Croatia Population 2019

4,141,072

Croatia sits at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Southern Europe and Central Europe, and thus has very diverse climates. The climate is inviting to cold winters and hot summers over the majority of the country, with coastal areas enjoying milder conditions. In 2019, the population is estimated at 4.14 million.

Population Density and Recent Changes

Croatia has been experiencing a population decline (nearly .60% in 2018), although it's believed its population has increased slightly to 4.14 million in 2019 from the 2011 census figure of 4.28 million. This makes Croatia the 131st most populous country in the world. Croatia has a population density of 73 people per square kilometer, which ranks 133rd in the world.

Croatia Capital and City Centers

The capital and largest city, Zagreb, has a city population of 698,000. The next largest city is Split, with only 178,000 people.

Croatia Demographics

90.4% of the population is Croats. This makes Croatia the most ethnically homogeneous of the 6 countries of former Yugoslavia. Other groups include Serbs (4.4%), Bosniaks, Italians, Germans, Czechs, Romani and Hungarians.

Croats arrived in the area during the 7th century and founded the kingdom of Croatia, which retained sovereignty for almost 200 years. It was conquered and eventually declared independence once more in 1991. The Croatian War of Independence caused a sharp drop in population, with hundreds of thousands fleeing violence outside the country.

More than 86% of the population is Roman Catholic. The second-most common religion is Eastern Orthodoxy at 4%.

78% of Croatians speak at least one foreign language. About half speak English as a second language, while 34% speak German and 14% speak Italian. Croatian is the official language in Croatia.

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. Croatia is now ranked as the 14th fastest shrinking country in the world. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 14 minutes
One death every 10 minutes
One net migrant every 72 minutes
Net loss of one person every 22 minutes

Croatia Population in 2018Source: By Nick Savchenko from Kiev, Ukraine (Split) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

Official NameRepublic of Croatia
Languages SpokenCroatian
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude45.1666666615.5
Currencies UsedCroatia Kuna
DemonymCroatian
Name Population Location
Zagreb698,966Map
Split176,314Map
Rijeka141,172Map
Osijek88,140Map
Zadar71,258Map
Slavonski Brod60,742Map
Pula59,078Map
Sesvete52,411Map
Karlovac46,833Map
Varazdin41,808Map
Stenjevec41,257Map
Sibenik37,112Map
Centar37,000Map
Sisak35,748Map
Velika Gorica35,072Map
Vinkovci33,314Map
Vukovar29,584Map
Dubrovnik28,428Map
Bjelovar28,275Map
Koprivnica25,579Map

Croatia Population Clock

The population of Croatia (as of 6/16/2019)?4,141,072
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)4,140,148
Births Per Day101
Deaths Per Day147
Net Migrations Per Day -20
Net Change Per Day -66
Population Change Since January 1st-11,022

Croatia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of June 16th 2019 is: 4,141,160

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20194,140,14848.23%51.77%73.16131-0.59%
20184,164,78348.22%51.78%73.59130-0.59%
20174,189,35348.20%51.80%74.02129-0.57%
20164,213,26548.19%51.81%74.45129-0.54%
20154,236,01648.18%51.82%74.85127-0.43%
20104,328,15348.17%51.83%76.48125-0.23%
20054,378,05748.16%51.84%77.36119-0.23%
20004,428,07248.14%51.86%78.24117-0.83%
19954,616,76348.37%51.63%81.58110-0.68%
19904,776,37248.48%51.52%84.401050.25%
19854,716,11748.39%51.61%83.331010.51%
19804,598,12948.44%51.56%81.25980.43%
19754,500,86548.47%51.53%79.53940.35%
19704,423,07248.39%51.61%78.15920.43%
19654,328,92048.27%51.73%76.49860.64%
19604,192,63448.02%51.98%74.08800.79%
19554,030,41447.88%52.12%71.22770.92%
19503,850,29747.64%52.36%68.03770.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
20204,115,94748.25%51.75%72.731310.00%
20254,002,88548.32%51.68%70.73131-0.56%
20303,895,78448.40%51.60%68.84131-0.54%
20353,790,12748.49%51.51%66.97131-0.55%
20403,681,55648.59%51.41%65.05134-0.58%
20453,571,86048.75%51.25%63.11136-0.60%
20503,460,90148.95%51.05%61.15138-0.63%
20553,348,98849.15%50.85%59.18139-0.66%
20603,237,20549.32%50.68%57.20141-0.68%
20653,127,15049.46%50.54%55.26141-0.69%
20703,020,25349.58%50.42%53.37142-0.69%
20752,918,61549.68%50.32%51.57142-0.68%
20802,824,35249.78%50.22%49.91143-0.65%
20852,737,70349.86%50.14%48.37143-0.62%
20902,658,31749.92%50.08%46.97143-0.59%
20952,585,33949.96%50.04%45.68143-0.56%
  1. Croatian Bureau of Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer