Countries Without Extradition 2020

Extradition is a formal, cooperative law enforcement process between two countries where one government can turn over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the country where they were charged and convicted. Between countries, extraditions are typically regulated by treaties, which the United States has with over one hundred countries around the world.

An example of extradition is if someone commits a crime in the United States and then leaves the country to evade punishment. Law enforcement in the country where the criminal flees can detain and deliver the accused back to the United States to stand trial.

By allowing countries to pursue fugitives and other wanted criminals abroad, extradition has become increasingly important in combating transnational criminal organizations. Extradition allows countries to detain those involved in terrorism, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, and cybercrime.

In some nations, however, there are no extradition treaties in place with the United States. This means that a person convicted of a crime in one country does not have to be returned to that country to face trial or punishment. Even in nations with treaties in place, geopolitical issues can lead to disputes over extradition. Countries that have extradition treaties with the United States but are known for refuse extradition requests are Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Iceland, Switzerland, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. On the other hand, some countries without an extradition treaty, such as Yemen in the Middle East, are known for returning fugitives.

One of the most well-known stories surrounding the issue of extradition is the story of Edward Snowden. Edward Snowden is a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee and an American whistleblower who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013. When Snowden fled to Russia, he was held at the Moscow airport while U.S. authorities asked Russia to extradite him. Russia, however, had proposed a treaty with the United States asking for the mutual extradition of criminals, which the U.S. never agreed to. Because the United States has never extradited any Russian criminal who had taken asylum in the United States, Snowden’s extradition was not likely.

In the table below is every country that does not have an extradition treaty with the United States.

Country Population 2019
Afghanistan38,041,754
Algeria43,053,054
Andorra77,142
Angola31,825,295
Armenia2,957,731
Bahrain1,641,172
Bangladesh163,046,161
Belarus9,452,411
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,301,000
Brunei433,285
Burkina Faso20,321,378
Burundi11,530,580
Cambodia16,486,542
Cameroon25,876,380
Cape Verde549,935
Central African Republic4,745,185
Chad15,946,876
China1,433,783,686
Comoros850,886
Djibouti973,560
Equatorial Guinea1,355,986
Eritrea3,497,117
Ethiopia112,078,730
Gabon2,172,579
Guinea12,771,246
Guinea Bissau1,920,922
Indonesia270,625,568
Ivory Coast25,716,544
Kazakhstan18,551,427
Kuwait4,207,083
Laos7,169,455
Lebanon6,855,713
Libya6,777,452
Madagascar26,969,307
Maldives530,953
Mali19,658,031
Marshall Islands58,791
Mauritania4,525,696
Micronesia113,815
Moldova4,043,263
Mongolia3,225,167
Montenegro627,987
Morocco36,471,769
Mozambique30,366,036
Namibia2,494,530
Nepal28,608,710
Niger23,310,715
Oman4,974,986
Qatar2,832,067
Russia145,872,256
Rwanda12,626,950
Samoa197,097
Saudi Arabia34,268,528
Senegal16,296,364
Serbia8,772,235
Somalia15,442,905
Sudan42,813,238
Syria17,070,135
Togo8,082,366
Tunisia11,694,719
Uganda44,269,594
Ukraine43,993,638
United Arab Emirates9,770,529
Uzbekistan32,981,716
Vanuatu299,882
Vietnam96,462,106
Yemen29,161,922