Cuba Population 2018

11,492,236

The Republic of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea and it's made up of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and many archipelagos. Cuba ranks 106th in the world in terms of area. With an estimated 2018 population of 11.49 million, Cuba is the 77th most populous country in the world.

Cuba's population has remained relatively flat at 11.49 million, nearly the same figure confirmed in the 2013 census. Cuba has a population density of 102 people per square kilometer (264/square mile), which ranks 106th in the world, perfectly in line with its size.

The largest city and capital, Havana, has a population of 2.1 million in the city proper, which makes it the third largest metro area in the Caribbean. Havana receives more than 1.2 million international tourists every year.

Cuba Population History

The first nationwide census in Cuba was carried out in 1771 and it was confirmed at the time that 171,600 people were living here. Surveys from then on were sporadic and at the next census of 1792, that figure had climbed to 274,300.

Similar growth continued through the 19th century and as the 1900’s rolled in, the census of 1910 confirmed that the population of Cuba had jumped to an impressive 2,219,000.

By the end of the century however, there had been a number of huge population spikes that ultimately led to a fourfold increase in 90 years as the census of 2000 showed the Cuba population to be 11,142,000.

The increase from 2000 to 2010 has therefore been relatively small and as such, it may be correct to assume that the population of Cuba in 2014 has only just exceeded 11,271,000.

Cuba Demographics

Cuba's population is very multiethnic and intermarriage between many groups is widespread. Accurate figures on Cuba's demographics are hard to come by. The University of Miami's Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies found that 62% of the population is black while the official 2002 census found 65% were white. An autosomal study in 2014, however, found Cuba's genetic ancestry is 72% European, 20% African and 8% native American.

Immigration over centuries has played a large role in Cuba's population. From the 18th through 20th centuries, there were many waves of Canarian, Andalusian, Galician, Catalan, and other Spanish immigrants. Later, many immigrants from Italy, Great Britain, Ireland, Greece, Portugal, and France moved to the island.

Figures from 2002, which use a Cuban population of 11,177,743, give us a clearer picture of age splits and other key demographic factors. From those numbers, it was shown that 19.1% of the population were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 70.3% of Cubans were between 15 and 64 while 10.6% of the Cuba population in 2002 were aged over 65.

Overall life expectancy in 2006 was 77.41 years and this was divided between 75.11 years for males and 79.85 for females.

Cuba's birth rate has fallen tremendously over the last few decades, and it's now one of the lowest in the Western Hemisphere at 9.88 births/1,000 population. This is mostly attributed to unrestricted access to abortion and the widespread use of contraceptives estimated at 79% among the female population.

Cuba Population Projections

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and it's believed that Cuba will soon begin posting negative growth.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 4 minutes
One death every 6 minutes
One net migrant every 24 minutes
Net gain of one person every 76 minutes

Cuba Population in 2018Source: Vgenecr [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Cuba Population Pyramid 2018

20,00040,00060,00080,000100,000Cuba Male Population20,00040,00060,00080,000100,000Cuba Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Cuba Population by Age

There are 9,250,728 adults in Cuba.

Census Years

Year Date
20222022
201224 September 2012
20027 September 2002

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cuba Population Growth

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and some organisations are even predicting a fall in the years that follow. As such, it makes it difficult to judge the figures until the next official Cuban census takes place.

About Cuba

Official NameRepublic of Cuba
Languages SpokenSpanish
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude21.5-80
Currencies UsedCuba Convertible Peso, Cuba Peso
DemonymCuban

Countries Bordering Cuba

None

Cuba Population Density

Cuba Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Havana2,163,824
Santiago de Cuba555,865
Camaguey347,562
Holguin319,102
Guantanamo272,801
Santa Clara250,512
Diez de Octubre227,293
Arroyo Naranjo210,053
Arroyo Naranjo210,053
Las Tunas203,684
Bayamo192,632
Boyeros188,593
Pinar del Rio186,990
Cienfuegos186,644
Habana del Este178,041
San Miguel del Padron159,273
Centro Habana158,151
Matanzas146,733
Ciego de Avila142,027
Cerro132,351

Cuba Population Clock

The population of Cuba (as of 12/13/2018)?11,492,236
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)11,489,082
Births Per Day335
Deaths Per Day256
Net Migrations Per Day -60
Net Change Per Day 19
Population Change Since January 1st6,593

Cuba Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 13th 2018 is: 11,490,422

Cuba Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201811,489,08250.01%49.99%104.56800.04%
201711,484,63650.02%49.98%104.52790.08%
201611,475,98250.03%49.97%104.44780.13%
201511,461,43250.04%49.96%104.30780.23%
201011,333,05150.10%49.90%103.14760.09%
200511,284,25350.16%49.84%102.69730.24%
200011,150,73650.17%49.83%101.48700.44%
199510,906,04350.34%49.66%99.25650.60%
199010,582,08150.38%49.62%96.30630.97%
198510,082,98950.40%49.60%91.76620.50%
19809,835,17750.60%49.40%89.51590.83%
19759,438,44250.70%49.30%85.89591.61%
19708,715,12350.84%49.16%79.31591.85%
19657,951,93350.90%49.10%72.37622.17%
19607,141,13551.09%48.91%64.99631.78%
19556,539,46951.35%48.65%59.51632.01%
19505,919,99351.64%48.36%53.87610.00%

Cuba Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202011,495,49250.00%50.00%104.61830.00%
202511,513,02349.97%50.03%104.77850.03%
203011,496,00049.96%50.04%104.6285-0.03%
203511,410,65249.97%50.03%103.8490-0.15%
204011,266,07450.00%50.00%102.5393-0.25%
204511,070,60450.05%49.95%100.7594-0.35%
205010,823,14250.11%49.89%98.5096-0.45%
205510,523,81650.17%49.83%95.7797-0.56%
206010,187,70050.25%49.75%92.71101-0.65%
20659,836,51550.36%49.64%89.52102-0.70%
20709,512,44050.47%49.53%86.57102-0.67%
20759,229,43750.55%49.45%83.99102-0.60%
20808,984,79650.58%49.42%81.77105-0.54%
20858,748,56550.58%49.42%79.62106-0.53%
20908,517,74350.60%49.40%77.52106-0.53%
20958,308,99550.61%49.39%75.62107-0.50%
Data Sources
  1. Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas (ONE)
  2. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the1953, 1970, 1981, 2002, and 2012 censuses, with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer