Countries With Border Walls 2019

In the United States, President Donald Trump has made worldwide headlines with his push to build a wall along the United States-Mexico border in order to keep out illegal immigrants. While many people have vocalized their opposition to the plan, the United States would not be the first nation to construct a wall along its border.

Around the world, there are several nations that have border walls, fences, or barriers. These usually serve the purpose of controlling the border, keeping out illegal immigrants and preventing smuggling. Other nations use barriers when there are disputed or unclear borders.

As of November 2018, border walls are located in the following nations:

There are also several proposed and planned barriers in Estonia and Russia, Costa Rica, Thailand and Malaysia, Belize, and the United States.

Some nations have their barriers under construction. This includes China and North Korea, India, Iran and Pakistan, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine and Russia, and the United Arab Emirates and Oman.

Rank Flag Name Population 2019 Area Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area Growth Rate Region Subregion
1India1,366,417,7543,287,590 km²1,269,010 mi²2.21%1.02%AsiaSouthern Asia
2Egypt100,388,0731,002,450 km²386,946 mi²0.68%2.00%AfricaNorthern Africa
3South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²471,320 mi²0.82%1.33%AfricaSouthern Africa
4South Korea51,225,308100,210 km²38,681 mi²< 0.1%0.10%AsiaEastern Asia
5Spain46,736,776505,992 km²195,313 mi²0.34%0.09%EuropeSouthern Europe
6Iraq39,309,783438,317 km²169,190 mi²0.30%2.28%AsiaWestern Asia
7Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²251,761 mi²0.44%2.34%AsiaSouthern Asia
8Saudi Arabia34,268,5282,149,690 km²829,780 mi²1.45%1.68%AsiaWestern Asia
9Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²172,696 mi²0.30%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
10Mozambique30,366,036801,590 km²309,414 mi²0.54%2.95%AfricaEastern Africa
11Yemen29,161,922527,968 km²203,796 mi²0.36%2.33%AsiaWestern Asia
12North Korea25,666,161120,538 km²46,528 mi²< 0.1%0.46%AsiaEastern Asia
13Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²1,051,811 mi²1.84%1.27%AsiaCentral Asia
14Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²150,832 mi²0.26%1.43%AfricaEastern Africa
15Hungary9,684,67993,028 km²35,909 mi²< 0.1%-0.24%EuropeEastern Europe
16Hong Kong7,436,1541,104 km²426 mi²< 0.1%0.87%AsiaEastern Asia
17Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²42,799 mi²< 0.1%-0.73%EuropeEastern Europe
18Kyrgyzstan6,415,850199,951 km²77,181 mi²0.13%1.77%AsiaCentral Asia
19Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²188,407 mi²0.33%1.56%AsiaCentral Asia
20Kuwait4,207,08317,818 km²6,878 mi²< 0.1%1.69%AsiaWestern Asia
21Botswana2,303,697582,000 km²224,652 mi²0.39%2.20%AfricaSouthern Africa
22Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²9,925 mi²< 0.1%0.02%EuropeSouthern Europe
23Brunei433,2855,765 km²2,225 mi²< 0.1%1.01%AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia