Djibouti Population 2017

957,261

Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Djibouti gained independence in 1977 from France and joined the United Nations that same year. Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. In 2017, the estimated population of Djibouti is just 956,985, which ranks 159th in the world.

Djibouti is a very small country with just over 23,000 square kilometers of area, which ranks 150th in the world. It also has a rather low population estimated at 956,985 in 2017 with a density of just 37 people per square kilometer. The largest city and capital of Djibouti is Djibouti City, which has a population of 624,000, a large percentage of the total population. This is the only city in the country with a population over 50,000.

Djibouti Demographics

Djibouti is a multi-ethnic country. The Afar (35%) and Somali (60%) make up the two largest ethnic groups, both of which speak Afro-Asiatic languages. The Somali people are comprised mostly of the Issas, a sub-clan of the Dir. The remaining 5% of the population is made up of Arabs, Ethiopians and Europeans, most of whom are Italian and French.

Nearly 94% of the population of Djibouti adheres to Islam, which has been important in the area for over one thousand years.

Djibouti Population Growth

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

Djibouti Population in 2018Source: Abass Chirdon

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Djibouti Population Growth

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

About Djibouti

Official NameRepublic of Djibouti
Languages SpokenArabic, French
BordersERI, ETH, SOM
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude11.543
Currencies UsedDJF

Djibouti Population Density

Name Population
Djibouti623,891
'Ali Sabieh40,074
Danan40,074
Tadjoura22,193
Obock17,776
Dikhil12,043
`Arta6,025

Djibouti Population Clock

What is the population of Djibouti (as of 11/15/2017)?957,261
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)956,985
Births Per Day12
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day -6
Net Change Per Day 2
Population Change Since January 1st638

Djibouti Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 23.949 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.503 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.398 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.713 years
Male Life Expectancy 61.087 years
Female Life Expectancy 64.402 years
Total Fertility Rate 3.012 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.268 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.039 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 50.71 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 76.486 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.239 years
Rate of Natural Increase 15.22
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.845%
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 19.208%
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.424%
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.942%
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.518%
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.209%
Median Age (Total) 23.5 years
Median Age (Female) 24.9 years
Median Age (Male) 21.8 years

Djibouti Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2017956,98550.18%49.82%411.58%
2015927,41450.20%49.80%401.73%
2010851,14650.23%49.77%371.68%
2005783,25450.26%49.74%341.77%
2000717,58450.27%49.72%312.62%
1995630,38850.31%49.69%271.32%
1990590,39850.30%49.70%256.76%
1985425,61350.40%49.60%183.47%
1980358,96050.45%49.55%159.87%
1975224,18349.82%50.17%107.02%
1970159,65949.79%50.21%76.79%
1965114,96349.75%50.26%56.57%
196083,63649.71%50.29%43.75%
195569,58949.67%50.34%32.34%
195062,00149.64%50.36%30.00%

Djibouti Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Growth Rate
2020999,89950.16%49.84%430.00%
20251,069,00950.10%49.90%461.35%
20301,132,71050.04%49.96%491.16%
20351,189,00149.96%50.04%510.97%
20401,236,85049.87%50.13%530.79%
20451,276,26849.77%50.23%550.63%
20501,307,61549.66%50.34%560.49%
20551,330,90649.54%50.46%570.35%
20601,345,96049.42%50.58%580.23%
20651,352,53649.29%50.71%580.10%
20701,351,29649.16%50.84%58-0.02%
20751,343,45349.04%50.96%58-0.12%
20801,331,08648.92%51.08%57-0.18%
20851,316,12248.80%51.20%57-0.23%
20901,299,91848.69%51.31%56-0.25%
20951,282,46348.60%51.40%55-0.27%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer