Chad Population 2017

14,940,566

Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa with many regions. Lake Chad, which the country is named for, is the largest wetland in the country, which also has a desert zone, an arid belt and a fertile savanna zone. Chad is bordered by Nigeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Libya, and Niger and it is the 5th largest country by size in Africa.

Chad has an estimated 2017 population of 14.90 million, up from 10.3 million estimated in 2009. The last census was in 1993, finding a population of 6.27 million. Chad is currently the 73rd most populous country in the world. Given its large size, it is sparsely populated with just 8 people per square kilometer (21/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.

Its largest city and capital, N'Djamena, has an estimated population of just under 1 million. Only 26% of the country's people live in urban areas, but almost half are under the age of 15. Chad has an unevenly distributed population, with the highest density in the Logone Occidental Region and the capital. The capital is virtually the only urban area in Chad.

Chad is one of the most corrupt and poorest countries on earth and most of its people are impoverished and live as herders and farmers. The Fund for Peace considers Chad a failed state. Polygamy is very common in Chad with 39% of women in such a union. It is also sanctioned by law. Violence against women is common in Chad, as is female genital mutilation. Despite being prohibited, more than 45% of women undergo the procedure, which is more common among certain ethnic groups like the Arabs and Quaddaians. The life expectancy in Chad is just 47 years old.

Chad Demographics

Chad has over 200 ethnic and linguistic groups.The people of Chad are usually classified according to their geographic region. The Sara live in the south and represent the largest ethnic group. In the Sahel, sedentary people live with nomadic ones like the Arabs, who are the second largest ethnic group. Nomads, particularly the Toubous, live in the north.

The largest ethnic groups, based on the 1993 census, were: Sara (28%), Arab (12%), Mayo-Kebbi (11%), Kanem-Bornou (9%), Ouaddai (9%), Hadjarai (7%), Tandjile (7%), Daza (6%) and Fitri-Batha (5%).

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

Chad Population in 2018Source: Notrchad

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

About Chad

Official NameRepublic of Chad
Languages SpokenArabic, French
BordersCMR, CAF, LBY, NER, NGA, SSD
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude1519
Currencies UsedXAF

Chad Population Density

Name Population
N'Djamena721,081
Moundou135,167
Sagh102,528
Abeche74,188
Kelo42,533
Koumra36,263
Pala35,466
Am Timan28,885
Bongor27,770
Mongo27,763
Doba24,336
Ati24,074
Fada23,786
Lai19,382
Oum Hadjer19,271
Bitkine18,495
Mao18,031
Massaguet17,906
Dourbali17,682
Mboursou Lere17,132
Kyabe16,177
Benoy15,717
Massakory15,406
Moussoro15,190
Bokoro14,723
Bere14,666
Bousso13,555
Faya-Largeau13,400
Bebedja12,671
Ngama12,438
Adre11,928
Bol11,700
Guelendeng11,379
Moissala11,264
Biltine11,000
Goundi10,052
Gounou Gaya9,521
Beinamar7,445
Melfi5,784
Beboto5,432
Massenya3,680
Goz Beida1,000
Bardai
Am Djarass

Chad Population Clock

What is the population of Chad (as of 11/15/2017)?14,940,566
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)14,899,994
Births Per Day360
Deaths Per Day110
Net Migrations Per Day 44
Net Change Per Day 294
Population Change Since January 1st93,786

Chad Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 43.864 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 13.342 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.05 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 52.438 years
Male Life Expectancy 51.331 years
Female Life Expectancy 53.556 years
Total Fertility Rate 5.844 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 2.202 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 87.617 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 142.519 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.826 years
Rate of Natural Increase 30.377
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 31.375%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 32.033%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 30.698%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 47.49%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 49.551%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 45.403%
Median Age (Total) 17.6 years
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years
Median Age (Male) 16.6 years

Chad Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201714,899,99450.06%49.94%123.13%
201514,009,41350.05%49.95%113.34%
201011,887,20250.01%49.99%93.38%
200510,067,00949.92%50.08%83.83%
20008,342,55949.81%50.19%63.57%
19957,000,72249.73%50.27%53.28%
19905,956,85949.64%50.36%53.19%
19855,091,53549.50%50.50%42.45%
19804,512,04249.35%50.65%41.99%
19754,087,94849.16%50.84%32.33%
19703,643,54949.01%50.99%31.94%
19653,309,57348.88%51.12%31.97%
19603,001,59348.87%51.13%21.88%
19552,735,20849.00%51.00%21.80%
19502,502,31749.36%50.64%20.00%

Chad Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202016,285,09350.07%49.93%130.00%
202518,775,56550.08%49.92%152.89%
203021,459,96350.08%49.92%172.71%
203524,317,30950.07%49.93%192.53%
204027,321,15450.04%49.96%212.36%
204530,439,25350.01%49.99%242.18%
205033,635,79549.97%50.03%262.02%
205536,878,23649.92%50.08%291.86%
206040,132,05449.87%50.13%311.71%
206543,357,14849.81%50.19%341.56%
207046,506,37849.74%50.26%361.41%
207549,532,38649.66%50.34%391.27%
208052,399,97349.58%50.42%411.13%
208555,072,06849.49%50.51%431.00%
209057,521,56149.40%50.60%450.87%
209559,732,52349.30%50.70%470.76%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer