Caribbean Countries 2019

The Caribbean refers to a region of the world where many islands are positioned in close proximity. To be more specific, the countries in this part of the world are situated in the Caribbean Sea, which is the body of water that splits the Atlantic Ocean in two. The continent of Africa lies to the east of the Caribbean, and the Caribbean Sea extends as far west as Central America.

The Caribbean countries are all islands, considering the fact that they are not part of any mainland. If you include every single country that is part of the Caribbean, you would discover that there are thirteen Caribbean countries in total. This number only includes independent territories classified as individual countries. There are over seven thousand different islands in the Caribbean, which is a calculation that takes into account all the places not considered countries on their own. Many of these islands are

To make that massive number of islands sound far less overwhelming, you can think of the Caribbean in terms of its three distinct regions. The Greater Antilles, the Lucayan Archipelago, and the Lesser Antilles are a way of breaking down the insanely large number of islands into a more consumable concept. For the sake of this article, we’ll touch on five of the twenty-six island countries in the Caribbean Sea. For your personal knowledge, the twenty-six countries, in no particular order, include…

Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba The Bahamas Barbados The British Virgin Islands The Cayman Islands Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Grenada Guadeloupe Haiti Jamaica Montenegro Montserrat Netherlands Antilles Puerto Rico Saint Barthelemy Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin Saint Vincent Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States Virgin Islands

The Bahamas

The Bahamas is an archipelago very near to the coastline of Jamaica. Cuba lies to the opposite direction of the Bahamas, which constitutes a grand total of seven hundred individual islands. Roughly 345,736 people live within the 5,406 square miles of land that the Bahamas encompasses altogether. The capital of the Bahamas is the city of Nassau, which is situated on the New Providence Island. New Providence is the eleventh biggest island of the entire archipelago.

Most people in the Bahamas speak English, though the are three other languages commonly spoken in the Bahamas. Bahamas Creole English, and American Sign Language, or ASL. Two other languages you’ll find in the Bahamas include Haitian Creole and Mandarin Chinese, though these are more commonly spoken by people who immigrate to the area.


Cuba is the largest Caribbean country based on physical size. Encompassing a grand total of 42,804 square miles of land, Cuba is home to roughly 11,204,351 people. The country's capital is Havana. Of the most common languages in Cuba, Spanish is the most dominant.

Two other prominent languages in Cuba include Cuba Sign Language and Lucumi, which is language belonging to an ethnic population of Cuba. Although Catalan and Corsican are not named as official languages in the Caribbean country, these two languages are spoken by those who have moved to Cuba and subsequently are not native to the country.


The Caribbean country of Jamaica ranks as number three in terms of the largest countries in the Caribbean, based solely on total area. Despite being so comparably large, there is not a whole lot of space to freely roam or build on within the confines of Jamaican soil. This is due to the fact that the Caribbean country is heavily comprised of mountains.

Of the 4,244 square miles of land mass, only an estimated seven-hundred-twenty-four square miles are capable of being cultivated, farmed upon, or used as a source of produce in any way. The remaining eighty-three percent of Jamaica is too hilly and unsubstantial for sustaining crops or livestock.

The many languages of Jamaica include English as the predominant and most officially-recognized language in the country. Jamaican Creole, or Patois, follows closely behind English, as do Arawak, Chinese, Spanish, Portuguese, and Arabic. In case you are unfamiliar with Arawak, it is a lesser-known language that is native to an Amerindian tribe of Taino people.

Trinidad and Tobago

The islands of Trinidad and Tobago should be thought of as a two-in-one package deal. Though Trinidad and Tobago are two separate islands, they are combined under one name and considered to be one country in all. Tobago is the smaller country of the two, lying just northeast of the much larger island, Trinidad. The two islands are off the coast of the South American country of Venezuela. The surrounding waters include the Gulf de Pana, the Atlantic Ocean, and, of course, the Caribbean Sea.

Trinidad and Tobago reach an impressive number of seven spoken languages, three of which are very rarely heard seeing as they are utilized by a very small percentage of the population. The four more common languages in Trinidad and Tobago are English, Chinese, North Levantine Spoken Arabic, and American Sign Language, or ASL.

United States Virgin Islands

The US Virgin Islands are a sprinkling of islands that make up a sole archipelago. The US Virgin Islands are not to be confused with the British Virgin Islands, though the two countries lie in very close proximity to one another.

The Virgin Islands of the United States include the islands of Saint John, Saint Croix, Saint Thomas, and Water Island. These are the four major islands that make up the US Virgin Islands, but there are an additional fifty-something smaller islands that are considered part of the USVI as well. By combining the land masses altogether, the US Virgin Islands account for about one-hundred-thirty-three square miles in total.

As you may have guessed due to the country’s affiliation with the United States, the number one language spoken by people on the US Virgin Islands is English. Other languages that you might catch wind of on the USVI are Virgin Island Creole, Spanish, Indo-European dialects, French Creole, French, and various Asian languages.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²42,415 mi²< 0.1%-0.04%AmericasCaribbean
2Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²10,712 mi²< 0.1%1.26%AmericasCaribbean
3Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²18,787 mi²< 0.1%1.05%AmericasCaribbean
4Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²4,243 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AmericasCaribbean
5Puerto Rico2,933,4088,870 km²3,424 mi²< 0.1%-3.49%AmericasCaribbean
6Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%0.37%AmericasCaribbean
7Montenegro627,98713,812 km²5,331 mi²< 0.1%0.03%EuropeSouthern Europe
8Guadeloupe400,0561,628 km²628 mi²< 0.1%0.05%AmericasCaribbean
9Barbados287,025430 km²166 mi²< 0.1%0.13%AmericasCaribbean
10Saint Lucia182,790616 km²238 mi²< 0.1%0.50%AmericasCaribbean
11Grenada112,003344 km²133 mi²< 0.1%0.49%AmericasCaribbean
12Aruba106,314180 km²69 mi²< 0.1%0.44%AmericasCaribbean
13United States Virgin Islands104,578347 km²134 mi²< 0.1%-0.10%AmericasCaribbean
14Antigua And Barbuda97,118442 km²171 mi²< 0.1%0.86%AmericasCaribbean
15Dominica71,808751 km²290 mi²< 0.1%0.26%AmericasCaribbean
16Saint Kitts And Nevis52,823261 km²101 mi²< 0.1%0.73%AmericasCaribbean
17Turks And Caicos Islands38,191948 km²366 mi²< 0.1%1.40%AmericasCaribbean
18Saint Martin38,00253 km²20 mi²< 0.1%1.98%AmericasCaribbean
19Anguilla14,86991 km²35 mi²< 0.1%0.94%AmericasCaribbean