Colombia Population 2018

49,448,333

The 2018 population of Colombia is estimated at 49.46 million, which ranks 28th in the world. Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia. It consists of thirty-two departments and is located on the northwestern side of South America.

Colombia has an estimated 2018 population of 49.46 million, up from the 2005 census population of 42.88 million. Despite being one of the top 30 most populous countries, Colombia is sparsely populated with just 41 people per square kilometer (106/square mile), which ranks 173rd in the world. Colombia is the third-most populous country in all of Latin America and it's home to the third-largest number of Spanish-speaking people in the world after Mexico and the United States.

The population is largely concentrated along the Caribbean coast and the Andean highlands. The eastern lowland areas, which account for 54% of the country's area, have less than 3% of the population.

The largest city and capital of Colombia is Bogota, which has a population of 7.9 million. The greater metropolitan area has a population of 12 million. Other major cities include Medellin (2.5 million), Cali (2.4 million) and Barranquilla (1.2 million).

Colombia Geography

Colombia's geography consists of six main natural regions, and each region represents its own different and unique characteristics. Colombia's main features that highlight its geography are the Andes mountain range that is shared with Ecuador and Venezuela, the Pacific coastal area that joins with Panama and Ecuador, the Lianos plains that are shared with Venezuela, the Caribbean coastal region with Venezuela and Panama, and the Amazon rainforest area that connects with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.

The Colombian people have differentiated the country in terms of its climatic zones. For example, they call the region below 900 meters (2,953ft) in elevation, the Tierra Caliente meaning hot land. In this region, the temperature varies between 24 and 38 C (75.2 and 100.4 F). The Tierra Caliente spreads over about 86% of the total area of the country.

Tierra Templada, which means temperate land, ranges between 900 to 1,980 meters in elevation. This is the part of land that has most of the country's population, and is the most productive land. This part of land also provides very suitable conditions for the growth and production of coffee. Tierra Fria, which means cold land, is located between 1,980 and 3500 meters (6,496 and 11,483 ft), and is a suitable land for the production of wheat and potatoes. In the region Tierra Fria, the mean range of the temperatures remains between 10 and 19 C (50 and 66.2 F).

Colombia Demographics

At the 2005 census, the population of Colombia was determined to be 86% non-ethnic, or whites and mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry. The population is also 11% Black, 3.4% Amerindian and 0.01% Roma. About 49% of the population is mestizo, while 37% is of European ancestry, mostly from Spain, Italy, France and German.

While the indigenous peoples were largely decimated during Spanish rule, reserves were established on 27% of the country's total land area. There are more than 800,000 indigenous peoples in Colombia, the largest groups of which include the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Zenu and the Embera.

68 languages and dialects are spoken in Colombia but the official and most common language is Spanish. More than 99.2% of the people of Colombia speak Spanish.

Colombian cuisine varies greatly, being influenced by its diverse flora and fauna and also by its immigrants' cultural traditions. The Colombian dishes vary from region to region. Some very common ingredients used in Colombian cuisine are rice and maize, potato and cassava, assorted legumes, pork, chicken, beef, goat, fish and seafood. The tropical fruits of Colombia include papaya, mango, banana, pineapple, lulo, guava and passion fruit.

Colombia is currently ranked as the third happiest country in the world on the Happy Planet Index.

Colombia Population Growth

Colombia is currently growing at a steady rate of 1.3% a year, a trend that is expected to continue in the near future.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 43 seconds
One death every 2 minutes
One net migrant every 18 minutes
Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

Colombia Population in 2018Source: By EEIM [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Colombia Population Pyramid 2018

0k100k200k300k400kColombia Male Population0k100k200k300k400kColombia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Colombia Median Age

29.6


Total

28.7


Male

30.6


Female

Colombia Population by Age

There are 35,107,322 adults in Colombia.

Census Years

Year Date
20172017
200622 May 2006
199324 October 1993
198515 October 1985

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Colombia Population Growth

Despite negative net migration, Colombia's population is expected to rise until 2046, when it reaches 55 million inhabitants. From there it will begin to decline slightly for the rest of the century.

About Colombia

Official NameRepublic of Colombia
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4-72
Currencies UsedColombia Peso
DemonymColombian

Countries Bordering Colombia

Brazil
Ecuador
Panama
Peru
Venezuela

Colombia Population Density

Colombia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Bogota7,674,366
Cali2,392,877
Medellin1,999,979
House' s Joe Arroyo1,410,433
Barranquilla1,380,425
Cartagena952,024
Cucuta721,398
Bucaramanga571,820
Pereira440,118
Santa Marta431,781
Ibague421,685
Bello392,939
Pasto382,236
Manizales357,814
Neiva352,855
Soledad342,556
Villavicencio321,717
Armenia315,328
Soacha313,945
Valledupar308,237

Colombia Population Clock

The population of Colombia (as of 6/15/2018)?49,448,333
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)49,464,683
Births Per Day1,996
Deaths Per Day825
Net Migrations Per Day -81
Net Change Per Day 1,090
Population Change Since January 1st180,940

Colombia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 14.811 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 6.122 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.597 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.65 years
Male Life Expectancy 71.13 years
Female Life Expectancy 78.26 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.827 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.865 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 15.485 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 21.891 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.373 years
Rate of Natural Increase 8.689

Colombia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201849,464,68349.18%50.82%43.32290.81%
201749,065,61549.20%50.80%42.97290.85%
201648,653,41949.22%50.78%42.61280.88%
201548,228,69749.23%50.77%42.24280.99%
201045,918,09749.31%50.69%40.22291.19%
200543,285,63449.38%50.62%37.91291.39%
200040,403,95849.45%50.55%35.39291.53%
199537,441,97749.54%50.46%32.79301.79%
199034,271,56549.66%50.34%30.02302.02%
198531,011,68849.74%50.26%27.16292.26%
198027,737,90049.79%50.21%24.29302.30%
197524,756,97349.77%50.23%21.68302.33%
197022,061,21549.77%50.23%19.32302.88%
196519,144,22349.72%50.28%16.77323.04%
196016,480,38349.67%50.33%14.43322.99%
195514,225,20449.63%50.37%12.46322.88%
195012,340,89949.60%50.40%10.81320.00%

Colombia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202050,220,41249.15%50.85%43.99290.00%
202551,854,48249.07%50.93%45.42300.64%
203053,134,12748.98%51.02%46.54310.49%
203554,054,58748.90%51.10%47.34310.34%
204054,615,10048.83%51.17%47.83330.21%
204554,833,76448.78%51.22%48.03360.08%
205054,732,75548.76%51.24%47.9437-0.04%
205554,361,02048.77%51.23%47.6140-0.14%
206053,765,45548.81%51.19%47.0940-0.22%
206552,985,00348.88%51.12%46.4145-0.29%
207052,048,55348.96%51.04%45.5946-0.36%
207550,973,49449.06%50.94%44.6546-0.42%
208049,782,65149.16%50.84%43.6048-0.47%
208548,533,02249.26%50.74%42.5150-0.51%
209047,269,91149.36%50.64%41.4051-0.53%
209546,025,60049.45%50.55%40.3152-0.53%
Data Sources
  1. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)
  2. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1951, 1964, 1973, 1985, 1993 and 2005 censuses adjusted for underenumeration, with official estimates through 2016, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer