Chile Population 2017

18,334,015

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country with a long yet narrow strip of land that sits between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains with a total area of 756,096 square kilometers (291,930 square miles), making it the 38th largest country by area. The 2016 population is estimated to be over 18 million.

The last official census took place in Chile back in 2002, which placed the population at 15.1 million. The official 2012 estimate placed Chile's population at 17.4 million. Chile's population is estimated to have grown in 2016 to 18,191,900, which makes it the 62nd most populous country on earth.

Chile's population has grown steadily over the past 60 years, rising from only 6 million in 1950 to almost triple that number -- more than 18 million people now call Chile home. From 1960 to 2012, Chile's population grew 127%, and now represents 0.25% of the world's population. That means 1 in 404 people on earth is a Chilean resident.

Chile is now the 62nd most populous country, and the 6th most populous country in South America (after Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Peru and Venezuela), with an estimated 2016 population of 18.19 million. It is also one of the most prosperous and stable in the region, leading Latin America in income per capita, human development, globalization, and low corruption perception.

2002 Chile Census

At the 2002 census, it was confirmed that there were 15,116,435 people living in South America's longest and thinnest country. It was suggested at the time that the population of Chile was in severe decline due to an alarming fall in the birth rate. However, that suggestion is at odds with the latest estimate from the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (Chile's National Statistics Institute), which claimed that Chile's population in 2011 had grown to 17,248,450.

Largest Cities in Chile

There are no cities in Chile with a population of more than 1 million, although a few come close, and some are much larger when the metropolitan area is considered. Santiago, the capital, is the largest city. The city/urban population is 308,000, but the Santiago Metropolitan Region has 7.2 million inhabitants, representing the most populated and most densely populated region in Chile.

The 5 largest cities in Chile are:

Santiago Metropolis 7.2 million Greater Valparaíso: 979,000 Greater Concepción: 945,000 Greater La Serena: 412,000 Antofagasta: 390,832

Chile Population Density

Chile has a land mass of 756,096.3 square kilometers which equates to 291,930.4 square miles and makes it the 38th largest country in the world in terms of surface area alone.

However, some harsh geography, typified by the Andes mountain range, means that Chile is a relatively sparsely populated country. For every square kilometer of land there is an average of 24 people (63 per square mile), which makes Chile only the 194th most densely populated country on earth (out of 192 countries).

Much of the population of Chile is concentrated in the Santiago Metropolis, which is also the most densely populated region. The city of Santiago has 8,470 people per square kilometer (21,925/square mile).

Chile Demographics

Chile is a very multiethnic society, although studies on the country's ethnic structure vary a great deal. One study found that 30% of Chile's population is of Caucasian origin. A genetic study by the University of Chile found that the average Chilean's genes are 35% Amerindian and 64% Caucasian.

Many Chileans self-identify as white, and the 2011 Latinobarometro survey found that 59% of surveyed Chileans considered themselves white, while 25% answered "mestizo" and 8% answered "indigenous."

Chile has had relatively little European immigration over the years, although it has had waves of Spanish and non-Spanish immigrants, such as Germans, Italians, Irish and French.

It's also estimated that 5% of Chile's population is descended from Asian immigrants, mostly from the Middle East. The East Asian population of Chile has grown recently, and there is a fairly large population of Roma people.

Chile Population Growth

In 2010, figures were released in relation to the birth and death rates within Chile. They pointed to an overall natural growth figure of 0.856%. This figure was calculated using statistics of 14.46 births per 1000 of the population and 5.9 deaths per 1000.

This is still growth in every sense of the word but it is considerably diminished in comparison to increases recorded in the past.

The decline in population growth is also caused to some extent by a relatively high life expectancy in Chile compared to the rest of the world, with the country ranking 28th worldwide. The overall expectancy is 80.1 years and this is divided between male (77.1 years) and female (82.9 years). The fertility rate also dropped from 2.6 in 1990 to 1.8 in 2013.

Despite the lower population growth, immigration has been on the rise. From 2002 to 2009, legal immigration alone jumped by 91 percent.

Chile Population Projections

Population growth may be slowing but Chile continues to see growth nevertheless.

Estimates from the Statistical Government Agency predict Chile will reach 20 million by 2040, with 25% of its population over the age of 60. It's also predicted that Chile's population in 2025 will have more people over 60 than under 15, a trend that the world as a whole will reach by 2045.

The official 2012 estimate of Chile's population showed that the country was less populous but more prosperous than expected, but there are still issues to overcome.

Chile's very slow growth is attributed to its dramatic drop in birth rates. While immigration to the area is growing, it will need to pick up the pace if Chile hopes to overcome labor supply problems in the long run.

Chile Population in 2017Source: David Pozo

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Chile Population Growth

Population growth may be slowing but Chile continues to see growth nevertheless.

Estimates from the Statistical Government Agency predict Chile will reach 20 million by 2040, with 25% of its population over the age of 60. It's also predicted that Chile's population in 2025 will have more people over 60 than under 15, a trend that the world as a whole will reach by 2045.

The official 2012 estimate of Chile's population showed that the country was less populous but more prosperous than expected, but there are still issues to overcome.

Chile's very slow growth is attributed to its dramatic drop in birth rates. While immigration to the area is growing, it will need to pick up the pace if Chile hopes to overcome labor supply problems in the long run.

About Chile

Official NameRepublic of Chile
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersARG, BOL, PER
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-30-71
Currencies UsedCLFCLP

Chile Population Density

Name Population
Longavi6,325
Teno6,858
Coihueco7,346
Freire7,813
Rauco8,566
Vilcun9,241
Taltal10,018
Yumbel11,111
Carahue11,875
Calbuco12,490
Chonchi12,572
Bulnes12,715
Salamanca13,265
Vicuna13,496
Purranque13,619
San Clemente13,656
Pitrufquen13,743
Monte Patria13,945
Traiguen14,481
Villa Presidente Frei, Nunoa, Santiago, Chile15,000
Rio Bueno15,456
Loncoche15,590
Panguipulli16,312
Collipulli16,392
La Laja16,550
Llaillay16,646
Cartagena16,875
Puerto Aisen16,936
Frutillar16,939
Chimbarongo17,356
Chicureo Abajo18,000
Diego de Almagro18,137
Cabrero18,327
Nueva Imperial18,777
Puerto Natales20,000
Canete20,158
Nacimiento21,220
Lautaro21,579
Puerto Quellon21,823
Mulchen22,170
Lebu22,345
San Javier22,427
San Vicente22,572
Illapel22,816
El Monte23,090
Graneros23,301
Tocopilla24,460
Victoria24,555
Arauco24,659
La Ligua24,857
Puerto Varas24,958
La Union26,298
Parral26,904
Pucon26,953
Machali27,595
Ancud28,020
Molina28,775
Lampa29,250
Castro29,926
Las Animas30,000
Curanilahue30,611
Cauquenes31,362
San Carlos31,517
Villarrica31,602
Paine32,766
Santa Cruz33,283
Limache35,876
Constitucion37,917
Rengo38,100
Angol44,856
Vallenar44,895
Coihaique45,787
Penco46,091
Tome46,698
Hacienda La Calera49,106
Lota49,763
Talagante51,764
Buin55,441
Los Andes56,859
San Felipe59,294
Melipilla63,100
Penaflor65,495
Quillota67,779
Linares69,535
Ovalle77,138
Chiguayante82,545
San Antonio85,651
Coronel92,940
Villa Alemana97,320
Curico102,438
Lo Prado104,316
Punta Arenas117,430
Los Angeles125,430
Copiapo129,280
Quilpue130,263
Valdivia133,419
Osorno135,773
Calama143,084
Chillan150,396
La Serena154,521
Puerto Montt160,054
Coquimbo161,317
Arica185,999
Talca197,479
La Pintana201,178
Rancagua212,695
Concepcion215,413
Iquique227,499
Temuco238,129
San Bernardo249,858
Talcahuano252,968
Valparaiso282,448
Vina del Mar294,551
Antofagasta309,832
Puente Alto510,417
Santiago4,837,295

Chile Population Clock

What is the population of Chile (as of 10/16/2017)?18,334,015
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)18,313,495
Births Per Day128
Deaths Per Day52
Net Migrations Per Day 114
Net Change Per Day 190
Population Change Since January 1st54,910

Chile Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 12.736 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.194 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.268 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.515 years
Male Life Expectancy 79.648 years
Female Life Expectancy 85.163 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.73 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.835 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 5.914 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 9.895 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.639 years
Rate of Natural Increase 7.454
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.656%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.464%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.805%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 7.648%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 10%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.249%
Median Age (Total) 34 years
Median Age (Female) 35.2 years
Median Age (Male) 32.9 years

Chile Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201718,313,49549.35%50.65%250.97%
201517,948,14149.34%50.66%241.02%
201017,015,04849.32%50.68%231.09%
200516,096,57149.32%50.68%221.13%
200015,170,38749.33%50.67%201.23%
199514,193,98649.32%50.68%191.41%
199013,141,20249.30%50.70%181.61%
198512,108,57649.30%50.70%161.60%
198011,234,34049.29%50.71%151.47%
197510,420,59049.29%50.71%141.56%
19709,561,86849.31%50.69%131.86%
19658,612,07449.35%50.65%122.19%
19607,695,69249.39%50.61%102.28%
19556,862,21149.45%50.55%92.28%
19506,142,89949.53%50.47%82.18%

Chile Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202018,842,42049.38%50.62%250.90%
202519,638,80149.44%50.56%260.69%
203020,249,83849.48%50.52%270.53%
203520,750,88149.52%50.48%280.42%
204021,141,51049.55%50.45%280.31%
204521,422,94349.58%50.42%290.20%
205021,600,68549.59%50.41%290.11%
205521,677,04849.61%50.39%290.02%
206021,661,50449.63%50.37%29-0.06%
206521,568,38449.66%50.34%29-0.12%
207021,411,92049.67%50.33%29-0.17%
207521,207,65049.67%50.33%29-0.22%
208020,955,72349.65%50.35%28-0.27%
208520,664,32149.63%50.37%28-0.30%
209020,347,56749.63%50.37%27-0.31%
209520,037,93149.64%50.36%27-0.30%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations