Costa Rica Population 2017

[[getCurrentPopulation()]]

The current population of Costa Rica is approximately 5 million, up from the 4.58 million at the 2011 census. This makes Costa Rica the 120th most populous country in the world. Of course, this number does not factor in the nearly 2.2 million visitors that Costa Rica receives per year!

Costa Rica has a population density of 84 people per square kilometer (220/square mile), which ranks 107th in the world. The capital and largest city is San Jose, which has a population of 288,000 and a high population density of 6,455 people per square kilometer (16,720/square mile). The greater metropolitan area has 2.15 million residents, or a third of the country's entire population. San Jose is one of the safest cities in all of Latin America.

In 1949, Costa Rica eliminated its army once and for all. Costa Rica is the only democratic Latin American country since 1950, and is one of the few countries that have a commendable human development pace. Also in 2011, the UNDP declared that Costa Rica has played a good role in sustaining the environment.

Costa Rica Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the ethnic composition of Costa Rica was 66% White/Castizo, 14% Mestizo, 9% immigrants, 7% Mulatto, 2.5% Amerindian, 1% Black, 0.2% Asian and 0.9% other. According to a genome project, the average Costa Rican in the Central Valley is 68% European, 29% Amerindian and 3% African.

Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom live in reservations. There are eight indigenous ethnic groups: the Quitirrisi, Matambu, Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and Terraba.

The most common European ancestry is Spanish, although there are many with Italian, German, English, Dutch, Portuguese, Polish and Irish ancestry. The country also has a large Jewish community. Most Afro-Costa Ricans in the country speak Creole English and descend from 19th century black Jamaican immigrants.

Costa Rica has many refugees and illegal immigrants, most of whom are from Nicaragua and Colombia. It's believed that up to 15% of the country's population, or 600,000 people, are Nicaraguans, some of whom migrate to the country for seasonal work. As the only democratic country in the region, Costa Rica has many refugees who fled dictatorships and wars in nearby Latin American countries over the last four decades.

Costa Rica Tourism and Biodiversity

A wide and diverse range of plants and animals are found in the country. While owning only around 0.25% of the world's land, it comprises 5% of the biodiversity of the world. Out of the total land area of Costa Rica, a huge portion is concealed and protected as National Parks. Around 25% of the country's land area is in protected National Parks and other protected areas, which is a large percentage compared to all the other countries.

Costa Rica attracts a huge number of tourists from all over the world every year. In the region of Central America, the largest number of tourists visit Costa Rica. The number of visitors in 2011 was as large as 2.2 million visitors. In 2012, the international tourist revenue increased to 2.4 billion US dollars. Tourism contributed a percentage of 8.1% to the total GNP of the country, while 13.3% of the employment was a result of tourism. Bananas, along with coffee, earn less than the revenue that comes from tourism in the country.

Costa Rica Population Growth

Costa Rica is currently growing at a very steady 1% per year, in line with many neighboring countries. The most recent census in 2011, the first in eleven years, found the population of the country was smaller than expected, in part because Costa Ricans are having fewer children. The average household plummeted from 5.6 in 1973 to 3.5 in 2011. It's also believed that economic troubles play a role, which means that Costa Rica may one day soon begin to see negative growth.

Costa Rica Population in 2017 Source: Wikipedro

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Costa Rica Population Growth

With a population growth rate of 1.48%, Costa Rica is in the middle of the pack. This growth is expected to slow until around 2050, when the population will begin to decline.

Costa Rica Population Density

About Costa Rica

Official Name Republic of Costa Rica
Languages Spoken Spanish
Borders NIC, PAN
Is Landlocked No
Latitude/Longitude 10,-84
Currencies Used CRC

Costa Rica Population Clock

What is the population of Costa Rica (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 38
Deaths Per Day 13
Net Migrations Per Day 9
Net Change Per Day 34
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Costa Rica Population Indicators

Indicator Value World Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 14.053 births/thousand 131st
Crude Death Rate 5.015 deaths/thousand 180th
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.665 people/thousand 55th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.993 years 42nd
Life Expectancy (Male) 77.684 years 39th
Life Expectancy (Female) 82.356 years 42nd
Total Fertility Rate 1.768 children/woman 148th
Net Reproduction Rate 0.847 surviving daughters/woman 150th
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.05 males per female 87th
Infant Mortality Rate 8.23 deaths/1,000 live births 134th
Under Five Mortality 10.939 deaths/thousand 127th
Mean Age at Childbearing 27.345 years 173rd
Rate of Natural Increase 8.91 121st
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 3.406% 70th
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 4.485% 72nd
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 2.282% 68th
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.488% 70th
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 12.031% 72nd
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 6.884% 68th
Crude Suicide Rate 6.9 suicides/thousand 94th
Median Age (Total) 30.9 years 101st
Median Age (Female) 31.3 years 101st
Median Age (Male) 30.4 years 99th

Costa Rica Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017 4,905,626 50.015% 49.985% 96 110 0.96% 122
2015 4,807,850 50.034% 49.966% 94 110 1.02% 121
2010 4,545,273 50.092% 49.908% 89 110 1.21% 120
2005 4,247,843 50.14% 49.86% 83 110 1.42% 120
2000 3,925,450 50.195% 49.805% 76 113 1.8% 119
1995 3,510,925 50.299% 49.701% 68 118 2.41% 124
1990 3,095,994 50.403% 49.597% 60 119 2.54% 128
1985 2,730,231 50.476% 49.524% 53 121 2.56% 128
1980 2,389,308 50.575% 49.426% 46 122 2.68% 129
1975 2,097,410 50.663% 49.337% 41 123 2.55% 129
1970 1,848,872 50.742% 49.258% 36 125 2.64% 130
1965 1,589,625 50.809% 49.191% 31 124 3.25% 133
1960 1,333,042 50.856% 49.144% 26 129 3.6% 134
1955 1,119,619 50.929% 49.071% 21 130 3.4% 135
1950 959,488 51.019% 48.981% 18 133 2.74% 135

Costa Rica Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020 5,043,683 49.992% 50.008% 98 112 0.85% 124
2025 5,245,853 49.959% 50.041% 102 112 0.69% 124
2030 5,413,444 49.937% 50.063% 106 111 0.54% 123
2035 5,547,670 49.934% 50.066% 108 112 0.41% 123
2040 5,649,931 49.951% 50.049% 110 111 0.3% 123
2045 5,720,763 49.983% 50.017% 112 111 0.18% 123
2050 5,759,366 50.024% 49.976% 112 110 0.07% 124
2055 5,766,483 50.069% 49.931% 112 111 -0.04% 124
2060 5,745,854 50.116% 49.884% 112 114 -0.12% 128
2065 5,701,121 50.156% 49.844% 111 117 -0.2% 128
2070 5,634,990 50.186% 49.814% 110 118 -0.28% 128
2075 5,549,536 50.201% 49.799% 108 119 -0.35% 128
2080 5,445,885 50.21% 49.79% 106 120 -0.41% 127
2085 5,331,313 50.228% 49.772% 104 121 -0.44% 128
2090 5,213,909 50.249% 49.751% 102 121 -0.45% 129
2095 5,099,834 50.264% 49.736% 99 125 -0.43% 129
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations