Chile Population 2017

18,119,901

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country with a long yet narrow strip of land that sits between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains with a total area of 756,096 square kilometers (291,930 square miles), making it the 38th largest country by area. The 2017 population is estimated to be 18.05 million.

The last official census took place in Chile back in 2002, which placed the population at 15.1 million. The official 2012 estimate placed Chile's population at 17.4 million. Chile's population is estimated to have grown in 2017 to 18.05 million, which makes it the 62nd most populous country on earth.

Chile's population has grown steadily over the past 60 years, rising from only 6 million in 1950 to almost triple that number -- more than 18 million people now call Chile home. From 1960 to 2012, Chile's population grew 127%, and now represents 0.25% of the world's population. That means 1 in 404 people on earth is a Chilean resident.

Chile is now the 62nd most populous country, and the 6th most populous country in South America (after Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Peru and Venezuela), with an estimated 2017 population of 18.05 million. It is also one of the most prosperous and stable in the region, leading Latin America in income per capita, human development, globalization, and low corruption perception.

2002 Chile Census

At the 2002 census, it was confirmed that there were 15,116,435 people living in South America's longest and thinnest country. It was suggested at the time that the population of Chile was in severe decline due to an alarming fall in the birth rate. However, that suggestion is at odds with the latest estimate from the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (Chile's National Statistics Institute), which claimed that Chile's population in 2011 had grown to 17,248,450.

Largest Cities in Chile

There are no cities in Chile with a population of more than 1 million, although a few come close, and some are much larger when the metropolitan area is considered. Santiago, the capital, is the largest city. The city/urban population is 308,000, but the Santiago Metropolitan Region has 7.2 million inhabitants, representing the most populated and most densely populated region in Chile.

The 5 largest cities in Chile are:

Santiago Metropolis 7.2 million Greater Valparaíso: 979,000 Greater Concepción: 945,000 Greater La Serena: 412,000 Antofagasta: 390,832

Chile Population Density

Chile has a land mass of 756,096.3 square kilometers which equates to 291,930.4 square miles and makes it the 38th largest country in the world in terms of surface area alone.

However, some harsh geography, typified by the Andes mountain range, means that Chile is a relatively sparsely populated country. For every square kilometer of land there is an average of 24 people (63 per square mile), which makes Chile only the 194th most densely populated country on earth (out of 192 countries).

Much of the population of Chile is concentrated in the Santiago Metropolis, which is also the most densely populated region. The city of Santiago has 8,470 people per square kilometer (21,925/square mile).

Chile Demographics

Chile is a very multiethnic society, although studies on the country's ethnic structure vary a great deal. One study found that 30% of Chile's population is of Caucasian origin. A genetic study by the University of Chile found that the average Chilean's genes are 35% Amerindian and 64% Caucasian.

Many Chileans self-identify as white, and the 2011 Latinobarometro survey found that 59% of surveyed Chileans considered themselves white, while 25% answered "mestizo" and 8% answered "indigenous."

Chile has had relatively little European immigration over the years, although it has had waves of Spanish and non-Spanish immigrants, such as Germans, Italians, Irish and French.

It's also estimated that 5% of Chile's population is descended from Asian immigrants, mostly from the Middle East. The East Asian population of Chile has grown recently, and there is a fairly large population of Roma people.

Chile Population Growth

In 2010, figures were released in relation to the birth and death rates within Chile. They pointed to an overall natural growth figure of 0.856%. This figure was calculated using statistics of 14.46 births per 1000 of the population and 5.9 deaths per 1000.

This is still growth in every sense of the word but it is considerably diminished in comparison to increases recorded in the past.

The decline in population growth is also caused to some extent by a relatively high life expectancy in Chile compared to the rest of the world, with the country ranking 28th worldwide. The overall expectancy is 80.1 years and this is divided between male (77.1 years) and female (82.9 years). The fertility rate also dropped from 2.6 in 1990 to 1.8 in 2013.

Despite the lower population growth, immigration has been on the rise. From 2002 to 2009, legal immigration alone jumped by 91 percent.

Chile Population Projections

Population growth may be slowing but Chile continues to see growth nevertheless.

Estimates from the Statistical Government Agency predict Chile will reach 20 million by 2040, with 25% of its population over the age of 60. It's also predicted that Chile's population in 2025 will have more people over 60 than under 15, a trend that the world as a whole will reach by 2045.

The official 2012 estimate of Chile's population showed that the country was less populous but more prosperous than expected, but there are still issues to overcome.

Chile's very slow growth is attributed to its dramatic drop in birth rates. While immigration to the area is growing, it will need to pick up the pace if Chile hopes to overcome labor supply problems in the long run.

Chile Population in 2018Source: David Pozo

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Chile Population Growth

Population growth may be slowing but Chile continues to see growth nevertheless.

Estimates from the Statistical Government Agency predict Chile will reach 20 million by 2040, with 25% of its population over the age of 60. It's also predicted that Chile's population in 2025 will have more people over 60 than under 15, a trend that the world as a whole will reach by 2045.

The official 2012 estimate of Chile's population showed that the country was less populous but more prosperous than expected, but there are still issues to overcome.

Chile's very slow growth is attributed to its dramatic drop in birth rates. While immigration to the area is growing, it will need to pick up the pace if Chile hopes to overcome labor supply problems in the long run.

About Chile

Official NameRepublic of Chile
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersARG, BOL, PER
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-30-71
Currencies UsedCLFCLP

Chile Population Density

Name Population
Santiago4,837,295
Puente Alto510,417
Antofagasta309,832
Vina del Mar294,551
Valparaiso282,448
Talcahuano252,968
San Bernardo249,858
Temuco238,129
Iquique227,499
Concepcion215,413
Rancagua212,695
La Pintana201,178
Talca197,479
Arica185,999
Coquimbo161,317
Puerto Montt160,054
La Serena154,521
Chillan150,396
Calama143,084
Osorno135,773
Valdivia133,419
Quilpue130,263
Copiapo129,280
Los Angeles125,430
Punta Arenas117,430
Lo Prado104,316
Curico102,438
Villa Alemana97,320
Coronel92,940
San Antonio85,651
Chiguayante82,545
Ovalle77,138
Linares69,535
Quillota67,779
Penaflor65,495
Melipilla63,100
San Felipe59,294
Los Andes56,859
Buin55,441
Talagante51,764
Lota49,763
Hacienda La Calera49,106
Tome46,698
Penco46,091
Coihaique45,787
Vallenar44,895
Angol44,856
Rengo38,100
Constitucion37,917
Limache35,876
Santa Cruz33,283
Paine32,766
Villarrica31,602
San Carlos31,517
Cauquenes31,362
Curanilahue30,611
Las Animas30,000
Castro29,926
Lampa29,250
Molina28,775
Ancud28,020
Machali27,595
Pucon26,953
Parral26,904
La Union26,298
Puerto Varas24,958
La Ligua24,857
Arauco24,659
Victoria24,555
Tocopilla24,460
Graneros23,301
El Monte23,090
Illapel22,816
San Vicente22,572
San Javier22,427
Lebu22,345
Mulchen22,170
Puerto Quellon21,823
Lautaro21,579
Nacimiento21,220
Canete20,158
Puerto Natales20,000
Nueva Imperial18,777
Cabrero18,327
Diego de Almagro18,137
Chicureo Abajo18,000
Chimbarongo17,356
Frutillar16,939
Puerto Aisen16,936
Cartagena16,875
Llaillay16,646
La Laja16,550
Collipulli16,392
Panguipulli16,312
Loncoche15,590
Rio Bueno15,456
Villa Presidente Frei, Nunoa, Santiago, Chile15,000
Traiguen14,481
Monte Patria13,945
Pitrufquen13,743
San Clemente13,656
Purranque13,619
Vicuna13,496
Salamanca13,265
Bulnes12,715
Chonchi12,572
Calbuco12,490
Carahue11,875
Yumbel11,111
Taltal10,018
Vilcun9,241
Rauco8,566
Freire7,813
Coihueco7,346
Teno6,858
Longavi6,325

Chile Population Clock

What is the population of Chile (as of 12/12/2017)?18,119,901
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18,054,726
Births Per Day651
Deaths Per Day302
Net Migrations Per Day 46
Net Change Per Day 395
Population Change Since January 1st136,670

Chile Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 13.238 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.136 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.939 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.644 years
Male Life Expectancy 77.078 years
Female Life Expectancy 82.024 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.776 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.859 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 6.478 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 7.782 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.805 years
Rate of Natural Increase 7.102
Median Age (Total) 34 years
Median Age (Female) 35.2 years
Median Age (Male) 32.9 years

Chile Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201718,054,72649.54%50.46%24650.82%
201517,762,68149.52%50.48%23620.89%
201016,993,35449.49%50.51%22601.03%
200516,147,06449.47%50.53%21611.13%
200015,262,75449.44%50.56%20611.32%
199514,296,61349.40%50.60%19591.54%
199013,242,13249.33%50.67%18551.68%
198512,181,02849.27%50.73%16551.57%
198011,266,22649.23%50.77%15541.54%
197510,435,53449.20%50.80%14541.76%
19709,563,86549.18%50.82%13552.11%
19658,617,07749.18%50.82%11552.23%
19607,716,62549.21%50.79%10572.24%
19556,906,83849.27%50.73%9592.22%
19506,188,28449.29%50.71%8570.00%

Chile Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202018,472,63949.56%50.44%24660.00%
202519,099,23749.61%50.39%25680.67%
203019,637,32149.66%50.34%26700.56%
203520,058,95749.73%50.27%27710.43%
204020,378,60449.80%50.20%27740.32%
204520,598,05949.87%50.13%27760.21%
205020,718,13149.93%50.07%27770.12%
205520,746,93450.00%50.00%27760.03%
206020,697,07450.05%49.95%2776-0.05%
206520,583,49650.10%49.90%2776-0.11%
207020,413,67250.13%49.87%2775-0.17%
207520,197,38050.15%49.85%2776-0.21%
208019,938,74650.15%49.85%2676-0.26%
208519,647,07850.16%49.84%2677-0.29%
209019,343,22150.17%49.83%2677-0.31%
209519,044,32250.18%49.82%2577-0.31%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer