Czech Republic Population 2018

10,626,066

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe that was formerly Bohemia. Bordered by Slovakia, Austria, Germany, and Poland, the Czech Republic is the 116th largest country in the world by area. In 2018, the population of the Czech Republic is estimated at 10.63 million people, which ranks 85th in the world.

Evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the region date back to the Paleolithic era, and modern-day Czech Republic has been inhabited and conquered by many groups over its long history. About 1.4 million people from Czechoslovakia fought in World War 1, and by 1938, the country was 10th in world industrial production. It was eventually occupied by Germany and later peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic in 1993.

In 2018, the Czech Republic has an estimated 10.63 million residents, up slightly from the 2011 census figure of 10.4 million. The country has a population density of 134 people per square kilometer (341/square mile), which ranks 84th in the world.

The capital and largest city of Czech Republic is Prague with an estimated 1.3 million people, with a metropolitan population of 2 million. Other major cities include Brno (386,000 city, 730,000 metro) and Ostrava (305,000 city, 1.1 million metro).

Czech Republic Demographics

64% of the Czech Republic's population is Czech, followed by Moravians (5%), Slovaks (1.4%), Poles (0.4%) and Germans (0.2%). At the last census in 2011, "nationality" was optional and about 26% left this blank. It's estimated that the Czech Republic is home to 250,000 Romani people, as well as 440,000 foreigners, the largest group being Ukranian (140,000) followed by Slovak, Vietnamese, Russian and Polish.

The Nazis almost completely destroyed the Jewish population in the region, which dropped from 118,000 in 1930 to just 4,000 in 2005.

The country has one of the least religious populations globally with the third highest percentage of atheists (34%) after China and Japan. The Czech people have historically been considered indifferent toward religion in general. A poll in 2010 found that just 16% of Czechs say they do believe in a God, which is the lowest rate among all European Union countries.

Czech Republic Population Growth

Today, the Czech Republic has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, well below replacement value, and growth is now entirely driven by immigration. The country is currently growing at a very small 0.1% a year.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 44 minutes
Net gain of one person every 85 minutes

Czech Republic Population in 2018Source: By Moyan Brenn from Anzio, Italy (Prague) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Czech Republic Population Growth

The Czech Republic has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, well below replacement value, and growth is now entirely driven by immigration.

About Czech Republic

Official NameCzech Republic
Languages SpokenCzech, Slovak
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude49.7515.5
Currencies UsedCzech Republic Koruna
DemonymCzech

Countries Bordering Czech Republic

Austria
Germany
Poland
Slovakia

Czech Republic Population Density

Czech Republic Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Prague1,165,581
Brno369,559
Ostrava313,088
Pilsen164,180
Olomouc101,268
Liberec97,770
Ceske Budejovice96,053
Hradec Kralove95,195
Usti nad Labem94,105
Pardubice88,741
Havirov82,768
Zlin78,759
Kladno70,003
Most67,905
Karvina63,677
Opava60,252
Frydek-Mistek59,416
Decin52,058
Karlovy Vary51,807
Teplice51,223

Czech Republic Population Clock

The population of Czech Republic (as of 8/17/2018)?10,626,066
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)10,625,250
Births Per Day294
Deaths Per Day310
Net Migrations Per Day 33
Net Change Per Day 17
Population Change Since January 1st3,893

Czech Republic Population Estimator

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Estimate as of August 17th 2018 is: 10,625,937

Czech Republic Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201810,625,25049.17%50.83%134.73870.07%
201710,618,30349.15%50.85%134.64870.07%
201610,610,94749.14%50.86%134.55860.07%
201510,603,76249.14%50.86%134.45840.13%
201010,536,28649.08%50.92%133.60810.54%
200510,258,17648.71%51.29%130.0778-0.06%
200010,289,59448.65%51.35%130.4775-0.13%
199510,358,45648.59%51.41%131.34690.03%
199010,341,16948.54%51.46%131.12650.02%
198510,331,37048.53%51.47%131.0060-0.03%
198010,349,27148.49%51.51%131.23570.55%
197510,070,14448.41%51.59%127.69560.51%
19709,817,81748.39%51.61%124.49530.01%
19659,811,40748.68%51.32%124.41490.46%
19609,590,18748.63%51.37%121.60460.48%
19559,361,76248.65%51.35%118.71391.01%
19508,902,61948.56%51.44%112.88380.00%

Czech Republic Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,633,42449.19%50.81%134.83870.00%
202510,612,93749.22%50.78%134.5787-0.04%
203010,528,19649.26%50.74%133.5093-0.16%
203510,396,77349.32%50.68%131.8397-0.25%
204010,264,84749.42%50.58%130.1697-0.26%
204510,155,11749.55%50.45%128.7798-0.21%
205010,054,30249.66%50.34%127.4997-0.20%
20559,934,78749.74%50.26%125.97101-0.24%
20609,777,42749.78%50.22%123.98103-0.32%
20659,585,48049.82%50.18%121.54103-0.40%
20709,390,43349.88%50.12%119.07103-0.41%
20759,228,51049.96%50.04%117.02103-0.35%
20809,114,98450.05%49.95%115.58102-0.25%
20859,041,87750.12%49.88%114.65102-0.16%
20908,990,01750.18%49.82%113.99102-0.11%
20958,943,64250.20%49.80%113.40102-0.10%
Data Sources
  1. Czech Statistical Office
  2. Czech Statistical Office
  3. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer