Djibouti Population 2017

911,530

Djibouti is a very small country with just over 23,000 square kilometers of area, which ranks 150th in the world. It also has a rather low population estimated at 900,000 in 2015 with a density of just 37 people per square kilometer. The largest city and capital of Djibouti is Djibouti City, which has a population of 624,000, a large percentage of the total population. This is the only city in the country with a population over 50,000.

Djibouti Demographics

Djibouti is a multi-ethnic country. The Afar (35%) and Somali (60%) make up the two largest ethnic groups, both of which speak Afro-Asiatic languages. The Somali people are comprised mostly of the Issas, a sub-clan of the Dir. The remaining 5% of the population is made up of Arabs, Ethiopians and Europeans, most of whom are Italian and French.

Nearly 94% of the population of Djibouti adheres to Islam, which has been important in the area for over one thousand years.

Djibouti Population Growth

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

Djibouti Population in 2017Source: Abass Chirdon

Population Data via United Nations WPP (2015 Revision, Medium Variant)

Djibouti Population Growth

Djibouti's population is currently growing at a rate of 1.5% per year. The fertility rate is 2.6 children per woman, which is much lower than many neighboring countries. Djibouti is expected to continue its gradual population growth for the next decade.

About Djibouti

Official NameRepublic of Djibouti
Languages SpokenFrench, Arabic
BordersERI, ETH, SOM
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude11.543
Currencies UsedDJF

Djibouti Population Density

Name Population
`Arta6,025
Dikhil12,043
Obock17,776
Tadjoura22,193
Danan40,074
'Ali Sabieh40,074
Djibouti623,891

Djibouti Population Clock

What is the population of Djibouti (as of September 13, 2017)?911,530
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2017)911382
Births Per Day12
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day -6
Net Change Per Day 2
Population Change Since January 1st510

Djibouti Population Indicators

IndicatorValueWorld Ranking
Crude Birth Rate 23.949 births/thousand62
Crude Death Rate 8.503 deaths/thousand69
Crude Net Migration Rate -2.398 people/thousand161
Life Expectancy (Both Sexes) 62.713 years171
Male Life Expectancy 61.087 years170
Female Life Expectancy 64.402 years171
Total Fertility Rate 3.012 children/woman63
Net Reproduction Rate 1.268 surviving daughters/woman65
Sex Ratio At Birth 1.039 males per female154
Infant Mortality Rate 50.71 deaths/1,000 live births28
Under Five Mortality 76.486 deaths/thousand25
Mean Age at Childbearing 32.239 years8
Rate of Natural Increase 15.22 75
Death Before 40 Probability (Total) 17.845 %176
Death Before 40 Probability (Male) 19.208 %178
Death Before 40 Probability (Female) 16.424 %172
Death Before 60 Probability (Total) 31.942 %173
Death Before 60 Probability (Male) 34.518 %171
Death Before 60 Probability (Female) 29.209 %173
Crude Suicide Rate 10.7 suicides/thousand62
Median Age (Total) 23.5 years156
Median Age (Female) 24.9 years148
Median Age (Male) 21.8 years168

Djibouti Population History

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2017911,38250.202%49.798%391681.29%159
2015887,86150.215%49.785%381681.31%160
2010830,80250.243%49.757%351691.32%160
2005778,40650.255%49.745%331671.34%161
2000722,56250.266%49.734%311681.58%160
1995661,07650.291%49.709%281671.82%160
1990588,35650.298%49.702%251663.72%161
1985423,47050.398%49.602%181736.31%162
1980358,96050.448%49.552%151754.29%165
1975224,18249.825%50.175%918710.35%173
1970159,66749.785%50.215%61925.9%176
1965114,96349.741%50.259%41966.65%178
196083,63649.706%50.294%32055.65%182
195569,59449.665%50.335%31972.7%183
195062,00149.64%50.36%22042.09%184

Djibouti Population Projections

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Density Rank Growth Rate World Rank
2020946,66950.181%49.819%401681.22%160
20251,003,26050.138%49.862%431691.06%160
20301,053,67250.085%49.915%451670.87%161
20351,096,60550.02%49.98%471680.7%161
20401,132,79749.948%50.052%481680.57%161
20451,162,74549.862%50.138%501670.45%160
20501,186,14949.77%50.23%511670.33%160
20551,202,80649.671%50.329%511670.2%160
20601,212,13849.573%50.427%521680.08%159
20651,214,16349.47%50.53%52167-0.03%158
20701,209,84049.369%50.631%52168-0.12%158
20751,200,83949.271%50.729%51168-0.18%159
20801,189,37849.182%50.818%51168-0.21%159
20851,176,14949.105%50.895%50168-0.24%159
20901,161,30849.041%50.959%50168-0.28%159
20951,144,58048.988%51.012%49169-0.31%159
Data Sources
  1. World Population Prospects - Global demographic estimates and projections by the United Nations