

Cape Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country comprised of an archipelago of ten volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, about 350 miles off the coast of Western Africa. The name Cape Verde has been used for the archipelago in English since its independence from Portugal in 1975. In 2018, the population of Cape Verde is estimated at 553,335, down from 514,000 in 2014, which makes it the 172nd most populous country in the world.

The last official census in 2013 found the population of Cape Verde was 512,000, with almost half (or 236,000) Cape Verdeans living on the main island of Santiago. Almost 35% of the country's population lives in rural areas, and the capital city Praia has about 25% of Cape Verde's citizens. Cape Verde has a fairly high population density at 124 people per square kilometer, or the 89th highest in the world.

Cape Verde Demographics

Most people of Cape Verde are creole, or of mixed white and black descent. A genetic study of the country's inhabitants found that the population's ancestry is mostly European in the male line and West African in the female line, with a percentage of 56% African and 44% European.

People from all over the world have settled in the country, including immigrants from South America, Asia and Europe. Most settlers to the area have been Dutch, French, British, Arab, Jewish, Chinese, Indian, Indonesian, South American, American and Brazilian. When it was discovered by Portugal in 1456, it was uninhabited. African slaves were then brought to the archipelago to work on plantations. This resulted in Cape Verdeans who were mulattos, or those with mixed African and European origins. Today, Cape Verde's people are very diverse ethnically.

More Cape Verdeans today live abroad rather than in the country itself. There are about 500,000 Cape Verdeans in the United States, particularly on the New England Coast. There are also large populations in Portugal (150,000), Angola (45,000), Sao Tome and Principe (25,000), Senegal (25,000), the Netherlands (20,000), France (25,000), Spain (12,500), Luxembourg (7,000), and elsewhere.

There are about 25,000 immigrants in Cape Verde now, as the country is stable, grants freedoms to its people and has a fairly high per capita income.

About 95% of Cape Verdeans are Christian, and over 85% of the population is Roman Catholic. Cape Verde shares the highest life expectancy in Africa with two other nations at 71 for men and 79 for women.

Cape Verde Population Growth

Cape Verde's growth over the last few years has been fueled by tourism and a stable economy. Between 2011 and 2012 alone, tourism in the country grew 28%, which was more than the world's average of 4%. Cape Verde is expected to continue its steady growth for the next two decades.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 46 minutes
One death every 180 minutes
One net migrant every 360 minutes
Net gain of one person every 76 minutes

Cape Verde Population in 2018Source: By Ingo W�lbern [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Cape Verde Population Pyramid 2018

1,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,000Cape Verde Male Population1,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,000Cape Verde Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Cape Verde Population by Age

There are 347,538 adults in Cape Verde.

Census Years

Year Date
20202020
201030 June 2010
200030 June 2000
199023 June 1990

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cape Verde Population Growth

Cape Verde's growth over the last few years has been fueled by tourism and a stable economy. Between 2011 and 2012 alone, tourism in the country grew 28%, which was more than the world's average of 4%. Cape Verde is expected to continue its steady growth for the next two decades.

About Cape Verde

Official NameRepublic of Cabo Verde
Languages SpokenPortuguese
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude16-24
Currencies UsedCape Verde Escudo
DemonymCape Verdian

Countries Bordering Cape Verde

None

Cape Verde Population Density

Cape Verde Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Praia113,364
Mindelo70,611
Santa Maria17,231
Cova Figueira15,350
Santa Cruz9,488
Pedra Badejo9,343
Sao Filipe8,189
Assomada7,927
Tarrafal6,463
Espargos6,173
Porto Novo5,580
Calheta5,400
Vila da Ribeira Brava5,324
Tarrafal de Sao Nicolau5,039
Picos3,778
Vila do Maio3,009
Ribeira Grande2,950
Cidade Velha2,148
Vila de Sal Rei2,122
Sao Domingos1,850

Cape Verde Population Clock

The population of Cape Verde (as of 12/13/2018)?556,489
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)553,335
Births Per Day31
Deaths Per Day8
Net Migrations Per Day -4
Net Change Per Day 19
Population Change Since January 1st6,593

Cape Verde Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 556,506

Cape Verde Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018553,33549.85%50.15%137.201721.27%
2017546,38849.83%50.17%135.481721.27%
2016539,56049.81%50.19%133.791711.25%
2015532,91349.79%50.20%132.141711.19%
2010502,38449.68%50.32%124.571711.15%
2005474,56748.92%51.08%117.671691.75%
2000435,07948.24%51.76%107.881692.26%
1995389,12748.07%51.93%96.491702.62%
1990341,88347.46%52.54%84.771731.65%
1985315,06946.86%53.14%78.121721.91%
1980286,65746.30%53.70%71.081701.02%
1975272,42347.07%52.93%67.551670.16%
1970270,19847.64%52.35%67.001673.15%
1965231,42847.40%52.60%57.381682.73%
1960202,31046.94%53.07%50.161680.49%
1955197,42147.61%52.39%48.951672.09%
1950178,06647.16%52.83%44.151670.00%

Cape Verde Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020567,34849.90%50.10%140.681720.00%
2025601,85449.97%50.03%149.231711.19%
2030635,07250.00%50.00%157.471701.08%
2035665,46750.00%50.00%165.011700.94%
2040692,21249.97%50.03%171.641700.79%
2045715,08249.93%50.07%177.311700.65%
2050734,19949.87%50.13%182.051700.53%
2055749,19349.80%50.20%185.771700.41%
2060759,91449.71%50.29%188.421700.28%
2065766,04249.61%50.39%189.941700.16%
2070767,39949.53%50.47%190.281690.04%
2075764,31349.48%50.52%189.51169-0.08%
2080757,77549.50%50.50%187.89170-0.17%
2085748,77649.56%50.44%185.66170-0.24%
2090738,22049.65%50.35%183.04170-0.28%
2095726,56949.74%50.26%180.16171-0.32%
Data Sources
  1. National Statistical Institute
  2. National Statistical Institute
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Official estimates through 2011 were also considered.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer