DR Congo Population 2019
The Democratic Republic of Congo, also called DR Congo, DRC or the DROC, is located in Central Africa. It's the second largest country in Africa in terms of size and the 11th largest in the world. The Congo has an estimated 2019 population of 86.79 million, ranking it 16th in the world.
DR Congo Area and Population density
The Democratic Republic of Congo is an almost entirely landlocked nation in sub-Saharan Africa. It is quite a sizable nation at 905,567 square miles (2,345,408 square kilometers). Even though DR Congo has a large population, the surface area gives it a low population density at 22.3 people per square mile (35.9 people per square kilometer).
DR Congo Demographics
80% of the people in DR Congo are Bantu, but there are more than 250 ethnic groups in the country. Other groups include the Central Sudanic/Ubangian, Milotic and Pygmy peoples.
The official language of the nation is French, but Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, and Tshiluba are also common. Both French and English are taught in secondary and high schools.
The median age of DR Congo is 18.8 years with nearly half of the population under 15 years old.
Largest Cities in DR Congo
The largest city in the Congo is Kinshasa with approximately 7.8 million people, followed by Lubumbashi (1.4 million) and Goma (1 million). There are more than 200 ethnic groups in the DRC, and the Bantu are the majority. The Mongo, Luba and Kongo peoples (Bantu) with the Hamitic Mangbetu-Azande peoples make up about 45% of the population. There are also 600,000 Pygmies, the aboriginal people of the country.
DR Congo Religion, Economy and Politics
80-95% of the population is Christian, making the Congo the most Christian nation in Africa. Indigenous beliefs account for 2-10% of the population, followed by Islam at 1.5-10%.
DR Congo Population History
The Second Congo War that started in 1998 (also called the African world war) was the deadliest conflict on earth since the Chinese Civil War. 90% of soldiers died from malaria and disease and displaced a huge percentage of the population. 47% of the deaths were children under 5, and DR Congo is still trying to recover. DR Congo's population grew from only 39 million in 1992 to 66 million in 2009, despite its ongoing war.
DR Congo Population Growth
It's very hard to obtain reliable data on DRC's population due to conflict, but it seems to be a destination for many immigrants, refugees and asylum-seekers. The number of Congolese nationals abroad is somewhere between 3 and 6 million, most of whom live in Africa.
DR Congo Population Projections
The rate of growth in DR Congo is unusually high at 3.27%. This is expected to slow, but not significantly. The population is expected to hit 90 million by 2020, and 100 million by 2024. By the year 2050, DR Congo is projected to have a population close to 200 million.
Components of Population Change
|One birth every 9 seconds|
|One death every 39 seconds|
|One net migrant every 28 minutes|
|Net gain of one person every 12 seconds|