Croatia Population 2017

4,188,111

Croatia sits at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Southern Europe and Central Europe, and thus has very diverse climates. In 2017, the population is estimated at 4.19 million.

Croatia has been experiencing a population decline, although it's believed its population has increased slightly to 4.19 million in 2017 from the 2011 census figure of 4.28 million. This makes Croatia the 128th most populous country in the world. Croatia has a population density of 76 people per square mile (196/square mile), which ranks 126th in the world.

The capital and largest city, Zagreb, has city population of 790,000. The next largest city is Split, with only 178,000 people.

Croatia Demographics

90.4% of the population is Croats. This makes Croatia the most ethnically homogeneous of the 6 countries of former Yugoslavia. Other groups include Serbs (4.4%), Bosniaks, Italians, Germans, Czechs, Romani and Hungarians.

Croats arrived in the area during the 7th century and founded the kingdom of Croatia, which retained sovereignty for almost 200 years. It was conquered and eventually declared independence once more in 1991. The Croatian War of Independence caused a sharp drop in population, with hundreds of thousands fleeing violence outside the country.

More than 86% of the population is Roman Catholic. The second-most common religion is Eastern Orthodoxy at 4%.

78% of Croatians speak at least one foreign language. About half speak English as a second language, while 34% speak German and 14% speak Italian.

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. Croatia is now ranked as the 14th fastest shrinking country in the world. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

Croatia Population in 2018Source: Roberta F.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

About Croatia

Official NameRepublic of Croatia
Languages SpokenCroatian
BordersBIH, HUN, MNE, SRB, SVN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude45.1666666615.5
Currencies UsedHRK

Croatia Population Density

Name Population
Zagreb - Centar800,000
Zagreb698,966
Split176,314
Rijeka141,172
Osijek88,140
Zadar71,258
Slavonski Brod60,742
Pula59,078
Sesvete52,411
Karlovac48,123
Varazdin41,808
Stenjevec41,257
Sibenik37,112
Sisak35,748
Velika Gorica35,072
Vinkovci33,314
Vukovar29,584
Dubrovnik28,428
Bjelovar28,275
Koprivnica25,579
Pozega21,153
Zapresic17,624
Solin15,927
Cakovec15,867
Virovitica15,665
Samobor15,221
Kutina14,886
Metkovic13,941
Petrinja13,868
Zupanja13,842
Rovinj13,533
Makarska13,446
Nova Gradiska13,329
Krizevci11,597
Sinj11,524
Knin11,182
Slatina10,973
Trogir10,960
Brezovica10,884
Porec10,499
Daruvar9,863
Cepin9,548
Ogulin8,755
Beli Manastir8,713
Nasice8,213
Valpovo7,943
Labin7,943
Opatija7,888
Umag7,807
Drenova7,638
Podstrana7,377
Novska7,306
Belisce7,232
Visnjevac7,181
Crikvenica7,156
Tenja6,780
Ivankovo6,728
Omis6,597
Vodice6,146
Gospic6,118
Buzet6,059
Ilok5,926
Otok5,887
Stobrec5,866
Pitomaca5,740
Senj5,518
Ivanec5,461
Jastrebarsko5,445
Darda5,420
Borovo5,386
Biograd na Moru5,285
Novi Vinodolski5,282
Gunja5,058
Pazin5,010
Krapina4,725

Croatia Population Clock

What is the population of Croatia (as of 11/15/2017)?4,188,111
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4,189,353
Births Per Day21
Deaths Per Day29
Net Migrations Per Day -1
Net Change Per Day -9
Population Change Since January 1st-2,871

Croatia Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.244 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 12.73 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.123 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.845 years
Male Life Expectancy 74.577 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.044 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.483 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.711 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.059 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 3.287 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 4.216 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.665 years
Rate of Natural Increase -3.582
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.962%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.607%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.286%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.607%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 13.237%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.904%
Median Age (Total) 42.7 years
Median Age (Female) 44.8 years
Median Age (Male) 40.8 years

Croatia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20174,189,35348.20%51.80%74-0.55%
20154,236,01648.18%51.82%75-0.43%
20104,328,15348.17%51.83%76-0.23%
20054,378,05748.16%51.84%77-0.23%
20004,428,07248.14%51.86%78-0.83%
19954,616,76348.37%51.63%82-0.68%
19904,776,37248.48%51.52%840.25%
19854,716,11748.39%51.61%830.51%
19804,598,12948.44%51.56%810.43%
19754,500,86548.47%51.53%800.35%
19704,423,07248.39%51.61%780.43%
19654,328,92048.27%51.73%760.64%
19604,192,63448.02%51.98%740.79%
19554,030,41447.88%52.12%710.92%
19503,850,29747.64%52.36%680.00%

Croatia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
20204,115,94748.25%51.75%730.00%
20254,002,88548.32%51.68%71-0.56%
20303,895,78448.40%51.60%69-0.54%
20353,790,12748.49%51.51%67-0.55%
20403,681,55648.59%51.41%65-0.58%
20453,571,86048.75%51.25%63-0.60%
20503,460,90148.95%51.05%61-0.63%
20553,348,98849.15%50.85%59-0.66%
20603,237,20549.32%50.68%57-0.68%
20653,127,15049.46%50.54%55-0.69%
20703,020,25349.58%50.42%53-0.69%
20752,918,61549.68%50.32%52-0.68%
20802,824,35249.78%50.22%50-0.65%
20852,737,70349.86%50.14%48-0.62%
20902,658,31749.92%50.08%47-0.59%
20952,585,33949.96%50.04%46-0.56%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer