Costa Rica Population 2017

4,910,461

Costa Rica is a Spanish word that means 'the rich coast.' It is officially known as the Republic of Costa Rica, and this Central American country borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Panama to the southeast and Nicaragua to the north. In 2017, Costa Rica has an estimated population of 4.91 million.

The current population of Costa Rica is approximately 4.91 million, up from the 4.58 million at the 2011 census. This makes Costa Rica the 120th most populous country in the world. Of course, this number does not factor in the nearly 2.2 million visitors that Costa Rica receives per year!

Costa Rica has a population density of 84 people per square kilometer (220/square mile), which ranks 107th in the world. The capital and largest city is San Jose, which has a population of 288,000 and a high population density of 6,455 people per square kilometer (16,720/square mile). The greater metropolitan area has 2.15 million residents, or a third of the country's entire population. San Jose is one of the safest cities in all of Latin America.

In 1949, Costa Rica eliminated its army once and for all. Costa Rica is the only democratic Latin American country since 1950, and is one of the few countries that have a commendable human development pace. Also in 2011, the UNDP declared that Costa Rica has played a good role in sustaining the environment.

Costa Rica Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the ethnic composition of Costa Rica was 66% White/Castizo, 14% Mestizo, 9% immigrants, 7% Mulatto, 2.5% Amerindian, 1% Black, 0.2% Asian and 0.9% other. According to a genome project, the average Costa Rican in the Central Valley is 68% European, 29% Amerindian and 3% African.

Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom live in reservations. There are eight indigenous ethnic groups: the Quitirrisi, Matambu, Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and Terraba.

The most common European ancestry is Spanish, although there are many with Italian, German, English, Dutch, Portuguese, Polish and Irish ancestry. The country also has a large Jewish community. Most Afro-Costa Ricans in the country speak Creole English and descend from 19th century black Jamaican immigrants.

Costa Rica has many refugees and illegal immigrants, most of whom are from Nicaragua and Colombia. It's believed that up to 15% of the country's population, or 600,000 people, are Nicaraguans, some of whom migrate to the country for seasonal work. As the only democratic country in the region, Costa Rica has many refugees who fled dictatorships and wars in nearby Latin American countries over the last four decades.

Costa Rica Tourism and Biodiversity

A wide and diverse range of plants and animals are found in the country. While owning only around 0.25% of the world's land, it comprises 5% of the biodiversity of the world. Out of the total land area of Costa Rica, a huge portion is concealed and protected as National Parks. Around 25% of the country's land area is in protected National Parks and other protected areas, which is a large percentage compared to all the other countries.

Costa Rica attracts a huge number of tourists from all over the world every year. In the region of Central America, the largest number of tourists visit Costa Rica. The number of visitors in 2011 was as large as 2.2 million visitors. In 2012, the international tourist revenue increased to 2.4 billion US dollars. Tourism contributed a percentage of 8.1% to the total GNP of the country, while 13.3% of the employment was a result of tourism. Bananas, along with coffee, earn less than the revenue that comes from tourism in the country.

Costa Rica Population Growth

Costa Rica is currently growing at a very steady 1% per year, in line with many neighboring countries. The most recent census in 2011, the first in eleven years, found the population of the country was smaller than expected, in part because Costa Ricans are having fewer children. The average household plummeted from 5.6 in 1973 to 3.5 in 2011. It's also believed that economic troubles play a role, which means that Costa Rica may one day soon begin to see negative growth.

Costa Rica Population in 2018Source: wikipedro

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Costa Rica Population Growth

With a population growth rate of 1.48%, Costa Rica is in the middle of the pack. This growth is expected to slow until around 2050, when the population will begin to decline.

About Costa Rica

Official NameRepublic of Costa Rica
Languages SpokenSpanish
BordersNIC, PAN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude10-84
Currencies UsedCRC

Costa Rica Population Density

Name Population
San Jose335,007
Limon63,081
San Francisco55,923
Alajuela47,494
Liberia45,380
Paraiso39,702
Puntarenas35,650
San Isidro34,877
Curridabat34,586
San Vicente34,447
San Vicente de Moravia34,447
San Jose31,430
Purral30,034
Turrialba28,955
San Miguel28,827
San Pedro27,477
San Rafael Abajo27,419
Quesada27,310
Ipis26,669
Cartago26,594
Chacarita26,354
San Juan26,047
Mercedes26,007
Guadalupe26,005
Aserri25,874
San Rafael25,410
San Felipe24,985
Patarra23,983
Tejar22,433
Heredia21,947
San Pablo21,662
Calle Blancos20,710
Canas20,306
Guapiles19,092
Siquirres18,231
San Rafael17,649
San Diego16,991
Colima15,875
Esparza15,575
San Juan de Dios15,469
Nicoya15,313
San Rafael Arriba15,051
Desamparados14,448
Concepcion14,000
Alajuelita13,845
Sabanilla13,251
Granadilla12,683
Santa Cruz12,281
San Josecito12,195
Escazu12,071
Naranjo11,853
Buenos Aires11,680
San Antonio10,938
San Ramon10,765
Tres Rios10,430
Daniel Flores10,028
Rio Segundo9,853
Colon9,687
San Rafael8,887
Santiago8,292
Santa Ana8,029
Quepos7,810
San Juan7,729
Tilaran7,301
Corredor7,084
Guacimo7,022
Atenas7,014
Cot6,784
Golfito6,777
Llorente6,626
Miramar6,540
Orotina6,135
Santo Domingo5,745
Salitrillos5,738
Mercedes5,467
Pocora5,248

Costa Rica Population Clock

What is the population of Costa Rica (as of 11/15/2017)?4,910,461
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4,905,769
Births Per Day38
Deaths Per Day13
Net Migrations Per Day 9
Net Change Per Day 34
Population Change Since January 1st10,846

Costa Rica Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 14.053 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 5.015 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.665 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.993 years
Male Life Expectancy 77.684 years
Female Life Expectancy 82.356 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.768 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.847 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 8.23 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 10.939 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.345 years
Rate of Natural Increase 8.91
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.406%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.485%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.282%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.488%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 12.031%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.884%
Median Age (Total) 30.9 years
Median Age (Female) 31.3 years
Median Age (Male) 30.4 years

Costa Rica Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20174,905,76950.01%49.99%961.01%
20154,807,85250.03%49.97%941.13%
20104,545,28050.09%49.91%891.36%
20054,247,84150.14%49.86%831.59%
20003,925,44350.20%49.80%772.26%
19953,510,92650.30%49.70%692.55%
19903,095,99550.40%49.60%612.55%
19852,730,23350.48%49.52%532.70%
19802,389,31050.57%49.43%472.64%
19752,097,40750.66%49.34%412.55%
19701,848,86650.74%49.26%363.07%
19651,589,62150.81%49.19%313.58%
19601,333,04050.86%49.14%263.55%
19551,119,61750.93%49.07%223.13%
1950959,49551.02%48.98%190.00%

Costa Rica Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20205,044,17949.99%50.01%990.00%
20255,247,33749.95%50.05%1030.79%
20305,417,37949.92%50.08%1060.64%
20355,553,94649.91%50.09%1090.50%
20405,658,89749.91%50.09%1110.38%
20455,732,64149.93%50.07%1120.26%
20505,774,07049.95%50.05%1130.14%
20555,784,18449.97%50.03%1130.04%
20605,765,41449.99%50.01%113-0.06%
20655,723,09850.01%49.99%112-0.15%
20705,660,05450.02%49.98%111-0.22%
20755,576,98050.02%49.98%109-0.30%
20805,475,76850.01%49.99%107-0.37%
20855,363,13250.02%49.98%105-0.41%
20905,247,23550.03%49.97%103-0.44%
20955,134,44850.05%49.95%100-0.43%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer