Caricom Countries

The Caribbean Community – also known as CARICOM – is a collective of Caribbean nations and dependencies who work together to coordinate economic policies, engage in development planning, launching special projects targeted at less-developed countries and handling trade disputes within the region.

CARICOM was first established in 1973 through the Treaty of Chaguaramas. This treaty was later revised in 2001. Revisions in this treaty included the implementation of the Caribbean Court of Justice.

There are a total of 15 member nations and dependencies. The countries that are part of CARICOM cover a total area of over 177,000 square miles, and the total population among the 15 countries is more than 18 million.

There were four founding members of CARICOM. These countries include:

In 1974, several additional countries joined CARICOM. These were:

Other countries rounding out the 15 members include:

There are also several associates that do not have full membership. These associate members are British overseas territory. There are no standards as to the role that these members play. The five associates are:

In addition, there are eight observers. These countries include:

Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
Haiti27,750 km²11,112,9451.20%
Jamaica10,991 km²2,898,6770.29%
Trinidad And Tobago5,130 km²1,372,5980.25%
Guyana214,969 km²782,2250.56%
Suriname163,820 km²568,3010.87%
Bahamas13,943 km²399,2850.99%
Belize22,966 km²382,4442.07%
Barbados430 km²286,3880.23%
Saint Lucia616 km²179,6670.46%
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines389 km²110,2000.28%
Grenada344 km²108,3390.48%
Antigua And Barbuda442 km²103,0501.02%
Dominica751 km²74,3080.52%
Saint Kitts And Nevis261 km²55,8500.91%
Montserrat102 km²5,2030.50%