Croatia Population 2017

4,209,149

Croatia has been experiencing a population decline, although it's believed its population has increased slightly to 4.25 million in 2015 from the 2011 census figure of 4.28 million. This makes Croatia the 128th most populous country in the world. Croatia has a population density of 76 people per square mile (196/square mile), which ranks 126th in the world.

The capital and largest city, Zagreb, has city population of 790,000. The next largest city is Split, with only 178,000 people.

Croatia Demographics

90.4% of the population is Croats. This makes Croatia the most ethnically homogeneous of the 6 countries of former Yugoslavia. Other groups include Serbs (4.4%), Bosniaks, Italians, Germans, Czechs, Romani and Hungarians.

Croats arrived in the area during the 7th century and founded the kingdom of Croatia, which retained sovereignty for almost 200 years. It was conquered and eventually declared independence once more in 1991. The Croatian War of Independence caused a sharp drop in population, with hundreds of thousands fleeing violence outside the country.

More than 86% of the population is Roman Catholic. The second-most common religion is Eastern Orthodoxy at 4%.

78% of Croatians speak at least one foreign language. About half speak English as a second language, while 34% speak German and 14% speak Italian.

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. Croatia is now ranked as the 14th fastest shrinking country in the world. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

Croatia Population in 2017Source: Roberta F.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Croatia Population Growth

Croatia is in demographic crisis and losing people each year. Its fertility rate is just 1.5 children per woman, one of the world's lowest, and its death rate has exceeded the birth rate since 1991. Natural growth is negative. It's predicted that Croatia's population will shrink to 3.1 million by 2050, after reaching its peak of 4.7 million in 1991.

About Croatia

Official NameRepublic of Croatia
Languages SpokenCroatian
BordersBIH, HUN, MNE, SRB, SVN
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude45.1666666615.5
Currencies UsedHRK

Croatia Population Density

Name Population
Krapina4,725
Pazin5,010
Kastel Kambelovac5,027
Borovo5,056
Gunja5,058
Novi Vinodolski5,282
Biograd na Moru5,285
Darda5,420
Kastel Luksic5,425
Jastrebarsko5,445
Ivanec5,461
Senj5,518
Pitomaca5,740
Otok5,887
Ilok5,926
Buzet6,059
Gospic6,118
Vodice6,146
GJurgevac6,349
Kastel Novi6,411
Omis6,597
Visnjevac6,680
Ivankovo6,728
Kastel Stari7,052
Crikvenica7,156
Belisce7,232
Novska7,306
Tenja7,376
Drenova7,638
Umag7,807
Opatija7,888
Valpovo7,943
Labin7,943
Nasice8,213
Beli Manastir8,713
Ogulin8,755
Podstrana9,129
Cepin9,548
Daruvar9,863
Porec10,499
Brezovica10,884
Trogir10,960
Slatina10,973
Knin11,182
Sinj11,524
Krizevci11,597
Nova Gradiska13,329
Makarska13,446
Rovinj13,533
Zupanja13,842
Petrinja13,868
Metkovic13,941
Kutina14,886
Samobor15,221
Virovitica15,665
Cakovec15,867
Zapresic17,624
GJakovo19,491
Solin20,212
Pozega21,153
Koprivnica25,579
Bjelovar28,275
Dubrovnik28,428
Vukovar29,584
Vinkovci33,314
Velika Gorica35,072
Sisak35,748
Zagreb - Centar37,000
Sibenik37,112
Zagreb- Stenjevec41,257
Varazdin41,808
Karlovac46,833
Karlovac48,123
Sesvete52,411
Pula59,078
Slavonski Brod60,742
Zadar71,258
Osijek88,140
Rijeka141,172
Split176,314
Zagreb698,966

Croatia Population Clock

What is the population of Croatia (as of September 13, 2017)?4,209,149
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)4209815
Births Per Day21
Deaths Per Day29
Net Migrations Per Day -1
Net Change Per Day -9
Population Change Since January 1st-2,295

Croatia Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 9.244 births/thousand189
Crude Death Rate 12.73 deaths/thousand17
Crude Net Migration Rate -0.123 people/thousand76
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 77.845 years53
Male Life Expectancy 74.577 years61
Female Life Expectancy 81.044 years52
Total Fertility Rate 1.483 children/woman181
Net Reproduction Rate 0.711 surviving daughters/woman182
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.059 males per female48
Infant Mortality Rate 3.287 deaths/1,000 live births175
Under Five Mortality 4.216 deaths/thousand173
Mean Age at Childbearing 30.665 years42
Rate of Natural Increase -3.582 195
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 1.962 %36
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 2.607 %40
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.286 %30
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.607 %54
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 13.237 %61
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 5.904 %45
Crude Suicide Rate 16.5 suicides/thousand26
Median Age (Total) 42.7 years18
Median Age (Female) 44.8 years14
Median Age (Male) 40.8 years20

Croatia Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20174,209,81548.259%51.741%75132-0.36%129
20154,240,31748.233%51.767%75131-0.36%128
20104,316,42548.202%51.798%77123-0.33%124
20054,378,05648.158%51.842%78114-0.22%119
20004,428,06948.142%51.858%79111-0.44%116
19954,616,76248.371%51.629%82106-0.91%110
19904,776,37448.485%51.515%85104-0.34%105
19854,716,11748.394%51.606%84960.46%102
19804,598,12648.437%51.563%82890.51%98
19754,500,86748.469%51.531%80900.38%94
19704,423,07348.389%51.611%79860.36%92
19654,328,92048.275%51.725%77810.5%86
19604,192,63448.022%51.978%74780.71%79
19554,030,41747.883%52.117%72750.85%77
19503,850,29547.643%52.357%68720.93%77

Croatia Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
20204,162,49948.308%51.692%74136-0.41%131
20254,072,41448.395%51.605%72144-0.46%131
20303,976,53348.482%51.518%71146-0.5%131
20353,876,16748.576%51.424%69150-0.53%131
20403,771,26448.69%51.31%67153-0.57%134
20453,663,74348.854%51.146%65155-0.59%135
20503,554,42449.046%50.954%63157-0.62%136
20553,443,54449.242%50.758%61159-0.65%137
20603,332,96649.416%50.584%59161-0.66%138
20653,223,94049.56%50.44%57161-0.67%140
20703,117,74049.679%50.321%55162-0.67%140
20753,016,49549.789%50.211%53165-0.64%140
20802,922,73149.89%50.11%52166-0.61%141
20852,836,76149.977%50.023%50168-0.58%141
20902,757,02550.041%49.959%49171-0.55%142
20952,683,19750.082%49.918%47173-0.53%142
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations