Core Countries 2019

Core countries are defined as wealthy, industrialized countries that other less-developed countries (periphery and semi-periphery) countries depend on. Core countries share a few distinct features, including having a wide variety of resources at their disposal. These nations have strong militaries, powerful alliances throughout the world, and control the global market. Residents of core countries are also thought to be the wealthiest and more educated than people in less-developed nations.

Core countries have certain powers over other countries when it comes to the economy, politics, and the military. These countries are known as core countries because they serve as the core of the world system.

Throughout history, some countries have remained core countries, while others have changed. Countries that are influential are typically the ones that keep their spots. New core countries have emerged, while others have fallen behind the times.

While there is a general definition of a core country, there is no set criteria to determine an exact list. One such list designates the following as core countries of the world:

However, American sociologist Salvatore Babones has a different list based on a study of the world economy over a period of 28 years. Countries on that list are:

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1United States329,064,9179,372,610 km²3,617,827 mi²6.31%0.60%AmericasNorthern America
2Japan126,860,301377,930 km²145,881 mi²0.25%-0.27%AsiaEastern Asia
3Germany83,517,045357,114 km²137,846 mi²0.24%0.47%EuropeWestern Europe
4United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²93,759 mi²0.16%0.58%EuropeNorthern Europe
5France65,129,728551,695 km²212,954 mi²0.37%0.21%EuropeWestern Europe
6Italy60,550,075301,336 km²116,316 mi²0.20%-0.13%EuropeSouthern Europe
7Spain46,736,776505,992 km²195,313 mi²0.34%0.09%EuropeSouthern Europe
8Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%0.91%AmericasNorthern America
9Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²2,969,121 mi²5.18%1.23%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
10Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²16,154 mi²< 0.1%0.22%EuropeWestern Europe
11Belgium11,539,32830,528 km²11,784 mi²< 0.1%0.50%EuropeWestern Europe
12Portugal10,226,18792,090 km²35,547 mi²< 0.1%-0.29%EuropeSouthern Europe
13Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²173,814 mi²0.30%0.65%EuropeNorthern Europe
14Austria8,955,10283,871 km²32,374 mi²< 0.1%0.72%EuropeWestern Europe
15Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²15,936 mi²< 0.1%0.77%EuropeWestern Europe
16Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²16,634 mi²< 0.1%0.34%EuropeNorthern Europe
17Finland5,532,156338,424 km²130,632 mi²0.23%0.17%EuropeNorthern Europe
18Norway5,378,857323,802 km²124,988 mi²0.22%0.77%EuropeNorthern Europe
19Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²27,125 mi²< 0.1%1.32%EuropeNorthern Europe
20New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²104,400 mi²0.18%0.84%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand