Population of Countries in Africa 2019

Africa is the second largest by geographic area and the second most populous continent in the world, with an area of approximately 30 million km2 and a population of 1.2 billion people. The continent is widely considered to have a total of 54 countries, nine territories and two independent states with limited or no recognition. However, given Africa's complex political situation and the legacy of its colonial history, the exact makeup of the continent and number of officially recognised countries is still a contentious issue. Africa's population is the youngest of all the continents, with a median age of 19.7 (in comparison to the global median age of 30.4).

The northern country of Algeria is Africa's largest sovereign state and also among the most populous, with around 40 million residents. However, Nigeria is by far the largest country in terms of population – as of 2018, almost 196 million people live in the country. Ethiopia follows with a population of 107 million, while Egypt, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania and South Africa all have populations in excess of 50 million.

Even the smaller countries in Africa have fairly large populations. Rwanda and Burundi are relatively small in area (although both share borders with the much larger Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania), yet have populations 12.5 million and 11.2 million, respectively. The tiny landlocked country of Lesotho, surrounded by vastly bigger South Africa, nevertheless has a population of more than two million. Technically, however, it is the Seychelles – an Indian ocean archipelago made up of 115 islands – that is Africa's smallest country, with a total population of just 95,235.

Country Population
Nigeria200,962,417
Ethiopia110,135,635
Egypt101,168,745
DR Congo86,727,573
Tanzania60,913,557
South Africa58,065,097
Kenya52,214,791
Uganda45,711,874
Algeria42,679,018
Sudan42,514,094
Morocco36,635,156
Angola31,787,566
Mozambique31,408,823
Ghana30,096,970
Madagascar26,969,642
Ivory Coast25,531,083
Cameroon25,312,993
Niger23,176,691
Burkina Faso20,321,560
Malawi19,718,743
Mali19,689,140
Zambia18,137,369
Zimbabwe17,297,495
Senegal16,743,859
Chad15,814,345
Somalia15,636,171
Guinea13,398,180
South Sudan13,263,184
Rwanda12,794,412
Benin11,801,595
Tunisia11,783,168
Burundi11,575,964
Togo8,186,384
Sierra Leone7,883,123
Libya6,569,864
Republic of the Congo5,542,197
Eritrea5,309,659
Liberia4,977,720
Central African Republic4,825,711
Mauritania4,661,149
Namibia2,641,996
Botswana2,374,636
Lesotho2,292,682
Gambia2,228,075
Gabon2,109,099
Guinea-Bissau1,953,723
Swaziland1,415,414
Equatorial Guinea1,360,104
Mauritius1,271,368
Djibouti985,690
Reunion889,918
Comoros850,910
Western Sahara582,478
Cape Verde560,349
Mayotte266,380
Sao Tome and Principe213,379
Seychelles95,702