Last Census - 2002
The Island of Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea and ranks just outside the world’s top 100 in terms of pure size. But how does the population of Cuba compare?
The last official census was carried out in Cuba in 2010 and it was confirmed at the time that 11,241,161 people were living here. It is estimated that the population is 11,271,819 in 2014. Its population size is therefore consistent with other associated statistics such as surface area and population density.
In terms of land mass, Cuba covers an area of 109,884 square kilometres (42,426 square miles) and this makes Cuba the 105th largest country in the world with regards to pure size.
For every square kilometre of Cuban land, there is an average of 102.3 people here, according to the 2010 census. That converts to 265 per square mile and makes Cuba the 106th biggest in terms of population density alone.
Cuba Population History
The first nationwide census in Cuba was carried out in 1771 and it was confirmed at the time that 171,600 people were living here. Surveys from then on were sporadic and at the next census of 1792, that figure had climbed to 274,300.
Similar growth continued through the 19th century and as the 1900’s rolled in, the census of 1910 confirmed that the population of Cuba had jumped to an impressive 2,219,000.
By the end of the century however, there had been a number of huge population spikes that ultimately led to a fourfold increase in 90 years as the census of 2000 showed the Cuba population to be 11,142,000.
The increase from 2000 to 2010 has therefore been relatively small and as such, it may be correct to assume that the population of Cuba in 2014 has only just exceeded 11,271,000.
Age breakdown and life expectancy
Figures from 2002, which use a Cuban population of 11,177,743, give us a clearer picture of age splits and other key demographic factors.
From those numbers, it was shown that 19.1% of the population were aged between 0 and 14. In addition, 70.3% of Cubans were between 15 and 64 while 10.6% of the Cuba population in 2002 were aged over 65.
The birth rate in 2006 was 11.89 per 1000 of the population while the death rate was 7.22 per 1000 by comparison.
Overall life expectancy in 2006 was 77.41 years and this was divided between 75.11 years for males and 79.85 for females.
Cuba Population Projections
There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and some organisations are even predicting a fall in the years that follow. As such, it makes it difficult to judge the figures until the next official Cuban census takes place.