Central African Republic Population 2017

5,103,192

Since its independence in 1960, the population of the Central African Republic has quadrupled. The population in 1960 was 1.2 million, which grew to 3.89 million at the last census in 2003. In 2015, the CAR has an estimated population of 4.8 million, which ranks 121st in the world.

There are no accurate figures on the population of the CAR, and its population is based on an estimate from the United Nations.

The Central African Republic is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with just 7 people per square kilometer (18/square mile), which ranks 223rd in the world. The capital and largest city is Bangui. Established as a French outpost in 1889, Bangui has a population of 734,000. Bangui is often considered one of the world's most dangerous cities as it is the site of intense rebellions and destruction.

Central African Republic Demographics

The United Nations estimates that the CAR has more than 80 ethnic groups, each of which have their own language. The largest ethnic groups in the country are the Baya, Banda, Mandjia, Sara, M'Baka, Mboum, Yakoma, and the Fula. The Baya, or Gbaya, account for 34% of the CAR's population. There are also some Europeans in the country, most of which are of French descent.

According to the 2003 census, 80% of the population is Christian (51% Protestant and 29% Roman Catholic) while 15% is Muslim. Animism is also practiced by a significant percentage of the population. The CIA World Factbook, however, reports 50% of the population is Christian (split evenly between Roman Catholics and Protestants) while 35% practice indigenous beliefs.

The CAR is one of the poorest countries in the world and one of the 10 poorest in Africa and it ranks 179th out of 187 on the Human Development Index. About 11% of the population between 15 and 49 is HIV positive, yet only 3% of the country has access to antiretroviral therapy.

Central African Republic Population Growth

In recent years, the CAR has been plagued by corruption, authoritarianism and underdevelopment, which led to a rebellion and the 2012-2013 Central African Republic conflict. This conflict led to the overthrowing of the ruler in 2013, which caused virtually all government to disappear and forced the CAR to become, as Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye in "anarchy, a non-state." Earlier in 2014, the president and prime minister resigned.

By mid-2014, one third of the population, or 1.6 million people, were in need of food, and thousands have been killed in the violence that has lasted for over a year. Tens of thousands of Muslims have also been forced from their home in the Christian-majority country. The CAR is currently in a crisis, and it's population growth has come to a halt.

Central African Republic Population in 2017Source: Afrika Force from South Africa

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Central African Republic Population Growth

In recent years, the CAR has been plagued by corruption, authoritarianism and underdevelopment, which led to a rebellion and the 2012-2013 Central African Republic conflict. This conflict led to the overthrowing of the ruler in 2013, which caused virtually all government to disappear and forced the CAR to become, as Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye in "anarchy, a non-state." Earlier this year, the president and prime minister resigned.

As of April 2014, one third of the population, or 1.6 million people, are in need of food, and thousands have been killed in the violence that has lasted for over a year. Tens of thousands of Muslims have also been forced from their home in the Christian-majority country. The CAR is currently in a crisis, and it's population growth has come to a halt.

About Central African Republic

Official NameCentral African Republic
Languages SpokenSango, French
BordersCMR, TCD, COD, COG, SSD, SDN
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude721
Currencies UsedXAF

Central African Republic Population Density

Name Population
Ouadda5,434
Boali5,876
Baoro6,319
Kouango7,529
Gamboula7,646
Birao10,178
Mongoumba10,885
Kembe11,513
Ndele11,764
Obo12,887
Bouca13,250
Rafai13,459
Kabo13,637
Zemio14,000
Alindao14,234
Batangafo15,310
Ippy16,571
Boda16,655
Paoua18,441
Mobaye19,431
Damara20,093
Bangassou24,361
Nola26,809
Bossangoa27,428
Bouar28,581
Bria29,027
Bambari32,547
Sibut34,267
Carnot38,071
Bozoum40,201
Kaga Bandoro56,520
Berberati61,815
Mbaiki67,132
Bimbo129,655
Bangui542,393

Central African Republic Population Clock

What is the population of Central African Republic (as of September 13, 2017)?5,103,192
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)5098826
Births Per Day91
Deaths Per Day37
Net Migrations Per Day 5
Net Change Per Day 59
Population Change Since January 1st15,045

Central African Republic Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 32.65 births/thousand33
Crude Death Rate 13.282 deaths/thousand12
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.369 people/thousand61
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 52.871 years196
Male Life Expectancy 50.782 years199
Female Life Expectancy 54.993 years195
Total Fertility Rate 4.052 children/woman38
Net Reproduction Rate 1.554 surviving daughters/woman52
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 84.483 deaths/1,000 live births3
Under Five Mortality 134.79 deaths/thousand4
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.45 years87
Rate of Natural Increase 19.361 56
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 30.04 %198
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 32.082 %199
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 27.922 %194
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 47.065 %195
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 50.252 %198
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 43.78 %194
Crude Suicide Rate 7.9 suicides/thousand82
Median Age (Total) 19.6 years181
Median Age (Female) 19.9 years182
Median Age (Male) 19.3 years182

Central African Republic Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20175,098,82649.295%50.705%82121.98%120
20154,900,27449.291%50.709%72131.98%120
20104,444,97349.251%50.749%72131.91%121
20054,055,60749.197%50.803%62131.75%125
20003,726,04849.137%50.863%52141.83%125
19953,335,84049.105%50.895%52132.41%126
19902,937,83249.102%50.898%42142.46%130
19852,627,42449.129%50.871%42132.4%131
19802,274,09549.131%50.869%32132.87%132
19752,017,37949.123%50.877%32122.17%132
19701,828,71049.141%50.859%22121.95%131
19651,648,83049.152%50.848%22122.04%130
19601,503,50149.176%50.824%22091.7%130
19551,399,49349.223%50.777%22071.26%128
19501,326,65249.296%50.705%22040.99%125

Central African Republic Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20205,408,75849.292%50.708%82121.93%120
20255,941,97849.286%50.714%92121.81%117
20306,490,08149.268%50.732%102121.7%113
20357,050,71949.24%50.76%112121.6%114
20407,623,23449.204%50.796%122121.51%113
20458,203,87649.159%50.841%132111.41%110
20508,781,74849.11%50.89%142101.29%107
20559,342,72449.054%50.946%142111.16%104
20609,873,86848.992%51.008%152101.03%101
206510,366,61748.934%51.066%162100.9%101
207010,815,02648.884%51.116%172100.77%99
207511,216,37348.844%51.156%182100.66%98
208011,572,17348.816%51.184%182100.56%97
208511,880,80648.8%51.2%192070.47%97
209012,142,29248.792%51.208%192070.38%97
209512,353,41648.795%51.205%192070.29%96
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations