Largest Countries in the World by Area 2019

What are the largest countries in the world? Here is a list of the top ten largest countries by area in square miles:

  1. Russia (6,599,921 square miles)
  2. Canada (3,854,083 square miles)
  3. China (3,746,887 square miles)
  4. United States (3,617,827 square miles)
  5. Brazil (3,287,086 square miles)
  6. Australia (2,969,121 square miles)
  7. India (1,269,010 square miles)
  8. Argentina (1,073,234 square miles)
  9. Kazakhstan (1,051,811 square miles)
  10. Algeria (919,352 square miles)

Not surprisingly, the largest country in the world by area is Russia, spanning a huge 17,098,242 km² across Eastern Europe and Asia. This is followed by Canada (9,984,670 km²) and China (9,706,961 km²), both much smaller although still very large, while the United States and Brazil complete the top five at 9,372,610 km² and 8,515,767 km² respectively, putting a total of three countries in the Americas in the world's top five largest.

The largest country by landmass in Asia is India, at 3,287,590 km², while the smallest is Macau, an autonomous region on the south coast of China that is just 30 km². Africa's largest country is Algeria (2,381,741 km²) and its smallest is the Indian Ocean archipelago of Mayotte (374 km²). While Russia is on the European land mass, France is Western Europe's largest country at 551,695 km²; however, it only just makes it into the top fifty, so it is comparatively quite small.

The smallest countries in the world are predominantly in Europe, Oceania and the Americas, and many are island nations, some of which are constituent territories of other countries. Vatican City is the smallest in the world at a tiny 0.44 km², followed by Monaco at 2.02 km² and Gibraltar at 6 km². They are followed by Tokelau (12 km²) and Nauru (21 km²), both in the Oceania region. The smallest country in the Americas are the Caribbean islands of Sint Maarten and Saint Martin, at 34 and 53 km², respectively.

Rank Name Area (km²) Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Region Subregion
1Russia17,098,2426,599,92111.52%EuropeEastern Europe
2Canada9,984,6703,854,0836.73%AmericasNorthern America
3China9,706,9613,746,8876.54%AsiaEastern Asia
4United States9,372,6103,617,8276.31%AmericasNorthern America
5Brazil8,515,7673,287,0865.74%AmericasSouth America
6Australia7,692,0242,969,1215.18%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
7India3,287,5901,269,0102.21%AsiaSouthern Asia
8Argentina2,780,4001,073,2341.87%AmericasSouth America
9Kazakhstan2,724,9001,051,8111.84%AsiaCentral Asia
10Algeria2,381,741919,3521.60%AfricaNorthern Africa
11Dr Congo2,344,858905,1151.58%AfricaMiddle Africa
12Greenland2,166,086836,1091.46%AmericasNorthern America
13Saudi Arabia2,149,690829,7801.45%AsiaWestern Asia
14Mexico1,964,375758,2491.32%AmericasCentral America
15Indonesia1,904,569735,1641.28%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
16Sudan1,886,068728,0221.27%AfricaNorthern Africa
17Libya1,759,540679,1821.19%AfricaNorthern Africa
18Iran1,648,195636,2031.11%AsiaSouthern Asia
19Mongolia1,564,110603,7461.05%AsiaEastern Asia
20Peru1,285,216496,0930.87%AmericasSouth America
21Chad1,284,000495,6240.86%AfricaMiddle Africa
22Niger1,267,000489,0620.85%AfricaWestern Africa
23Angola1,246,700481,2260.84%AfricaMiddle Africa
24Mali1,240,192478,7140.84%AfricaWestern Africa
25South Africa1,221,037471,3200.82%AfricaSouthern Africa
26Colombia1,141,748440,7150.77%AmericasSouth America
27Ethiopia1,104,300426,2600.74%AfricaEastern Africa
28Bolivia1,098,581424,0520.74%AmericasSouth America
29Mauritania1,030,700397,8500.69%AfricaWestern Africa
30Egypt1,002,450386,9460.68%AfricaNorthern Africa
31Tanzania945,087364,8040.64%AfricaEastern Africa
32Nigeria923,768356,5740.62%AfricaWestern Africa
33Venezuela916,445353,7480.62%AmericasSouth America
34Pakistan881,912340,4180.59%AsiaSouthern Asia
35Namibia825,615318,6870.56%AfricaSouthern Africa
36Mozambique801,590309,4140.54%AfricaEastern Africa
37Turkey783,562302,4550.53%AsiaWestern Asia
38Chile756,102291,8550.51%AmericasSouth America
39Zambia752,612290,5080.51%AfricaEastern Africa
40Myanmar676,578261,1590.46%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
41Afghanistan652,230251,7610.44%AsiaSouthern Asia
42Somalia637,657246,1360.43%AfricaEastern Africa
43Central African Republic622,984240,4720.42%AfricaMiddle Africa
44South Sudan619,745239,2220.42%AfricaMiddle Africa
45Ukraine603,500232,9510.41%EuropeEastern Europe
46Madagascar587,041226,5980.40%AfricaEastern Africa
47Botswana582,000224,6520.39%AfricaSouthern Africa
48Kenya580,367224,0220.39%AfricaEastern Africa
49France551,695212,9540.37%EuropeWestern Europe
50Yemen527,968203,7960.36%AsiaWestern Asia
51Thailand513,120198,0640.35%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
52Spain505,992195,3130.34%EuropeSouthern Europe
53Turkmenistan488,100188,4070.33%AsiaCentral Asia
54Cameroon475,442183,5210.32%AfricaMiddle Africa
55Papua New Guinea462,840178,6560.31%OceaniaMelanesia
56Sweden450,295173,8140.30%EuropeNorthern Europe
57Uzbekistan447,400172,6960.30%AsiaCentral Asia
58Morocco446,550172,3680.30%AfricaNorthern Africa
59Iraq438,317169,1900.30%AsiaWestern Asia
60Paraguay406,752157,0060.27%AmericasSouth America
61Zimbabwe390,757150,8320.26%AfricaEastern Africa
62Japan377,930145,8810.25%AsiaEastern Asia
63Germany357,114137,8460.24%EuropeWestern Europe
64Philippines342,353132,1480.23%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
65Republic Of The Congo342,000132,0120.23%AfricaMiddle Africa
66Finland338,424130,6320.23%EuropeNorthern Europe
67Vietnam331,212127,8480.22%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
68Malaysia330,803127,6900.22%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
69Norway323,802124,9880.22%EuropeNorthern Europe
70Ivory Coast322,463124,4710.22%AfricaWestern Africa
71Poland312,679120,6940.21%EuropeEastern Europe
72Oman309,500119,4670.21%AsiaWestern Asia
73Italy301,336116,3160.20%EuropeSouthern Europe
74Ecuador276,841106,8610.19%AmericasSouth America
75Burkina Faso272,967105,3650.18%AfricaWestern Africa
76New Zealand270,467104,4000.18%OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
77Gabon267,668103,3200.18%AfricaMiddle Africa
78Western Sahara266,000102,6760.18%AfricaNorthern Africa
79Guinea245,85794,9010.17%AfricaWestern Africa
80United Kingdom242,90093,7590.16%EuropeNorthern Europe
81Uganda241,55093,2380.16%AfricaEastern Africa
82Ghana238,53392,0740.16%AfricaWestern Africa
83Romania238,39192,0190.16%EuropeEastern Europe
84Laos236,80091,4050.16%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
85Guyana214,96982,9780.14%AmericasSouth America
86Belarus207,60080,1340.14%EuropeEastern Europe
87Kyrgyzstan199,95177,1810.13%AsiaCentral Asia
88Senegal196,72275,9350.13%AfricaWestern Africa
89Syria185,18071,4790.12%AsiaWestern Asia
90Cambodia181,03569,8800.12%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
91Uruguay181,03469,8790.12%AmericasSouth America
92Suriname163,82063,2350.11%AmericasSouth America
93Tunisia163,61063,1530.11%AfricaNorthern Africa
94Bangladesh147,57056,962< 0.1%AsiaSouthern Asia
95Nepal147,18156,812< 0.1%AsiaSouthern Asia
96Tajikistan143,10055,237< 0.1%AsiaCentral Asia
97Greece131,99050,948< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
98Nicaragua130,37350,324< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
99North Korea120,53846,528< 0.1%AsiaEastern Asia
100Malawi118,48445,735< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
101Eritrea117,60045,394< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
102Benin112,62243,472< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
103Honduras112,49243,422< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
104Liberia111,36942,988< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
105Bulgaria110,87942,799< 0.1%EuropeEastern Europe
106Cuba109,88442,415< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
107Guatemala108,88942,031< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
108Iceland103,00039,758< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
109South Korea100,21038,681< 0.1%AsiaEastern Asia
110Hungary93,02835,909< 0.1%EuropeEastern Europe
111Portugal92,09035,547< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
112Jordan89,34234,486< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
113Serbia88,36134,107< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
114Azerbaijan86,60033,428< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
115Austria83,87132,374< 0.1%EuropeWestern Europe
116United Arab Emirates83,60032,270< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
117French Guiana83,53432,244< 0.1%AmericasSouth America
118Czech Republic78,86530,442< 0.1%EuropeEastern Europe
119Panama75,41729,111< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
120Sierra Leone71,74027,692< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
121Ireland70,27327,125< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
122Georgia69,70026,904< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
123Sri Lanka65,61025,325< 0.1%AsiaSouthern Asia
124Lithuania65,30025,206< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
125Latvia64,55924,920< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
126Togo56,78521,919< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
127Croatia56,59421,845< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
128Bosnia And Herzegovina51,20919,767< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
129Costa Rica51,10019,725< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
130Slovakia49,03718,928< 0.1%EuropeEastern Europe
131Dominican Republic48,67118,787< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
132Estonia45,22717,458< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
133Denmark43,09416,634< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
134Netherlands41,85016,154< 0.1%EuropeWestern Europe
135Switzerland41,28415,936< 0.1%EuropeWestern Europe
136Bhutan38,39414,820< 0.1%AsiaSouthern Asia
137Taiwan36,19313,970< 0.1%AsiaEastern Asia
138Guinea Bissau36,12513,944< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
139Moldova33,84613,065< 0.1%EuropeEastern Europe
140Belgium30,52811,784< 0.1%EuropeWestern Europe
141Lesotho30,35511,717< 0.1%AfricaSouthern Africa
142Armenia29,74311,481< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
143Solomon Islands28,89611,154< 0.1%OceaniaMelanesia
144Albania28,74811,097< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
145Equatorial Guinea28,05110,828< 0.1%AfricaMiddle Africa
146Burundi27,83410,744< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
147Haiti27,75010,712< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
148Rwanda26,33810,166< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
149Macedonia25,7139,925< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
150Djibouti23,2008,955< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
151Belize22,9668,865< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
152El Salvador21,0418,122< 0.1%AmericasCentral America
153Israel20,7708,017< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
154Slovenia20,2737,825< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
155New Caledonia18,5757,170< 0.1%OceaniaMelanesia
156Fiji18,2727,053< 0.1%OceaniaMelanesia
157Kuwait17,8186,878< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
158Swaziland17,3646,703< 0.1%AfricaSouthern Africa
159Timor Leste14,8745,741< 0.1%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
160Bahamas13,9435,382< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
161Montenegro13,8125,331< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
162Vanuatu12,1894,705< 0.1%OceaniaMelanesia
163Falkland Islands12,1734,699< 0.1%AmericasSouth America
164Qatar11,5864,472< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
165Jamaica10,9914,243< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
166Kosovo10,9084,210< 0.1%EuropeEastern Europe
167Gambia10,6894,126< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
168Lebanon10,4524,034< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
169Cyprus9,2513,571< 0.1%EuropeEastern Europe
170Puerto Rico8,8703,424< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
171Palestine6,2202,401< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
172Brunei5,7652,225< 0.1%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
173Trinidad And Tobago5,1301,980< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
174French Polynesia4,1671,608< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
175Cape Verde4,0331,557< 0.1%AfricaWestern Africa
176Samoa2,8421,097< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
177Luxembourg2,586998< 0.1%EuropeWestern Europe
178Reunion2,511969< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
179Mauritius2,040787< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
180Comoros1,862719< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
181Guadeloupe1,628628< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
182Faroe Islands1,393538< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
183Martinique1,128435< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
184Hong Kong1,104426< 0.1%AsiaEastern Asia
185Sao Tome And Principe964372< 0.1%AfricaMiddle Africa
186Turks And Caicos Islands948366< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
187Kiribati811313< 0.1%OceaniaMicronesia
188Bahrain765295< 0.1%AsiaWestern Asia
189Dominica751290< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
190Tonga747288< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
191Singapore710274< 0.1%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
192Micronesia702271< 0.1%OceaniaMicronesia
193Saint Lucia616238< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
194Isle Of Man572221< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
195Guam549212< 0.1%OceaniaMicronesia
196Andorra468181< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
197Northern Mariana Islands464179< 0.1%OceaniaMicronesia
198Palau459177< 0.1%OceaniaMicronesia
199Seychelles452174< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
200Curacao444171< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
201Antigua And Barbuda442171< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
202Barbados430166< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
203Saint Vincent And The Grenadines389150< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
204Mayotte374144< 0.1%AfricaEastern Africa
205United States Virgin Islands347134< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
206Grenada344133< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
207Malta316122< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
208Maldives300116< 0.1%AsiaSouthern Asia
209Cayman Islands264102< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
210Saint Kitts And Nevis261101< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
211Niue260100< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
212Saint Pierre And Miquelon24293< 0.1%AmericasNorthern America
213Cook Islands23691< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
214American Samoa19977< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
215Marshall Islands18170< 0.1%OceaniaMicronesia
216Aruba18069< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
217Liechtenstein16062< 0.1%EuropeWestern Europe
218British Virgin Islands15158< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
219Wallis And Futuna14255< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
220Jersey11645< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
221Montserrat10239< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
222Anguilla9135< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
223Guernsey7830< 0.1%EuropeNorthern Europe
224San Marino6124< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
225Bermuda5421< 0.1%AmericasNorthern America
226Saint Martin5320< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
227Sint Maarten3413< 0.1%AmericasCaribbean
228Macau3012< 0.1%AsiaEastern Asia
229Tuvalu2610< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
230Nauru218< 0.1%OceaniaMicronesia
231Tokelau125< 0.1%OceaniaPolynesia
232Gibraltar62< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe
233Monaco2.021< 0.1%EuropeWestern Europe
234Vatican City0.44< 0.1%EuropeSouthern Europe