Central African Republic Population 2018
The Central African Republic (CAR), or Centrafrique, is a landlocked country located in Central Africa, bordered by Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Republic of Congo. The CAR is a relatively large country with an estimated population in 2018 of 4.74 million.
Since its independence in 1960, the population of the Central African Republic has quadrupled. The population in 1960 was 1.2 million, which grew to 3.89 million at the last census in 2003. In 2018, the CAR has an estimated population of 4.74 million, which ranks 121st in the world.
There are no accurate figures on the population of the CAR, and its population is based on an estimate from the United Nations.
The Central African Republic is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with just 7 people per square kilometer (18/square mile), which ranks 223rd in the world. The capital and largest city is Bangui. Established as a French outpost in 1889, Bangui has a population of 734,000. Bangui is often considered one of the world's most dangerous cities as it is the site of intense rebellions and destruction.
Central African Republic Demographics
The United Nations estimates that the CAR has more than 80 ethnic groups, each of which have their own language. The largest ethnic groups in the country are the Baya, Banda, Mandjia, Sara, M'Baka, Mboum, Yakoma, and the Fula. The Baya, or Gbaya, account for 34% of the CAR's population. There are also some Europeans in the country, most of which are of French descent.
According to the 2003 census, 80% of the population is Christian (51% Protestant and 29% Roman Catholic) while 15% is Muslim. Animism is also practiced by a significant percentage of the population. The CIA World Factbook, however, reports 50% of the population is Christian (split evenly between Roman Catholics and Protestants) while 35% practice indigenous beliefs.
The CAR is one of the poorest countries in the world and one of the 10 poorest in Africa and it ranks 179th out of 187 on the Human Development Index. About 11% of the population between 15 and 49 is HIV positive, yet only 3% of the country has access to antiretroviral therapy.
Central African Republic Population Growth
In recent years, the CAR has been plagued by corruption, authoritarianism and underdevelopment, which led to a rebellion and the 2012-2013 Central African Republic conflict. This conflict led to the overthrowing of the ruler in 2013, which caused virtually all government to disappear and forced the CAR to become, as Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye in "anarchy, a non-state." Earlier in 2014, the president and prime minister resigned.
By mid-2014, one third of the population, or 1.6 million people, were in need of food, and thousands have been killed in the violence that has lasted for over a year. Tens of thousands of Muslims have also been forced from their home in the Christian-majority country. The CAR is currently in a crisis, and it's population growth has come to a halt.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 3 minutes|
|One death every 9 minutes|
|One net migrant every 18 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 7 minutes|
Source: Afrika Force from South Africa