Cuba Population 2017

11,384,784

The Republic of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea and it's made up of the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and many archipelagos. Cuba ranks 106th in the world in terms of area. With an estimated 2015 population of 11.2 million, Cuba is the 77th most populous country in the world.

Cuba's population has remained relatively flat at 11.2 million, nearly the same figure confirmed in the 2013 census. Cuba has a population density of 102 people per square kilometer (264/square mile), which ranks 106th in the world, perfectly in line with its size.

The largest city and capital, Havana, has a population of 2.1 million in the city proper, which makes it the third largest metro area in the Caribbean. Havana receives more than 1.2 million international tourists every year.

Cuba Population History

The first nationwide census in Cuba was carried out in 1771 and it was confirmed at the time that 171,600 people were living here. Surveys from then on were sporadic and at the next census of 1792, that figure had climbed to 274,300.

Similar growth continued through the 19th century and as the 1900’s rolled in, the census of 1910 confirmed that the population of Cuba had jumped to an impressive 2,219,000.

By the end of the century however, there had been a number of huge population spikes that ultimately led to a fourfold increase in 90 years as the census of 2000 showed the Cuba population to be 11,142,000.

The increase from 2000 to 2010 has therefore been relatively small and as such, it may be correct to assume that the population of Cuba in 2014 has only just exceeded 11,271,000.

Cuba Demographics

Cuba's population is very multiethnic and intermarriage between many groups is widespread. Accurate figures on Cuba's demographics are hard to come by. The University of Miami's Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies found that 62% of the population is black while the official 2002 census found 65% were white. An autosomal study in 2014, however, found Cuba's genetic ancestry is 72% European, 20% African and 8% native American.

Immigration over centuries has played a large role in Cuba's population. From the 18th through 20th centuries, there were many waves of Canarian, Andalusian, Galician, Catalan, and other Spanish immigrants. Later, many immigrants from Italy, Great Britain, Ireland, Greece, Portugal, and France moved to the island.

Figures from 2002, which use a Cuban population of 11,177,743, give us a clearer picture of age splits and other key demographic factors. From those numbers, it was shown that 19.1% of the population were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 70.3% of Cubans were between 15 and 64 while 10.6% of the Cuba population in 2002 were aged over 65.

Overall life expectancy in 2006 was 77.41 years and this was divided between 75.11 years for males and 79.85 for females.

Cuba's birth rate has fallen tremendously over the last few decades, and it's now one of the lowest in the Western Hemisphere at 9.88 births/1,000 population. This is mostly attributed to unrestricted access to abortion and the widespread use of contraceptives estimated at 79% among the female population.

Cuba Population Projections

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and it's believed that Cuba will soon begin posting negative growth.

Cuba Population in 2017Source: Vgenecr at Dutch Wikipedia

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Cuba Population Growth

There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and some organisations are even predicting a fall in the years that follow. As such, it makes it difficult to judge the figures until the next official Cuban census takes place.

About Cuba

Official NameRepublic of Cuba
Languages SpokenSpanish
Borders
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude21.5-80
Currencies UsedCUCCUP

Cuba Population Density

Name Population
Alacranes5,843
Cabanas5,894
San Luis6,690
Bolondron6,778
Soroa7,205
Zaza del Medio8,667
Topes de Collantes9,729
Calabazar de Sagua10,455
Esperanza10,462
Mantua10,797
Los Arabos12,504
Candelaria12,675
Quemado de Guines12,736
Quivican12,919
Manati13,278
Marti13,439
Batabano13,832
San Nicolas de Bari14,914
Jamaica15,000
Guayos15,000
Baguanos15,176
Baragua15,268
Alquizar15,275
Guane16,548
Venezuela16,601
Abreus16,711
Media Luna16,713
Sibanicu16,856
La Sierpe16,937
Jobabo17,804
Primero de Enero17,934
Bejucal18,123
Sagua de Tanamo18,282
Santa Cruz del Norte18,402
Guisa18,408
Niquero18,771
Rodas19,212
Jatibonico19,644
Florencia19,811
Bahia Honda19,834
Fomento19,991
Varadero20,000
Colombia20,096
Jaruco20,207
Nueva Gerona20,264
Esmeralda20,274
Minas20,863
Cauto Cristo21,159
Jimaguayu21,169
Palmira23,078
Calimete23,255
Aguada de Pasajeros23,606
Rio Cauto23,737
Perico24,073
Chambas24,114
Cruces24,906
Campechuela25,069
Guanajay25,258
Los Palacios25,703
Rio Guayabal de Yateras25,753
Encrucijada26,155
Cueto26,527
Pedro Betancourt26,761
Vinales27,129
Gibara27,603
Maisi28,276
La Salud28,796
Yara28,944
Mariel28,987
Ciro Redondo29,560
Vertientes29,704
Union de Reyes33,646
Madruga33,798
Remedios34,108
Minas de Matahambre34,419
Santa Cruz del Sur34,601
Santiago de las Vegas35,241
Camajuani35,515
Condado38,248
Cumanayagua38,687
Caibarien39,140
Guaimaro39,358
Cifuentes40,142
Jiguani41,106
Amancio41,523
Manicaragua41,532
Yaguajay42,218
Cacocum42,623
San Antonio de los Banos42,724
Ranchuelo43,695
Urbano Noris43,892
Regla44,431
Cabaiguan44,515
Santo Domingo45,476
Bauta45,768
Jovellanos47,164
Baracoa48,362
Jobabo49,403
Jesus Menendez51,002
Corralillo51,881
Bartolome Maso53,024
Banes53,104
Nuevitas54,022
Jaguey Grande54,363
San Jose de las Lajas54,847
Placetas55,408
San Cristobal59,579
Trinidad60,206
Sagua la Grande62,073
Florida63,007
Colon63,882
Moron66,060
San Luis67,293
Artemisa68,073
Gueines68,935
Consolacion del Sur69,857
Guira de Melena69,879
Contramaestre70,438
Puerto Padre76,838
Moa92,852
La Habana Vieja95,383
Cardenas98,515
Alamar100,000
Palma Soriano102,826
Guanabacoa112,964
Sancti Spiritus127,069
Manzanillo128,188
Cerro132,351
Ciego de Avila142,027
Matanzas146,733
Centro Habana158,151
San Miguel del Padron159,273
Habana del Este178,041
Cienfuegos186,644
Pinar del Rio186,990
Boyeros188,593
Bayamo192,632
Las Tunas203,684
Arroyo Naranjo210,053
Arroyo Naranjo210,053
Diez de Octubre227,293
Santa Clara250,512
Guantanamo272,801
Holguin319,102
Camaguey347,562
Santiago de Cuba555,865
Havana2,163,824

Cuba Population Clock

What is the population of Cuba (as of 10/16/2017)?11,384,784
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)11,390,184
Births Per Day61
Deaths Per Day51
Net Migrations Per Day -60
Net Change Per Day -50
Population Change Since January 1st-14,450

Cuba Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 9.785 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.148 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -1.934 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 79.934 years
Male Life Expectancy 77.979 years
Female Life Expectancy 81.926 years
Total Fertility Rate 1.588 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 0.76 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.057 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 4.88 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 6.131 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 26.647 years
Rate of Natural Increase 1.512
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 2.518%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 3.07%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 1.929%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 9.399%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 11.145%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 7.585%
Median Age (Total) 41.1 years
Median Age (Female) 42.2 years
Median Age (Male) 40 years

Cuba Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
201711,390,18450.22%49.78%107-0.06%
201511,389,56250.24%49.76%1070.03%
201011,308,13350.28%49.72%1060.14%
200511,261,05250.28%49.72%1060.13%
200011,116,78750.23%49.77%1040.31%
199510,906,04850.34%49.66%1020.45%
199010,582,08250.38%49.62%990.78%
198510,082,99050.40%49.60%950.84%
19809,835,17750.60%49.40%920.50%
19759,438,44550.70%49.30%891.11%
19708,715,12350.84%49.16%821.76%
19657,951,92850.90%49.10%751.97%
19607,141,12951.09%48.91%672.06%
19556,539,47051.35%48.65%611.71%
19505,919,99751.64%48.36%562.19%

Cuba Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
202011,365,56350.19%49.81%107-0.07%
202511,319,07150.16%49.84%106-0.12%
203011,236,91750.15%49.85%106-0.20%
203511,103,48450.16%49.84%104-0.31%
204010,908,80950.19%49.81%102-0.42%
204510,654,40750.24%49.76%100-0.55%
205010,338,86550.29%49.71%97-0.68%
20559,971,77850.35%49.65%94-0.78%
20609,573,49250.42%49.58%90-0.85%
20659,169,82550.52%49.48%86-0.85%
20708,795,42250.61%49.39%83-0.80%
20758,461,85050.68%49.32%79-0.74%
20808,161,85750.70%49.30%77-0.72%
20857,871,02850.69%49.31%74-0.73%
20907,590,91450.67%49.33%71-0.70%
20957,334,82150.66%49.34%69-0.66%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations