Cuba Population 2017

11,489,421

The Republic of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea and it's made up of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and many archipelagos. Cuba ranks 106th in the world in terms of area. With an estimated 2017 population of 11.48 million, Cuba is the 77th most populous country in the world.

Cuba's population has remained relatively flat at 11.48 million, nearly the same figure confirmed in the 2013 census. Cuba has a population density of 102 people per square kilometer (264/square mile), which ranks 106th in the world, perfectly in line with its size.

The largest city and capital, Havana, has a population of 2.1 million in the city proper, which makes it the third largest metro area in the Caribbean. Havana receives more than 1.2 million international tourists every year.

Cuba Population History

The first nationwide census in Cuba was carried out in 1771 and it was confirmed at the time that 171,600 people were living here. Surveys from then on were sporadic and at the next census of 1792, that figure had climbed to 274,300.

Similar growth continued through the 19th century and as the 1900’s rolled in, the census of 1910 confirmed that the population of Cuba had jumped to an impressive 2,219,000.

By the end of the century however, there had been a number of huge population spikes that ultimately led to a fourfold increase in 90 years as the census of 2000 showed the Cuba population to be 11,142,000.

The increase from 2000 to 2010 has therefore been relatively small and as such, it may be correct to assume that the population of Cuba in 2014 has only just exceeded 11,271,000.

Cuba Demographics

Cuba's population is very multiethnic and intermarriage between many groups is widespread. Accurate figures on Cuba's demographics are hard to come by. The University of Miami's Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies found that 62% of the population is black while the official 2002 census found 65% were white. An autosomal study in 2014, however, found Cuba's genetic ancestry is 72% European, 20% African and 8% native American.

Immigration over centuries has played a large role in Cuba's population. From the 18th through 20th centuries, there were many waves of Canarian, Andalusian, Galician, Catalan, and other Spanish immigrants. Later, many immigrants from Italy, Great Britain, Ireland, Greece, Portugal, and France moved to the island.

Figures from 2002, which use a Cuban population of 11,177,743, give us a clearer picture of age splits and other key demographic factors. From those numbers, it was shown that 19.1% of the population were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 70.3% of Cubans were between 15 and 64 while 10.6% of the Cuba population in 2002 were aged over 65.

Overall life expectancy in 2006 was 77.41 years and this was divided between 75.11 years for males and 79.85 for females.

Cuba's birth rate has fallen tremendously over the last few decades, and it's now one of the lowest in the Western Hemisphere at 9.88 births/1,000 population. This is mostly attributed to unrestricted access to abortion and the widespread use of contraceptives estimated at 79% among the female population.

Cuba Population Projections

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and it's believed that Cuba will soon begin posting negative growth.

Cuba Population in 2018Source: Vgenecr at Dutch Wikipedia

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cuba Population Growth

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and some organisations are even predicting a fall in the years that follow. As such, it makes it difficult to judge the figures until the next official Cuban census takes place.

About Cuba

Official NameRepublic of Cuba
Languages SpokenSpanish
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude21.5-80
Currencies UsedCUCCUP

Cuba Population Density

Name Population
Havana2,163,824
Santiago de Cuba555,865
Camaguey347,562
Holguin319,102
Guantanamo272,801
Santa Clara250,512
Diez de Octubre227,293
Arroyo Naranjo210,053
Arroyo Naranjo210,053
Las Tunas203,684
Bayamo192,632
Boyeros188,593
Pinar del Rio186,990
Cienfuegos186,644
Habana del Este178,041
San Miguel del Padron159,273
Centro Habana158,151
Matanzas146,733
Ciego de Avila142,027
Cerro132,351
Manzanillo128,188
Sancti Spiritus127,069
Guanabacoa112,964
Palma Soriano102,826
Alamar100,000
Cardenas98,515
La Habana Vieja95,383
Moa92,852
Puerto Padre76,838
Contramaestre70,438
Guira de Melena69,879
Consolacion del Sur69,857
Gueines68,935
Artemisa68,073
San Luis67,293
Moron66,060
Colon63,882
Florida63,007
Sagua la Grande62,073
Trinidad60,206
San Cristobal59,579
Placetas55,408
San Jose de las Lajas54,847
Jaguey Grande54,363
Nuevitas54,022
Banes53,104
Bartolome Maso53,024
Corralillo51,881
Jesus Menendez51,002
Jobabo49,403
Baracoa48,362
Jovellanos47,164
Bauta45,768
Santo Domingo45,476
Cabaiguan44,515
Regla44,431
Urbano Noris43,892
Ranchuelo43,695
San Antonio de los Banos42,724
Cacocum42,623
Yaguajay42,218
Manicaragua41,532
Amancio41,523
Jiguani41,106
Cifuentes40,142
Guaimaro39,358
Caibarien39,140
Cumanayagua38,687
Condado38,248
Camajuani35,515
Santiago de las Vegas35,241
Santa Cruz del Sur34,601
Minas de Matahambre34,419
Remedios34,108
Madruga33,798
Union de Reyes33,646
Vertientes29,704
Ciro Redondo29,560
Mariel28,987
Yara28,944
La Salud28,796
Maisi28,276
Gibara27,603
Vinales27,129
Pedro Betancourt26,761
Cueto26,527
Encrucijada26,155
Rio Guayabal de Yateras25,753
Los Palacios25,703
Guanajay25,258
Campechuela25,069
Cruces24,906
Chambas24,114
Perico24,073
Rio Cauto23,737
Aguada de Pasajeros23,606
Calimete23,255
Palmira23,078
Jimaguayu21,169
Cauto Cristo21,159
Minas20,863
Esmeralda20,274
Nueva Gerona20,264
Jaruco20,207
Colombia20,096
Varadero20,000
Fomento19,991
Bahia Honda19,834
Florencia19,811
Jatibonico19,644
Rodas19,212
Niquero18,771
Guisa18,408
Santa Cruz del Norte18,402
Sagua de Tanamo18,282
Bejucal18,123
Primero de Enero17,934
Jobabo17,804
La Sierpe16,937
Sibanicu16,856
Media Luna16,713
Abreus16,711
Venezuela16,601
Guane16,548
Alquizar15,275
Baragua15,268
Baguanos15,176
Guayos15,000
Jamaica15,000
San Nicolas de Bari14,914
Batabano13,832
Marti13,439
Manati13,278
Quivican12,919
Quemado de Guines12,736
Candelaria12,675
Los Arabos12,504
Mantua10,797
Esperanza10,462
Calabazar de Sagua10,455
Topes de Collantes9,729
Zaza del Medio8,667
Soroa7,205
Bolondron6,778
San Luis6,690
Cabanas5,894
Alacranes5,843

Cuba Population Clock

What is the population of Cuba (as of 12/12/2017)?11,489,421
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)11,484,636
Births Per Day338
Deaths Per Day253
Net Migrations Per Day -56
Net Change Per Day 29
Population Change Since January 1st10,034

Cuba Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 10.762 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.047 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.791 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.856 years
Male Life Expectancy 77.884 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.87 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.714 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.824 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.057 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 4.925 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 6.188 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.77 years
Rate of Natural Increase 2.716
Median Age (Total) 41.1 years
Median Age (Female) 42.2 years
Median Age (Male) 40 years

Cuba Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201711,484,63650.02%49.98%105790.10%
201511,461,43250.04%49.96%104780.23%
201011,333,05150.10%49.90%103760.09%
200511,284,25350.16%49.84%103730.24%
200011,150,73650.17%49.83%101700.44%
199510,906,04350.34%49.66%99650.60%
199010,582,08150.38%49.62%96630.97%
198510,082,98950.40%49.60%92620.50%
19809,835,17750.60%49.40%90590.83%
19759,438,44250.70%49.30%86591.61%
19708,715,12350.84%49.16%79591.85%
19657,951,93350.90%49.10%72622.17%
19607,141,13551.09%48.91%65631.78%
19556,539,46951.35%48.65%60632.01%
19505,919,99351.64%48.36%54610.00%

Cuba Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202011,495,49250.00%50.00%105830.00%
202511,513,02349.97%50.03%105850.03%
203011,496,00049.96%50.04%10585-0.03%
203511,410,65249.97%50.03%10490-0.15%
204011,266,07450.00%50.00%10393-0.25%
204511,070,60450.05%49.95%10194-0.35%
205010,823,14250.11%49.89%9896-0.45%
205510,523,81650.17%49.83%9697-0.56%
206010,187,70050.25%49.75%93101-0.65%
20659,836,51550.36%49.64%90102-0.70%
20709,512,44050.47%49.53%87102-0.67%
20759,229,43750.55%49.45%84102-0.60%
20808,984,79650.58%49.42%82105-0.54%
20858,748,56550.58%49.42%80106-0.53%
20908,517,74350.60%49.40%78106-0.53%
20958,308,99550.61%49.39%76107-0.50%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer