Croatia Population 2018

4,157,391

Croatia sits at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Southern Europe and Central Europe, and thus has very diverse climates. The climate is inviting to cold winters and hot summers over the majority of the country, with coastal areas enjoying milder conditions. In 2018, the population is estimated at 4.16 million.

Population Density and Recent Changes

Croatia has been experiencing a population decline (nearly .60% in 2018), although it's believed its population has increased slightly to 4.16 million in 2018 from the 2011 census figure of 4.28 million. This makes Croatia the 128th most populous country in the world. Croatia has a population density of 73 people per square kilometer, which ranks 133rd in the world.

Croatia Capital and City Centers

The capital and largest city, Zagreb, has a city population of 698,000. The next largest city is Split, with only 178,000 people.

Croatia Demographics

90.4% of the population is Croats. This makes Croatia the most ethnically homogeneous of the 6 countries of former Yugoslavia. Other groups include Serbs (4.4%), Bosniaks, Italians, Germans, Czechs, Romani and Hungarians.

Croats arrived in the area during the 7th century and founded the kingdom of Croatia, which retained sovereignty for almost 200 years. It was conquered and eventually declared independence once more in 1991. The Croatian War of Independence caused a sharp drop in population, with hundreds of thousands fleeing violence outside the country.

More than 86% of the population is Roman Catholic. The second-most common religion is Eastern Orthodoxy at 4%.

78% of Croatians speak at least one foreign language. About half speak English as a second language, while 34% speak German and 14% speak Italian. Croatian is the official language in Croatia.

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. Croatia is now ranked as the 14th fastest shrinking country in the world. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 14 minutes
One death every 10 minutes
One net migrant every 65 minutes
Net loss of one person every 22 minutes

Croatia Population in 2018Source: By Nick Savchenko from Kiev, Ukraine (Split) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

About Croatia

Official NameRepublic of Croatia
Languages SpokenCroatian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude45.1666666615.5
Currencies UsedCroatia Kuna
DemonymCroatian

Croatia Population Density

Croatia Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Zagreb698,966
Split176,314
Rijeka141,172
Osijek88,140
Zadar71,258
Slavonski Brod60,742
Pula59,078
Sesvete52,411
Karlovac46,833
Varazdin41,808
Zagreb- Stenjevec41,257
Sibenik37,112
Zagreb - Centar37,000
Sisak35,748
Velika Gorica35,072
Vinkovci33,314
Vukovar29,584
Dubrovnik28,428
Bjelovar28,275
Koprivnica25,579

Croatia Population Clock

The population of Croatia (as of 10/20/2018)?4,157,391
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)4,164,783
Births Per Day103
Deaths Per Day147
Net Migrations Per Day -22
Net Change Per Day -66
Population Change Since January 1st-19,338

Croatia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of October 20th 2018 is: 4,157,291

Croatia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20184,164,78348.22%51.78%73.59130-0.59%
20174,189,35348.20%51.80%74.02129-0.57%
20164,213,26548.19%51.81%74.45129-0.54%
20154,236,01648.18%51.82%74.85127-0.43%
20104,328,15348.17%51.83%76.48125-0.23%
20054,378,05748.16%51.84%77.36119-0.23%
20004,428,07248.14%51.86%78.24117-0.83%
19954,616,76348.37%51.63%81.58110-0.68%
19904,776,37248.48%51.52%84.401050.25%
19854,716,11748.39%51.61%83.331010.51%
19804,598,12948.44%51.56%81.25980.43%
19754,500,86548.47%51.53%79.53940.35%
19704,423,07248.39%51.61%78.15920.43%
19654,328,92048.27%51.73%76.49860.64%
19604,192,63448.02%51.98%74.08800.79%
19554,030,41447.88%52.12%71.22770.92%
19503,850,29747.64%52.36%68.03770.00%

Croatia Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,115,94748.25%51.75%72.731310.00%
20254,002,88548.32%51.68%70.73131-0.56%
20303,895,78448.40%51.60%68.84131-0.54%
20353,790,12748.49%51.51%66.97131-0.55%
20403,681,55648.59%51.41%65.05134-0.58%
20453,571,86048.75%51.25%63.11136-0.60%
20503,460,90148.95%51.05%61.15138-0.63%
20553,348,98849.15%50.85%59.18139-0.66%
20603,237,20549.32%50.68%57.20141-0.68%
20653,127,15049.46%50.54%55.26141-0.69%
20703,020,25349.58%50.42%53.37142-0.69%
20752,918,61549.68%50.32%51.57142-0.68%
20802,824,35249.78%50.22%49.91143-0.65%
20852,737,70349.86%50.14%48.37143-0.62%
20902,658,31749.92%50.08%46.97143-0.59%
20952,585,33949.96%50.04%45.68143-0.56%
Data Sources
  1. Croatian Bureau of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer