The world's largest and most populous continent, Asia has a total population of more than four billion. The continent is dominated by China and India, with their huge populations of 1.4 and 1.3 billion, respectively (although India's population is predicted to outgrow China's by 2024). Many other Asian countries are also extremely large in their own right, although they seem small in comparison to China and India. These include Indonesia (266,794,980), Pakistan (200,813,818) and Japan (127,185,332), all of which are both geographically distant and culturally disparate, emphasizing the sheer scale and diversity of the Asian continent.
The majority of Asia's 49 countries have populations of between ten and one hundred million. At the higher end are countries like Vietnam (96.4 million), Turkey (81.9 million) and Thailand (69.1 million), while Cambodia (16.2 million), Kazakhstan (18.4 million) and Taiwan (23.6 million) have lower, though still substantial, populations. A number of Asian countries also have populations of fewer than ten million, such as Israel (8.4 million), Hong Kong (7.4 million) and Singapore (5.7 million).
The smallest Asian countries are again geographically and culturally diverse. The tiny country of Brunei, on the island of Borneo, has a population of just 434,076. The Maldives, a tropical island country in the Indian Ocean has a similarly sized population of 444,259, while the landlocked Kingdom of Bhutan, located in the Eastern Himalayas and bordered by China, has just 817,054 inhabitants.