Central African Republic Population 2018

4,704,213

The Central African Republic (CAR), or Centrafrique, is a landlocked country located in Central Africa, bordered by Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Republic of Congo. The CAR is a relatively large country with an estimated population in 2018 of 4.74 million.

Since its independence in 1960, the population of the Central African Republic has quadrupled. The population in 1960 was 1.2 million, which grew to 3.89 million at the last census in 2003. In 2018, the CAR has an estimated population of 4.74 million, which ranks 121st in the world.

There are no accurate figures on the population of the CAR, and its population is based on an estimate from the United Nations.

The Central African Republic is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with just 7 people per square kilometer (18/square mile), which ranks 223rd in the world. The capital and largest city is Bangui. Established as a French outpost in 1889, Bangui has a population of 734,000. Bangui is often considered one of the world's most dangerous cities as it is the site of intense rebellions and destruction.

Central African Republic Demographics

The United Nations estimates that the CAR has more than 80 ethnic groups, each of which have their own language. The largest ethnic groups in the country are the Baya, Banda, Mandjia, Sara, M'Baka, Mboum, Yakoma, and the Fula. The Baya, or Gbaya, account for 34% of the CAR's population. There are also some Europeans in the country, most of which are of French descent.

According to the 2003 census, 80% of the population is Christian (51% Protestant and 29% Roman Catholic) while 15% is Muslim. Animism is also practiced by a significant percentage of the population. The CIA World Factbook, however, reports 50% of the population is Christian (split evenly between Roman Catholics and Protestants) while 35% practice indigenous beliefs.

The CAR is one of the poorest countries in the world and one of the 10 poorest in Africa and it ranks 179th out of 187 on the Human Development Index. About 11% of the population between 15 and 49 is HIV positive, yet only 3% of the country has access to antiretroviral therapy.

Central African Republic Population Growth

In recent years, the CAR has been plagued by corruption, authoritarianism and underdevelopment, which led to a rebellion and the 2012-2013 Central African Republic conflict. This conflict led to the overthrowing of the ruler in 2013, which caused virtually all government to disappear and forced the CAR to become, as Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye in "anarchy, a non-state." Earlier in 2014, the president and prime minister resigned.

By mid-2014, one third of the population, or 1.6 million people, were in need of food, and thousands have been killed in the violence that has lasted for over a year. Tens of thousands of Muslims have also been forced from their home in the Christian-majority country. The CAR is currently in a crisis, and it's population growth has come to a halt.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 3 minutes
One death every 9 minutes
One net migrant every 18 minutes
Net gain of one person every 7 minutes

Central African Republic Population in 2018Source: Afrika Force from South Africa

Central African Republic Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kCentral African Republic Male Population0k20k40k60k80kCentral African Republic Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Central African Republic Median Age

19.6


Total

19.3


Male

19.9


Female

Central African Republic Population by Age

There are 2,312,548 adults in Central African Republic.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Central African Republic Population Growth

In recent years, the CAR has been plagued by corruption, authoritarianism and underdevelopment, which led to a rebellion and the 2012-2013 Central African Republic conflict. This conflict led to the overthrowing of the ruler in 2013, which caused virtually all government to disappear and forced the CAR to become, as Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye in "anarchy, a non-state." Earlier this year, the president and prime minister resigned.

As of April 2014, one third of the population, or 1.6 million people, are in need of food, and thousands have been killed in the violence that has lasted for over a year. Tens of thousands of Muslims have also been forced from their home in the Christian-majority country. The CAR is currently in a crisis, and it's population growth has come to a halt.

About Central African Republic

Official NameCentral African Republic
Languages SpokenFrench, Sango
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude721
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BEAC) CFA Franc BEAC
DemonymCentral African

Countries Bordering Central African Republic

Cameroon
Chad
Dr Congo
Republic Of The Congo
South Sudan
Sudan

Central African Republic Population Density

Central African Republic Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bangui542,393
Bimbo129,655
Mbaiki67,132
Berberati61,815
Kaga Bandoro56,520
Bozoum40,201
Carnot38,071
Bangassou35,305
Sibut34,267
Bambari32,547
Bria29,027
Bouar28,581
Bossangoa27,428
Nola26,809
Bangassou24,361
Damara20,093
Mobaye19,431
Paoua18,441
Boda16,655
Ippy16,571

Central African Republic Population Clock

The population of Central African Republic (as of 1/20/2018)?4,704,213
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,737,423
Births Per Day454
Deaths Per Day167
Net Migrations Per Day -82
Net Change Per Day 205
Population Change Since January 1st3,895

Central African Republic Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 35.034 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 12.861 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -6.338 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 53.31 years
Male Life Expectancy 51.35 years
Female Life Expectancy 55.29 years
Total Fertility Rate 4.754 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.86 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 81.234 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 129.312 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 29.607 years
Rate of Natural Increase 22.173

Central African Republic Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,737,42349.33%50.67%7.601271.38%
20154,546,10049.32%50.68%7.301250.43%
20104,448,52549.33%50.67%7.141201.51%
20054,127,91049.30%50.70%6.631241.91%
20003,754,98649.21%50.79%6.031252.29%
19953,352,76749.14%50.86%5.381262.66%
19902,939,78049.11%50.89%4.721302.22%
19852,634,23249.13%50.87%4.231312.93%
19802,279,82149.13%50.87%3.661322.48%
19752,017,37249.12%50.88%3.241331.98%
19701,828,70949.14%50.86%2.941312.09%
19651,648,83349.15%50.85%2.651301.86%
19601,503,50849.18%50.82%2.411301.44%
19551,399,48749.22%50.78%2.251281.07%
19501,326,65249.30%50.70%2.131250.00%

Central African Republic Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,920,88949.33%50.67%7.901250.00%
20255,488,89649.34%50.66%8.811232.21%
20306,123,61549.34%50.66%9.831182.21%
20356,797,51949.34%50.66%10.911162.11%
20407,481,44749.32%50.68%12.011151.94%
20458,165,78849.28%50.72%13.111111.77%
20508,850,78049.24%50.76%14.211081.62%
20559,538,00949.21%50.79%15.311041.51%
206010,218,59949.16%50.84%16.401001.39%
206510,877,20649.12%50.88%17.46991.26%
207011,497,74049.08%50.92%18.46991.12%
207512,067,27649.04%50.96%19.37990.97%
208012,579,32949.00%51.00%20.19990.83%
208513,034,57048.96%51.04%20.92950.71%
209013,432,70848.94%51.06%21.56940.60%
209513,774,32248.93%51.07%22.11920.50%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer