Democracy Countries 2019

What is a democracy? A democracy is a form of government where the citizens of the nation have the power to vote. There are several different types of democracies. A representative democracy is a system where citizens choose government representatives among their citizens. A direct democracy is when the citizens form a governing body and vote directly on issues. A constitutional democracy limits the powers of government through the nation’s constitution.

Political scientist Larry Diamond put it best when he said that a democracy must contain four critical elements. These elements are:

  • A system of elections used to choose and replace the government
  • Protection of human rights of all people
  • Active participation of citizens in politics and civics
  • All laws apply equally to all citizens

According to the Democracy Index, which is compiled the Economist Intelligence Unit of the United Kingdom, there are just a handful of nations that are full democracies. According to the 2018 index, these democratic countries are:

According to the index, a number of nations are classified as “flawed democracies.” While elections are free and fair and there are basic civil liberties, there are faults in other aspects, such as low levels of participation in politics and civics or an underdeveloped political culture. Nations that were categorized as flawed democracies include:

Flag Name Population 2019 Area Growth Rate
Germany83,517,045357,114 km²0.47%
United Kingdom67,530,172242,900 km²0.58%
Spain46,736,776505,992 km²0.09%
Canada37,411,0479,984,670 km²0.91%
Australia25,203,1987,692,024 km²1.23%
Netherlands17,097,13041,850 km²0.22%
Sweden10,036,379450,295 km²0.65%
Austria8,955,10283,871 km²0.72%
Switzerland8,591,36541,284 km²0.77%
Denmark5,771,87643,094 km²0.34%
Finland5,532,156338,424 km²0.17%
Norway5,378,857323,802 km²0.77%
Costa Rica5,047,56151,100 km²0.96%
Ireland4,882,49570,273 km²1.32%
New Zealand4,783,063270,467 km²0.84%
Uruguay3,461,734181,034 km²0.36%
Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²0.20%
Luxembourg615,7292,586 km²1.90%
Malta440,372316 km²0.26%
Iceland339,031103,000 km²0.69%