Cuba Population 2015

The Republic of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea and it's made up of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and many archipelagos. Cuba ranks 106th in the world in terms of area. With an estimated 2015 population of 11.2 million, Cuba is the 77th most populous country in the world.

Cuba's population has remained relatively flat at 11.2 million, nearly the same figure confirmed in the 2013 census. Cuba has a population density of 102 people per square kilometer (264/square mile), which ranks 106th in the world, perfectly in line with its size.

The largest city and capital, Havana, has a population of 2.1 million in the city proper, which makes it the third largest metro area in the Caribbean. Havana receives more than 1.2 million international tourists every year.

Cuba Population History

The first nationwide census in Cuba was carried out in 1771 and it was confirmed at the time that 171,600 people were living here. Surveys from then on were sporadic and at the next census of 1792, that figure had climbed to 274,300.

Similar growth continued through the 19th century and as the 1900’s rolled in, the census of 1910 confirmed that the population of Cuba had jumped to an impressive 2,219,000.

By the end of the century however, there had been a number of huge population spikes that ultimately led to a fourfold increase in 90 years as the census of 2000 showed the Cuba population to be 11,142,000.

The increase from 2000 to 2010 has therefore been relatively small and as such, it may be correct to assume that the population of Cuba in 2014 has only just exceeded 11,271,000.

Cuba Demographics

Cuba's population is very multiethnic and intermarriage between many groups is widespread. Accurate figures on Cuba's demographics are hard to come by. The University of Miami's Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies found that 62% of the population is black while the official 2002 census found 65% were white. An autosomal study in 2014, however, found Cuba's genetic ancestry is 72% European, 20% African and 8% native American.

Immigration over centuries has played a large role in Cuba's population. From the 18th through 20th centuries, there were many waves of Canarian, Andalusian, Galician, Catalan, and other Spanish immigrants. Later, many immigrants from Italy, Great Britain, Ireland, Greece, Portugal, and France moved to the island.

Figures from 2002, which use a Cuban population of 11,177,743, give us a clearer picture of age splits and other key demographic factors. From those numbers, it was shown that 19.1% of the population were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 70.3% of Cubans were between 15 and 64 while 10.6% of the Cuba population in 2002 were aged over 65.

Overall life expectancy in 2006 was 77.41 years and this was divided between 75.11 years for males and 79.85 for females.

Cuba's birth rate has fallen tremendously over the last few decades, and it's now one of the lowest in the Western Hemisphere at 9.88 births/1,000 population. This is mostly attributed to unrestricted access to abortion and the widespread use of contraceptives estimated at 79% among the female population.

Cuba Population Projections

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and it's believed that Cuba will soon begin posting negative growth.

Cuba Population Clock
What is the population of Cuba (as of [[date]])? [[getCurrentPopulation()]]
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2015) [[getLastEstimate()]]
Births Per Day 1,513
Deaths Per Day 1,277
Net Migrations Per Day -301
Net Change Per Day -65
Population Change Since January 1st [[getPopChangeThisYear()]]
  • Net [[getIncreaseOrDecrease()]] of 1 person every [[getDurationPerPerson()]]

  • Population estimated based on interpolation of World Population Prospects data.

Cuba Population Indicators
Indicator Value World Ranking
Median (Average) Age 41.22 years 26th
Crude Birth Rate 9.706 births/thousand 176th
Crude Death Rate 8.194 deaths/thousand 75th
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.934 people/thousand 156th
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 80.04 years 37th
Life Expectancy (Male) 78.11 years 32nd
Life Expectancy (Female) 82.01 years 38th
Total Fertility Rate 1.582 children/woman 163rd
Net Reproduction Rate 0.76 surviving daughters/woman 163rd
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.057 males per female 57th
Infant Mortality Rate 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births 151st
Under Five Mortality 6.008 deaths/thousand 152nd
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.647 years 182nd

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision)

Cuba Population Growth

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and some organisations are even predicting a fall in the years that follow. As such, it makes it difficult to judge the figures until the next official Cuban census takes place.

Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations