Chile Population 2016

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country with a long yet narrow strip of land that sits between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains with a total area of 756,096 square kilometers (291,930 square miles), making it the 38th largest country.

The last official census took place in Chile back in 2002, which placed the population at 15.1 million. The official 2012 estimate placed Chile's population at 17.4 million. Chile's population is estimated to have grown in 2013 to 17,643,916, and in 2015 to 17.9 million, which makes it the 61st most populous country on earth.

Chile's population has grown steadily over the past 60 years, rising from only 6 million in 1950 to almost triple that number -- more than 17.8 million people now call Chile home. From 1960 to 2012, Chile's population grew 127%, and now represents 0.25% of the world's population. That means 1 in 404 people on earth is a Chilean resident.

Chile is now the 61st most populous country, and the 6th most populous country in South America (after Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Peru and Venezuela), with an estimated 2015 population of 17.9 million. It is also one of the most prosperous and stable in the region, leading Latin America in income per capita, human development, globalization, and low corruption perception.

2002 Chile Census

At the 2002 census, it was confirmed that there were 15,116,435 people living in South America's longest and thinnest country. It was suggested at the time that the population of Chile was in severe decline due to an alarming fall in the birth rate. However, that suggestion is at odds with the latest estimate from the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (Chile's National Statistics Institute), which claimed that Chile's population in 2011 had grown to 17,248,450.

Largest Cities in Chile

There are no cities in Chile with a population of more than 1 million, although a few come close, and some are much larger when the metropolitan area is considered. Santiago, the capital, is the largest city. The city/urban population is 308,000, but the Santiago Metropolitan Region has more than 6 million inhabitants, representing the most populated and most densely populated region in Chile.

The 5 largest cities in Chile are:

Santiago Metropolis 6.68 million Greater Concepción: 949,000 Greater Valparaíso: 934,000 Greater La Serena: 413,700 Antofagasta: 348,700

Chile Population Density

Chile has a land mass of 756,096.3 square kilometers which equates to 291,930.4 square miles and makes it the 38th largest country in the world in terms of surface area alone.

However, some harsh geography, typified by the Andes mountain range, means that Chile is a relatively sparsely populated country. For every square kilometer of land there is an average of 23 people (59 per square mile), which makes Chile only the 194th most densely populated country on earth (out of 192 countries).

Much of the population of Chile is concentrated in the Santiago Metropolis, which is also the most densely populated region. The city of Santiago has 8,470 people per square kilometer (21,925/square mile).

Chile Demographics

Chile is a very multiethnic society, although studies on the country's ethnic structure vary a great deal. One study found that 30% of Chile's population is of Caucasian origin. A genetic study by the University of Chile found that the average Chilean's genes are 35% Amerindian and 64% Caucasian.

Many Chileans self-identify as white, and the 2011 Latinobarometro survey found that 59% of surveyed Chileans considered themselves white, while 25% answered "mestizo" and 8% answered "indigenous."

Chile has had relatively little European immigration over the years, although it has had waves of Spanish and non-Spanish immigrants, such as Germans, Italians, Irish and French.

It's also estimated that 5% of Chile's population is descended from Asian immigrants, mostly from the Middle East. The East Asian population of Chile has grown recently, and there is a fairly large population of Roma people.

Chile Population Growth

In 2010, figures were released in relation to the birth and death rates within Chile. They pointed to an overall natural growth figure of 0.856%. This figure was calculated using statistics of 14.46 births per 1000 of the population and 5.9 deaths per 1000.

This is still growth in every sense of the word but it is considerably diminished in comparison to increases recorded in the past.

The decline in population growth is also caused to some extent by a relatively high life expectancy in Chile compared to the rest of the world. The overall expectancy is 77.53 years and this is divided between male (74.26 years) and female (80.96 years).

Despite the lower population growth, immigration has been on the rise. From 2002 to 2009, legal immigration alone jumped by 91 percent.

Chile Population Projections

Population growth may be slowing but Chile continues to see growth nevertheless.

Estimates from the Statistical Government Agency predict Chile will reach 20 million by 2040, with 25% of its population over the age of 60. It's also predicted that Chile's population in 2025 will have more people over 60 than under 15, a trend that the world as a whole will reach by 2045.

The official 2012 estimate of Chile's population showed that the country was less populous but more prosperous than expected, but there are still issues to overcome.

Chile's very slow growth is attributed to its dramatic drop in birth rates. While immigration to the area is growing, it will need to pick up the pace if Chile hopes to overcome labor supply problems in the long run.

Chile Population Clock

What is the population of Chile (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2016) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 638
Deaths Per Day 263
Net Migrations Per Day 114
Net Change Per Day 489
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Chile Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 12.668 births/thousand 138th
Crude Death Rate 5.214 deaths/thousand 167th
Crude Net Migration Rate 2.268 people/thousand 26th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 82.65 years 13th
Life Expectancy (Male) 79.82 years 17th
Life Expectancy (Female) 85.26 years 9th
Total Fertility Rate 1.727 children/woman 148th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.835 surviving daughters/woman 146th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.04 males per female 141st
Infant Mortality Rate 5.724 deaths/1,000 live births 144th
Under Five Mortality 9.591 deaths/thousand 134th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.639 years 155th

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Chile Population Growth

Population growth may be slowing but Chile continues to see growth nevertheless.

Estimates from the Statistical Government Agency predict Chile will reach 20 million by 2040, with 25% of its population over the age of 60. It's also predicted that Chile's population in 2025 will have more people over 60 than under 15, a trend that the world as a whole will reach by 2045.

The official 2012 estimate of Chile's population showed that the country was less populous but more prosperous than expected, but there are still issues to overcome.

Chile's very slow growth is attributed to its dramatic drop in birth rates. While immigration to the area is growing, it will need to pick up the pace if Chile hopes to overcome labor supply problems in the long run.

Chile Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2016 18,131,850 49.3% 50.7% 24 153 1% 63
2015 17,948,141 49.3% 50.7% 24 152 1.02% 62
2010 17,015,048 49.3% 50.7% 22 153 1.09% 60
2005 16,096,571 49.3% 50.7% 21 154 1.13% 61
2000 15,170,386 49.3% 50.7% 20 153 1.23% 60
1995 14,193,986 49.3% 50.7% 19 151 1.41% 59
1990 13,141,202 49.3% 50.7% 17 150 1.61% 55
1985 12,108,576 49.3% 50.7% 16 149 1.6% 55
1980 11,234,340 49.3% 50.7% 15 146 1.47% 54
1975 10,420,590 49.3% 50.7% 14 146 1.56% 54
1970 9,561,868 49.3% 50.7% 12 146 1.86% 55
1965 8,612,074 49.4% 50.6% 11 144 2.19% 55
1960 7,695,691 49.4% 50.6% 10 141 2.28% 57
1955 6,862,210 49.5% 50.5% 9 139 2.28% 59
1950 6,142,899 49.5% 50.5% 8 139 2.18% 58

Chile Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 18,842,420 49.4% 50.6% 25 153 0.9% 65
2025 19,638,801 49.4% 50.6% 26 156 0.69% 66
2030 20,249,838 49.5% 50.5% 27 159 0.53% 68
2035 20,750,881 49.5% 50.5% 27 161 0.42% 68
2040 21,141,510 49.6% 50.4% 28 160 0.31% 74
2045 21,422,943 49.6% 50.4% 28 160 0.2% 74
2050 21,600,685 49.6% 50.4% 29 161 0.11% 74
2055 21,677,048 49.6% 50.4% 29 163 0.02% 75
2060 21,661,504 49.6% 50.4% 29 164 -0.06% 75
2065 21,568,384 49.7% 50.3% 29 164 -0.12% 75
2070 21,411,920 49.7% 50.3% 28 164 -0.17% 75
2075 21,207,650 49.7% 50.3% 28 165 -0.22% 76
2080 20,955,723 49.7% 50.3% 28 165 -0.26% 76
2085 20,664,321 49.6% 50.4% 27 165 -0.3% 76
2090 20,347,567 49.6% 50.4% 27 165 -0.31% 76
2095 20,037,931 49.6% 50.4% 26 165 -0.3% 77
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations