The term “royal family” refers to the immediate family of a king of queen that leads a nation in a monarchy form of government. Sometimes, this term may also be used to describe immediate and extended family.
Traditionally, the royal family includes the spouse of the reigning monarch, surviving spouses of deceased monarchs, children, grandchildren, siblings, and paternal cousins. Spouses of all immediate family members are also included in the royal family. Great grandchildren and other descendants may also be considered part of the royal family.
Of the 26 monarchies around the world, 12 are in Europe. Therefore, there are currently 12 royal families in Europe. Two of the monarchies are elective and 10 are hereditary. Most monarchies in Europe are constitutional monarchies, meaning that the monarchs must exercise their power within the limits prescribed in an established legal framework. Liechtenstein and Monaco are semi-constitutional and Vatican City is a theocratic absolute elective monarchy.
The current monarchs in Europe are:
One important thing to note is that Queen Elizabeth II, perhaps the most well-known monarch in the world, is commonly known as the queen of United Kingdom. However, she is a monarch over the 16 commonwealth realms, which include: