Democracy Countries 2019

What is a democracy? A democracy is a form of government where the citizens of the nation have the power to vote. There are several different types of democracies. A representative democracy is a system where citizens choose government representatives among their citizens. A direct democracy is when the citizens form a governing body and vote directly on issues. A constitutional democracy limits the powers of government through the nation’s constitution.

Political scientist Larry Diamond put it best when he said that a democracy must contain four critical elements. These elements are:

  • A system of elections used to choose and replace the government
  • Protection of human rights of all people
  • Active participation of citizens in politics and civics
  • All laws apply equally to all citizens

According to the Democracy Index, which is compiled the Economist Intelligence Unit of the United Kingdom, there are just a handful of nations that are full democracies. According to the 2018 index, these democratic countries are:

According to the index, a number of nations are classified as “flawed democracies.” While elections are free and fair and there are basic civil liberties, there are faults in other aspects, such as low levels of participation in politics and civics or an underdeveloped political culture. Nations that were categorized as flawed democracies include:

Rank Flag Country Population 2019
1Germany83,517,045
2United Kingdom67,530,172
3Spain46,736,776
4Canada37,411,047
5Australia25,203,198
6Netherlands17,097,130
7Sweden10,036,379
8Austria8,955,102
9Switzerland8,591,365
10Denmark5,771,876
11Finland5,532,156
12Norway5,378,857
13Costa Rica5,047,561
14Ireland4,882,495
15New Zealand4,783,063
16Uruguay3,461,734
17Mauritius1,269,668
18Luxembourg615,729
19Malta440,372
20Iceland339,031