Population of Countries in Africa 2018

Africa is the second largest by geographic area and the second most populous continent in the world, with an area of approximately 30 million km2 and a population of 1.2 billion people. The continent is widely considered to have a total of 54 countries, nine territories and two independent states with limited or no recognition. However, given Africa's complex political situation and the legacy of its colonial history, the exact makeup of the continent and number of officially recognised countries is still a contentious issue. Africa's population is the youngest of all the continents, with a median age of 19.7 (in comparison to the global median age of 30.4).

The northern country of Algeria is Africa's largest sovereign state and also among the most populous, with around 40 million residents. However, Nigeria is by far the largest country in terms of population – as of 2018, almost 196 million people live in the country. Ethiopia follows with a population of 107 million, while Egypt, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania and South Africa all have populations in excess of 50 million.

Even the smaller countries in Africa have fairly large populations. Rwanda and Burundi are relatively small in area (although both share borders with the much larger Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania), yet have populations 12.5 million and 11.2 million, respectively. The tiny landlocked country of Lesotho, surrounded by vastly bigger South Africa, nevertheless has a population of more than two million. Technically, however, it is the Seychelles – an Indian ocean archipelago made up of 115 islands – that is Africa's smallest country, with a total population of just 95,235.

Country Population
Nigeria195,875,237
Ethiopia107,534,882
Egypt99,375,741
DR Congo84,004,989
Tanzania59,091,392
South Africa57,398,421
Kenya50,950,879
Uganda44,270,563
Algeria42,008,054
Sudan41,511,526
Morocco36,191,805
Angola30,774,205
Mozambique30,528,673
Ghana29,463,643
Madagascar26,262,810
Ivory Coast24,905,843
Cameroon24,678,234
Niger22,311,375
Burkina Faso19,751,651
Malawi19,164,728
Mali19,107,706
Zambia17,609,178
Zimbabwe16,913,261
Senegal16,294,270
Chad15,353,184
Somalia15,181,925
Guinea13,052,608
South Sudan12,919,053
Rwanda12,501,156
Tunisia11,659,174
Benin11,485,674
Burundi11,216,450
Togo7,990,926
Sierra Leone7,719,729
Libya6,470,956
Republic of the Congo5,399,895
Eritrea5,187,948
Liberia4,853,516
Central African Republic4,737,423
Mauritania4,540,068
Namibia2,587,801
Botswana2,333,201
Lesotho2,263,010
Gambia2,163,765
Gabon2,067,561
Guinea-Bissau1,907,268
Swaziland1,391,385
Equatorial Guinea1,313,894
Mauritius1,268,315
Djibouti971,408
Reunion883,247
Comoros832,347
Western Sahara567,421
Cape Verde553,335
Mayotte259,682
Sao Tome and Principe208,818
Seychelles95,235