Dictatorship Countries 2019

What is a Dictatorship?

A dictatorship is a type of government in which a single person or party has absolute power. This means that the ruler or party has complete control and the rights of the people are suppressed. The leaders of dictatorships are known as dictators, and they are usually backed by powerful groups of people. Typically, dictators are put into power when a nation faces significant social issues, such as high rates of unemployment or unrest among the nation’s people.

The financial backing of powerful groups isn’t all that’s needed. In order for a dictatorship to form, all opponents of the dictator ultimately need to be removed. This can be through any means necessary, including being imprisoned or even killed. There are many negative effects of a dictatorship. That includes the unraveling of social organizations and democratic institutions, the prohibition of other political parties, and the replacement of the nation’s constitution. Under a dictatorship, many people are persecuted for reasons including their religion or their economic status. Some dictatorships may have secret police, indefinite arrests, and concentration camps.

The Five Kinds of Dictatorships

The specific details of a dictatorship comes down to the individual rulers. Some leaders of dictatorships are far more strict and overbearing than other dictators, and the type of dictatorship a country is ruled by comes down to the personality and behavior of the dictator.

There are five kinds of dictatorships in total, including…

  • Hybrid dictatorships
  • Military dictatorships
  • Monarchies
  • Personalist dictatorships
  • Single party dictatorships

What Life is Like in a Country Ruled by a Dictatorship

Dictatorships are run by one person who holds all of the country’s power. Known as dictators, the leaders of dictatorships often have a team of officials who make up the government of the dictatorship, but these officials do not have much of a say in the final outcome of anything.

On a similar note, the citizens of the country with a dictatorship do not have much of a voice, either. The entire premise of a dictatorship is that there is one person calling all of the shots for an entire country, reflecting an obvious imbalance of power.

From the outside looking in, life within a dictatorship is akin to being in a toxic relationship or living situation. However, this is not how everyone views the innerworkings of a dictatorship. For some people, like the citizens of North Korea, this system of government is all the citizens know.

They have never experienced anything else, so living under a dictatorship is not jarring or shocking to them. Dictatorships only seem extreme and unethical to people who have lived differently because it takes an outside perspective.

The Countries with Dictatorships in the Modern World

As of 2018, there are currently a total of fifty nations that have a dictator or authoritarian regime ruling the nation to this day. Nineteen of the current dictatorships are located in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa.

Europe is home to one dictatorship, while three of them can be found in Latin America and South America. There are eight dictatorships in Asia, seven in the Eurasian region of the world, and twelve spanning from the northern parts of Africa to the Middle East.

The countries with modern-day dictatorships include…

Dictators Around the World

The leaders of dictatorships are not outwardly identified as dictators when they are being addressed by other people. Interestingly enough, you might not recognize a dictator based on their title because many of them are called presidents, kings, prime ministers, and many other titles. Here are the names and titles of the fifty dictators around the world.

  • President Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai of Afghanistan
  • President Abdelkader Bensalah of Algeria
  • President Joao Lourenco of Angola
  • President Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan
  • King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain
  • President Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus
  • Sultan Haji Waddaulah of Brunei
  • President Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi
  • Prime Minister Hun Sen of Cambodia
  • President Paul Biya of Cameroon
  • President Faustin Archange Touadera of the Central African Republic
  • President Idriss Deby of Chad
  • President Xi Jinping of China
  • President Felix Tshisekedi of the Republic of Congo
  • President Denis Sassou Nguesso of the Congo
  • President Miguel Diaz-Canel of Cuba
  • President Teodoro Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea
  • President Isaias Afwerki of Eritrea
  • Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia
  • President Albert-Bernard Bongo of Gabon
  • President Hassan Rouhani of Iran
  • President Barham Salih of Iraq
  • President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan
  • President Bounnhang Vorachith of Laos
  • President Nouri Abusahmain of Libya
  • President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani of Mauritania
  • President Daniel Ortego of Nicaragua
  • President Kim Jong-un of North Korea
  • Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al-Said of Oman
  • Emir Tamin Al Thani of Qatar
  • President Vladimir Putin of Russia
  • President Paul Kagame of Rwanda
  • King Abdullah Aziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia
  • President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed of Somalia
  • President Salva Kiir Mayardit of South Sudan
  • President Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan of Sudan
  • King Mswati III of Swaziland
  • President Bashar al-Assad of Syria
  • President Emomalii Rahmon of Tajikistan
  • Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha of Thailand
  • Chairman Losang Jamcan of Tibet
  • Prime Minister Recep Erdogan of Turkey
  • President Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow of Turkmenistan
  • President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda
  • King Sheikh Khalifa Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates
  • President Shavkat Mirziyoyev of Uzbekistan
  • President Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela
  • President Nguyen Phu Trong of Vietnam
  • President Brahim Ghali of Western Sahara
  • President Abd Al-Hadi of Yemen
Rank Flag Name Population 2019
12Saudi Arabia34,268,528
18North Korea25,666,161
28South Sudan11,062,113
30United Arab Emirates9,770,529
37Central African Republic4,745,185
43Equatorial Guinea1,355,986
45Western Sahara582,463