Curaçao Population 2019

163,526

Curaçao is an island located in the Dutch Caribbean region of the Caribbean Sea, roughly 40 miles north of the Venezuelan coastline. It is a constituent country of the Netherlands. Curacao has a 2019 population of 163,424 according to the latest estimates from the UN's World Population Prospects.

Sailors during the 16th and 17th centuries on long voyages would often come down with scurvy. Legend has it that the island which was to become Curaço became a sanctuary for ill sailors, and when their ships returned, as a result no doubt from the Vitamin C-rich fruit found on the island, they had fully recovered from their scurvy. From then on the Portuguese referred to the island as Ilha da Curação (Island of Healing).

As of 2019, Curacao has a population of roughly 160,000 people.

Demographics

The racial and ethnic composition of Salinas is estimated as:

  • 75.4% Curaçaoan
  • 6% Dutch
  • 3.6% Dominican
  • 3% Colombian
  • 1.2% Surinamese
  • 1.2% Haitian
  • 1.1% Aruban
  • 1.1% Venezuelan
  • 0.9% Unspecified
  • 5% Other

After the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the entire indigenous population was deported to Hispaniola as slaves.

Curaçao is also home to the oldest continuously inhabited Jewish community in the Western Hemisphere. The 1500s saw the fleeing of many Sephardic Jews from their native Spain and Portugal and many wound up in Curaçao. About 73% of people in Curaçao are Roman Catholic but other major religions include Pentecostal (6.6%), Protestant (3.2%), Adventist (3%), Jehovah's Witness (2%), and Evangelical (1.9%).

History

The first European records of the island came from Spanish explorers in 1499. Previous to this, the Arawak peoples indigenous to South America and the Caribbean had inhabited the island. Most of the Arawak were enslaved by the Spanish and many were forcibly relocated to other colonies. After the Netherlands earned its independence from Spain in the 1630s, Dutch colonists flocked to the island, while major powers in Europe were attempting to establish bases in the Caribbean.

During the 1800s and 1900s, ownership of the island went back and forth several times between the Dutch, French, and British. Stable Dutch rule was regained when the Napoleonic wars ended in 1815, when the island was incorporated.

After a failed attempt in 2006, the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in October of 2010 saw Curaçao become its own county within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Population Growth

Since 1950 Curaçao has seen a 60% population rise, taking the island from 100,000 people up to 162,500 as of 2019. It is projected that 2095 could see growth to up to as many as 189,000 people.

Curacao is an island located in the Caribbean. It is classified as a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It was established in 2010 following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles. This island is about 171 square miles and has a population estimated to be 160,012. Curacao has a population density of over 932 inhabitants per square mile.

The capital of this country is Willemstad. Willemstad was once the capital of the Netherlands Antilles prior to its dissolution. In addition to being the capital, this is also the most populous city with a population of about 150,000 inhabitants.

Curacao is a polyglot. In other words, more than one language is spoken. The official languages of Curacao are English, Papiamentu, and Dutch. Dutch is the only language used for legal and administrative purposes. Most inhabitants speak at least two of the official languages.

When it comes to ethnicity, the largest ethnic group is of Black African descent. However, you can also find minority populations of Latin American, French, Dutch, Asian, Portuguese, and Levantine throughout Curacao.

Nearly three-quarters of the population is Roman Catholic. There are also smaller groups of Protestants, Adventists, Evangelicals, and other religions.

This nation has a well-developed economy and a high standard of living. It has one of the highest nominal GDPs per capita in the world. There are many different industries that contribute to the strong economy. Tourism is one, although this nation is less-dependent on tourism than other countries in the Caribbean. Still, over 600,000 cruise passengers alone traveled to Curacao in 2013. The tourism industry is expected to continue growing, especially with the upgrades made to Hato International Airport.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 288 minutes
One death every 360 minutes
One net migrant every 1440 minutes
Net gain of one person every 720 minutes

Curaçao Population in 2018Source: By dronepicr (Curacao Dushi) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Curaçao Population Pyramid 2019

Curaçao Population by Age

There are 126,461 adults in Curaçao.

Official NameCountry of Curaçao
Languages SpokenEnglish, Dutch, Papiamento
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude12.116667-68.933333
Currencies UsedNetherlands Antilles Guilder
DemonymDutch
None

Curaçao Population Clock

The population of Curaçao (as of 8/20/2019)?163,526
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)163,424
Births Per Day5
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day 1
Net Change Per Day 2
Population Change Since January 1st464

Curaçao Population Estimator

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Estimate as of August 20th 2019 is: 163,516

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2019163,42445.94%54.06%368.071920.41%
2018162,75245.90%54.10%366.561920.47%
2017161,99745.86%54.13%364.861920.59%
2016161,05245.84%54.16%362.731920.75%
2015159,84745.81%54.19%360.021921.39%
2010149,19245.95%54.05%336.021922.77%
2005130,13046.88%53.13%293.09192-0.31%
2000132,14046.95%53.05%297.61192-1.69%
1995143,88247.36%52.64%324.06188-0.38%
1990146,67047.99%52.02%330.34185-0.50%
1985150,37748.49%51.51%338.691850.32%
1980147,99648.77%51.23%333.32183-0.30%
1975150,25848.96%51.04%338.421800.91%
1970143,63449.23%50.78%323.501771.42%
1965133,87849.30%50.70%301.531761.07%
1960126,94150.12%49.88%285.901731.66%
1955116,91650.26%49.75%263.321733.14%
1950100,17949.93%50.08%225.631740.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020164,09345.99%54.01%369.581920.00%
2025167,68746.18%53.82%377.671920.43%
2030170,70446.41%53.59%384.471920.36%
2035173,05946.67%53.32%389.771920.27%
2040174,64146.99%53.01%393.341920.18%
2045175,48547.35%52.65%395.241920.10%
2050175,72247.75%52.25%395.771930.03%
2055175,71048.16%51.83%395.74193-0.00%
2060175,76648.57%51.43%395.871920.01%
2065176,09148.93%51.07%396.601920.04%
2070176,60749.24%50.76%397.761920.06%
2075177,05349.48%50.52%398.771920.05%
2080177,23549.65%50.36%399.181920.02%
2085177,01249.74%50.25%398.68192-0.03%
2090176,47749.80%50.20%397.47192-0.06%
2095175,76649.82%50.18%395.87191-0.08%
  1. Central Bureau of Statistics Curaçao
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1960, 1972, 1981, 1992, 2001 and 2011 censuses, with official estimates of poulation through 2016 and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer