Developing Countries 2019

A developing country is also known as an LMIC, or a low and middle income country. It is less developed than countries classified as “developed countries” but these nations are ranked higher than “less economically developed countries.” These countries are characterized by being less developed industrially and a lower Human Development Index when compared to other countries. However, developing countries do have the potential for high growth and security when evaluating factors including the standard of living, gross domestic product and per capita income. The term refers to the current state of a nation and is not used to determine changing dynamics or future progress.

There are several characteristics that are commonly held throughout developing countries. This includes health risks such as having low access to safe water, as well as sanitation and hygiene problems. There may also be high levels of pollution and a high percentage of people with infectious diseases. Other common characteristics include widespread poverty, low education and literacy levels and government corruption. There are also challenges in energy and higher rates of violence against women.

The United Nations has set a list of Sustainable Development Goals designed to help developing countries overcome these challenges. Development aid through federal governments and other agencies are distributed in order to help tackle the social, political, economic and environmental problems faced by these countries.

There are many countries around the world classified as a developing country. This includes (in alphabetical order):

Flag Name Population 2019 Area Growth Rate
China1,433,783,6869,706,961 km²0.43%
India1,366,417,7543,287,590 km²1.02%
Indonesia270,625,5681,904,569 km²1.10%
Pakistan216,565,318881,912 km²2.04%
Brazil211,049,5278,515,767 km²0.75%
Nigeria200,963,599923,768 km²2.60%
Bangladesh163,046,161147,570 km²1.03%
Mexico127,575,5291,964,375 km²1.10%
Ethiopia112,078,7301,104,300 km²2.61%
Philippines108,116,615342,353 km²1.37%
Egypt100,388,0731,002,450 km²2.00%
Vietnam96,462,106331,212 km²0.96%
Turkey83,429,615783,562 km²1.32%
Iran82,913,9061,648,195 km²1.36%
Thailand69,625,582513,120 km²0.28%
South Africa58,558,2701,221,037 km²1.33%
Tanzania58,005,463945,087 km²3.00%
Myanmar54,045,420676,578 km²0.63%
Kenya52,573,973580,367 km²2.30%
Colombia50,339,4431,141,748 km²1.37%
Argentina44,780,6772,780,400 km²0.95%
Uganda44,269,594241,550 km²3.61%
Ukraine43,993,638603,500 km²-0.57%
Algeria43,053,0542,381,741 km²1.95%
Sudan42,813,2381,886,068 km²2.42%
Afghanistan38,041,754652,230 km²2.34%
Morocco36,471,769446,550 km²1.23%
Uzbekistan32,981,716447,400 km²1.56%
Peru32,510,4531,285,216 km²1.63%
Malaysia31,949,777330,803 km²1.34%
Angola31,825,2951,246,700 km²3.30%
Ghana30,417,856238,533 km²2.19%
Mozambique30,366,036801,590 km²2.95%
Yemen29,161,922527,968 km²2.33%
Nepal28,608,710147,181 km²1.83%
Venezuela28,515,829916,445 km²-1.29%
Madagascar26,969,307587,041 km²2.69%
Cameroon25,876,380475,442 km²2.62%
North Korea25,666,161120,538 km²0.46%
Niger23,310,7151,267,000 km²3.87%
Sri Lanka21,323,73365,610 km²0.45%
Burkina Faso20,321,378272,967 km²2.89%
Mali19,658,0311,240,192 km²3.04%
Romania19,364,557238,391 km²-0.73%
Malawi18,628,747118,484 km²2.68%
Kazakhstan18,551,4272,724,900 km²1.27%
Zambia17,861,030752,612 km²2.94%
Guatemala17,581,472108,889 km²1.93%
Ecuador17,373,662276,841 km²1.69%
Cambodia16,486,542181,035 km²1.46%
Senegal16,296,364196,722 km²2.79%
Chad15,946,8761,284,000 km²3.03%
Somalia15,442,905637,657 km²2.90%
Zimbabwe14,645,468390,757 km²1.43%
Guinea12,771,246245,857 km²2.88%
Rwanda12,626,95026,338 km²2.64%
Benin11,801,151112,622 km²2.75%
Tunisia11,694,719163,610 km²1.12%
Burundi11,530,58027,834 km²3.18%
Bolivia11,513,1001,098,581 km²1.41%
Cuba11,333,483109,884 km²-0.04%
Haiti11,263,07727,750 km²1.26%
South Sudan11,062,113619,745 km²0.79%
Dominican Republic10,738,95848,671 km²1.05%
Jordan10,101,69489,342 km²1.37%
Azerbaijan10,047,71886,600 km²0.99%
Honduras9,746,117112,492 km²1.65%
Belarus9,452,411207,600 km²-0.00%
Tajikistan9,321,018143,100 km²2.42%
Papua New Guinea8,776,109462,840 km²1.97%
Serbia8,772,23588,361 km²-0.35%
Togo8,082,36656,785 km²2.45%
Sierra Leone7,813,21571,740 km²2.13%
Paraguay7,044,636406,752 km²1.27%
Bulgaria7,000,119110,879 km²-0.73%
Lebanon6,855,71310,452 km²-0.05%
Libya6,777,4521,759,540 km²1.48%
Nicaragua6,545,502130,373 km²1.24%
El Salvador6,453,55321,041 km²0.51%
Turkmenistan5,942,089488,100 km²1.56%
Costa Rica5,047,56151,100 km²0.96%
Liberia4,937,374111,369 km²2.46%
Central African Republic4,745,185622,984 km²1.69%
Mauritania4,525,6961,030,700 km²2.78%
Panama4,246,43975,417 km²1.67%
Croatia4,130,30456,594 km²-0.63%
Moldova4,043,26333,846 km²-0.21%
Georgia3,996,76569,700 km²-0.15%
Eritrea3,497,117117,600 km²1.28%
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,301,00051,209 km²-0.69%
Mongolia3,225,1671,564,110 km²1.73%
Armenia2,957,73129,743 km²0.20%
Jamaica2,948,27910,991 km²0.46%
Albania2,880,91728,748 km²-0.06%
Namibia2,494,530825,615 km²1.89%
Gambia2,347,70610,689 km²2.97%
Botswana2,303,697582,000 km²2.20%
Gabon2,172,579267,668 km²2.52%
Lesotho2,125,26830,355 km²0.80%
Macedonia2,083,45925,713 km²0.02%
Guinea Bissau1,920,92236,125 km²2.49%
Equatorial Guinea1,355,98628,051 km²3.59%
Timor Leste1,293,11914,874 km²1.98%
Mauritius1,269,6682,040 km²0.20%
Swaziland1,148,13017,364 km²1.04%
Djibouti973,56023,200 km²1.53%
Fiji889,95318,272 km²0.73%
Comoros850,8861,862 km²2.23%
Guyana782,766214,969 km²0.48%
Bhutan763,09238,394 km²1.15%
Solomon Islands669,82328,896 km²2.60%
Montenegro627,98713,812 km²0.03%
Suriname581,372163,820 km²0.93%
Maldives530,953300 km²2.96%
Belize390,35322,966 km²1.90%
Vanuatu299,88212,189 km²2.46%
Sao Tome And Principe215,056964 km²1.91%
Samoa197,0972,842 km²0.49%
Kiribati117,606811 km²1.52%
Micronesia113,815702 km²1.04%
Grenada112,003344 km²0.49%
Tonga104,494747 km²1.26%
Marshall Islands58,791181 km²0.65%
American Samoa55,312199 km²-0.28%
Tuvalu11,64626 km²1.20%
Nauru10,75621 km²0.81%