Countries That No Longer Exist 2019

Throughout the years, the world has changed dramatically. Populations have grown, cities have flourished, technology has taken the world by storm, and new industries have helped bolster economies.

Another way that the world has changed is that some countries have ceased to exist. There are a number of reasons that nations no longer exist. Some countries, such as East Germany and West Germany, merged to form one country. Other countries have split apart, such as the Persian Empire, which encompassed land from the Mediterranean Sea to India before becoming Persia and then, later, Iran. Other nations have changed their names, such as Ceylon, which became Sri Lanka in 1972.

There are many nations that have ceased to exist throughout history. Some of the most well-known include:

  • Abyssinia: now known as Ethiopia
  • Austria-Hungary: a region that included Austria, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, the Czech Republic, and the Balkans. Ceased to exist following World War I.
  • Basutoland: now known as Lesotho
  • Bengal: now part of India and Bangladesh
  • Burma: now known as Myanmar
  • Catalonia: an autonomous region of Spain
  • Ceylon: now known as Sri Lanka
  • Champa: located in what is now Vietnam
  • Corsica: now a department of France
  • East Germany & West Germany: now known as Germany
  • East Pakistan: now known as Bangladesh
  • England: now part of the United Kingdom
  • Gran Colombia: was once what is now Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela
  • Hawaii: was a country until annexed to the United States
  • New Grenada: now known as the Republic of Colombia
  • Newfoundland: now a Canadian province
  • North Yemen and South Yemen: united in 1990 as Yemen
  • Ottoman Empire: once included parts of Hungary, Russia, Turkey, the Middle East, the Balkans, and North Africa
  • Persia: now known as Iran
  • Prussia: once included parts of Germany and Poland. It was disbanded following World War II.
  • Rhodesia: now known as Zimbabwe
  • Scotland: now part of the United Kingdom
  • Siam: now known as Thailand
  • Sikkim: now part of North India
  • South Vietnam: now known as Vietnam
  • Southwest Africa: now known as Namibia
  • Tanganyika: united with Zanzibar to form Tanzania
  • Texas: was an independent country until annexed by the United States
  • Tibet: now an autonomous region of China
  • Transjordan: now known as Jordan
  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: divided into 15 countries in 1991
  • United Arab Republic: now split into Syria and Egypt
  • Vermont: was an independent country until it entered the U.S. as a state
  • Wales: now part of the United Kingdom
  • West Florida: included Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi. This country only lasted for 90 days.
  • Western Samoa: now known as Samoa
  • Yugoslavia: split into six countries in the 1990s
  • Zaire: now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Zanzibar: united with Tanganyika to form Tanzania