Countries With Birthright Citizenship 2019

What is birthright citizenship? Birthright citizenship is the legal right for children born in a country to be citizens of that country.

Birthright citizenship is a constitutional mandate in many countries, but you'd be surprised how many nations do not require that this notion be recognized as law. Despite the number of countries that do not enforce birthright citizenship as something you receive simply by being born, there are many countries that do in fact recognize birthright citizenship for anyone and everyone who is born within the country's borders.

Even then, there are some countries that offer birthright citizenship on a conditional basis. Luxembourg, Guinea-Bissau, Azerbaijan, and Chad are four examples of national instances whereby a country does not always offer birthright citizenship, except for under certain circumstances. In total, there are thirty-five countries around the world with birthright citizenship as a national policy for all people born in these particular countries.

What are the countries with birthright citizenship? The countries with birthright citizenship are: Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Fiji, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Lesoto, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Panama, Peru, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, and Uruguay.

There are many pros to living in a country that upholds birthright citizenship. In plain English, birthright citizenship asserts that anyone who was born in the United States, for example, is automatically a citizen. Birthright citizenship does not require any other prerequisites in order to be a citizen.

This is one of the many pros of countries that do uphold birthright citizenship as a right. Another pro of birthright citizenship is that it encourages people to move to a certain country for the sake of their children. The idea of this is that they will secure a better life for their children if the parents give birth within the boundaries of a country with birthright citizenship. On that note, an encouraging push toward a life in a country with birthright citizenship can also be considered a con of the policy.

If someone enters a country legally and abides by the official process for immigration, then they are more than welcome to take advantage of birthright citizenship opportunities for their children. However, there are various instances whereby people enter countries illegally, for whatever their reason may be, and this is definitely something that happens more so in countries with birthright citizenship. So, while birthright citizenship can definitely contribute to the overall diversity of a nation, it can also heighten the rates of illegal immigration into the country.

There is far more security granted to people who are born in countries with birthright citizenship, too. They can rest assured knowing that they can never be deported due to a lack of citizenship in their country of residence. You don't have a choice as to where you are born, so birthright citizenship is an effort to keep children from ever potentially suffering consequences related to their parents' actions.

Also, birthright citizenship creates a serious level of equality across the board. When everyone who is born into a country has a baseline status of citizenship, there is no inequality present. Everyone is on the same playing field, and this reality makes for a better population because no one is automatically lesser than anyone else from birth. The reality of birthright citizenship is that everybody is one and the same. Here is a brief overview of how birthright citizenship works in countries all over the world.

Antigua and Barbuda

There are three ways of receiving citizenship in the Caribbean country of Antigua and Barbuda. Birthright citizenship is one way, with the other two ways of acquiring citizenship being by way of descent and by way of a process called naturalization. These two variations of obtaining citizenship are still valid, but they involve playing an active part in getting your own citizenship rather than receiving it at the time of your birth.

As for birthright citizenship, any individual who was born in Antigua and Barbuda before, or on the day of, October 31st of 1981 are considered citizens by birth. Anyone born in the country prior to that date are not recognized as citizens under the birthright citizenship policy for the sole reason that the policy had not yet been put in place at the time of their births.

Pakistan

In 1951, a document called the Pakistan Citizenship Act was passed. Under this official piece of legislature, anyone who is born in Pakistan after the passing of this Act is naturally and officially considered a citizen of the country of Pakistan. Interestingly enough, not only are people born into Pakistan following the passing of the Pakistan Citizenship Act considered citizens, but so is anyone who was born in Pakistan in the years prior to the Citizenship Act of 1951.

Pakistan has a birthright citizenship ruling that accounts for everyone born in Pakistan, no matter on what date or during which year their births took place. The Citizenship Act of Pakistan also defines two other ways of obtaining citizenship, including by descent or by legal migration. These three ways of acquiring citizenship in Pakistan are very similar, if not identical, to the citizenship processes of other countries around the world.

United States

The United States of America declared birthright citizenship for USA-born individuals in 1868, at which point it became part of the Constitution. Known as the Fourteenth Amendment in the United States, birthright citizenship is a way of mandating who is a citizen and who is not. Originally, the United States adapted birthright citizenship into its policies following the Civil War.

It was an effort to grant citizenship to any and all slaves who had been brought to the United States, rather than branding them all illegal immigrants and further destroying their lives. Ever since, birthright citizenship has remained a right granted to everyone born on United States soil.

Birthright citizenship has been a given in the United States for a very long time, but as of late, the current presidential government is looking to overturn birthright citizenship as a way of reducing the prevalence of illegal immigration. As of right now, birthright citizenship still stands in the United States.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²3,287,086 mi²5.74%0.75%AmericasSouth America
2Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²758,249 mi²1.32%1.10%AmericasCentral America
3Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²1,073,234 mi²1.87%0.95%AmericasSouth America
4Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²3,854,083 mi²6.73%0.91%AmericasNorthern America
5Peru32,510,4531,285,216 km²496,093 mi²0.87%1.63%AmericasSouth America
6Chile18,952,038756,102 km²291,855 mi²0.51%1.19%AmericasSouth America
7Guatemala17,581,472108,889 km²42,031 mi²< 0.1%1.93%AmericasCentral America
8Ecuador17,373,662276,841 km²106,861 mi²0.19%1.69%AmericasSouth America
9Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²42,415 mi²< 0.1%-0.04%AmericasCaribbean
10Honduras9,746,117112,492 km²43,422 mi²< 0.1%1.65%AmericasCentral America
11Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²157,006 mi²0.27%1.27%AmericasSouth America
12Nicaragua6,545,502130,373 km²50,324 mi²< 0.1%1.24%AmericasCentral America
13Panama4,246,43975,417 km²29,111 mi²< 0.1%1.67%AmericasCentral America
14Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²69,879 mi²0.12%0.36%AmericasSouth America
15Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²4,243 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AmericasCaribbean
16Trinidad And Tobago1,394,9735,130 km²1,980 mi²< 0.1%0.37%AmericasCaribbean
17Fiji889,95318,272 km²7,053 mi²< 0.1%0.73%OceaniaMelanesia
18Guyana782,766214,969 km²82,978 mi²0.14%0.48%AmericasSouth America
19Belize390,35322,966 km²8,865 mi²< 0.1%1.90%AmericasCentral America
20Saint Lucia182,790616 km²238 mi²< 0.1%0.50%AmericasCaribbean
21Grenada112,003344 km²133 mi²< 0.1%0.49%AmericasCaribbean
22Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,589389 km²150 mi²< 0.1%0.34%AmericasCaribbean
23Tuvalu11,64626 km²10 mi²< 0.1%1.20%OceaniaPolynesia