Developing Countries

A developing country is also known as an LMIC, or a low and middle income country. It is less developed than countries classified as “developed countries” but these nations are ranked higher than “less economically developed countries.” These countries are characterized by being less developed industrially and a lower Human Development Index when compared to other countries. However, developing countries do have the potential for high growth and security when evaluating factors including the standard of living, gross domestic product and per capita income. The term refers to the current state of a nation and is not used to determine changing dynamics or future progress.

There are several characteristics that are commonly held throughout developing countries. This includes health risks such as having low access to safe water, as well as sanitation and hygiene problems. There may also be high levels of pollution and a high percentage of people with infectious diseases. Other common characteristics include widespread poverty, low education and literacy levels and government corruption. There are also challenges in energy and higher rates of violence against women.

The United Nations has set a list of Sustainable Development Goals designed to help developing countries overcome these challenges. Development aid through federal governments and other agencies are distributed in order to help tackle the social, political, economic and environmental problems faced by these countries.

There are many countries around the world classified as a developing country. This includes (in alphabetical order):

Flag Name Area Population 2018 Growth Rate
China9,706,961 km²1,415,045,9280.39%
India3,287,590 km²1,354,051,8541.11%
Indonesia1,904,569 km²266,794,9801.06%
Brazil8,515,767 km²210,867,9540.75%
Pakistan881,912 km²200,813,8181.93%
Nigeria923,768 km²195,875,2372.61%
Bangladesh147,570 km²166,368,1491.03%
Mexico1,964,375 km²130,759,0741.24%
Ethiopia1,104,300 km²107,534,8822.46%
Philippines342,353 km²106,512,0741.52%
Egypt1,002,450 km²99,375,7411.87%
Vietnam331,212 km²96,491,1460.99%
Iran1,648,195 km²82,011,7351.05%
Turkey783,562 km²81,916,8711.45%
Thailand513,120 km²69,183,1730.21%
Tanzania945,087 km²59,091,3923.11%
South Africa1,221,037 km²57,398,4211.20%
Myanmar676,578 km²53,855,7350.91%
Kenya580,367 km²50,950,8792.52%
Colombia1,141,748 km²49,464,6830.81%
Argentina2,780,400 km²44,688,8640.94%
Uganda241,550 km²44,270,5633.28%
Ukraine603,500 km²44,009,214-0.48%
Algeria2,381,741 km²42,008,0541.67%
Sudan1,886,068 km²41,511,5262.41%
Afghanistan652,230 km²36,373,1762.37%
Morocco446,550 km²36,191,8051.27%
Peru1,285,216 km²32,551,8151.20%
Venezuela916,445 km²32,381,2211.26%
Uzbekistan447,400 km²32,364,9961.42%
Malaysia330,803 km²32,042,4581.32%
Angola1,246,700 km²30,774,2053.32%
Mozambique801,590 km²30,528,6732.90%
Nepal147,181 km²29,624,0351.09%
Ghana238,533 km²29,463,6432.18%
Yemen527,968 km²28,915,2842.35%
Madagascar587,041 km²26,262,8102.71%
North Korea120,538 km²25,610,6720.47%
Cameroon475,442 km²24,678,2342.60%
Niger1,267,000 km²22,311,3753.88%
Sri Lanka65,610 km²20,950,0410.35%
Burkina Faso272,967 km²19,751,6512.91%
Romania238,391 km²19,580,634-0.50%
Malawi118,484 km²19,164,7282.91%
Mali1,240,192 km²19,107,7063.05%
Kazakhstan2,724,900 km²18,403,8601.10%
Zambia752,612 km²17,609,1783.01%
Guatemala108,889 km²17,245,3461.96%
Zimbabwe390,757 km²16,913,2612.32%
Ecuador276,841 km²16,863,4251.44%
Senegal196,722 km²16,294,2702.80%
Cambodia181,035 km²16,245,7291.50%
Chad1,284,000 km²15,353,1843.04%
Somalia637,657 km²15,181,9252.98%
Guinea245,857 km²13,052,6082.64%
South Sudan619,745 km²12,919,0532.73%
Rwanda26,338 km²12,501,1562.40%
Tunisia163,610 km²11,659,1741.10%
Cuba109,884 km²11,489,0820.04%
Benin112,622 km²11,485,6742.77%
Burundi27,834 km²11,216,4503.24%
Bolivia1,098,581 km²11,215,6741.48%
Haiti27,750 km²11,112,9451.20%
Dominican Republic48,671 km²10,882,9961.08%
Azerbaijan86,600 km²9,923,9140.98%
Jordan89,342 km²9,903,8022.08%
Belarus207,600 km²9,452,113-0.17%
Honduras112,492 km²9,417,1671.64%
Tajikistan143,100 km²9,107,2112.08%
Serbia88,361 km²8,762,027-0.32%
Papua New Guinea462,840 km²8,418,3462.03%
Togo56,785 km²7,990,9262.48%
Sierra Leone71,740 km²7,719,7292.15%
Bulgaria110,879 km²7,036,848-0.67%
Paraguay406,752 km²6,896,9081.26%
Libya1,759,540 km²6,470,9561.51%
El Salvador21,041 km²6,411,5580.53%
Nicaragua130,373 km²6,284,7571.08%
Lebanon10,452 km²6,093,5090.18%
Turkmenistan488,100 km²5,851,4661.62%
Eritrea117,600 km²5,187,9482.35%
Costa Rica51,100 km²4,953,1990.97%
Liberia111,369 km²4,853,5162.57%
Central African Republic622,984 km²4,737,4231.68%
Mauritania1,030,700 km²4,540,0682.71%
Croatia56,594 km²4,164,783-0.59%
Panama75,417 km²4,162,6181.56%
Moldova33,846 km²4,041,065-0.25%
Georgia69,700 km²3,907,131-0.13%
Bosnia And Herzegovina51,209 km²3,503,554-0.10%
Mongolia1,564,110 km²3,121,7721.50%
Albania28,748 km²2,934,3630.14%
Armenia29,743 km²2,934,1520.13%
Jamaica10,991 km²2,898,6770.29%
Namibia825,615 km²2,587,8012.13%
Botswana582,000 km²2,333,2011.81%
Lesotho30,355 km²2,263,0101.33%
Gambia10,689 km²2,163,7653.01%
Macedonia25,713 km²2,085,0510.09%
Gabon267,668 km²2,067,5612.09%
Guinea Bissau36,125 km²1,907,2682.47%
Swaziland17,364 km²1,391,3851.76%
Timor Leste14,874 km²1,324,0942.14%
Equatorial Guinea28,051 km²1,313,8943.64%
Mauritius2,040 km²1,268,3150.25%
Djibouti23,200 km²971,4081.51%
Fiji18,272 km²912,2410.74%
Comoros1,862 km²832,3472.26%
Bhutan38,394 km²817,0541.17%
Guyana214,969 km²782,2250.56%
Montenegro13,812 km²629,2190.04%
Solomon Islands28,896 km²623,2811.95%
Suriname163,820 km²568,3010.87%
Maldives300 km²444,2591.82%
Belize22,966 km²382,4442.07%
Vanuatu12,189 km²282,1172.13%
Sao Tome And Principe964 km²208,8182.20%
Samoa2,842 km²197,6950.64%
Kiribati811 km²118,4141.73%
Tonga747 km²109,0080.91%
Grenada344 km²108,3390.48%
Micronesia702 km²106,2270.65%
American Samoa199 km²55,6790.07%
Marshall Islands181 km²53,1670.08%
Nauru21 km²11,312-0.41%
Tuvalu26 km²11,2870.85%