Chad Population 2018

15,522,640

Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa with many regions. Lake Chad, which the country is named for, is the largest wetland in the country, which also has a desert zone, an arid belt and a fertile savanna zone. Chad is bordered by Nigeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Libya, and Niger and it is the 5th largest country by size in Africa.

Chad has an estimated 2018 population of 15.35 million, up from 10.3 million estimated in 2009. The last census was in 1993, finding a population of 6.27 million. Chad is currently the 73rd most populous country in the world. Given its large size, it is sparsely populated with just 8 people per square kilometer (21/square mile), which ranks 212th in the world.

Its largest city and capital, N'Djamena, has an estimated population of just under 1 million. Only 26% of the country's people live in urban areas, but almost half are under the age of 15. Chad has an unevenly distributed population, with the highest density in the Logone Occidental Region and the capital. The capital is virtually the only urban area in Chad.

Chad is one of the most corrupt and poorest countries on earth and most of its people are impoverished and live as herders and farmers. The Fund for Peace considers Chad a failed state. Polygamy is very common in Chad with 39% of women in such a union. It is also sanctioned by law. Violence against women is common in Chad, as is female genital mutilation. Despite being prohibited, more than 45% of women undergo the procedure, which is more common among certain ethnic groups like the Arabs and Quaddaians. The life expectancy in Chad is just 47 years old.

Chad Demographics

Chad has over 200 ethnic and linguistic groups.The people of Chad are usually classified according to their geographic region. The Sara live in the south and represent the largest ethnic group. In the Sahel, sedentary people live with nomadic ones like the Arabs, who are the second largest ethnic group. Nomads, particularly the Toubous, live in the north.

The largest ethnic groups, based on the 1993 census, were: Sara (28%), Arab (12%), Mayo-Kebbi (11%), Kanem-Bornou (9%), Ouaddai (9%), Hadjarai (7%), Tandjile (7%), Daza (6%) and Fitri-Batha (5%).

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 49 seconds
One death every 3 minutes
One net migrant every 288 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Chad Population in 2018Source: By Notrchad [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Chad Population Growth

Chad is currently growing at an average rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue rapid yet unstable growth that will further strain the country.

About Chad

Official NameRepublic of Chad
Languages SpokenArabic, French
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude1519
Currencies UsedCommunauté Financière Africaine (BEAC) CFA Franc BEAC
DemonymChadian

Chad Population Density

Chad Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
N'Djamena721,081
Moundou135,167
Sarh102,528
Abeche74,188
Kelo42,533
Koumra36,263
Pala35,466
Am Timan28,885
Bongor27,770
Mongo27,763
Doba24,336
Ati24,074
Fada23,786
Lai19,382
Oum Hadjer19,271
Bitkine18,495
Mao18,031
Massaguet17,906
Dourbali17,682
Mboursou Lere17,132

Chad Population Clock

The population of Chad (as of 11/13/2018)?15,522,640
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)15,353,184
Births Per Day1,765
Deaths Per Day524
Net Migrations Per Day 5
Net Change Per Day 1,246
Population Change Since January 1st394,982

Chad Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 13th 2018 is: 15,523,750

Chad Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201815,353,18450.06%49.94%11.96733.04%
201714,899,99450.06%49.94%11.60733.10%
201614,452,54350.05%49.95%11.26733.16%
201514,009,41350.05%49.95%10.91733.34%
201011,887,20250.01%49.99%9.26743.38%
200510,067,00949.92%50.08%7.84813.83%
20008,342,55949.81%50.19%6.50873.57%
19957,000,72249.73%50.27%5.45923.28%
19905,956,85949.64%50.36%4.64933.19%
19855,091,53549.50%50.50%3.97972.45%
19804,512,04249.35%50.65%3.511001.99%
19754,087,94849.16%50.84%3.181002.33%
19703,643,54949.01%50.99%2.841021.94%
19653,309,57348.88%51.12%2.581001.97%
19603,001,59348.87%51.13%2.341001.88%
19552,735,20849.00%51.00%2.13981.80%
19502,502,31749.36%50.64%1.95980.00%

Chad Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202016,285,09350.07%49.93%12.68730.00%
202518,775,56550.08%49.92%14.62702.89%
203021,459,96350.08%49.92%16.71672.71%
203524,317,30950.07%49.93%18.94642.53%
204027,321,15450.04%49.96%21.28632.36%
204530,439,25350.01%49.99%23.71632.18%
205033,635,79549.97%50.03%26.20612.02%
205536,878,23649.92%50.08%28.72581.86%
206040,132,05449.87%50.13%31.26581.71%
206543,357,14849.81%50.19%33.77541.56%
207046,506,37849.74%50.26%36.22511.41%
207549,532,38649.66%50.34%38.58491.27%
208052,399,97349.58%50.42%40.81471.13%
208555,072,06849.49%50.51%42.89451.00%
209057,521,56149.40%50.60%44.80440.87%
209559,732,52349.30%50.70%46.52430.76%
Data Sources
  1. Ministery of Planning, Devlopment and Cooperation
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1993 and 2009 censuses, adjusted for underenumeration, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer