Colombia Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

Colombia has an estimated 2016 population of 48.6 million, up from the 2005 census population of 42.88 million. Despite being one of the top 30 most populous countries, Colombia is sparsely populated with just 41 people per square kilometer (106/square mile), which ranks 173rd in the world. Colombia is the third-most populous country in all of Latin America and it's home to the third-largest number of Spanish-speaking people in the world after Mexico and the United States.

The most recent census was taken in 2005, but a new census is planned for 2016.

The population is largely concentrated along the Caribbean coast and the Andean highlands. The eastern lowland areas, which account for 54% of the country's area, have less than 3% of the population.

The largest city and capital of Colombia is Bogota, which has a population of 7.9 million. The greater metropolitan area has a population of 12 million. Other major cities include Medellin (2.5 million), Cali (2.4 million) and Barranquilla (1.2 million).

Colombia Geography

Colombia's geography consists of six main natural regions, and each region represents its own different and unique characteristics. Colombia's main features that highlight its geography are the Andes mountain range that is shared with Ecuador and Venezuela, the Pacific coastal area that joins with Panama and Ecuador, the Lianos plains that are shared with Venezuela, the Caribbean coastal region with Venezuela and Panama, and the Amazon rainforest area that connects with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.

The Colombian people have differentiated the country in terms of its climatic zones. For example, they call the region below 900 meters (2,953ft) in elevation, the Tierra Caliente meaning hot land. In this region, the temperature varies between 24 and 38 C (75.2 and 100.4 F). The Tierra Caliente spreads over about 86% of the total area of the country.

Tierra Templada, which means temperate land, ranges between 900 to 1,980 meters in elevation. This is the part of land that has most of the country's population, and is the most productive land. This part of land also provides very suitable conditions for the growth and production of coffee. Tierra Fria, which means cold land, is located between 1,980 and 3500 meters (6,496 and 11,483 ft), and is a suitable land for the production of wheat and potatoes. In the region Tierra Fria, the mean range of the temperatures remains between 10 and 19 C (50 and 66.2 F).

Colombia Demographics

At the 2005 census, the population of Colombia was determined to be 86% non-ethnic, or whites and mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry. The population is also 11% Black, 3.4% Amerindian and 0.01% Roma. About 49% of the population is mestizo, while 37% is of European ancestry, mostly from Spain, Italy, France and German.

While the indigenous peoples were largely decimated during Spanish rule, reserves were established on 27% of the country's total land area. There are more than 800,000 indigenous peoples in Colombia, the largest groups of which include the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Zenu and the Embera.

68 languages and dialects are spoken in Colombia but the official and most common language is Spanish. More than 99.2% of the people of Colombia speak Spanish.

Colombian cuisine varies greatly, being influenced by its diverse flora and fauna and also by its immigrants' cultural traditions. The Colombian dishes vary from region to region. Some very common ingredients used in Colombian cuisine are rice and maize, potato and cassava, assorted legumes, pork, chicken, beef, goat, fish and seafood. The tropical fruits of Colombia include papaya, mango, banana, pineapple, lulo, guava and passion fruit.

Colombia is currently ranked as the third happiest country in the world on the Happy Planet Index.

Colombia Population Growth

Colombia is currently growing at a steady rate of 1.3% a year, a trend that is expected to continue in the near future.

Colombia Population in 2017 Source: Peter Angritt

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Colombia Population Growth

Despite negative net migration, Colombia's population is expected to rise until 2046, when it reaches 55 million inhabitants. From there it will begin to decline slightly for the rest of the century.

Colombia Population Density

About Colombia

Official Name Republic of Colombia
Languages Spoken Spanish
Borders BRA, ECU, PAN, PER, VEN
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 4,-72
Currencies Used COP

Colombia Population Clock

What is the population of Colombia (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 401
Deaths Per Day 163
Net Migrations Per Day -81
Net Change Per Day 157
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Colombia Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.931 births/thousand 125th
Crude Death Rate 6.057 deaths/thousand 149th
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.597 people/thousand 106th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.624 years 97th
Life Expectancy (Male) 71.123 years 105th
Life Expectancy (Female) 78.196 years 88th
Total Fertility Rate 1.835 children/woman 140th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.866 surviving daughters/woman 145th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 15.724 deaths/1,000 live births 96th
Under Five Mortality 22.176 deaths/thousand 87th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.563 years 166th
Rate of Natural Increase 8.724 122nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.565% 127th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.942% 141st
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.042% 104th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 15.893% 127th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.97% 141st
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 10.655% 104th
Crude Suicide Rate 5.5 suicides/thousand 106th
Median Age (Total) 29.6 years 113th
Median Age (Female) 30.6 years 106th
Median Age (Male) 28.7 years 116th

Colombia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 49,067,981 49.201% 50.799% 44 165 0.81% 28
2015 48,228,704 49.231% 50.769% 43 165 0.88% 28
2010 45,918,100 49.307% 50.693% 41 164 1.06% 28
2005 43,285,636 49.384% 50.616% 39 159 1.26% 29
2000 40,403,959 49.453% 50.547% 36 159 1.44% 29
1995 37,441,980 49.537% 50.463% 33 158 1.61% 30
1990 34,271,562 49.664% 50.336% 30 160 1.87% 30
1985 31,011,686 49.737% 50.263% 27 159 2.1% 29
1980 27,737,905 49.791% 50.209% 25 155 2.27% 30
1975 24,756,968 49.773% 50.227% 22 156 2.26% 30
1970 22,061,214 49.768% 50.232% 19 155 2.47% 30
1965 19,144,220 49.718% 50.282% 17 155 2.97% 32
1960 16,480,383 49.673% 50.327% 14 155 3% 32
1955 14,225,197 49.635% 50.365% 12 157 2.89% 32
1950 12,340,899 49.599% 50.401% 11 156 2.87% 32

Colombia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 50,228,928 49.155% 50.845% 45 165 0.71% 29
2025 51,877,660 49.08% 50.92% 46 164 0.55% 30
2030 53,175,179 49.01% 50.99% 47 166 0.41% 31
2035 54,125,180 48.947% 51.053% 48 167 0.27% 31
2040 54,722,670 48.898% 51.102% 49 167 0.14% 31
2045 54,983,250 48.875% 51.125% 49 168 0.02% 34
2050 54,927,275 48.883% 51.117% 49 171 -0.08% 38
2055 54,614,808 48.93% 51.07% 49 169 -0.17% 38
2060 54,073,102 49.008% 50.992% 48 173 -0.24% 42
2065 53,346,678 49.119% 50.881% 48 175 -0.31% 44
2070 52,451,050 49.238% 50.762% 47 175 -0.38% 44
2075 51,408,873 49.356% 50.644% 46 177 -0.44% 47
2080 50,244,655 49.472% 50.528% 45 179 -0.48% 47
2085 49,014,957 49.58% 50.42% 44 181 -0.51% 49
2090 47,765,460 49.69% 50.31% 43 181 -0.53% 51
2095 46,521,810 49.788% 50.212% 41 181 -0.53% 52
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations