Chile Population 2019
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country with a long yet narrow strip of land that sits between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains with a total area of 756,096 square kilometers (291,930 square miles), making it the 38th largest country by area. The 2019 population is estimated to be 18.95 million.
The last official census took place in Chile back in 2002, which placed the population at 15.1 million. The official 2012 estimate placed Chile's population at 17.4 million. Chile's population is estimated to have grown in 2019 to 18.95 million, which makes it the 62nd most populous country on earth.
Chile's population has grown steadily over the past 60 years, rising from only 6 million in 1950 to almost triple that number -- more than 18 million people now call Chile home. From 1960 to 2012, Chile's population grew 127%, and now represents 0.25% of the world's population. That means 1 in 404 people on earth is a Chilean resident.
Chile is now the 62nd most populous country, and the 6th most populous country in South America (after Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Peru and Venezuela), with an estimated 2019 population of 18.95 million. It is also one of the most prosperous and stable in the region, leading Latin America in income per capita, human development, globalization, and low corruption perception.
Chile Area and Population Density
Chile has a land mass of 756,096.3 square kilometers which equates to 291,930.4 square miles and makes it the 38th largest country in the world in terms of surface area alone.
However, some harsh geography, typified by the Andes mountain range, means that Chile is a relatively sparsely populated country. For every square kilometer of land there is an average of 24 people (63 per square mile), which makes Chile only the 194th most densely populated country on earth (out of 192 countries).
Much of the population of Chile is concentrated in the Santiago Metropolis, which is also the most densely populated region in the country. The city of Santiago has a population density of 8,470 people per square kilometer (21,925/square mile).
Largest Cities in Chile
There are no cities in Chile with a population of more than 1 million, although a few come close, and some are much larger when the entire metropolitan area is considered. Santiago, the capital, is also the largest city. The city/urban population is 308,000, but the Santiago Metropolitan Region has 7.2 million inhabitants, representing the most populated and most densely populated region in Chile.
The 5 largest cities in Chile are:
- Santiago Metropolis 7.2 million
- Greater Valparaíso: 979,000
- Greater Concepción: 945,000
- Greater La Serena: 412,000
- Antofagasta: 390,832
Chile is a very multiethnic society, although studies on the country's ethnic structure vary a great deal. One study found that 30% of Chile's population is of Caucasian origin. A genetic study by the University of Chile found that the average Chilean's genes are 35% Amerindian and 64% Caucasian.
Many Chileans self-identify as white, and the 2011 Latinobarometro survey found that 59% of surveyed Chileans considered themselves white, while 25% answered "mestizo" and 8% answered "indigenous."
Chile has had relatively little European immigration over the years, although it has had waves of Spanish and non-Spanish immigrants, such as Germans, Italians, Irish and French.
It's also estimated that 5% of Chile's population is descended from Asian immigrants, mostly from the Middle East. The East Asian population of Chile has grown recently, and there is a fairly large population of Roma people.
Chile Religion, Economy and Politics
The majority of Chileans practice some form of Christianity, 54% of the total population and Roman Catholic, and 14% are Protestant. The remaining 32% of people, a fairly large proportion compared to many countries, are religiously unaffiliated.
Since the turn of the 21st century, the economy has been doing well in Chile, significantly improving the lives of its citizens. It is so stable, in fact, that it is considered South America's most prosperous and stable nation. Chile's main business sectors are agriculture and mining, as well as service industries like finance and tourism. Chile has also flourished due to its strong commitment to free trade and by gaining many foreign investors.
Chile Population History
At the 2002 census, it was confirmed that there were 15,116,435 people living in South America's longest and thinnest country. It was suggested at the time that the population of Chile was in severe decline due to an alarming fall in the birth rate. However, that suggestion is at odds with the latest estimate from the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (Chile's National Statistics Institute), which claimed that Chile's population in 2011 had grown to 17,248,450.
Chile Population Growth
In 2010, figures were released in relation to the birth and death rates within Chile. They pointed to an overall natural growth figure of 0.856%. This figure was calculated using statistics of 14.46 births per 1000 of the population and 5.9 deaths per 1000.
This is still growth in every sense of the word but it is considerably diminished in comparison to increases recorded in the past.
The decline in population growth is also caused to some extent by a relatively high life expectancy in Chile compared to the rest of the world, with the country ranking 28th worldwide. The overall expectancy is 80.1 years and this is divided between male (77.1 years) and female (82.9 years). The fertility rate also dropped from 2.6 in 1990 to 1.8 in 2013.
Despite the lower population growth, immigration has been on the rise. From 2002 to 2009, legal immigration alone jumped by 91 percent.
Chile Population Projections
Population growth may be slowing but Chile continues to see growth nevertheless.
Estimates from the Statistical Government Agency predict Chile will reach 20 million by 2040, with 25% of its population over the age of 60. It's also predicted that Chile's population in 2025 will have more people over 60 than under 15, a trend that the world as a whole will reach by 2045.
The official 2012 estimate of Chile's population showed that the country was less populous but more prosperous than expected, but there are still issues to overcome.
Chile's very slow growth is attributed to its dramatic drop in birth rates. While immigration to the area is growing, it will need to pick up the pace if Chile hopes to overcome labor supply problems in the long run.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 2 minutes|
|One death every 5 minutes|
|One net migrant every 7 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 3 minutes|