Costa Rica Population 2017

4,908,142

The current population of Costa Rica is approximately 5 million, up from the 4.58 million at the 2011 census. This makes Costa Rica the 120th most populous country in the world. Of course, this number does not factor in the nearly 2.2 million visitors that Costa Rica receives per year!

Costa Rica has a population density of 84 people per square kilometer (220/square mile), which ranks 107th in the world. The capital and largest city is San Jose, which has a population of 288,000 and a high population density of 6,455 people per square kilometer (16,720/square mile). The greater metropolitan area has 2.15 million residents, or a third of the country's entire population. San Jose is one of the safest cities in all of Latin America.

In 1949, Costa Rica eliminated its army once and for all. Costa Rica is the only democratic Latin American country since 1950, and is one of the few countries that have a commendable human development pace. Also in 2011, the UNDP declared that Costa Rica has played a good role in sustaining the environment.

Costa Rica Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the ethnic composition of Costa Rica was 66% White/Castizo, 14% Mestizo, 9% immigrants, 7% Mulatto, 2.5% Amerindian, 1% Black, 0.2% Asian and 0.9% other. According to a genome project, the average Costa Rican in the Central Valley is 68% European, 29% Amerindian and 3% African.

Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom live in reservations. There are eight indigenous ethnic groups: the Quitirrisi, Matambu, Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and Terraba.

The most common European ancestry is Spanish, although there are many with Italian, German, English, Dutch, Portuguese, Polish and Irish ancestry. The country also has a large Jewish community. Most Afro-Costa Ricans in the country speak Creole English and descend from 19th century black Jamaican immigrants.

Costa Rica has many refugees and illegal immigrants, most of whom are from Nicaragua and Colombia. It's believed that up to 15% of the country's population, or 600,000 people, are Nicaraguans, some of whom migrate to the country for seasonal work. As the only democratic country in the region, Costa Rica has many refugees who fled dictatorships and wars in nearby Latin American countries over the last four decades.

Costa Rica Tourism and Biodiversity

A wide and diverse range of plants and animals are found in the country. While owning only around 0.25% of the world's land, it comprises 5% of the biodiversity of the world. Out of the total land area of Costa Rica, a huge portion is concealed and protected as National Parks. Around 25% of the country's land area is in protected National Parks and other protected areas, which is a large percentage compared to all the other countries.

Costa Rica attracts a huge number of tourists from all over the world every year. In the region of Central America, the largest number of tourists visit Costa Rica. The number of visitors in 2011 was as large as 2.2 million visitors. In 2012, the international tourist revenue increased to 2.4 billion US dollars. Tourism contributed a percentage of 8.1% to the total GNP of the country, while 13.3% of the employment was a result of tourism. Bananas, along with coffee, earn less than the revenue that comes from tourism in the country.

Costa Rica Population Growth

Costa Rica is currently growing at a very steady 1% per year, in line with many neighboring countries. The most recent census in 2011, the first in eleven years, found the population of the country was smaller than expected, in part because Costa Ricans are having fewer children. The average household plummeted from 5.6 in 1973 to 3.5 in 2011. It's also believed that economic troubles play a role, which means that Costa Rica may one day soon begin to see negative growth.

Costa Rica Population in 2017Source: Wikipedro

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Costa Rica Population Growth

With a population growth rate of 1.48%, Costa Rica is in the middle of the pack. This growth is expected to slow until around 2050, when the population will begin to decline.

About Costa Rica

Official NameRepublic of Costa Rica
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersNIC, PAN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude10-84
Currencies UsedCRC

Costa Rica Population Density

Name Population
Pocora5,248
Mercedes5,467
Salitrillos5,738
Santo Domingo5,745
Orotina6,135
Miramar6,540
Llorente6,626
Golfito6,777
Cot6,784
Atenas7,014
Guacimo7,022
Corredor7,084
Tilaran7,301
San Juan7,729
Quepos7,810
Santa Ana8,029
Santiago8,292
San Rafael8,887
Colon9,687
Rio Segundo9,853
Daniel Flores10,028
Tres Rios10,430
San Ramon10,765
San Antonio10,938
Buenos Aires11,680
Naranjo11,853
Escazu12,071
San Josecito12,195
Santa Cruz12,281
Granadilla12,683
Sabanilla13,251
Alajuelita13,845
Concepcion14,000
Desamparados14,448
San Rafael Arriba15,051
Nicoya15,313
San Juan de Dios15,469
Esparza15,575
Colima15,875
San Diego16,991
San Rafael17,649
Siquirres18,231
Guapiles19,092
Canas20,306
Calle Blancos20,710
San Pablo21,662
Heredia21,947
Tejar22,433
Patarra23,983
San Felipe24,985
San Rafael25,410
Aserri25,874
Guadalupe26,005
Mercedes26,007
San Juan26,047
Chacarita26,354
Cartago26,594
Ipis26,669
Quesada27,310
San Rafael Abajo27,419
San Pedro27,477
San Miguel28,827
Turrialba28,955
Purral30,034
San Jose31,430
San Vicente de Moravia34,447
San Vicente34,447
Curridabat34,586
San Isidro34,877
Puntarenas35,650
Paraiso39,702
Liberia45,380
Alajuela47,494
San Francisco55,923
Limon63,081
San Jose335,007

Costa Rica Population Clock

What is the population of Costa Rica (as of September 13, 2017)?4,908,142
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4905626
Births Per Day38
Deaths Per Day13
Net Migrations Per Day 9
Net Change Per Day 34
Population Change Since January 1st8,670

Costa Rica Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.053 births/thousand131
Crude Death Rate 5.015 deaths/thousand180
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.665 people/thousand55
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.993 years42
Male Life Expectancy 77.684 years39
Female Life Expectancy 82.356 years42
Total Fertility Rate 1.768 children/woman148
Net Reproduction Rate 0.847 surviving daughters/woman150
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female87
Infant Mortality Rate 8.23 deaths/1,000 live births134
Under Five Mortality 10.939 deaths/thousand127
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.345 years173
Rate of Natural Increase 8.91 121
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.406 %70
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.485 %72
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.282 %68
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.488 %52
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 12.031 %53
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.884 %53
Crude Suicide Rate 6.9 suicides/thousand94
Median Age (Total) 30.9 years101
Median Age (Female) 31.3 years101
Median Age (Male) 30.4 years99

Costa Rica Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20174,905,62650.015%49.985%961100.96%122
20154,807,85050.034%49.966%941101.02%121
20104,545,27350.092%49.908%891101.21%120
20054,247,84350.14%49.86%831101.42%120
20003,925,45050.195%49.805%761131.8%119
19953,510,92550.299%49.701%681182.41%124
19903,095,99450.403%49.597%601192.54%128
19852,730,23150.476%49.524%531212.56%128
19802,389,30850.575%49.426%461222.68%129
19752,097,41050.663%49.337%411232.55%129
19701,848,87250.742%49.258%361252.64%130
19651,589,62550.809%49.191%311243.25%133
19601,333,04250.856%49.144%261293.6%134
19551,119,61950.929%49.071%211303.4%135
1950959,48851.019%48.981%181332.74%135

Costa Rica Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20205,043,68349.992%50.008%981120.85%124
20255,245,85349.959%50.041%1021120.69%124
20305,413,44449.937%50.063%1061110.54%123
20355,547,67049.934%50.066%1081120.41%123
20405,649,93149.951%50.049%1101110.3%123
20455,720,76349.983%50.017%1121110.18%123
20505,759,36650.024%49.976%1121100.07%124
20555,766,48350.069%49.931%112111-0.04%124
20605,745,85450.116%49.884%112114-0.12%128
20655,701,12150.156%49.844%111117-0.2%128
20705,634,99050.186%49.814%110118-0.28%128
20755,549,53650.201%49.799%108119-0.35%128
20805,445,88550.21%49.79%106120-0.41%127
20855,331,31350.228%49.772%104121-0.44%128
20905,213,90950.249%49.751%102121-0.45%129
20955,099,83450.264%49.736%99125-0.43%129
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations