The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe that was formerly Bohemia. In 2014, the population of the Czech Republic is estimated at 10.7 million people, which ranks 82nd in the world.
Czech Republic 2014
Evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the region date back to the Paleolithic era, and modern-day Czech Republic has been inhabited and conquered by many groups over its long history. About 1.4 million people from Czechoslovakia fought in World War 1, and by 1938, the country was 10th in world industrial production. It was eventually occupied by Germany and later peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic in 1993.
The capital and largest city of Czech Republic is Prague with an estimated 1.3 million people, with a metropolitan population of 2 million.
64% of the Czech Republic's population is Czech, followed by Moravians (5%), Slovaks (1.4%), Poles (0.4%) and Germans (0.2%). At the last census in 2011, "nationality" was optional and about 26% left this blank. It's estimated that the Czech Republic is home to 250,000 Romani people, as well as 440,000 foreigners, the largest group being Ukranian (140,000) followed by Slovak, Vietnamese, Russian and Polish.
The Nazis almost completely destroyed the Jewish population in the region, which dropped from 118,000 in 1930 to just 4,000 in 2005. Today, the Czech Republic has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, well below replacement value, and growth is now entirely driven by immigration.