Chad Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa with many regions. Lake Chad, which the country is named for, is the largest wetland in the country, which also has a desert zone, an arid belt and a fertile savanna zone. Chad is bordered by Nigeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Libya, and Niger and it is the 5th largest country by size in Africa.

Chad has an estimated 2015 population of 13.6 million, up from 10.3 million estimated in 2009. The last census was in 1993, finding a population of 6.27 million. Chad is currently the 73rd most populous country in the world. Given its large size, it is sparsely populated with just 8 people per square kilometer (21/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.

Its largest city and capital, N'Djamena, has an estimated population of just under 1 million. Only 26% of the country's people live in urban areas, but almost half are under the age of 15. Chad has an unevenly distributed population, with the highest density in the Logone Occidental Region and the capital. The capital is virtually the only urban area in Chad.

Chad is one of the most corrupt and poorest countries on earth and most of its people are impoverished and live as herders and farmers. The Fund for Peace considers Chad a failed state. Polygamy is very common in Chad with 39% of women in such a union. It is also sanctioned by law. Violence against women is common in Chad, as is female genital mutilation. Despite being prohibited, more than 45% of women undergo the procedure, which is more common among certain ethnic groups like the Arabs and Quaddaians. The life expectancy in Chad is just 47 years old.

Chad Demographics

Chad has over 200 ethnic and linguistic groups.The people of Chad are usually classified according to their geographic region. The Sara live in the south and represent the largest ethnic group. In the Sahel, sedentary people live with nomadic ones like the Arabs, who are the second largest ethnic group. Nomads, particularly the Toubous, live in the north.

The largest ethnic groups, based on the 1993 census, were: Sara (28%), Arab (12%), Mayo-Kebbi (11%), Kanem-Bornou (9%), Ouaddai (9%), Hadjarai (7%), Tandjile (7%), Daza (6%) and Fitri-Batha (5%).

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

Chad Population in 2017 Source: Notrchad

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

Chad Population Density

About Chad

Official Name Republic of Chad
Languages Spoken French, Arabic
Borders CMR, CAF, LBY, NER, NGA, SSD
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 15,19
Currencies Used XAF

Chad Population Clock

What is the population of Chad (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 353
Deaths Per Day 108
Net Migrations Per Day 44
Net Change Per Day 289
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Chad Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 44.328 births/thousand 3rd
Crude Death Rate 13.562 deaths/thousand 10th
Crude Net Migration Rate 1.05 people/thousand 48th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 52.177 years 198th
Life Expectancy (Male) 51.075 years 198th
Life Expectancy (Female) 53.286 years 197th
Total Fertility Rate 5.946 children/woman 4th
Net Reproduction Rate 2.202 surviving daughters/woman 13th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.03 males per female 160th
Infant Mortality Rate 89.373 deaths/1,000 live births 2nd
Under Five Mortality 145.095 deaths/thousand 1st
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.826 years 156th
Rate of Natural Increase 30.377 12th
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 31.375% 199th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 32.033% 198th
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 30.698% 199th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 47.49% 199th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 49.551% 198th
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 45.403% 199th
Crude Suicide Rate 2.7 suicides/thousand 142nd
Median Age (Total) 17.6 years 204th
Median Age (Female) 18.6 years 195th
Median Age (Male) 16.6 years 208th

Chad Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 14,965,482 50.079% 49.921% 11 209 3.15% 73
2015 14,037,472 50.063% 49.937% 11 209 3.22% 73
2010 11,896,380 50.012% 49.988% 9 209 3.32% 73
2005 10,067,931 49.916% 50.084% 7 212 3.47% 80
2000 8,343,321 49.81% 50.19% 6 213 3.77% 86
1995 7,001,634 49.733% 50.267% 5 213 3.38% 91
1990 5,958,022 49.642% 50.358% 4 214 3.19% 93
1985 5,092,650 49.5% 50.5% 4 213 2.93% 97
1980 4,512,795 49.348% 50.652% 3 213 2.15% 100
1975 4,088,857 49.158% 50.842% 3 212 2.04% 100
1970 3,644,910 49.006% 50.994% 2 212 2.24% 102
1965 3,310,921 48.879% 51.121% 2 212 1.87% 100
1960 3,002,595 48.869% 51.131% 2 209 1.94% 100
1955 2,735,935 49.004% 50.996% 2 207 1.84% 98
1950 2,502,314 49.355% 50.645% 1 213 1.66% 98

Chad Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 16,431,331 50.1% 49.9% 13 209 3.05% 73
2025 19,074,752 50.128% 49.872% 15 208 2.88% 69
2030 21,946,338 50.142% 49.858% 17 206 2.69% 64
2035 25,010,319 50.139% 49.861% 19 202 2.5% 63
2040 28,246,918 50.124% 49.876% 22 199 2.33% 62
2045 31,630,622 50.101% 49.899% 25 197 2.16% 62
2050 35,130,891 50.076% 49.924% 27 195 2.01% 58
2055 38,718,148 50.038% 49.962% 30 191 1.85% 56
2060 42,355,385 49.998% 50.002% 33 189 1.71% 55
2065 46,013,079 49.955% 50.045% 36 188 1.57% 51
2070 49,641,779 49.904% 50.096% 39 184 1.44% 48
2075 53,204,960 49.843% 50.157% 42 183 1.31% 44
2080 56,663,757 49.782% 50.218% 45 179 1.19% 44
2085 59,981,412 49.71% 50.29% 47 175 1.07% 42
2090 63,136,594 49.636% 50.364% 50 168 0.96% 40
2095 66,126,084 49.572% 50.428% 52 168 0.87% 39
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations