Colombia Population 2017

49,079,599

Colombia has an estimated 2016 population of 48.6 million, up from the 2005 census population of 42.88 million. Despite being one of the top 30 most populous countries, Colombia is sparsely populated with just 41 people per square kilometer (106/square mile), which ranks 173rd in the world. Colombia is the third-most populous country in all of Latin America and it's home to the third-largest number of Spanish-speaking people in the world after Mexico and the United States.

The most recent census was taken in 2005, but a new census is planned for 2016.

The population is largely concentrated along the Caribbean coast and the Andean highlands. The eastern lowland areas, which account for 54% of the country's area, have less than 3% of the population.

The largest city and capital of Colombia is Bogota, which has a population of 7.9 million. The greater metropolitan area has a population of 12 million. Other major cities include Medellin (2.5 million), Cali (2.4 million) and Barranquilla (1.2 million).

Colombia Geography

Colombia's geography consists of six main natural regions, and each region represents its own different and unique characteristics. Colombia's main features that highlight its geography are the Andes mountain range that is shared with Ecuador and Venezuela, the Pacific coastal area that joins with Panama and Ecuador, the Lianos plains that are shared with Venezuela, the Caribbean coastal region with Venezuela and Panama, and the Amazon rainforest area that connects with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.

The Colombian people have differentiated the country in terms of its climatic zones. For example, they call the region below 900 meters (2,953ft) in elevation, the Tierra Caliente meaning hot land. In this region, the temperature varies between 24 and 38 C (75.2 and 100.4 F). The Tierra Caliente spreads over about 86% of the total area of the country.

Tierra Templada, which means temperate land, ranges between 900 to 1,980 meters in elevation. This is the part of land that has most of the country's population, and is the most productive land. This part of land also provides very suitable conditions for the growth and production of coffee. Tierra Fria, which means cold land, is located between 1,980 and 3500 meters (6,496 and 11,483 ft), and is a suitable land for the production of wheat and potatoes. In the region Tierra Fria, the mean range of the temperatures remains between 10 and 19 C (50 and 66.2 F).

Colombia Demographics

At the 2005 census, the population of Colombia was determined to be 86% non-ethnic, or whites and mestizos of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry. The population is also 11% Black, 3.4% Amerindian and 0.01% Roma. About 49% of the population is mestizo, while 37% is of European ancestry, mostly from Spain, Italy, France and German.

While the indigenous peoples were largely decimated during Spanish rule, reserves were established on 27% of the country's total land area. There are more than 800,000 indigenous peoples in Colombia, the largest groups of which include the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Zenu and the Embera.

68 languages and dialects are spoken in Colombia but the official and most common language is Spanish. More than 99.2% of the people of Colombia speak Spanish.

Colombian cuisine varies greatly, being influenced by its diverse flora and fauna and also by its immigrants' cultural traditions. The Colombian dishes vary from region to region. Some very common ingredients used in Colombian cuisine are rice and maize, potato and cassava, assorted legumes, pork, chicken, beef, goat, fish and seafood. The tropical fruits of Colombia include papaya, mango, banana, pineapple, lulo, guava and passion fruit.

Colombia is currently ranked as the third happiest country in the world on the Happy Planet Index.

Colombia Population Growth

Colombia is currently growing at a steady rate of 1.3% a year, a trend that is expected to continue in the near future.

Colombia Population in 2017Source: Peter Angritt

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Colombia Population Growth

Despite negative net migration, Colombia's population is expected to rise until 2046, when it reaches 55 million inhabitants. From there it will begin to decline slightly for the rest of the century.

About Colombia

Official NameRepublic of Colombia
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersBRA, ECU, PAN, PER, VEN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude4-72
Currencies UsedCOP

Colombia Population Density

Name Population
Apia6,940
Rovira6,949
Rio Viejo6,963
Villagarzon7,015
San Martin7,029
Mani7,031
Purisima7,043
Cerro de San Antonio7,057
Guateque7,069
Genova7,140
Riosucio7,163
San Miguel7,185
San Rafael7,245
El Tambo7,279
Inirida7,298
Obando7,298
Gamarra7,327
Abejorral7,360
Silvia7,474
El Pinon7,481
Restrepo7,511
Yondo7,516
Uribia7,519
Cumbal7,529
Cartagena del Chaira7,586
Choconta7,592
Cota7,615
El Paujil7,618
Barbacoas7,633
Cicuco7,662
San Carlos7,742
Jardin7,747
Jerico7,750
Monterrey7,759
Palestina7,865
Sardinata7,872
El Retiro7,941
El Dovio7,942
Manaure Balcon del Cesar7,953
Caqueza7,958
Aipe7,964
Muzo7,977
San Diego8,014
Rivera8,044
Soplaviento8,067
Pensilvania8,173
Tubara8,180
Timana8,203
Cisneros8,204
Pacora8,218
Silvania8,237
Toluviejo8,260
Remolino8,308
La Union8,361
Yotoco8,362
Arboletes8,380
Sopo8,396
Achi8,434
San Antonio8,476
Urumita8,509
Frontino8,603
Juan de Acosta8,655
La Cruz8,751
Clemencia8,775
San Pedro8,801
Santa Rosa del Sur8,904
Lebrija8,949
Fredonia8,950
San Bernardo del Viento8,967
Astrea8,995
Becerril9,002
Guamal9,016
Villa Rica9,070
Pueblo Nuevo9,075
San Juan de Betulia9,092
Puerto Leguizamo9,098
Alcala9,135
Usiacuri9,146
Calamar9,180
Mahates9,224
Riofrio9,236
Saldana9,237
Cajamarca9,309
Concordia9,324
Aranzazu9,327
Sibundoy9,458
Galeras9,459
San Agustin9,481
Curillo9,539
Restrepo9,545
Zambrano9,565
Vegachi9,618
Chinacota9,667
Manaure9,703
Planadas9,709
Amalfi9,733
Moniquira9,785
Olaya Herrera9,820
Gigante9,829
Puerto Salgar9,863
Palermo9,896
Condoto9,897
Arauquita9,950
Valle del Guamuez9,969
Suarez9,985
Don Matias10,011
Algarrobo10,042
Tado10,095
La Calera10,175
Santa Rosa de Osos10,191
Puerto Carreno10,216
Turbana10,235
Tocaima10,235
Suan10,381
Sandona10,401
Pailitas10,480
Santa Rosa10,604
San Alberto10,627
Valencia10,652
Ituango10,769
Algeciras10,792
Abrego10,822
San Juan de Uraba10,825
Necocli10,835
Purificacion10,846
Agua de Dios10,875
Quinchia10,895
Velez10,905
Soata10,945
La Victoria11,064
San Pedro de Uraba11,095
Garagoa11,102
Majagual11,139
Marsella11,158
Natagaima11,217
Ponedera11,221
Cumaral11,263
San Vicente de Chucuri11,265
Cimitarra11,267
Sabana de Torres11,291
Pelaya11,306
Venadillo11,310
Candelaria11,427
Chivolo11,457
San Pedro11,489
Dabeiba11,548
San Antero11,610
Polonuevo11,727
Neira11,755
Sitionuevo11,817
Antioquia11,829
El Bordo12,072
Amaga12,170
Puerto Rico12,306
Dagua12,320
Ansermanuevo12,332
Bugalagrande12,418
San Estanislao12,596
Santa Barbara12,743
Supia12,784
Villanueva12,791
El Doncello13,082
Miranda13,223
Luruaco13,236
La Paz13,249
Ovejas13,284
Samaniego13,515
El Zulia13,521
Puebloviejo13,523
Paipa13,554
Tibu13,565
Puerto Wilches13,705
Orito13,708
Toro13,764
Istmina13,788
Guapi13,853
Santa Ana13,950
San Pablo13,983
Manati14,140
Guarne14,270
Los Palmitos14,385
Guaduas14,392
Guamo14,881
La Union15,061
Chiriguana15,181
Viterbo15,216
Aguazul15,669
Belen de Umbria15,698
Santa Lucia15,760
El Reten15,901
Ciudad Bolivar16,225
San Martin16,273
Puerto Santander16,275
Manzanares16,278
Andes16,419
Corinto16,579
Puerto Lopez16,678
Pacho16,698
Barbosa16,707
Chimichagua16,746
Sonson17,232
Barrancas17,350
Andalucia17,432
Cienaga de Oro17,623
Fresno17,668
Santuario17,722
Socorro17,752
Salamina18,076
El Copey18,136
San Benito Abad18,181
La Jagua de Ibirico18,555
Repelon18,685
Villanueva18,699
Malaga18,739
Zaragoza18,795
Urrao18,846
Riosucio18,950
La Plata19,275
Chinu19,596
Guacari19,637
Aguadas19,727
Galapa19,732
Chaparral19,982
Villanueva20,032
Lerida20,069
Circasia20,113
Tuquerres20,184
San Jacinto20,265
Barbosa20,372
Morales20,375
Ubate20,485
Carepa20,627
Villeta20,689
Patia20,807
Flandes20,919
Carmen de Viboral21,152
Sampues21,204
Mocoa22,035
Curumani22,084
San Jose del Guaviare22,136
Yarumal22,368
Campoalegre22,568
Ayapel22,602
San Carlos22,678
Campo de la Cruz22,803
Mariquita23,104
Sibate23,208
Sucre23,210
Maria la Baja23,401
La Union23,459
Fonseca23,509
Candelaria23,989
Marinilla24,171
San Carlos24,615
Buenaventura24,842
Sabanagrande24,880
Cajica24,999
Anserma25,242
Santo Tomas25,847
Melgar25,980
Puerto Colombia26,227
Tierralta26,242
Ariguani26,246
La Mesa26,699
San Juan del Cesar26,848
Mosquera27,005
La Tebaida27,098
Puerto Boyaca27,310
Tolu27,390
Roldanillo27,561
Aracataca27,704
Palmar de Varela28,084
Honda28,158
Libano28,211
El Charco28,673
Zarzal28,761
Tame29,099
Garzon29,451
Morales29,617
San Juan Nepomuceno29,619
Leticia29,666
Puerto Asis29,782
Since30,768
Mompos30,861
Quimbaya31,391
Belalcazar31,800
Granada32,365
Caicedonia32,417
San Onofre32,957
Pivijay33,492
San Gil33,592
La Virginia33,835
Puerto Berrio33,983
Sabaneta34,172
Villamaria35,302
Montenegro36,499
San Marcos36,549
La Ceja36,584
Planeta Rica37,297
El Cerrito38,390
Corozal39,800
Segovia39,938
Lorica40,605
Acacias40,627
Santander de Quilichao40,798
El Bagre40,798
Sevilla41,612
Baranoa44,078
Pradera44,630
Jamundi44,833
Chiquinquira45,294
Florida47,173
El Carmen de Bolivar47,957
Chigorodo48,443
Plato48,606
Municipio de Copacabana49,169
La Estrella49,386
Arjona50,405
Madrid50,437
Turbo50,508
Agustin Codazzi51,478
Pamplona53,587
Puerto Tejada53,674
Pitalito53,685
Funza54,421
El Banco54,522
Cerete55,513
Turbaco56,171
Espinal56,213
Santa Rosa de Cabal57,928
Caucasia58,034
San Andres58,257
Los Patios58,661
Fundacion59,175
Sahagun59,188
Yopal61,029
Calarca62,170
Rionegro62,291
Chia64,569
Villa del Rosario64,951
Caldas65,565
Chinchina68,512
Sabanalarga68,535
Arauca69,264
Yumbo71,436
Aguachica73,360
Quibdo75,104
Ipiales77,729
La Dorada81,950
Ocana83,511
Montelibano85,000
Piedecuesta86,387
Apartado86,438
Tumaco86,713
Cienaga88,311
Fusagasuga88,820
Zipaquira91,235
Duitama92,040
Riohacha92,431
Facatativa94,611
Magangue100,313
Malambo101,534
Giron108,466
Tunja117,479
Buga118,004
Sogamoso126,551
Girardot City130,289
Florencia130,337
Maicao130,348
Cartago134,827
Envigado163,007
Tulua165,501
Dos Quebradas179,583
Barrancabermeja191,403
Buenaventura240,387
Palmira247,986
Floridablanca252,267
Popayan258,653
Sincelejo261,187
Monteria272,420
Itaguei281,853
Valledupar308,237
Soacha313,945
Armenia315,328
Villavicencio321,717
Soledad342,556
Neiva352,855
Manizales357,814
Pasto382,236
Bello392,939
Ibague421,685
Santa Marta431,781
Pereira440,118
Bucaramanga571,820
Cucuta721,398
Cartagena952,024
Barranquilla1,380,425
Medellin1,999,979
Cali2,392,877
Bogota7,674,366

Colombia Population Clock

What is the population of Colombia (as of September 13, 2017)?49,079,599
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)49067981
Births Per Day401
Deaths Per Day163
Net Migrations Per Day -81
Net Change Per Day 157
Population Change Since January 1st40,035

Colombia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.931 births/thousand125
Crude Death Rate 6.057 deaths/thousand149
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.597 people/thousand106
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 74.624 years97
Male Life Expectancy 71.123 years105
Female Life Expectancy 78.196 years88
Total Fertility Rate 1.835 children/woman140
Net Reproduction Rate 0.866 surviving daughters/woman145
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 15.724 deaths/1,000 live births96
Under Five Mortality 22.176 deaths/thousand87
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.563 years166
Rate of Natural Increase 8.724 122
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 7.565 %127
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 10.942 %141
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 4.042 %104
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 15.893 %105
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 20.97 %112
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 10.655 %96
Crude Suicide Rate 5.5 suicides/thousand106
Median Age (Total) 29.6 years113
Median Age (Female) 30.6 years106
Median Age (Male) 28.7 years116

Colombia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
201749,067,98149.201%50.799%441650.81%28
201548,228,70449.231%50.769%431650.88%28
201045,918,10049.307%50.693%411641.06%28
200543,285,63649.384%50.616%391591.26%29
200040,403,95949.453%50.547%361591.44%29
199537,441,98049.537%50.463%331581.61%30
199034,271,56249.664%50.336%301601.87%30
198531,011,68649.737%50.263%271592.1%29
198027,737,90549.791%50.209%251552.27%30
197524,756,96849.773%50.227%221562.26%30
197022,061,21449.768%50.232%191552.47%30
196519,144,22049.718%50.282%171552.97%32
196016,480,38349.673%50.327%141553%32
195514,225,19749.635%50.365%121572.89%32
195012,340,89949.599%50.401%111562.87%32

Colombia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
202050,228,92849.155%50.845%451650.71%29
202551,877,66049.08%50.92%461640.55%30
203053,175,17949.01%50.99%471660.41%31
203554,125,18048.947%51.053%481670.27%31
204054,722,67048.898%51.102%491670.14%31
204554,983,25048.875%51.125%491680.02%34
205054,927,27548.883%51.117%49171-0.08%38
205554,614,80848.93%51.07%49169-0.17%38
206054,073,10249.008%50.992%48173-0.24%42
206553,346,67849.119%50.881%48175-0.31%44
207052,451,05049.238%50.762%47175-0.38%44
207551,408,87349.356%50.644%46177-0.44%47
208050,244,65549.472%50.528%45179-0.48%47
208549,014,95749.58%50.42%44181-0.51%49
209047,765,46049.69%50.31%43181-0.53%51
209546,521,81049.788%50.212%41181-0.53%52
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations