Djibouti Population 2019

978,786

Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Djibouti gained independence in 1977 from France and joined the United Nations that same year. Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. In 2019, the estimated population of Djibouti is just 973,560, which ranks 160th in the world.

Djibouti is a very small country with just over 23,000 square kilometers of area, which ranks 150th in the world. It also has a rather low population estimated at 973,560 in 2019 with a density of just 37 people per square kilometer. The largest city and capital of Djibouti is Djibouti City, which has a population of 624,000, a large percentage of the total population. This is the only city in the country with a population over 50,000.

Djibouti Demographics

Djibouti is a multi-ethnic country. The Afar (35%) and Somali (60%) make up the two largest ethnic groups, both of which speak Afro-Asiatic languages. The Somali people are comprised mostly of the Issas, a sub-clan of the Dir. The remaining 5% of the population is made up of Arabs, Ethiopians and Europeans, most of whom are Italian and French.

Nearly 94% of the population of Djibouti adheres to Islam, which has been important in the area for over one thousand years.

Djibouti Population Growth

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 26 minutes
One death every 76 minutes
One net migrant every 720 minutes
Net gain of one person every 37 minutes

Djibouti Population in 2018Source: By Driss 19:28, 3. Jul. 2007 (CEST) [CC BY-SA 2.0 de (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/de/deed.en)], from Wikimedia Commons

Djibouti Population Pyramid 2019

Djibouti Population by Age

There are 634,531 adults in Djibouti.

Census Years

Year Date
20192019
200912 June 2009

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

Official NameRepublic of Djibouti
Languages SpokenArabic, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude11.50, 43.00
Currencies UsedDjibouti Franc
DemonymDjibouti
BordersEritrea
Ethiopia
Somalia
Name Population Location
Djibouti623,891Map
'Ali Sabieh40,074Map
Danan40,074Map
Tadjourah22,193Map
Obock17,776Map
Dikhil12,043Map
Arta6,025Map

Djibouti Population Clock

The population of Djibouti (as of 11/11/2019)?978,786
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2019)973,560
Births Per Day56
Deaths Per Day19
Net Migrations Per Day2
Net Change Per Day39
Population Change Since January 1st12,285

Djibouti Population Estimator

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Estimate as of November 11th 2019 is: 978,822

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2019973,56052.59%47.41%41.961601.53%
2018958,92352.63%47.37%41.331601.57%
2017944,09952.68%47.32%40.691601.61%
2016929,11252.76%47.24%40.051601.65%
2015913,99352.86%47.14%39.401601.70%
2010840,19853.21%46.79%36.221611.41%
2005783,25450.26%49.74%33.761611.77%
2000717,58450.27%49.72%30.931602.62%
1995630,38850.31%49.69%27.171601.32%
1990590,39850.30%49.70%25.451616.76%
1985425,61350.40%49.60%18.351623.47%
1980358,96050.45%49.55%15.471659.87%
1975224,18349.82%50.17%9.661737.02%
1970159,65949.79%50.21%6.881766.79%
1965114,96349.75%50.26%4.961796.57%
196083,63649.71%50.29%3.611833.75%
195569,58949.67%50.34%3.001842.34%
195062,00149.64%50.36%2.671850.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020988,00052.53%47.47%42.591600.00%
20251,056,06152.24%47.76%45.521601.34%
20301,116,72451.97%48.03%48.131601.12%
20351,169,97851.71%48.29%50.431600.94%
20401,216,92951.45%48.55%52.451610.79%
20451,258,67951.19%48.81%54.251590.68%
20501,295,37350.93%49.07%55.841590.58%
20551,324,93550.67%49.33%57.111590.45%
20601,345,82350.42%49.58%58.011590.31%
20651,358,41150.18%49.82%58.551580.19%
20701,364,15349.96%50.04%58.801570.08%
20751,365,21449.77%50.24%58.851570.02%
20801,363,42049.58%50.42%58.77157-0.03%
20851,359,26449.42%50.58%58.59157-0.06%
20901,352,57849.29%50.71%58.30156-0.10%
20951,343,30049.20%50.80%57.90155-0.14%
  1. Ministry of the Economy, Finances and Privatization Planning
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1983 census, the 1991 Intercensal Demographic Survey, both adjusted for underenumeration, with the 2009 census, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer