Czech Republic Population 2019

10,697,321

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe that was formerly Bohemia. Bordered by Slovakia, Austria, Germany, and Poland, the Czech Republic is the 116th largest country in the world by area. In 2019, the population of the Czech Republic is estimated at 10.69 million people, which ranks 86th in the world.

Czech Republic Area and Population Density

Located in central Europe, the hilly country of the Czech Republic is landlocked and surrounded by Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. In 2019, the Czech Republic has an estimated 10.69 million residents, up slightly from the 2011 census figure of 10.4 million. The Czech Republic covers a total surface area of 30,450 square miles (78,865 square kilometers), which ranks 118th in the world in terms of size. The country's population density is 347 people per square mile (134 people per square kilometer), which ranks 62nd in the world.

Largest Cities in Czech Republic

3 out of every 4 people living in the Czech Republic live within, or very close to, a metropolitan area. The capital and largest city of the Czech Republic is Prague with an estimated 1.3 million people, with a metropolitan population of 2.7 million. Prague is not only the capital of the Czech Republic, but is also widely considered a European capital because of its culture, arts, industry, architecture, and history. Other major cities include Brno (386,000 city, 730,000 metro) and Ostrava (305,000 city, 1.1 million metro).

Czech Republic Demographics

64% of the Czech Republic's population is Czech, followed by Moravians (5%), Slovaks (1.4%), Poles (0.4%) and Germans (0.2%). At the last census in 2011, "nationality" was optional and about 26% left this blank. It's estimated that the Czech Republic is home to 250,000 Romani people, as well as 440,000 foreigners, the largest group being Ukranian (140,000) followed by Slovak, Vietnamese, Russian and Polish.

The Nazis almost completely destroyed the Jewish population in the region, which dropped from 118,000 in 1930 to just 4,000 in 2005.

Czech Republic Religion, Economy and Politics

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The country has one of the least religious populations globally with the third-highest percentage of atheists (34%) after China and Japan. The Czech people have historically been considered indifferent toward religion in general. A poll in 2010 found that just 16% of Czechs say they do believe in a God, which is the lowest rate among all European Union countries.

While part of the economy of the European Union, the Czech Republic uses its currency, the Czech koruna, and has a fairly stable economy on its own. The Czech economy is highly dependent upon their exports, and services like high tech engineering, electronics, automotive, and machine-building account for 60% of their GDP. The industry sector makes up most of the remainder of their economy. Agriculture makes up a small 2.5% of the nation's GDP and includes products like cereals, vegetable oils, and hops. The government in the Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, which means that there is both a president in charge of the state and a prime minister that leads the government.

Czech Republic Population History

Evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the region date back to the Paleolithic era, and the modern-day Czech Republic has been inhabited and conquered by many groups over its long history. About 1.4 million people from Czechoslovakia fought in World War 1, and by 1938, the country was 10th in world industrial production. It was eventually occupied by Germany and later peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic in 1993.

Czech Republic Population Growth

Today, the Czech Republic has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, well below replacement value, and growth is now entirely driven by immigration. The country is currently growing at a very slow 0.1% a year and there hasn't bee significant net change in the population for quite some time.

Czech Republic Population Projections

The slow growth rate of the Czech Republic is so close to zero and even slowing so that the population is projected to begin decreasing by 2022. The decrease in population will be about as slow as the growth has been and it is unlikely that the country will see any significant changes in their numbers in the near future. Current projections state that the population of the Czech Republic will be 10,633,424 in 202, 10,528,196 in 2030, 10,254,847 in 2040, and 10,054,302 in 2050.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 5 minutes
One death every 5 minutes
One net migrant every 24 minutes
Net gain of one person every 28 minutes

Czech Republic Population in 2018Source: By Moyan Brenn from Anzio, Italy (Prague) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Czech Republic Population Pyramid 2019

Czech Republic Population by Age

There are 8,718,555 adults in Czech Republic.

Census Years

Year Date
2021March 2021
201125 March 2011
20011 March 2001
19913 March 1991

The Czech Republic has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, well below replacement value, and growth is now entirely driven by immigration.

Official NameCzech Republic
Languages SpokenCzech, Slovak
Is LandlockedYes
Latitude/Longitude49.75, 15.50
Currencies UsedCzech Republic Koruna
DemonymCzech
BordersAustria
Germany
Poland
Slovakia
Name Population Location
Prague1,165,581Map
Brno369,559Map
Ostrava313,088Map
Pilsen164,180Map
Olomouc101,268Map
Liberec97,770Map
Ceske Budejovice96,053Map
Hradec Kralove95,195Map
Usti nad Labem94,105Map
Pardubice88,741Map
Havirov82,768Map
Zlin78,759Map
Kladno70,003Map
Most67,905Map
Karvina63,677Map
Opava60,252Map
Frydek-Mistek59,416Map
Decin52,058Map
Karlovy Vary51,807Map
Teplice51,223Map

Czech Republic Population Clock

The population of Czech Republic (as of 12/4/2019)?10,697,321
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)10,689,209
Births Per Day301
Deaths Per Day309
Net Migrations Per Day60
Net Change Per Day52
Population Change Since January 1st17,524

Czech Republic Population Estimator

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Estimate as of December 4th 2019 is: 10,697,659

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
201910,689,20949.21%50.79%135.54860.22%
201810,665,67749.19%50.81%135.24850.23%
201710,641,03449.17%50.83%134.93850.21%
201610,618,85749.15%50.85%134.65840.16%
201510,601,39749.13%50.87%134.42840.12%
201010,536,51849.08%50.92%133.60800.54%
200510,258,16748.71%51.29%130.0778-0.06%
200010,289,37348.65%51.35%130.4775-0.13%
199510,358,19348.59%51.41%131.34690.03%
199010,340,87548.54%51.46%131.12660.02%
198510,331,14348.53%51.47%131.0059-0.03%
198010,349,08348.49%51.51%131.23570.55%
197510,069,95548.41%51.59%127.69560.51%
19709,817,66948.39%51.61%124.49530.01%
19659,811,37748.68%51.32%124.41480.46%
19609,590,17448.63%51.37%121.60460.48%
19559,361,77248.65%51.35%118.71391.01%
19508,902,61948.56%51.44%112.88380.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
202010,708,98149.23%50.77%135.79860.00%
202510,756,69649.31%50.69%136.39860.09%
203010,744,83449.38%50.62%136.2488-0.02%
203510,688,92349.46%50.54%135.5394-0.10%
204010,625,53649.58%50.42%134.7396-0.12%
204510,579,38749.69%50.31%134.1594-0.09%
205010,545,58149.78%50.22%133.7295-0.06%
205510,502,80649.84%50.16%133.1795-0.08%
206010,430,02049.88%50.12%132.2597-0.14%
206510,325,66349.93%50.07%130.9398-0.20%
207010,216,70049.98%50.02%129.55100-0.21%
207510,138,13150.04%49.96%128.55101-0.15%
208010,108,88950.10%49.90%128.18100-0.06%
208510,124,68050.13%49.87%128.381000.03%
209010,168,46050.15%49.85%128.941000.09%
209510,223,57350.15%49.85%129.631000.11%
  1. Czech Statistical Office
  2. Czech Statistical Office
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with official population estimates through 2015, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer