Colombia Population 2019

50,499,143

The 2019 population of Colombia is estimated at 50.34 million, which ranks 29th in the world. Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia. It consists of thirty-two departments and is located on the northwestern side of South America.

Colombia has an estimated 2019 population of 50.34 million, up from the 2005 census population of 42.88 million.

Columbia Area and Population Density

The population is largely concentrated along the Caribbean coast and the Andean highlands. The eastern lowland areas, which account for 54% of the country's area, have less than 3% of the population. Despite being one of the top 30 most populous countries, Colombia is sparsely populated with just 41 people per square kilometer (106/square mile), which ranks 173rd in the world. Colombia is the third-most populous country in all of Latin America and it's home to the third-largest number of Spanish-speaking people in the world after Mexico and the United States.

Colombia's geography consists of six main natural regions, and each region represents its own different and unique characteristics. Colombia's main features that highlight its geography are the Andes mountain range that is shared with Ecuador and Venezuela, the Pacific coastal area that joins with Panama and Ecuador, the Lianos plains that are shared with Venezuela, the Caribbean coastal region with Venezuela and Panama, and the Amazon rainforest area that connects with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.

The Colombian people have differentiated the country in terms of its climatic zones. For example, they call the region below 900 meters (2,953ft) in elevation, the Tierra Caliente meaning hot land. In this region, the temperature varies between 24 and 38 C (75.2 and 100.4 F). The Tierra Caliente spreads over about 86% of the total area of the country.

Tierra Templada, which means temperate land, ranges between 900 to 1,980 meters in elevation. This is the part of the land that has most of the country's population, and is the most productive land. This part of the land also provides very suitable conditions for the growth and production of coffee. Tierra Fria, which means cold land, is located between 1,980 and 3500 meters (6,496 and 11,483 ft), and is suitable for the production of wheat and potatoes. In the region Tierra Fria, the mean range of the temperatures remains between 10 and 19 C (50 and 66.2 F).

Largest Cities in Colombia

The largest city and capital of Colombia is Bogota, which has a population of 7.9 million. The greater metropolitan area has a population of 12 million. Other major cities include Medellin (1.9 million), Cali (2.4 million) and Barranquilla (1.2 million).

Colombia Demographics

At the 2005 census, the population of Colombia was determined to be 86% non-ethnic, or whites and mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry. The population is also 11% Black, 3.4% Amerindian and 0.01% Roma. About 49% of the population is mestizo, while 37% is of European ancestry, mostly from Spain, Italy, France and Germany.

While the indigenous peoples were largely decimated during Spanish rule, reserves were established on 27% of the country's total land area. There are more than 800,000 indigenous peoples in Colombia, the largest groups of which include the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Zenu and the Embera.

68 languages and dialects are spoken in Colombia but the official and most common language is Spanish. More than 99.2% of the people of Colombia speak Spanish.

Colombia Religion, Economy and Politics

Colombia is a fairly religious country with an impressive 70% of the population stating that they are Roman Catholic Catholic. However, only 25% are practicing. The Roman Catholic was directly involved in the government until 1991.

Colombian cuisine varies greatly, being influenced by its diverse flora and fauna and also by its immigrants' cultural traditions. The Colombian dishes vary from region to region. Some very common ingredients used in Colombian cuisine are rice and maize, potato and cassava, assorted legumes, pork, chicken, beef, goat, fish and seafood. The tropical fruits of Colombia include papaya, mango, banana, pineapple, lulo, guava and passion fruit.

Colombia is currently ranked as the third happiest country in the world on the Happy Planet Index. In addition, The World Happiness Report gives Colombia a ranking of 37 with an overall happiness rating of 6.26 out of 10.

Colombia Population History

Colombia has a consistent record of growth throughout the last century, reaching a peak in the 1960s when the population was growing above an annual rate of 3%. Since then, the rate has gradually slowed to the much slower rate of today.

Colombia Population Growth

Colombia is currently growing at a steady rate of 1.3% a year, a trend that is expected to continue in the near future. The 2017 estimate has the growth rate at .99%, which is a slight decline, but still in the positive range. The current birth rate is approximately 16 births per 1,000 individuals in the population, with a death rate of 5.5 deaths per 1,000 individuals. The current fertility rate is 2 children born per woman, with an 81% contraceptive prevalence rate. The median age in Colombia is currently 30 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 75.9 years.

Colombia Population Projections

The decline in the rate of growth is predicted to continue over the coming years. In fact, it is forecast to come to a virtual halt around 2050, before slowing declining. The population is predicted to be 50,220,412 in 2020 and 53,134,127 in 2030.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 43 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 4 minutes
Net gain of one person every 54 seconds

Colombia Population in 2018Source: By EEIM [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Colombia Population Pyramid 2019

Colombia Population by Age

There are 36,399,409 adults in Colombia.

Census Years

Year Date
20172017
200622 May 2006
199324 October 1993
198515 October 1985

Despite negative net migration, Colombia's population is expected to rise until 2046, when it reaches 55 million inhabitants. From there it will begin to decline slightly for the rest of the century.

Official NameRepublic of Colombia
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4, -72
Currencies UsedColombia Peso
DemonymColombian
BordersBrazil
Ecuador
Panama
Peru
Venezuela
Name Population Location
Bogota7,674,366Map
Cali2,392,877Map
Medellin1,999,979Map
Barranquilla1,380,425Map
Cartagena952,024Map
Cucuta721,398Map
Bucaramanga571,820Map
Pereira440,118Map
Santa Marta431,781Map
Ibague421,685Map
Bello392,939Map
Pasto382,236Map
Manizales357,814Map
Neiva352,855Map
Soledad342,556Map
Villavicencio321,717Map
Armenia315,328Map
Soacha313,945Map
Valledupar308,237Map
Itaguei281,853Map

Colombia Population Clock

The population of Colombia (as of 10/8/2019)?50,499,143
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)50,339,443
Births Per Day2,008
Deaths Per Day762
Net Migrations Per Day351
Net Change Per Day1,597
Population Change Since January 1st448,757

Colombia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 8th 2019 is: 50,486,844

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201950,339,44349.09%50.91%44.09291.37%
201849,661,04849.07%50.93%43.50291.54%
201748,909,83949.05%50.95%42.84291.53%
201648,175,05249.03%50.97%42.19291.38%
201547,520,66749.01%50.99%41.62291.00%
201045,222,70049.00%51.00%39.61291.18%
200542,647,72349.01%50.99%37.35291.48%
200039,629,96849.02%50.98%34.71291.70%
199536,421,43849.14%50.86%31.90301.93%
199033,102,57549.29%50.71%28.99302.02%
198529,951,20149.40%50.60%26.23302.17%
198026,900,50649.48%50.52%23.56302.25%
197524,065,50749.45%50.55%21.08302.30%
197021,480,06549.53%50.47%18.81302.78%
196518,725,24549.52%50.48%16.40323.12%
196016,057,72449.52%50.48%14.06323.11%
195513,775,00049.56%50.44%12.06322.83%
195011,981,57649.67%50.33%10.49330.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202050,882,89149.10%50.90%44.57290.00%
202552,007,05149.04%50.96%45.55290.44%
203053,416,76349.04%50.96%46.79300.54%
203554,549,15149.06%50.94%47.78310.42%
204055,336,02649.09%50.91%48.47340.29%
204555,797,22249.14%50.86%48.87360.17%
205055,957,82449.22%50.78%49.01350.06%
205555,819,53349.32%50.68%48.8938-0.05%
206055,407,87649.44%50.56%48.5340-0.15%
206554,729,95649.55%50.45%47.9442-0.25%
207053,812,95749.65%50.35%47.1344-0.34%
207552,675,45749.72%50.28%46.1446-0.43%
208051,344,33949.77%50.23%44.9749-0.51%
208549,867,47049.81%50.19%43.6849-0.58%
209048,310,94449.84%50.16%42.3149-0.63%
209546,742,89049.87%50.13%40.9450-0.66%
  1. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)
  2. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1951, 1964, 1973, 1985, 1993 and 2005 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer