Djibouti Population 2018

966,065

Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Djibouti gained independence in 1977 from France and joined the United Nations that same year. Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. In 2018, the estimated population of Djibouti is just 971,408, which ranks 159th in the world.

Djibouti is a very small country with just over 23,000 square kilometers of area, which ranks 150th in the world. It also has a rather low population estimated at 971,408 in 2018 with a density of just 37 people per square kilometer. The largest city and capital of Djibouti is Djibouti City, which has a population of 624,000, a large percentage of the total population. This is the only city in the country with a population over 50,000.

Djibouti Demographics

Djibouti is a multi-ethnic country. The Afar (35%) and Somali (60%) make up the two largest ethnic groups, both of which speak Afro-Asiatic languages. The Somali people are comprised mostly of the Issas, a sub-clan of the Dir. The remaining 5% of the population is made up of Arabs, Ethiopians and Europeans, most of whom are Italian and French.

Nearly 94% of the population of Djibouti adheres to Islam, which has been important in the area for over one thousand years.

Djibouti Population Growth

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 24 minutes
One death every 65 minutes
One net migrant every 720 minutes
Net gain of one person every 37 minutes

Djibouti Population in 2018Source: Abass Chirdon

Djibouti Population Pyramid 2018

0k2k4k6k8k10kDjibouti Male Population0k2k4k6k8k10kDjibouti Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Djibouti Median Age

23.5


Total

21.8


Male

24.9


Female

Djibouti Population by Age

There are 600,448 adults in Djibouti.

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Djibouti Population Growth

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

About Djibouti

Official NameRepublic of Djibouti
Languages SpokenArabic, French
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude11.543
Currencies UsedDjibouti Franc
DemonymDjibouti

Countries Bordering Djibouti

Eritrea
Ethiopia
Somalia

Djibouti Population Density

Djibouti Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population
Djibouti623,891
'Ali Sabieh40,074
Danan40,074
Tadjoura22,193
Obock17,776
Dikhil12,043
`Arta6,025

Djibouti Population Clock

The population of Djibouti (as of 2/13/2018)?966,065
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2018)971,408
Births Per Day59
Deaths Per Day22
Net Migrations Per Day 2
Net Change Per Day 39
Population Change Since January 1st1,716

Djibouti Population Indicators

IndicatorValue
Crude Birth Rate 22.496 births/thousand
Crude Death Rate 8.385 deaths/thousand
Crude Net Migration Rate 0.934 people/thousand
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.66 years
Male Life Expectancy 61.01 years
Female Life Expectancy 64.39 years
Total Fertility Rate 2.758 children/woman
Net Reproduction Rate 1.17 surviving daughters/woman
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.039 males per female
Infant Mortality Rate 50.742 deaths/1,000 live births
Under Five Mortality 76.631 deaths/thousand
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.159 years
Rate of Natural Increase 14.111

Djibouti Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2018971,40850.18%49.82%41.871601.51%
2017956,98550.18%49.82%41.251601.55%
2016942,33350.19%49.81%40.621601.61%
2015927,41450.20%49.80%39.971601.73%
2010851,14650.23%49.77%36.691611.68%
2005783,25450.26%49.74%33.761611.77%
2000717,58450.27%49.72%30.931602.62%
1995630,38850.31%49.69%27.171601.32%
1990590,39850.30%49.70%25.451616.76%
1985425,61350.40%49.60%18.351623.47%
1980358,96050.45%49.55%15.471659.87%
1975224,18349.82%50.17%9.661737.02%
1970159,65949.79%50.21%6.881766.79%
1965114,96349.75%50.26%4.961796.57%
196083,63649.71%50.29%3.611833.75%
195569,58949.67%50.34%3.001842.34%
195062,00149.64%50.36%2.671850.00%

Djibouti Population by Year (Projections)

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020999,89950.16%49.84%43.101600.00%
20251,069,00950.10%49.90%46.081601.35%
20301,132,71050.04%49.96%48.821601.16%
20351,189,00149.96%50.04%51.251600.97%
20401,236,85049.87%50.13%53.311600.79%
20451,276,26849.77%50.23%55.011590.63%
20501,307,61549.66%50.34%56.361580.49%
20551,330,90649.54%50.46%57.371580.35%
20601,345,96049.42%50.58%58.021580.23%
20651,352,53649.29%50.71%58.301580.10%
20701,351,29649.16%50.84%58.25157-0.02%
20751,343,45349.04%50.96%57.91157-0.12%
20801,331,08648.92%51.08%57.37158-0.18%
20851,316,12248.80%51.20%56.73158-0.23%
20901,299,91848.69%51.31%56.03158-0.25%
20951,282,46348.60%51.40%55.28158-0.27%
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects (2017 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer