Colombia Population 2018

49,645,623

The 2018 population of Colombia is estimated at 49.46 million, which ranks 28th in the world. Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia. It consists of thirty-two departments and is located on the northwestern side of South America.

Colombia has an estimated 2018 population of 49.46 million, up from the 2005 census population of 42.88 million.

Area and Population Density in Colombia

The population is largely concentrated along the Caribbean coast and the Andean highlands. The eastern lowland areas, which account for 54% of the country's area, have less than 3% of the population. Despite being one of the top 30 most populous countries, Colombia is sparsely populated with just 41 people per square kilometer (106/square mile), which ranks 173rd in the world. Colombia is the third-most populous country in all of Latin America and it's home to the third-largest number of Spanish-speaking people in the world after Mexico and the United States.

City Centers and Capital of Colombia

The largest city and capital of Colombia is Bogota, which has a population of 7.9 million. The greater metropolitan area has a population of 12 million. Other major cities include Medellin (1.9 million), Cali (2.4 million) and Barranquilla (1.2 million).

Colombia Geography and Climate

Colombia's geography consists of six main natural regions, and each region represents its own different and unique characteristics. Colombia's main features that highlight its geography are the Andes mountain range that is shared with Ecuador and Venezuela, the Pacific coastal area that joins with Panama and Ecuador, the Lianos plains that are shared with Venezuela, the Caribbean coastal region with Venezuela and Panama, and the Amazon rainforest area that connects with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.

The Colombian people have differentiated the country in terms of its climatic zones. For example, they call the region below 900 meters (2,953ft) in elevation, the Tierra Caliente meaning hot land. In this region, the temperature varies between 24 and 38 C (75.2 and 100.4 F). The Tierra Caliente spreads over about 86% of the total area of the country.

Tierra Templada, which means temperate land, ranges between 900 to 1,980 meters in elevation. This is the part of land that has most of the country's population, and is the most productive land. This part of land also provides very suitable conditions for the growth and production of coffee. Tierra Fria, which means cold land, is located between 1,980 and 3500 meters (6,496 and 11,483 ft), and is a suitable land for the production of wheat and potatoes. In the region Tierra Fria, the mean range of the temperatures remains between 10 and 19 C (50 and 66.2 F).

Colombia Demographics

At the 2005 census, the population of Colombia was determined to be 86% non-ethnic, or whites and mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry. The population is also 11% Black, 3.4% Amerindian and 0.01% Roma. About 49% of the population is mestizo, while 37% is of European ancestry, mostly from Spain, Italy, France and German.

While the indigenous peoples were largely decimated during Spanish rule, reserves were established on 27% of the country's total land area. There are more than 800,000 indigenous peoples in Colombia, the largest groups of which include the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Zenu and the Embera.

68 languages and dialects are spoken in Colombia but the official and most common language is Spanish. More than 99.2% of the people of Colombia speak Spanish.

Colombian Culture and Cuisine

Colombian cuisine varies greatly, being influenced by its diverse flora and fauna and also by its immigrants' cultural traditions. The Colombian dishes vary from region to region. Some very common ingredients used in Colombian cuisine are rice and maize, potato and cassava, assorted legumes, pork, chicken, beef, goat, fish and seafood. The tropical fruits of Colombia include papaya, mango, banana, pineapple, lulo, guava and passion fruit.

Colombia is currently ranked as the third happiest country in the world on the Happy Planet Index. In addition, The World Happiness Report gives Colombia a ranking of 37 with an overall happiness rating of 6.26 out of 10.

Colombia Population Growth

Colombia is currently growing at a steady rate of 1.3% a year, a trend that is expected to continue in the near future. The 2017 estimate has the growth rate at .99%, which is a slight decline, but still in the positive range. The current birth rate is approximately 16 births per 1,000 individuals in the population, with a death rate of 5.5 deaths per 1,000 individuals. The current fertility rate is 2 children born per woman, with an 81% contraceptive prevalence rate. The median age in Colombia is currently 30 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 75.9 years.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 43 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 18 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Colombia Population in 2018Source: By EEIM [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Colombia Population Pyramid 2018

100,000200,000300,000400,000Colombia Male Population100,000200,000300,000400,000Colombia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Colombia Population by Age

There are 35,107,322 adults in Colombia.

Census Years

Year Date
20172017
200622 May 2006
199324 October 1993
198515 October 1985

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Colombia Population Growth

Despite negative net migration, Colombia's population is expected to rise until 2046, when it reaches 55 million inhabitants. From there it will begin to decline slightly for the rest of the century.

About Colombia

Official NameRepublic of Colombia
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4-72
Currencies UsedColombia Peso
DemonymColombian

Countries Bordering Colombia

Brazil
Ecuador
Panama
Peru
Venezuela

Colombia Population Density

Colombia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bogota7,674,366
Cali2,392,877
Medellin1,999,979
House' s Joe Arroyo1,410,433
Barranquilla1,380,425
Cartagena952,024
Cucuta721,398
Bucaramanga571,820
Pereira440,118
Santa Marta431,781
Ibague421,685
Bello392,939
Pasto382,236
Manizales357,814
Neiva352,855
Soledad342,556
Villavicencio321,717
Armenia315,328
Soacha313,945
Valledupar308,237

Colombia Population Clock

The population of Colombia (as of 12/13/2018)?49,645,623
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)49,464,683
Births Per Day1,996
Deaths Per Day825
Net Migrations Per Day -81
Net Change Per Day 1,090
Population Change Since January 1st378,230

Colombia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 49,638,785

Colombia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201849,464,68349.18%50.82%43.32290.81%
201749,065,61549.20%50.80%42.97290.85%
201648,653,41949.22%50.78%42.61280.88%
201548,228,69749.23%50.77%42.24280.99%
201045,918,09749.31%50.69%40.22291.19%
200543,285,63449.38%50.62%37.91291.39%
200040,403,95849.45%50.55%35.39291.53%
199537,441,97749.54%50.46%32.79301.79%
199034,271,56549.66%50.34%30.02302.02%
198531,011,68849.74%50.26%27.16292.26%
198027,737,90049.79%50.21%24.29302.30%
197524,756,97349.77%50.23%21.68302.33%
197022,061,21549.77%50.23%19.32302.88%
196519,144,22349.72%50.28%16.77323.04%
196016,480,38349.67%50.33%14.43322.99%
195514,225,20449.63%50.37%12.46322.88%
195012,340,89949.60%50.40%10.81320.00%

Colombia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202050,220,41249.15%50.85%43.99290.00%
202551,854,48249.07%50.93%45.42300.64%
203053,134,12748.98%51.02%46.54310.49%
203554,054,58748.90%51.10%47.34310.34%
204054,615,10048.83%51.17%47.83330.21%
204554,833,76448.78%51.22%48.03360.08%
205054,732,75548.76%51.24%47.9437-0.04%
205554,361,02048.77%51.23%47.6140-0.14%
206053,765,45548.81%51.19%47.0940-0.22%
206552,985,00348.88%51.12%46.4145-0.29%
207052,048,55348.96%51.04%45.5946-0.36%
207550,973,49449.06%50.94%44.6546-0.42%
208049,782,65149.16%50.84%43.6048-0.47%
208548,533,02249.26%50.74%42.5150-0.51%
209047,269,91149.36%50.64%41.4051-0.53%
209546,025,60049.45%50.55%40.3152-0.53%
Data Sources
  1. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)
  2. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1951, 1964, 1973, 1985, 1993 and 2005 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer