Czech Republic Population 2016
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe that was formerly Bohemia. Bordered by Slovakia, Austria, Germany, and Poland, the Czech Republic is the 116th largest country in the world by area. In 2015, the population of the Czech Republic is estimated at 10.77 million people, which ranks 85th in the world.
Evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the region date back to the Paleolithic era, and modern-day Czech Republic has been inhabited and conquered by many groups over its long history. About 1.4 million people from Czechoslovakia fought in World War 1, and by 1938, the country was 10th in world industrial production. It was eventually occupied by Germany and later peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic in 1993.
In 2015, the Czech Republic has an estimated 10.77 million residents, up slightly from the 2011 census figure of 10.4 million. The country has a population density of 134 people per square kilometer (341/square mile), which ranks 84th in the world.
The capital and largest city of Czech Republic is Prague with an estimated 1.3 million people, with a metropolitan population of 2 million. Other major cities include Brno (386,000 city, 730,000 metro) and Ostrava (305,000 city, 1.1 million metro).
Czech Republic Demographics
64% of the Czech Republic's population is Czech, followed by Moravians (5%), Slovaks (1.4%), Poles (0.4%) and Germans (0.2%). At the last census in 2011, "nationality" was optional and about 26% left this blank. It's estimated that the Czech Republic is home to 250,000 Romani people, as well as 440,000 foreigners, the largest group being Ukranian (140,000) followed by Slovak, Vietnamese, Russian and Polish.
The Nazis almost completely destroyed the Jewish population in the region, which dropped from 118,000 in 1930 to just 4,000 in 2005.
The country has one of the least religious populations globally with the third highest percentage of atheists (34%) after China and Japan. The Czech people have historically been considered indifferent toward religion in general. A poll in 2010 found that just 16% of Czechs say they do believe in a God, which is the lowest rate among all European Union countries.
Czech Republic Population Growth
Today, the Czech Republic has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, well below replacement value, and growth is now entirely driven by immigration. The country is currently growing at a very small 0.1% a year.