Colombia Population 2017

49,087,281

The 2017 population of Colombia is estimated at 49.07 million, which ranks 28th in the world. Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia. It consists of thirty-two departments and is located on the northwestern side of South America.

Colombia has an estimated 2017 population of 49.07 million, up from the 2005 census population of 42.88 million. Despite being one of the top 30 most populous countries, Colombia is sparsely populated with just 41 people per square kilometer (106/square mile), which ranks 173rd in the world. Colombia is the third-most populous country in all of Latin America and it's home to the third-largest number of Spanish-speaking people in the world after Mexico and the United States.

The population is largely concentrated along the Caribbean coast and the Andean highlands. The eastern lowland areas, which account for 54% of the country's area, have less than 3% of the population.

The largest city and capital of Colombia is Bogota, which has a population of 7.9 million. The greater metropolitan area has a population of 12 million. Other major cities include Medellin (2.5 million), Cali (2.4 million) and Barranquilla (1.2 million).

Colombia Geography

Colombia's geography consists of six main natural regions, and each region represents its own different and unique characteristics. Colombia's main features that highlight its geography are the Andes mountain range that is shared with Ecuador and Venezuela, the Pacific coastal area that joins with Panama and Ecuador, the Lianos plains that are shared with Venezuela, the Caribbean coastal region with Venezuela and Panama, and the Amazon rainforest area that connects with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.

The Colombian people have differentiated the country in terms of its climatic zones. For example, they call the region below 900 meters (2,953ft) in elevation, the Tierra Caliente meaning hot land. In this region, the temperature varies between 24 and 38 C (75.2 and 100.4 F). The Tierra Caliente spreads over about 86% of the total area of the country.

Tierra Templada, which means temperate land, ranges between 900 to 1,980 meters in elevation. This is the part of land that has most of the country's population, and is the most productive land. This part of land also provides very suitable conditions for the growth and production of coffee. Tierra Fria, which means cold land, is located between 1,980 and 3500 meters (6,496 and 11,483 ft), and is a suitable land for the production of wheat and potatoes. In the region Tierra Fria, the mean range of the temperatures remains between 10 and 19 C (50 and 66.2 F).

Colombia Demographics

At the 2005 census, the population of Colombia was determined to be 86% non-ethnic, or whites and mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry. The population is also 11% Black, 3.4% Amerindian and 0.01% Roma. About 49% of the population is mestizo, while 37% is of European ancestry, mostly from Spain, Italy, France and German.

While the indigenous peoples were largely decimated during Spanish rule, reserves were established on 27% of the country's total land area. There are more than 800,000 indigenous peoples in Colombia, the largest groups of which include the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Zenu and the Embera.

68 languages and dialects are spoken in Colombia but the official and most common language is Spanish. More than 99.2% of the people of Colombia speak Spanish.

Colombian cuisine varies greatly, being influenced by its diverse flora and fauna and also by its immigrants' cultural traditions. The Colombian dishes vary from region to region. Some very common ingredients used in Colombian cuisine are rice and maize, potato and cassava, assorted legumes, pork, chicken, beef, goat, fish and seafood. The tropical fruits of Colombia include papaya, mango, banana, pineapple, lulo, guava and passion fruit.

Colombia is currently ranked as the third happiest country in the world on the Happy Planet Index.

Colombia Population Growth

Colombia is currently growing at a steady rate of 1.3% a year, a trend that is expected to continue in the near future.

Colombia Population in 2018Source: Peter Angritt

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Colombia Population Growth

Despite negative net migration, Colombia's population is expected to rise until 2046, when it reaches 55 million inhabitants. From there it will begin to decline slightly for the rest of the century.

About Colombia

Official NameRepublic of Colombia
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersBRA, ECU, PAN, PER, VEN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4-72
Currencies UsedCOP

Colombia Population Density

Name Population
Bogota7,674,366
Cali2,392,877
Medellin1,999,979
Barranquilla1,380,425
Cartagena952,024
Cucuta721,398
Bucaramanga571,820
Pereira440,118
Santa Marta431,781
Ibague421,685
Bello392,939
Pasto382,236
Manizales357,814
Neiva352,855
Soledad342,556
Villavicencio321,717
Armenia315,328
Soacha313,945
Valledupar308,237
Itagui281,853
Monteria272,420
Sincelejo261,187
Popayan258,653
Floridablanca252,267
Palmira247,986
Buenaventura240,387
Barrancabermeja191,403
Dos Quebradas179,583
Tulua165,501
Envigado163,007
Cartago134,827
Maicao130,348
Florencia130,337
Girardot City130,289
Sogamoso126,551
Buga118,004
Tunja117,479
Giron108,466
Malambo101,534
Magangue100,313
Facatativa94,611
Riohacha92,431
Duitama92,040
Zipaquira91,235
Fusagasuga88,820
Cienaga88,311
Tumaco86,713
Apartado86,438
Piedecuesta86,387
Montelibano85,000
Ocana83,511
La Dorada81,950
Ipiales77,729
Quibdo75,104
Aguachica73,360
Yumbo71,436
Arauca69,264
Sabanalarga68,535
Chinchina68,512
Caldas65,565
Villa del Rosario64,951
Chia64,569
Rionegro62,291
Calarca62,170
Yopal61,029
Sahagun59,188
Fundacion59,175
Los Patios58,661
San Andres58,257
Caucasia58,034
Santa Rosa de Cabal57,928
Espinal56,213
Turbaco56,171
Cerete55,513
El Banco54,522
Funza54,421
Pitalito53,685
Puerto Tejada53,674
Pamplona53,587
Agustin Codazzi51,478
Turbo50,508
Madrid50,437
Arjona50,405
La Estrella49,386
Municipio de Copacabana49,169
Plato48,606
Chigorodo48,443
El Carmen de Bolivar47,957
Florida47,173
Chiquinquira45,294
Jamundi44,833
Pradera44,630
Baranoa44,078
Sevilla41,612
Santander de Quilichao40,798
El Bagre40,798
Acacias40,627
Lorica40,605
Segovia39,938
Corozal39,800
El Cerrito38,390
Planeta Rica37,297
La Ceja36,584
San Marcos36,549
Montenegro36,499
Villamaria35,302
Sabaneta34,172
Puerto Berrio33,983
La Virginia33,835
San Gil33,592
Pivijay33,492
San Onofre32,957
Caicedonia32,417
Granada32,365
Belalcazar31,800
Quimbaya31,391
Mompos30,861
Since30,768
Puerto Asis29,782
Leticia29,666
San Juan Nepomuceno29,619
Morales29,617
Garzon29,451
Tame29,099
Zarzal28,761
El Charco28,673
Libano28,211
Honda28,158
Palmar de Varela28,084
Aracataca27,704
Roldanillo27,561
Tolu27,390
Puerto Boyaca27,310
La Tebaida27,098
Mosquera27,005
San Juan del Cesar26,848
La Mesa26,699
Ariguani26,246
Tierralta26,242
Puerto Colombia26,227
Melgar25,980
Santo Tomas25,847
Anserma25,242
Cajica24,999
Sabanagrande24,880
Buenaventura24,842
San Carlos24,615
Marinilla24,171
Candelaria23,989
Fonseca23,509
La Union23,459
Maria la Baja23,401
Sucre23,210
Sibate23,208
Mariquita23,104
Campo de la Cruz22,803
San Carlos22,678
Ayapel22,602
Campoalegre22,568
Yarumal22,368
San Jose del Guaviare22,136
Curumani22,084
Mocoa22,035
Sampues21,204
Carmen de Viboral21,152
Flandes20,919
Patia20,807
Villeta20,689
Carepa20,627
Ubate20,485
Morales20,375
Barbosa20,372
San Jacinto20,265
Tuquerres20,184
Circasia20,113
Lerida20,069
Villanueva20,032
Chaparral19,982
Galapa19,732
Aguadas19,727
Guacari19,637
Chinu19,596
La Plata19,275
Riosucio18,950
Urrao18,846
Zaragoza18,795
Malaga18,739
Villanueva18,699
Repelon18,685
La Jagua de Ibirico18,555
San Benito Abad18,181
El Copey18,136
Salamina18,076
Socorro17,752
Santuario17,722
Fresno17,668
Cienaga de Oro17,623
Andalucia17,432
Barrancas17,350
Sonson17,232
Chimichagua16,746
Barbosa16,707
Pacho16,698
Puerto Lopez16,678
Corinto16,579
Los Andes16,419
Manzanares16,278
Puerto Santander16,275
San Martin16,273
Ciudad Bolivar16,225
El Reten15,901
Santa Lucia15,760
Belen de Umbria15,698
Aguazul15,669
Viterbo15,216
Chiriguana15,181
La Union15,061
Guamo14,881
Guaduas14,392
Los Palmitos14,385
Guarne14,270
Manati14,140
San Pablo13,983
Santa Ana13,950
Guapi13,853
Istmina13,788
Toro13,764
Orito13,708
Puerto Wilches13,705
Tibu13,565
Paipa13,554
Puebloviejo13,523
El Zulia13,521
Samaniego13,515
Ovejas13,284
La Paz13,249
Luruaco13,236
Miranda13,223
El Doncello13,082
Villanueva12,791
Supia12,784
Santa Barbara12,743
San Estanislao12,596
Bugalagrande12,418
Ansermanuevo12,332
Dagua12,320
Puerto Rico12,306
Amaga12,170
El Bordo12,072
Antioquia11,829
Sitionuevo11,817
Neira11,755
Polonuevo11,727
San Antero11,610
Dabeiba11,548
San Pedro11,489
Chivolo11,457
Candelaria11,427
Venadillo11,310
Pelaya11,306
Sabana de Torres11,291
Cimitarra11,267
San Vicente de Chucuri11,265
Cumaral11,263
Ponedera11,221
Natagaima11,217
Marsella11,158
Majagual11,139
Garagoa11,102
San Pedro de Uraba11,095
La Victoria11,064
Soata10,945
Velez10,905
Quinchia10,895
Agua de Dios10,875
Purificacion10,846
Necocli10,835
San Juan de Uraba10,825
Abrego10,822
Algeciras10,792
Ituango10,769
Valencia10,652
San Alberto10,627
Santa Rosa10,604
Pailitas10,480
Sandona10,401
Suan10,381
Turbana10,235
Tocaima10,235
Puerto Carreno10,216
Santa Rosa de Osos10,191
La Calera10,175
Tado10,095
Algarrobo10,042
Don Matias10,011
Suarez9,985
Valle del Guamuez9,969
Arauquita9,950
Condoto9,897
Palermo9,896
Puerto Salgar9,863
Gigante9,829
Olaya Herrera9,820
Moniquira9,785
Amalfi9,733
Planadas9,709
Manaure9,703
Chinacota9,667
Vegachi9,618
Zambrano9,565
Restrepo9,545
Curillo9,539
San Agustin9,481
Galeras9,459
Sibundoy9,458
Aranzazu9,327
Concordia9,324
Cajamarca9,309
Saldana9,237
Riofrio9,236
Mahates9,224
Calamar9,180
Usiacuri9,146
Alcala9,135
Puerto Leguizamo9,098
San Juan de Betulia9,092
Pueblo Nuevo9,075
Villa Rica9,070
Guamal9,016
Becerril9,002
Astrea8,995
San Bernardo del Viento8,967
Fredonia8,950
Lebrija8,949
Santa Rosa del Sur8,904
San Pedro8,801
Clemencia8,775
La Cruz8,751
Juan de Acosta8,655
Frontino8,603
Urumita8,509
San Antonio8,476
Achi8,434
Sopo8,396
Arboletes8,380
Yotoco8,362
La Union8,361
Remolino8,308
Toluviejo8,260
Silvania8,237
Pacora8,218
Cisneros8,204
Timana8,203
Tubara8,180
Pensilvania8,173
Soplaviento8,067
Rivera8,044
San Diego8,014
Muzo7,977
Aipe7,964
Caqueza7,958
Manaure Balcon del Cesar7,953
El Dovio7,942
El Retiro7,941
Sardinata7,872
Palestina7,865
Monterrey7,759
Jerico7,750
Jardin7,747
San Carlos7,742
Cicuco7,662
Barbacoas7,633
El Paujil7,618
Cota7,615
Choconta7,592
Cartagena del Chaira7,586
Cumbal7,529
Uribia7,519
Yondo7,516
Restrepo7,511
El Pinon7,481
Silvia7,474
Abejorral7,360
Gamarra7,327
Obando7,298
Inirida7,298
El Tambo7,279
San Rafael7,245
San Miguel7,185
Riosucio7,163
Genova7,140
Guateque7,069
Cerro de San Antonio7,057
Purisima7,043
Mani7,031
San Martin7,029
Villagarzon7,015
Rio Viejo6,963
Rovira6,949
Apia6,940

Colombia Population Clock

What is the population of Colombia (as of 11/15/2017)?49,087,281
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)49,065,615
Births Per Day401
Deaths Per Day163
Net Migrations Per Day -81
Net Change Per Day 157
Population Change Since January 1st50,083

Colombia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 14.931 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.057 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.597 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.624 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.123 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.196 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.835 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.866 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 15.724 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 22.176 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.563 years
Rate of Natural Increase 8.724
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.565%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.942%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.042%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 15.893%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.97%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 10.655%
Median Age (Total) 29.6 years
Median Age (Female) 30.6 years
Median Age (Male) 28.7 years

Colombia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201749,065,61549.20%50.80%430.86%
201548,228,69749.23%50.77%420.99%
201045,918,09749.31%50.69%401.19%
200543,285,63449.38%50.62%381.39%
200040,403,95849.45%50.55%351.53%
199537,441,97749.54%50.46%331.79%
199034,271,56549.66%50.34%302.02%
198531,011,68849.74%50.26%272.26%
198027,737,90049.79%50.21%242.30%
197524,756,97349.77%50.23%222.33%
197022,061,21549.77%50.23%192.88%
196519,144,22349.72%50.28%173.04%
196016,480,38349.67%50.33%142.99%
195514,225,20449.63%50.37%122.88%
195012,340,89949.60%50.40%110.00%

Colombia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202050,220,41249.15%50.85%440.00%
202551,854,48249.07%50.93%450.64%
203053,134,12748.98%51.02%470.49%
203554,054,58748.90%51.10%470.34%
204054,615,10048.83%51.17%480.21%
204554,833,76448.78%51.22%480.08%
205054,732,75548.76%51.24%48-0.04%
205554,361,02048.77%51.23%48-0.14%
206053,765,45548.81%51.19%47-0.22%
206552,985,00348.88%51.12%46-0.29%
207052,048,55348.96%51.04%46-0.36%
207550,973,49449.06%50.94%45-0.42%
208049,782,65149.16%50.84%44-0.47%
208548,533,02249.26%50.74%43-0.51%
209047,269,91149.36%50.64%41-0.53%
209546,025,60049.45%50.55%40-0.53%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer