A dictatorship is a type of government where a single person or party has absolute power. This means that the ruler or party has complete control and the rights of the people are suppressed.
The leaders of dictatorships are known as dictators, and they are usually backed by powerful groups of people. Typically, dictators are put into power when a nation faces significant social issues, such as high rates of unemployment or unrest among the nation’s people.
The financial backing of powerful groups isn’t all that’s needed. In order for a dictatorship to form, all opponents of the dictator will need to be removed. This can be through any means necessary, including being imprisoned or even killed.
There are many negative effects of a dictatorship. That includes the unraveling of social organizations and democratic institutions, the prohibition of other political parties, and the replacement of the nation’s constitution. Under a dictatorship, many people are persecuted for reasons including their religion or their economic status. Some dictatorships may have secret police, indefinite arrests, and concentration camps.
There are several different types of dictatorships, including military dictatorships, single-party dictatorships, monarchies, personalist dictatorships, and hybrid dictatorships.
As of 2018, there are a total of 49 nations that have a dictator or authoritarian regime ruling the nation. Those include:
- Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan
- Bahrain, Belarus, Brunei, Burundi
- Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Republic of Congo, Cuba
- Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia
- Iran, Iraq
- Laos, Libya
- North Korea
- Russia, Rwanda
- Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria
- Tajikistan, Thailand, Tibet, Turkey, Turkmenistan
- United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan
- Venezuela, Vietnam
- Western Sahara