Chad Population 2017

14,987,238

Chad has an estimated 2015 population of 13.6 million, up from 10.3 million estimated in 2009. The last census was in 1993, finding a population of 6.27 million. Chad is currently the 73rd most populous country in the world. Given its large size, it is sparsely populated with just 8 people per square kilometer (21/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.

Its largest city and capital, N'Djamena, has an estimated population of just under 1 million. Only 26% of the country's people live in urban areas, but almost half are under the age of 15. Chad has an unevenly distributed population, with the highest density in the Logone Occidental Region and the capital. The capital is virtually the only urban area in Chad.

Chad is one of the most corrupt and poorest countries on earth and most of its people are impoverished and live as herders and farmers. The Fund for Peace considers Chad a failed state. Polygamy is very common in Chad with 39% of women in such a union. It is also sanctioned by law. Violence against women is common in Chad, as is female genital mutilation. Despite being prohibited, more than 45% of women undergo the procedure, which is more common among certain ethnic groups like the Arabs and Quaddaians. The life expectancy in Chad is just 47 years old.

Chad Demographics

Chad has over 200 ethnic and linguistic groups.The people of Chad are usually classified according to their geographic region. The Sara live in the south and represent the largest ethnic group. In the Sahel, sedentary people live with nomadic ones like the Arabs, who are the second largest ethnic group. Nomads, particularly the Toubous, live in the north.

The largest ethnic groups, based on the 1993 census, were: Sara (28%), Arab (12%), Mayo-Kebbi (11%), Kanem-Bornou (9%), Ouaddai (9%), Hadjarai (7%), Tandjile (7%), Daza (6%) and Fitri-Batha (5%).

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

Chad Population in 2017Source: Notrchad

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

About Chad

Official NameRepublic of Chad
Languages SpokenFrench, Arabic
BordersCMR, CAF, LBY, NER, NGA, SSD
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude1519
Currencies UsedXAF

Chad Population Density

Name Population
Bardai
Am Djarass
Goz Beida1,000
Massenya3,680
Beboto5,432
Melfi5,784
Beinamar7,445
Gounou Gaya9,521
Goundi10,052
Biltine11,000
Moissala11,264
Guelendeng11,379
Bol11,700
Adre11,928
Ngama12,438
Bebedja12,671
Faya-Largeau13,400
Bousso13,555
Bere14,666
Bokoro14,723
Moussoro15,190
Massakory15,406
Benoy15,717
Kyabe16,177
Mboursou Lere17,132
Dourbali17,682
Massaguet17,906
Mao18,031
Bitkine18,495
Oum Hadjer19,271
Lai19,382
Fada23,786
Ati24,074
Doba24,336
Mongo27,763
Bongor27,770
Am Timan28,885
Pala35,466
Koumra36,263
Kelo42,533
Abeche74,188
Sagh102,528
Moundou135,167
N'Djamena721,081

Chad Population Clock

What is the population of Chad (as of September 13, 2017)?14,987,238
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)14965482
Births Per Day360
Deaths Per Day110
Net Migrations Per Day 44
Net Change Per Day 294
Population Change Since January 1st74,970

Chad Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 43.864 births/thousand3
Crude Death Rate 13.342 deaths/thousand11
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.05 people/thousand48
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 52.438 years198
Male Life Expectancy 51.331 years198
Female Life Expectancy 53.556 years198
Total Fertility Rate 5.844 children/woman4
Net Reproduction Rate 2.202 surviving daughters/woman13
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female160
Infant Mortality Rate 87.617 deaths/1,000 live births2
Under Five Mortality 142.519 deaths/thousand1
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.826 years156
Rate of Natural Increase 30.377 12
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 31.375 %199
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 32.033 %198
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 30.698 %199
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 47.49 %196
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 49.551 %196
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 45.403 %196
Crude Suicide Rate 2.7 suicides/thousand142
Median Age (Total) 17.6 years204
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years195
Median Age (Male) 16.6 years208

Chad Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201714,965,48250.079%49.921%112093.15%73
201514,037,47250.063%49.937%112093.22%73
201011,896,38050.012%49.988%92093.32%73
200510,067,93149.916%50.084%72123.47%80
20008,343,32149.81%50.19%62133.77%86
19957,001,63449.733%50.267%52133.38%91
19905,958,02249.642%50.358%42143.19%93
19855,092,65049.5%50.5%42132.93%97
19804,512,79549.348%50.652%32132.15%100
19754,088,85749.158%50.842%32122.04%100
19703,644,91049.006%50.994%22122.24%102
19653,310,92148.879%51.121%22121.87%100
19603,002,59548.869%51.131%22091.94%100
19552,735,93549.004%50.996%22071.84%98
19502,502,31449.355%50.645%12131.66%98

Chad Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202016,431,33150.1%49.9%132093.05%73
202519,074,75250.128%49.872%152082.88%69
203021,946,33850.142%49.858%172062.69%64
203525,010,31950.139%49.861%192022.5%63
204028,246,91850.124%49.876%221992.33%62
204531,630,62250.101%49.899%251972.16%62
205035,130,89150.076%49.924%271952.01%58
205538,718,14850.038%49.962%301911.85%56
206042,355,38549.998%50.002%331891.71%55
206546,013,07949.955%50.045%361881.57%51
207049,641,77949.904%50.096%391841.44%48
207553,204,96049.843%50.157%421831.31%44
208056,663,75749.782%50.218%451791.19%44
208559,981,41249.71%50.29%471751.07%42
209063,136,59449.636%50.364%501680.96%40
209566,126,08449.572%50.428%521680.87%39
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations