The continent of Europe has a total of 51 independent states, stretching from the island country of Iceland in the North Atlantic Ocean to the vast land of Russia, which is partly situated on the Asian continent but is regarded as being culturally European. Indeed, Russia is the most populous country in Europe as well as being the largest by area, with a total population of 143,964,709. Other European countries with sizable populations include Germany (82.2 million), the United Kingdom (66.5 million) and France (65.2 million).
However, the majority of European countries have fewer than ten million residents – these include countries in western Europe, such as Portugal, with a population of just over ten million, northern Europe – the Scandinavian country of Sweden has 9.9 million residents – and eastern Europe, such as Bulgaria, with its seven million residents. Other smaller, but economically significant, European countries include Switzerland (8.5 million), Norway (5.3 million) and Ireland (4.8 million).
Interestingly, the smallest European countries include some of the wealthiest, not only in Europe but in the world. Luxembourg has a population of just 590,321 but is one of the world's wealthiest countries. Monaco is famous for its wealth and glamour, but has just 38,897 residents, while tiny Vatican City has a permanent population of only 801 inhabitants, but has billions of dollars worth of assets that include priceless pieces of art and historical artifacts.